References of "Thiry, Marc"
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See detailTomography of the cell nucleus using confocal microscopy and medium voltage electron microscopy.
Tchelidze, Pavel; Chatron-Colliet, Aurore; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

in Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology (2009), 69(2), 127-43

Changes in nuclear structures are widely used by pathologists as diagnostic and prognostic indicators in cancer cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that the cell nucleus is probably the most complex ... [more ▼]

Changes in nuclear structures are widely used by pathologists as diagnostic and prognostic indicators in cancer cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that the cell nucleus is probably the most complex organelle in the cell. It contains the genome and is the site of all related activities such as DNA repair, DNA duplication, RNA synthesis, RNA processing and RNA transport. These activities take place within dynamic three-dimensional compartments. The detailed study of these compartments requires an approach termed "cell tomography" based on 3D imaging using confocal microscopy and electron tomography. In this paper, we will first summarize the most recent findings concerning the organization of the cell nucleus. We will then describe markers used to identify molecules specific for various nuclear compartments and their use in tomography of the cell nucleus by confocal microscopy and electron tomography. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrastructural detection of nucleic acids within heat shock-induced perichromatin granules of HeLa cells by cytochemical and immunocytological methods.
Charlier, Christine; Lamaye, Françoise ULg; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Structural Biology (2009), 166(3), 329-36

The perichromatin granules (PGs) are enigmatic structures of the cell nucleus. The major drawbacks for a biological study are their rare occurrence and their small size in normal conditions. As heat shock ... [more ▼]

The perichromatin granules (PGs) are enigmatic structures of the cell nucleus. The major drawbacks for a biological study are their rare occurrence and their small size in normal conditions. As heat shock has been shown to increase their number, we applied a hyperthermal shock on HeLa cells to investigate the nucleic acid content of PGs by means of cytochemical and immunocytological approaches. These heat shock-induced PGs (hsiPGs) appeared as clusters organized in the form of honeycomb structures and were always associated with some blocks of condensed chromatin, such as the perinucleolar chromatin shell. A stalk connecting the hsiPG to the chromatin could be observed. For the detection of RNA, we applied an immunocytological method involving two anti-RNA antibodies and quantified the gold labelling obtained. The results clearly revealed that hsiPGs contained RNA. Regarding to the detection of DNA, we used three different methods followed by quantitative analyses. The results seemed to indicate that a small amount of DNA was present in hsiPGs. Together, these findings suggest that hsiPGs might be RNP structures associated with particular regions of DNA. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalization of Nopp140 within mammalian cells during interphase and mitosis.
Thiry, Marc ULg; Cheutin, Thierry; Lamaye, Françoise ULg et al

in Histochemistry & Cell Biology (2009), 132(2), 129-40

We investigated distribution of the nucleolar phosphoprotein Nopp140 within mammalian cells, using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. During interphase, three ... [more ▼]

We investigated distribution of the nucleolar phosphoprotein Nopp140 within mammalian cells, using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. During interphase, three-dimensional image reconstructions of confocal sections revealed that nucleolar labelling appeared as several tiny spheres organized in necklaces. Moreover, after an immunogold labelling procedure, gold particles were detected not only over the dense fibrillar component but also over the fibrillar centres of nucleoli in untreated and actinomycin D-treated cells. Labelling was also consistently present in Cajal bodies. After pulse-chase experiments with BrUTP, colocalization was more prominent after a 10- to 15-min chase than after a 5-min chase. During mitosis, confocal analysis indicated that Nopp140 organization was lost. The protein dispersed between and around the chromosomes in prophase. From prometaphase to telophase, it was also detected in numerous cytoplasmic nucleolus-derived foci. During telophase, it reappeared in the reforming nucleoli of daughter nuclei. This strongly suggests that Nopp140 could be a component implicated in the early steps of pre-rRNA processing. [less ▲]

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See detailP2X1 Ion Channels Promote Neutrophil Chemotaxis through Rho Kinase Activation
Lecut, Christelle ULg; Frederix, Kim ULg; Johnson, Daniel M et al

in Journal of Immunology (2009)

This study shows that activation of P2X1 ion channels by ATP promotes neutrophil chemotaxis, a process involving Rho kinase-dependent actomyosin-mediated contraction at the cell rear. These ion channels ... [more ▼]

This study shows that activation of P2X1 ion channels by ATP promotes neutrophil chemotaxis, a process involving Rho kinase-dependent actomyosin-mediated contraction at the cell rear. These ion channels may therefore play a significant role in host defense and inflammation. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly identification of inner pillar cells during rat cochlear development.
Thelen, Nicolas ULg; Breuskin, Ingrid ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg et al

in Cell & Tissue Research (2009), 337(1), 1-14

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far from being elucidated. Here, we examine its spatio-temporal development ... [more ▼]

