References of "Tirelli, Ezio"
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See detailOntogeny of acute sensitization to cocaine in rats
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Gonzalez, C.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1998), 9

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See detailApomorphine-induced conditioned sensitization and differential habituation to environmental novelty
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Heidbreder, C.

in Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry (1998), 23

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See detailGamma-aminobutyric acid-sub(A) agonists differentially gnawing induced by indirect-acting dopamine agonists in C57BL/6J mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Geter-Douglass, B.; Witkin, J. M.

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1998), 284(1), 116-124

Evaluated the interaction of either gaboxadol HCl (THIP) or muscimol, both gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A agonists, with indirect-acting dopamine agonists (DAGs) methylphenidate, (+)-amphetamine ... [more ▼]

Evaluated the interaction of either gaboxadol HCl (THIP) or muscimol, both gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A agonists, with indirect-acting dopamine agonists (DAGs) methylphenidate, (+)-amphetamine, metamphetamine, amfonelic acid, indatraline, nomifensine, diclofensine, mazindol, and GBR 12935 and with direct-acting DAGs WIN 35,428, bupropion, GBR 12909, and cocaine. 1,832 male C57BL/6J mice were given either with saline or 1 of the doses of THIP or muscimol before an injection of a dopamine agonist. Gnawing on corrugated packing paper was measured. Results showed that: (1) indirect- but not direct-acting DAGs induced gnawing, (2) gnawing induced by indirect-acting DAGs GBR 12935, nomifensine and mazindol was potentiated in mice in which GABA type A receptors were stimulated either by THIP or muscimol, and (3) indirect DAGs had a differential sensitivity to the effects of THIP and muscimol. ((c) 1998 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiation of dopamine agonists-induced oral stereotypies by GABA-A agonists in mice : differentiation of dopamine uptake inhibitors
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1998), 284

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See detailNeonatal and Preweanling Rats Are Able to Express Short-Term Behavioral Sensitization to Cocaine
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Ferrara, Marie-Antoinette ULg

in European Journal of Pharmacology (1997), 328(2-3), 103-14

The present study assessed the ability of suckling rats to express short-term behavioral sensitization to cocaine prior to weaning. Rat pups, aged either 3, 5, 10, 12, 17 or 19 days at the beginning of ... [more ▼]

The present study assessed the ability of suckling rats to express short-term behavioral sensitization to cocaine prior to weaning. Rat pups, aged either 3, 5, 10, 12, 17 or 19 days at the beginning of the experiment, were placed in a chamber after daily injection with cocaine (7.5 or 15 mg/kg. i.p.) for either 2 or 4 consecutive days, and were tested for behavioral responsiveness to cocaine in the same chamber 24 h later (at either 7, 14 or 21 days of age). Such a short post-treatment interval was adopted, along with a consistent pairing of the testing context with the drug effect and a sensitive technique of behavioral measurement (video recording), in order to maximize the possibility of detecting any cocaine sensitization. Locomotion was sensitized at all ages, after both regimens in 14-day-old pups, but solely after 2 injections in 21- and 4 injections in 7-day-old pups. Sensitization was also expressed via behaviors specific to each age. Four cocaine injections augmented cocaine-induced uncoordinated movements of head, paws and body (horizontal activity) in 7-day-old pups, and mouth movements in 14-day-old pups. In 21-day-old pups, sensitization was dose- and regimen-dependently expressed via adult-like stereotyped head movements. In neonatal 7-day-old pups, cocaine sensitization was also visible as reductions in immobility (both injection regimens). Contrary to previous studies, these results indicate that, given the use of an appropriate methodology, short-term sensitization to the motoric effects of cocaine can be expressed by suckling rats prior to weaning, even after relatively short regimens of daily injections. [less ▲]

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See detailDopamine 'D2-like' receptor agonists in combination with cocaine: absence of interactive effects on locomotor activity.
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Reggers, Jean ULg; Terry, P.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1997), 8(2-3), 147-59

This study examined interactions between cocaine and drugs that act as direct agonists at subtypes of "D2-like" dopamine receptors. The drugs 7-OH-DPAT, quinpirole and RU24213 were studied alone and in ... [more ▼]

