References of "Thomas, Annick"
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See detailThe Solvation Concept Approached By Lipophily
Van Eyck, Mh.; Ducarme, P.; Benhabiles, N. et al

in Analusis (1999), 27(1), 6-14

The soivent of biological media is water and interactions between water and solutes are major to explain membrane and protein structures, Therefore, mimicking solvation effects is a challenge to compute ... [more ▼]

The soivent of biological media is water and interactions between water and solutes are major to explain membrane and protein structures, Therefore, mimicking solvation effects is a challenge to compute native structures of biological molecules. Lipophlly is an, experimental approach of solvation sinca it measures the parItion of a solute between two solvents, the reterence being water. In the last decade, different attempts were made to extract parameters from lipophily that will enable to describe soivation of complex molecules. We discuss here some analysis made with the atomie transfer energy and the atomic aurface parameter in the study of protein folding and protein Insertion in membranes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Structural And Functional Organization Of H-Ns-Like Proteins Is Evolutionarily Conserved In Gram-Negative Bacteria
Bertin, P.; Benhabiles, N.; Krin, E. et al

in Molecular Microbiology (1999), 31(1), 319-29

The structural gene of the H-NS protein, a global regulator of bacterial metabolism, has been identified in the group of enterobacteria as well as in closely related bacteria, such as Erwinia chrysanthemi ... [more ▼]

The structural gene of the H-NS protein, a global regulator of bacterial metabolism, has been identified in the group of enterobacteria as well as in closely related bacteria, such as Erwinia chrysanthemi and Haemophilus influenzae. Isolated outside these groups, the BpH3 protein of Bordetella pertussis exhibits a low amino acid conservation with H-NS, particularly in the N-terminal domain. To obtain information on the structure, function and/or evolution of H-NS, we searched for other H-NS-related proteins in the latest databases. We found that HvrA, a trans-activator protein in Rhodobacter capsulatus, has a low but significant similarity with H-NS and H-NS-like proteins. This Gram-negative bacterium is phylogenetically distant from Escherichia coli. Using theoretical analysis (e.g. secondary structure prediction and DNA binding domain modelling) of the amino acid sequence of H-NS, StpA (an H-NS-like protein in E. coli), BpH3 and HvrA and by in vivo and in vitro experiments (e.g. complementation of various H-NS-related phenotypes and competitive gel shift assay), we present evidence that these proteins belong to the same class of DNA binding proteins. In silico analysis suggests that this family also includes SPB in R. sphaeroides, XrvA in Xanthomonas oryzae and VicH in Vibrio cholerae. These results demonstrate that proteins structurally and functionally related to H-NS are widespread in Gram-negative bacteria. [less ▲]

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See detail1-anilino-8-naphtalene sulfonate probes a gastric HK-ATPase potassium site whose access requires ionophores.
Festy, F.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Gallet, X. et al

in Journal of Membrane Biology (1998), 165(2), 153-60

1-anilino-8-naphtalenesulfonate (ANS) is a hydrophobic dipole previously used to demonstrate that the proton for potassium exchange by the gastric HK-ATPase is electroneutral. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

1-anilino-8-naphtalenesulfonate (ANS) is a hydrophobic dipole previously used to demonstrate that the proton for potassium exchange by the gastric HK-ATPase is electroneutral. In this paper, we demonstrate that ANS binds to gastric membranes and probes conformational changes of the HK-ATPase independently of any active H for K exchange. Conformational changes require the presence of potassium-valinomycin and are not triggered by sodium. Potassium effect is enhanced by ATP, in the presence and in the absence of magnesium and, by ADP, in the presence of magnesium. Labeling of the pig HK-ATPase K518 by fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate inhibits the enzyme activity and knocks out the ATP effect on ANS fluorescence. Scherring 28080 and the monoclonal antibody 95-111, two competitive inhibitors of K-activated ATPase dephosphorylation, do not modify K-effect on ANS fluorescence but inhibit ATP effects. This supports that ANS does not probe K-site between the H1-H2 loop. Treatment of gastric membranes with trypsin does not inhibit the ANS response to potassium but does inhibit the response to ATP. This suggests that the ATP site inducing the ANS response is cytoplasmic and the potassium site is intramembranous. Titration reveals that one mole of ANS interacts with one mole of ATPase. We suggest that ANS probes a hydrophobic potassium site of gastric ATPase and that addition of ATP and ADP-Mg embed that site. [less ▲]

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See detailA Descriptive Analysis Of Populations Of Three-Dimensional Structures Calculated From Primary Sequences Of Proteins By Osiris
Benhabiles, N.; Gallet, X.; Thomas, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Computational Biology (1998), 5(2), 351-66

Among different ab initio approaches to calculate 3D-structures of proteins out of primary sequences, a few are using restricted dihedral spaces and empirical equations of energy as is OSIRIS. All those ... [more ▼]

Among different ab initio approaches to calculate 3D-structures of proteins out of primary sequences, a few are using restricted dihedral spaces and empirical equations of energy as is OSIRIS. All those approaches were calibrated on a few proteins or fragments of proteins. To optimize the calculation over a larger diversity of structures, we need first to define for each sequence what are good conditions of calculations in order to choose a consensus procedure fitting most 3D-structures best. This requires objective classification of calculated 3D-structures. In this work, populations of avian and bovine pancreatic polypeptides (APP, BPP) and of calcium-binding protein (CaBP) are obtained by varying the rate of the angular dynamics of the second step of OSIRIS. Then, 3D-structures are clustered using a nonhierarchical method, SICLA, using rmsd as a distance parameter. A good clustering was obtained for four subpopulations of APP, BPP and CaBP. Each subpopulation was characterized by its barycenter, relative frequency and dispersion. For the three alpha-helix proteins, after the step 1 of OSIRIS, most secondary structures were correct but molecules have a few atomic contacts. Step 2, i.e., the angular dynamics, resolves those atomic contacts and clustering demonstrates that it generates subpopulations of topological conformers as the barycenter topologies show. [less ▲]