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far from being elucidated. Here, we examine its spatio-temporal development in rats from embryonic day 16 (E16) to E19 by using cytochemical and immunocytochemical methods at the light- and electron-microscope levels. We demonstrate that the organ of Corti develops from a non-proliferating cell zone that is located in the junctional region between two edges of the dorsal epithelium of the cochlear duct. We also reveal that the first cells to develop in this zone are the inner pillar cells, a particular type of non-sensory supporting cell, which arise in the base of the cochlear duct at the boundary between the two ridges at E16. Cell differentiation in this prosensory region continues according to a base-to-apex gradient; the inner hair cells appear in the greater epithelial ridge at E17 and the outer hair cells in the lesser epithelial ridge at E18. At E19, the various cell types of the organ of Corti are in place. Finally, we show that unlike the development of all the supporting cell types of the organ of Corti, the development of inner pillar cells within the prosensory domain seems not to involve Notch1 activation. These results highlight the central role that the inner pillar cells probably play in the development of the organ of Corti. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatiotemporal Distribution of Polysaccharides During the Mammalian Auditory Organ Development
Thelen, Nicolas ULg; Compère, Philippe; Malgrange, Brigitte et al

Poster (2008, October 31)

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See detailStrategies to Regenerate Hair Cells: Identification of Progenitors and Critical Genes
Breuskin, Ingrid ULg; Bodson, Morgan ULg; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

in Hearing Research (2008), 236(1-2), 1-10

Deafness commonly results from a lesion of the sensory cells and/or of the neurons of the auditory part of the inner ear. There are currently no treatments designed to halt or reverse the progression of ... [more ▼]

Deafness commonly results from a lesion of the sensory cells and/or of the neurons of the auditory part of the inner ear. There are currently no treatments designed to halt or reverse the progression of hearing loss. A key goal in developing therapy for sensorineural deafness is the identification of strategies to replace lost hair cells. In amphibians and birds, a spontaneous post-injury regeneration of all inner ear sensory hair cells occurs. In contrast, in the mammalian cochlea, hair cells are only produced during embryogenesis. Many studies have been carried out in order to demonstrate the persistence of endogenous progenitors. The present review is first focused on the occurrence of spontaneous supernumerary hair cells and on nestin positive precursors found in the organ of Corti. A second approach to regenerating hair cells would be to find genes essential for their differentiation. This review will also focus on critical genes for embryonic hair cell formation such as the cell cycle related proteins, the Atoh1 gene and the Notch signaling pathway. Understanding mechanisms that underlie hair cell production is an essential prerequisite to defining therapeutic strategies to regenerate hair cells in the mature inner ear. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of Nucleoli from Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells and Dynamics of Nascent RNA within Isolated Nucleoli.
Thiry, Marc ULg; Ploton, Dominique

in Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.) (2008), 463

Here we describe a new, rapid method for isolating nucleoli from Ehrlich tumor cells that preserves their morphological integrity and high transcriptional activity. Until now, methods for isolation of ... [more ▼]

Here we describe a new, rapid method for isolating nucleoli from Ehrlich tumor cells that preserves their morphological integrity and high transcriptional activity. Until now, methods for isolation of nucleoli were generally assumed to empty one of their three main compartments, the fibrillar center, of its contents. This new method consists of sonicating cells in an isotonic medium containing MgSO(4), spermidine, and spermine, followed by separation of nucleoli through a Percoll density gradient. Using the nonisotopic approach of labelling with BrUTP, we have further investigated the dynamics of nascent ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) within morphologically intact isolated nucleoli at the electron microscope level. We show that ribosomal transcripts are elongated in the cortex of the fibrillar center and then enter the surrounding dense fibrillar component. [less ▲]

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See detailVascular architecture of breast cancer xenographs over-expressing MT4-MMP
Chabottaux, V; Thiry, Marc ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63

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See detailThe lymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen-Lamalle, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63

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See detailThe nucleolus in reptiles: Ultrastructural studies
Lamaye, F; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailSox10 is not necessary for auditory neurons survival
Breuskin, I; Bodson, M; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailEvidence for a mitochondrial synthesis of thiamine triphosphate in the rat brain
Gangolf, M; Wins, P; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailModeling Lymphangiogenesis in a three-dimensional culture system
Bruyere, Françoise; Melen-Lamalle, Laurence; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Nature Methods (2008), 5(5), 431-437

Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of lymphangiogenesis is hampered by the lack of appropriate in vitro models of three-dimensional (3D) lymph vessel growth which can be used to exploit the potential of ... [more ▼]

Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of lymphangiogenesis is hampered by the lack of appropriate in vitro models of three-dimensional (3D) lymph vessel growth which can be used to exploit the potential of available transgenic mice. We developed a potent reproducible and quantifiable 3D-culture system of lymphatic endothelial cells, the lymphatic ring assay, bridging the gap between 2D-in vitro and in vivo models of lymphangiogenesis. Mice thoracic duct fragments are embedded in a collagen gel leading to the formation of lymphatic capillaries containing a lumen as assessed by electron microscopy and immunostaining. This assay phenocopies the different steps of lymphangiogenesis, including the spreading from a preexisting vessel, cell proliferation, migration and differentiation into capillaries. Our study provides evidence for the implication of an individual matrix metalloproteinase, MMP-2, during lymphangiogenesis. The lymphatic ring assay is a robust, quantifiable and reproducible system which offers new opportunities for rapid identification of unknown regulators of lymphangiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailCytochemical and immunocytological study of the reptilian nucleolus
Lamaye, Françoise; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailHistology and ultrastructure of the elastic spring apparatus in Acanthodoras cataphractus (Siluriformes: Doradidae)
Fabri, Grégory; Thiry, Marc ULg; Parmentier, Eric

Poster (2008)

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See detailVoyage dans le noyau cellulaire
Thiry, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2008)

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See detailIdentification of genes that function in the biogenesis and localization of small nucleolar RNAs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Qiu, Hui; Eifert, Julia; Wacheul, Ludivine et al

in Molecular & Cellular Biology (2008), 28(11), 3686-99

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) orchestrate the modification and cleavage of pre-rRNA and are essential for ribosome biogenesis. Recent data suggest that after nucleoplasmic synthesis, snoRNAs transiently ... [more ▼]

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) orchestrate the modification and cleavage of pre-rRNA and are essential for ribosome biogenesis. Recent data suggest that after nucleoplasmic synthesis, snoRNAs transiently localize to the Cajal body (in plant and animal cells) or the homologous nucleolar body (in budding yeast) for maturation and assembly into snoRNPs prior to accumulation in their primary functional site, the nucleolus. However, little is known about the trans-acting factors important for the intranuclear trafficking and nucleolar localization of snoRNAs. Here, we describe a large-scale genetic screen to identify proteins important for snoRNA transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We performed fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis to visualize U3 snoRNA localization in a collection of temperature-sensitive yeast mutants. We have identified Nop4, Prp21, Tao3, Sec14, and Htl1 as proteins important for the proper localization of U3 snoRNA. Mutations in genes encoding these proteins lead to specific defects in the targeting or retention of the snoRNA to either the nucleolar body or the nucleolus. Additional characterization of the mutants revealed impairment in specific steps of U3 snoRNA processing, demonstrating that snoRNA maturation and trafficking are linked processes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe kinetoplast ultrastructural organization of endosymbiont-bearing trypanosomatids as revealed by deep-etching, cytochemical and immunocytochemical analysis.
Cavalcanti, Danielle Pereira; Thiry, Marc ULg; de Souza, Wanderley et al

in Histochemistry & Cell Biology (2008), 130(6), 1177-85

The endosymbiont-bearing trypanosomatids present a typical kDNA arrangement, which is not well characterized. In the majority of trypanosomatids, the kinetoplast forms a bar-like structure containing ... [more ▼]

The endosymbiont-bearing trypanosomatids present a typical kDNA arrangement, which is not well characterized. In the majority of trypanosomatids, the kinetoplast forms a bar-like structure containing tightly packed kDNA fibers. On the contrary, in trypanosomatids that harbor an endosymbiotic bacterium, the kDNA fibers are disposed in a looser arrangement that fills the kinetoplast matrix. In order to shed light on the kinetoplast structural organization in these protozoa, we used cytochemical and immunocytological approaches. Our results showed that in endosymbiont-containing species, DNA and basic proteins are distributed not only in the kDNA network, but also in the kinetoflagellar zone (KFZ), which corresponds to the region between the kDNA and the inner mitochondrial membrane nearest the flagellum. The presence of DNA in the KFZ is in accordance with the actual model of kDNA replication, whereas the detection of basic proteins in this region may be related to the basic character of the intramitochondrial filaments found in this area, which are part of the complex that connects the kDNA to the basal body. The kinetoplast structural organization of Bodo sp. was also analyzed, since this protozoan lacks the highly ordered kDNA-packaging characteristic of trypanosomatid and represents an evolutionary ancestral of the Trypanosomatidae family. [less ▲]

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