References of "Stassart, Pierre M"
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See detailConservation Agriculture a professional model for the ecological transition of agriculture?
Vankeerberghen, Audrey ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2012)

Over the last decades, the agriculture has experienced the development of several alternatives that aim to achieve sustainability, environment protection, farmers' livelihood improvement, etc. Amongst ... [more ▼]

Over the last decades, the agriculture has experienced the development of several alternatives that aim to achieve sustainability, environment protection, farmers' livelihood improvement, etc. Amongst these alternatives, the “Conservation Agriculture” is expanding in many countries as an attempt to maintain soil fertility and prevent soil erosion through the application of principles such as minimal soil disturbance (zero-tillage), permanent soil cover and crop rotations. Based on an empirical case study that is being carried out in the South of Belgium, the paper discusses some questions raised by the Conservation Agriculture movement in the perspective of the theory of transition and its multi-level analysis (Geels 2007). - At first, it suggests to investigate the farmers' trajectories in the adoption of the Conservation Agriculture techniques as well as the building of the movement to see how individual learnings/lock-in affect the transition. - At a collective level, we want to understand how far the associations providing technique support, advices and information to the farmers could be a source of reflexive learning : indeed, Conservation Agriculture is an ambiguous approach mixing ecological concerns with business- and industrial-oriented practices such the use of Round Up Pesticide (chemical tillage) and time saving for big cropfarmers. - In Belgium, Conservation Agriculture is a “professional” initiative with weak visibility in the public sphere (compared to organic agriculture). What are the consequences of this lack of official recognition on the public debate about the future of agriculture ? - Further, the paper tries to highlight how the network or Conservation Agriculture has or not the ability to meet wider society's concerns such as the problem of mudslides in the countryside or use of pesticide. - And finally, through this multi-level analysis, we will address the question of the building of knowledge and know-how around Conservation Agriculture. [less ▲]

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See detailThéorie de la transition
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2012)

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See detailIntroduction séminaire citoyen participatif coexistence Milan royal et Parc éolien
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Coexistence Milan royal & Parc éolien, pour une compréhension ouverte d'un problème complexe (2012)

Nous aurions pu nous limiter dans cette introduction à présenter la méthodologie du séminaire. Mais celle-ci contient un trompe-l’oeil : en réalité, le séminaire constitua le moment fort d’un ... [more ▼]

Nous aurions pu nous limiter dans cette introduction à présenter la méthodologie du séminaire. Mais celle-ci contient un trompe-l’oeil : en réalité, le séminaire constitua le moment fort d’un processus complexe qui inscrit dans le temps un rapprochement improbable entre deux groupes, celui des coopérateurs de Lucéole et des ornithologues de la région. C’est pourquoi cette introduction prend le temps de refaire ce cheminement : du premier cadrage opéré en préambule, justification d’une expertise citoyenne aux côtés de l’étude d’incidence jusqu’au processus de rapprochement entre les deux groupes locaux : Lucéole et ornithologues [less ▲]

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See detailConvergences citoyennes éoliennes: coopérations territoriale et transition
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2011)

This oral communication develop the hypothese of territorial governance around windfarm participation and the citizen cooperatives

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
See detailDos Estudos Rural a sociologia ambiente: continuação ruptura renovação.
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailQuestionnement agroécologique: les systèmes participatifs de garantie comme critique de la certification et nouveau mode de gouvernance?
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Brandenburg, Alfio; Isaguirre, Katya

in SFER Online http://www.sfer.asso.fr/les_colloques2/les_transversalites_de_l_agriculture_biologique/programme_actes_du_colloque (2011)

Ce papier propose un questionnement agroécologique sur la transition agroécologique comme un processus de réflexivité de second ordre. Nous construisons cette hypothèse en prenant le cas de l’émergence ... [more ▼]

Ce papier propose un questionnement agroécologique sur la transition agroécologique comme un processus de réflexivité de second ordre. Nous construisons cette hypothèse en prenant le cas de l’émergence des Systèmes Participatif de Garantie (SPG) au Brésil comme une critique de la certification déléguée à une tierce partie et une proposition alternative de gouvernance face au contrôle de conformité marchand. Nous prenons en particulier le cas d’Ecovida et de sa certification participative qui est à l’origine des SPG brésiliennes. Le statut de notre communication est prospectif : après avoir précisé ce que nous entendons par réflexivité, nous posons une série de questions qui portent à la fois sur l’apprentissage et la réflexivité de cette expérience#!Cette mise à l’épreuve nous intéresse dans la mesure où elle peut nous informer sur ce que peuvent devenir des modes de gouvernance réflexifs dans le monde de la bio. [less ▲]