This study examined interactions between cocaine and drugs that act as direct agonists at subtypes of "D2-like" dopamine receptors. The drugs 7-OH-DPAT, quinpirole and RU24213 were studied alone and in combination with cocaine for their effects on locomotor activity in non-habituated mice. Locomotor activity was measured by photobeam crossings over 140 min. At the doses given (7-OH-DPAT: 0.006-6.4 mg/kg; quinpirole: 0.001-1 mg/kg; RU24213: 0.008-8 mg/kg) all three direct agonists dose-dependently reduced locomotor activity throughout the test, whereas cocaine (0.6-20 mg/kg) produced dose-related hyperactivity. Next, for each direct agonist, a series of doses was selected (up to threshold behaviourally-active doses) as pretreatments to a sub-maximally stimulant dose of cocaine (15 mg/kg). 7-OH-DPAT and quinpirole did not modulate the effects of cocaine; RU24213 produced, at best, a very modest attenuation of the effects of cocaine. Finally, a series of cocaine doses (below stimulant threshold) was given before a single dose of each direct agonist (the lowest dose to reduce activity significantly). Cocaine did not reliably alter the hypoactivity produced by any of the D2-like agonists. By demonstrating negligible interactions between cocaine and D2-like agonists, the results fail to demonstrate any necessary involvement of D2-like receptors in one of the behavioural effects of cocaine. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioral cross-sensitization between quinpirole and preweaning rats.
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Schoonbroodt, Roland

in Society for Neuroscience Abstracts (1996), 22

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See detailDifferential effects of cocaine and dopaminergic agonists on hypokinesia induced by dopaminergic antagonists
Terry, P.; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series (1996), 142

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See detailOntogenetic aspects of individual differences in behavioral responsiveness to cocaine in rats
Michel, Alexa ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1996), 10(Suppl.), 211-212

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See detailPharmacological characterization of the enhancement of apomorphine-induced gnawing in mice by cocaine
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1996), 55(1), 135-140

Characterized the behavioral and pharmacological mechanisms associated with cocaine potentiation of apomorphine (AP)-induced gnawing (AIG) in male C57BL/6J mice. Results showed that (-)-cocaine enhanced ... [more ▼]

Characterized the behavioral and pharmacological mechanisms associated with cocaine potentiation of apomorphine (AP)-induced gnawing (AIG) in male C57BL/6J mice. Results showed that (-)-cocaine enhanced AIG at doses devoid of effects on gnawing when given alone; (+)-cocaine or (-)-cocaine methiodide were also devoid of effects. Lidocaine, a local anesthetic without prominent dopaminergic actions, augmented the gnawing response to AP without increasing climbing or gnawing when given alone. (+)-Amphetamine enhanced AIG gnawing but only at a high dose that increased gnawing by itself. The selective dopamine (DA) uptake blocker, GBR 12909, augmented AIG by itself; however, it increased climbing at doses that augmented the gnawing response. These data indicate that the cocaine-augmented gnawing response to AP may be due to blockade of DA uptake and or the local anesthetic actions of cocaine. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailInvolvement of the GABA-A sites in the inhibitive effects of nicotine on individual behaviors in mice
Mancuso, G.; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1995), 333

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See detailBehavioral and pharmacological differentiation of direct and indirect dopamine agonists and among dopamine uptake inhibitors
Witkin, J. M.; Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Geter-Douglass, B.

in National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series (1995), 131

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See detailDifferential effects of drawing and indirect dopamine agonists on the induction of gnawing in C57BI/6J mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1995), 273(1), 7-15

Compared the ability of indirect dopamine (DA) agonists to induce gnawing behavior (GB) in male C57BL/6J mice with that of direct DA agonists acting at DA D-sub-1 or D-sub-2 receptor subtypes. Eight Ss ... [more ▼]

Compared the ability of indirect dopamine (DA) agonists to induce gnawing behavior (GB) in male C57BL/6J mice with that of direct DA agonists acting at DA D-sub-1 or D-sub-2 receptor subtypes. Eight Ss were used per dose. Holes left by Ss on corrugations of packing cardboard were used as an objective index of GB. Indirect DA agonists, including DA releasers such as fencamfamine and amfonelic acid and DA uptake inhibitors such as cocaine and nomifensine, produced dose-dependent increases in GB. None of the direct agonists (e.g., apomorphine, quinpirole) increased GB. The dopaminergic nature of GB was confirmed in studies in which a host of compounds (e.g., nicotine, caffeine, dizocilpine) with primary actions at nondopaminergic sites did not induce GB. Given the general contrast between the effects of direct and indirect DA agonists, this procedure could serve as a rapid in vivo method of distinguishing direct- from indirect-acting DA agonists. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailGnawing induced by dopaminergic mobilzation : differential effects of direct and indirect dopamine agonists in mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1995), 273