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See detailTopological Model Of Membrane Domain Of The Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
Gallet, X.; Festy, F.; Ducarme, P. et al

in Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling (1998), 16(2), 97-8

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel. We used molecular modelling to predict 3-D models for the CFTR membrane domain. Hydropathy and residue ... [more ▼]

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel. We used molecular modelling to predict 3-D models for the CFTR membrane domain. Hydropathy and residue conservation in all CFTRs as well as in other proteins suggested that the membrane domain is a 12-helix bundle. If the domain is enclosing a channel for chloride, it could be made of five helices. We propose two structural models in which both lumenal and cytoplasmic entrances to the chloride pore have a ring of positively charged residues. The inner surface of the channel is covered with neutral polar plus one or two charged residues. Helices that are not directly involved in the chloride channel could organise to form a second channel; a dimeric symmetrical structure is proposed. Analysis raised interest for helix 5: this hydrophobic fragment is conserved in all CFTRs and aligns with segments present in several different ion channels and transporters. The existence of an FFXXFFXXF motif is proposed. Helix 5 could be an important domain of CFTRs. The models agree with available data from pathological mutations but does not account for the membrane insertion of a hydrophilic fragment of NBDI. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction Of Epitopes And Production Of Monoclonal Antibodies Against Gastric H,K-Atpase
Irnaten, M.; Gallet, X.; Festy, F. et al

in Protein Engineering (1998), 11(10), 949-55

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against gastric H,K-ATPase using a theoretical and experimental strategy based on prediction of linear epitopes by molecular modelling followed by production of ... [more ▼]

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against gastric H,K-ATPase using a theoretical and experimental strategy based on prediction of linear epitopes by molecular modelling followed by production of anti-peptide antibodies. By analysing the alpha subunit sequence, we predicted several epitopes corresponding to amino acids K519-L533, E543-Y553 and S786-L798 and produced monoclonal antibodies HK519, HK543 and HK786. All three react against gastric H,K-ATPase in RaLISA, immunohistochemistry and Western blots demonstrating that they recognize the native and the SDS-denatured ionic pump and that the epitopes are located at the surface of the native ATPase. Antibody Kd are in the range 6-10x10(-8) M. Monoclonal antibody HK519 is a competitive inhibitor of ATP, in agreement with ATP binding to K519. Neither mAb 543, nor mAb 786 inhibit the ATPase activity. Monoclonal antibody 95111, whose epitope is mapped between residues C529 and E561, competes with mAb HK543 but not with the other two. We suggest that the 95111 epitope is overlapping or very close to the HK543-553 sequence. Induction of E1 conformer by binding FITC to K519 increases the number of mAb 95111 and mAb HK543 epitopes but not that of mAb 786, supporting the fact that the fragment E543-Y553 changes accessibility, maybe during the E1-E2 transconformation. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Amphipathic Asymmetric Peptides Ubiquitous Structures For Membrane Destabilisation?
Rahman, M.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Thomas, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Modeling (1997), 3(5), 203-215

The fusion of some viruses (SIV, BLV, etc) to host cells implicates short fragments of the fusion protein that are asymmetric amphipathic helices in molecular modelling. The tilted orientation of these ... [more ▼]

The fusion of some viruses (SIV, BLV, etc) to host cells implicates short fragments of the fusion protein that are asymmetric amphipathic helices in molecular modelling. The tilted orientation of these fragments at a water/lipid interface is directly related to their fusogenic capacity. On this basis, we have searched for fragments of sequences corresponding to “viral fusion peptides” in other proteins. We have developed a strategy to detect them from primary sequences. Many candidates were detected, especially in transmembrane areas of membranous proteins, in signal sequences and in globular proteins. We suggest that they are involved in the dynamics of lipid-protein interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction Of The Antigenic Sites Of The Cystic-Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Protein By Molecular Modeling
Gallet, X.; Benhabiles, N.; Lewin, M. et al

in Protein Engineering (1995), 8(8), 829-34

Antibodies are powerful tools for studying the in situ localization and physiology of proteins. The prediction of epitopes by molecular modelling has been used successfully for the papilloma virus, and ... [more ▼]

Antibodies are powerful tools for studying the in situ localization and physiology of proteins. The prediction of epitopes by molecular modelling has been used successfully for the papilloma virus, and valuable antibodies have been raised [Muller et al. (1990) J. Gen. Virol., 71, 2709-2717]. We have improved the modelling approach to allow us to predict epitopes from the primary sequences of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. The procedure involves searching for fragments of primary sequences likely to make amphipathic secondary structures, which are hydrophilic enough to be at the surface of the folded protein and thus accessible to antibodies. Amphipathic helices were predicted using the methods of Berzofsky, Eisenberg and Jahnig. Their hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface was calculated and drawn, and used to predict the orientation of the helices at the surface of the native protein. Amino acids involved in turns were selected using the algorithm of Eisenberg. Tertiary structures were calculated using 'FOLDING', a software developed by R. Brasseur for the prediction of small protein structures [Brasseur (1995) J. Mol. Graphics, in press]. We selected sequences that folded as turns with at least five protruding polar residues. One important property of antibodies is selectivity. To optimize the selectivity of the raised antibodies, each sequence was screened for similarity (FASTA) to the protein sequence from several databanks. Ubiquitous sequences were discarded. This approach led to the identification of 13 potential epitopes in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator: seven helices and six loops. [less ▲]

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