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See detailDos Estudos Rural a sociologia ambiente: continuação ruptura renovação
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailA Investigacao Sociologica os "pragamatic" americanos
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailPotencial de Agroecologia para a transicao
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailReflexive audiovisual methodology: The emergence of "minority practices" among pluriactive stock farmers
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Mathieu, Valérie; Melard, François ULg

in Journal of Rural Studies (2011), 27(4), 403-413

This paper proposes a new way for sociology, through both methodology and theory, to understand the reality of social groups and their ‚Äúminority practices.‚Äù It is based on an experiment that concerns ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new way for sociology, through both methodology and theory, to understand the reality of social groups and their ‚Äúminority practices.‚Äù It is based on an experiment that concerns a very specific category of agriculturalists called ‚Äúpluriactive‚Äù stock farmers. These stock farmers, who engage in raising livestock part-time alongside another full-time job, form a minority category within the agricultural profession. We address the question of how to analyze and represent the practices of this kind of ‚Äúsocial‚Äù group or category through participatory filmmaking. Our research shows that beyond the collaborative production and screening of the film done in close cooperation with the stock farmers themselves, a second unexpected dynamic emerged around the sequences that were cut in the final editing round. These cut sequences reveal hesitations and disagreements among the breeders about their own practices in relation to their work and to animal welfare. These hesitations are not considered weaknesses, but rather as proof of the emergence of this group of stock farmers as ‚Äúpractitioners‚Äù. In the realm of intervention research, the participatory film-making process is attractive because it enables the farmers to raise new questions on their own, discuss them, and eventually resolve them, while also encouraging the researchers to identify the conditions that must be met in order to achieve this fragile linkage. This process and its outcomes force us to revisit the theoretical question of what constitutes a pragmatic definition of a practice. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards pagan agroecology: special section on subjectiving the objective: participation , sustainability and agroecological research
Bell, Michael; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Journal of Rural Studies (2011), 27(4), 347-350

Science has a strongly religious character, it has often been observed. Scientists are typically priest-like, serious and full of methodological rectitude about the rituals of procedure for gaining access ... [more ▼]

Science has a strongly religious character, it has often been observed. Scientists are typically priest-like, serious and full of methodological rectitude about the rituals of procedure for gaining access to starry truth. The laity rise and come to us to receive wafers of wisdom and sips of insight. The objective knowledge incarnate we dispense is everywhere the same: same wafer, same wine. Indeed, universality is science’s whole point. But what kind of religion is this? It is a faith that exalts monologue over dialogue, oneness over manyness, the general over the locally speci␣c. It is a faith that offers transcendence, not immanenceda feeling of control over space and time and of release from the biases of the local and momentary. It is a faith that contends that a single truth exists and is the core of life. It is a faith whose moral power comes from its claim that it has escaped politics thereby. Not all religion, however, exalts in such unity, offers such a mood, or claims such a generalized authority. There have long beendindeed, longer beendfaiths aplenty that discovered the divine in the here and now of the particular, an immanent and dia- logic supernature that is us and not other, admitting and embracing the political character of the gods and of truth. Zeus and Hera are always squabbling, the ancient Greeks taught, favouring some people and places over others as a result [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction à la théorie de la transition
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2011)

Introductive conference for the 20 years of l'APERe on the transition theory.

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See detailObliged permanent pastures : main future of ruminant production in Belgium
Stilmant, Didier; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Peeters, Pierre et al

in Grassland Science in Europe (2011), 16

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See detailLe développement durable: un concept incontournable
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailAgroécologie: Le chainon manquant. Rôle de consommateurs et d'ONG dans les processus émergeants d'apprentissage
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Claes, Chris

in Anonyme (Ed.) Proceeding ISDA 2010 Innovation Sustainable Development of Agriculture (2010)

Abstract — Academic texts on agro-ecology are often too limited to production systems. When notions of food systems and food value chains are described they introduce the consumer as a choice taker ... [more ▼]

Abstract — Academic texts on agro-ecology are often too limited to production systems. When notions of food systems and food value chains are described they introduce the consumer as a choice taker, reflecting neoclassical economic theory. The study of the emergence of two agro-ecological chains in Benin and Belgium explains how consumer demands are key learning resources for chain co-creation. In the case of the fair trade rice chain an NGO stimulates the co-creation process while in the beef chain in Gaume consumers who are directly involved in a deliberative process bring about this questioning. [less ▲]

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See detailUnlock sytemic locking? From conversion towards transition
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2010)

The potential sectoral (food chain) transition approach suffers from a strong regimen’s irreversibility. In this paper we consider the question of cooperation regime transformation. Indeed in our case ... [more ▼]

The potential sectoral (food chain) transition approach suffers from a strong regimen’s irreversibility. In this paper we consider the question of cooperation regime transformation. Indeed in our case, the lock-in issue also proved to have a professional dimension linked to the cooperation regime. While the “filière” quality convention (Gomez 1994) could re-frame the traditional relationships between different members of the “filière,” this potential transformation was blocked by the strongest professional/sectoral convention. Professional conventions (Allaire 2004) are competency conventions that define and qualify “good” work within a set of rules. Professional conventions may be destabilized by transforming legitimacy systems through a territorial (rather than sectoral) approach and as a consequence start to overcome the socio-technical lock-in. Interactions between weak pressure at the landscape (macro) level (EU), niche (micro) level, and knowledge coming from the previous intervention research created space for regime destabilization (Geels & Schot 2007b). Local stakeholders (institutions) joined with local actors (consumers-citizens, and naturalists) to create room for a learning process and let the “Gaume Grassland Steer” niche experiment emerge. [less ▲]

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