References of "Strivay, David"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTowards the differentiation of non-treated and treated corundum minerals by ion-beam-induced luminescence and other complementary techniques
Calvo Del Castillo, Helena ULg; Dupuis, Thomas ULg; Mathis, François ULg et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2009), 394

Abstract  Differentiation of treated and non-treated gemstones is a chief concern for major jewellery import companies. Low-quality corundum specimens coming from Asia appear to be often treated with heat ... [more ▼]

Abstract  Differentiation of treated and non-treated gemstones is a chief concern for major jewellery import companies. Low-quality corundum specimens coming from Asia appear to be often treated with heat, BeO or flux in order to enhance their properties as precious minerals. A set of corundum samples, rubies and sapphires from different origins, both treated and non-treated has been analysed at the Centre Européen d’Archéométrie, with ion-beam-induced luminescence (IBIL) and other complementary techniques such as Raman, proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), and proton-induced gamma-ray emission (PIGE). IBIL, also known as ionoluminescence, has been used before to detect impurities or defects inside synthetic materials and natural minerals; its use for the discrimination of gemstone simulants or synthetic analogues has been elsewhere discussed (Cavenago-Bignami Moneta, Gemología, Tomo I Piedras preciosas, perlas, corales, marfil. Ediciones Omega, Barcelona, 1991). PIXE has been frequently applied in the archaeometric field for material characterisation and provenance studies of minerals (Hughes, Ruby & sapphire. RWH Publishing, Fallbrook, 1997; Calvo del Castillo et al., Anal Bioanal Chem 387:869–878, 2007; Calligaro et al., NIM-B 189:320–327, 2002) and PIGE complements the elemental analysis by detecting light elements in these materials such as—and lighter than—sodium that cannot be identified with the PIXE technique (Sanchez et al., NIM-B 130:682–686, 1997; Emmett et al., Gems Gemology 39:84–135, 2003). The micro-Raman technique has also been used complementarily to ion beam analysis techniques for mineral characterisation (Novak et al., Appl Surf Sci 231–232:917–920, 2004). The aim of this study is to provide new means for systematic analysis of corundum gemstone-quality mineral, alternative to the traditional gemmologic methods; for this purpose, a Spanish jewellery import company supplied us with a number of natural corundum samples coming from different places (part of them treated as explained above). The PIXE elemental concentrations of the samples showed large quantities of calcium and lead in some cases that can be linked to treatment with fluxes or lead oxide. The plot of the chromium and iron concentration grouped the samples in various aggregates that corresponded to the different types of corundum analysed. Micro-Raman complemented the PIXE analysis corroborating the presence of lead oxides but the use of the PIGE technique was not successful for the detection of beryllium due to the low cross section of the nuclear reaction chosen for its identification. IBIL was capable of distinguishing between treated and non-treated samples of the same type based on the luminescent features of the materials. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 172 (27 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifferentiation of polymorphs by Ionoluminescence
Calvo Del Castillo, Helena ULg; Chene, Grégoire ULg; Dupuis, Thomas ULg et al

in Physics Procedia (2009), 2

Polymorph minerals are natural materials that share the same composition but have a different structure. Traditionally, the characterization of polymorphs has been done using different techniques of ... [more ▼]

Polymorph minerals are natural materials that share the same composition but have a different structure. Traditionally, the characterization of polymorphs has been done using different techniques of microscopy, X-ray diffraction Raman or IR Spectroscopy for instance. In this work we propose the use of a new technique as an alternative to characterise polymorphs: Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL). As an advantage to the other techniques, IBIL can be carried out simultaneously with the PIXE technique or other Ion Beam Analysis techniques and the combination will yield results on elemental composition and luminescence properties at the same time. Different minerals have been analysed with IBIL as an example of application to the characterization of polymorphs and its correspondent spectra are explained in this paper. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproved energy resolution of a cyclotron beam for RBS measurements
Chene, Grégoire ULg; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Marchal, André ULg et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (2008), 266(10), 2110-2112

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (23 ULg)
See detailLa peinture murale à Liège au XVIe siècle : analyse technologique d'une peinture de la cathédrale Saint-Paul de LIège
Oger, Cécile ULg; Denoël, Sophie; Strivay, David ULg et al

in Denoël, Sophie (Ed.) Les peintures murales. Les techniques (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiscovery and characterization of an unknown blue-green Maya pigment: Veszelyite
Moreno, R Garcia; Mathis, François ULg; Mazel, V. et al

in Archaeometry (2008), 50(4), 658-667

Blue-green mosaic and polychrome masks and funerary offerings from the royal tombs of Calakmul, Mexico, were analysed by scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy ... [more ▼]

Blue-green mosaic and polychrome masks and funerary offerings from the royal tombs of Calakmul, Mexico, were analysed by scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE). This led to the first identification of the use of veszelyite, a rare hydrated copper-zinc phosphate, as green pigment. Analyses of a geological sample of this mineral have been done to confirm the characterization of this Mayan pigment, which might help determine pre-Columbian trade routes of precious and luxury objects in the ancient Maya Classic period (ad 250-800). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (14 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMiddle energy PIXE preliminary experiments
Dupuis, Thomas ULg; Mathis, François ULg; Marchal, André ULg et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)