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See detailEarly ontogenesis od sensitization to the behavioral effects of cocaine in rats.
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Adam, Eric; Ferrara, Maurizio

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1994), 5

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See detailVerticalization of behavior elicited by dopaminergic mobilization is qualitatively different between C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Psychopharmacology (1994), 116(2), 191-200

Behavioral effects of dopaminergic stimulation were compared for C57BL/6J mice and DBA/2J mice. Effects of apomorphine (APO) alone and in combination with cocaine (COC) were assessed using a time-sampling ... [more ▼]

Behavioral effects of dopaminergic stimulation were compared for C57BL/6J mice and DBA/2J mice. Effects of apomorphine (APO) alone and in combination with cocaine (COC) were assessed using a time-sampling technique that classified climbing and leaning in separate categories. Climbing occurred in DBA/2J mice only at doses of APO that were 16 times higher than the smallest effective dose in C57BL/6J mice, but relative to baseline values, effects were comparable. Whereas DBA/2J mice showed dose-dependent leaning under APO, C57BL/6J mice exhibited significantly increased leaning only after the highest APO dose. When given alone, COC produced significant climbing, but not leaning or gnawing, in either strain. COC potentiated APO-induced climbing and gnawing in both strains but did not consistently change APO-induced leaning in either strain. APO alone reduced locomotor activity and attenuated COC-induced hyperkinesia. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailTransient hypersensitivity to apomorphine-induced gnawing after termination of acute effects high dose of cocaine
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Witkin, J. M.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1994), 5(3), 289-298

Male mice were tested for behavioral effects (BEs) of the dopamine (DA) agonist apomorphine (AP) at various times after acute administration of cocaine (COC). When most of the COC had disappeared from ... [more ▼]

Male mice were tested for behavioral effects (BEs) of the dopamine (DA) agonist apomorphine (AP) at various times after acute administration of cocaine (COC). When most of the COC had disappeared from brain and the BEs of COC had dissipated (2 hrs and 4 hrs after administration), effects of AP on gnawing were increased 4-fold. This dopaminergic hypersensitivity (DA-H) was induced by acute treatment with doses of 15 mg/kg COC and higher. Effects of AP were not enhanced 6-24 hrs after COC, indicating a rapid waning of the DA-H. Hypersensitivity to AP (AP-H) was not further augmented by 8 days of daily COC injections. COC did not influence climbing and hypomotility induced by AP 4 hrs after its injection, demonstrating selectivity in the BEs of the DA-H. Further, COC did not induce sensitization to its own effects, indicating that the AP-H was not due to a typical sensitization phenomenon. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioral sensitization and tolerance to the D-sub-2 agonist RU 24213 : dissociation between several patterns in mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Jodogne, C.

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1993), 44(3), 627-632

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See detailBiphasic locomotor effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 agonist SKF 38393 and their attenuation in non-habituated mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Terry, P.

in Psychopharmacology (1993), 110(1-2), 69-75

Examined the locomotor stimulatory effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 receptor partial agonist SKF 38393 in male C57B1/6J mice. Non-habituated mice showed marked dose-related (3-300 mg/kg, subcutaneously ... [more ▼]

Examined the locomotor stimulatory effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 receptor partial agonist SKF 38393 in male C57B1/6J mice. Non-habituated mice showed marked dose-related (3-300 mg/kg, subcutaneously) locomotor stimulation. The time-course effect was biphasic at very high doses (100-300 mg/kg), with dose-related locomotor depression followed by dose-related long-term hyperlocomotion. For all doses, locomotor effects were detectable throughout the 4-hr test period. To determine whether these effects were mediated by D-sub-1 receptor stimulation, effects of SKF 38393 were assessed in combination with behaviorally inactive and active doses (0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg, respectively) of the selective D-sub-1 receptor antagonist SCH 39166. Both doses of SCH 39166 attenuated the hyperlocomotion induced by 30 mg/kg of the agonist to a similar degree. However, neither dose was able to reverse either the depressant or the stimulatory effects of 300 mg/kg SKF 38393. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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