References of "Sindic, Marianne"
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See detailEvaluation of the oxidative stability of blends of ‘Arbequina’ olive oils with other monovarietal olive oils
Mansouri, F.; Ben Moumen, A.; Houmy, N. et al

in Olivae (Official Journal of the International Olive Council) (2014), 120

Like elsewhere in the Mediterranean, the olive oil sector is one of the strategic branches of the Moroccan economy owing to its social and economic significance. This research entailed evaluation of the ... [more ▼]

Like elsewhere in the Mediterranean, the olive oil sector is one of the strategic branches of the Moroccan economy owing to its social and economic significance. This research entailed evaluation of the oxidative stability of olive oils made up of a blend of ‘Arbequina’ olive oil with ‘Arbosana’ and ‘Koroneiki’ monovarietal oils known for their high content of natural antioxidants (phenols and tocopherols) and their superior oxidative stability compared with ‘Arbequina’ oil. The monovarietal oils produced from the ‘Arbequina’, ‘Arbosana’ and ‘Koroneiki’ varieties, which have recently been introduced under intensive cultivation in the eastern region of Morocco, underwent physico–chemical characterisation to determine quality criteria, natural antioxidant content, fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol profile. The Rancimat test* was performed to assess the oxidative stability of these monovarietal oils and their three-variety blends. The oxidation tests were performed on five freshly prepared blends (A) of the three varieties – ‘Arbequina’/’Arbosana’/‘Koroneiki’ – according to the following volume ratios: A1: 60/30/10; A2: 60/20/20; A3: 60:10:30; A4: 50:25:25 and A5: 40:30:30. The test results show that blends A4 and A5 displayed the best oxidative stability, recording respective values of 72.67 h and 75.42 h. These results are comparable to those obtained for ‘Arbosana’ monovarietal oil (75.42 h), which is considered to be relatively stable. Hence, blending is an excellent tool for enhancing oils produced from varieties which, despite their excellent initial quality and their organoleptic attributes, are handicapped by their poor stability, as is the case of ‘Arbequina’ oil. [less ▲]

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See detailDigestibilité et fermentation intestinale de deux sources de protéines animales, soumises ou non à un traitement thermique, chez le rat en croissance
POELAERT, Christine ULg; Despret, Xavier; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Nutrition Clinique et Metabolisme (2014, December), 28(Supplement 1), 176-177

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See detailCaractérisation préliminaire de quelques variétés d’amande cultivées dans la région orientale du Maroc
Houmy, Nadia; Elmoudden, S.; Boujnah, M. et al

Poster (2014, November 21)

L’amande est un fruit sec riche en huile, protéines, glucides et vitamines. Il est consommé tel quel (séché, grillé) ou transformé sous d’autres formes tel que la pâte d’amande. L’huile d’amande est très ... [more ▼]

L’amande est un fruit sec riche en huile, protéines, glucides et vitamines. Il est consommé tel quel (séché, grillé) ou transformé sous d’autres formes tel que la pâte d’amande. L’huile d’amande est très utilisée en dermatologie pour ses propriétés cosmétiques, adoucissantes et hydratantes. Ce travail de recherche appliquée est mené en collaboration avec la DRA-oriental et la DPA d’Oujda. Il s’agit d’une contribution au développement la filière amandier dans la région qui porte sur la valorisation de l’amande et ces dérivées principalement l’huile et le tourteau d’amandes. Dans cette étude préliminaire les huiles et tourteaux de 5 variétés cultivées dans la région orientale (Marcona, Ferragnes-Ferraduel, Fournat et Beldi) ont été analysées. Les amandes ont été fournis par la coopérative Sidi Bouhria-Oujda et l’extraction mécanique d’huiles d’amandes des 5 principales variétés (Marcona, Ferragnes-Ferraduel, Fournat et Beldi), cultivées dans la région orientale a été réalisée par une presse à huile au niveau de la société PRODIGIA (Casablanca). Dans ce cas et selon la variété, les rendements en huile varient entre 46 et 60% MS. Le rendement en huiles par extraction chimique diffère de celui réalisé par presse mécanique. La différence est nette dans le cas de variété Marcona connue pour sa richesse en fibres. Les analyses chimique portent sur l’acidité des huiles d’amandes qui se situe entre 0,0197 et 0,0491%, Indice de Peroxyde se varie entre 6,43 et 16,4 (meq./kg) et la détermination des profils des acides gras (AG). A ce propos les profils d’acides gras des cinq variétés montrent trois AG majoritaires qui sont par ordre d’importance l’acide oléique (C18 :1), acide linoléique (C18 :2) et l’acide palmitique (C16) et dont les teneurs se situent respectivement entre 63,54-72,87% pour C18 :1, 17,84- 25,45% pour C18 :2 et 6,53 et 7,91% pour C16. La comparaison quantitative d’acides gras majoritaires montre une différence significative entre les variétés analysées. Le tourteau comme sous-produits de trituration mécanique contient toujours une quantité résiduelle d’huile, leurs teneurs en protéines totaux se situent entre 47 et 49 % MS et leurs teneurs en sucre totaux se situe entre 12,6 à 14%.MS. Il s’agit là d’un coproduits de trituration qui est également riche en fibres et qui mérite d’être valorisé par voie de technologie alimentaire. [less ▲]

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See detailL'analyse de risques, à dimension humaine au sein de mon organisation
Sindic, Marianne ULg; Delvosalle, Christian; Bruyr, Dominique et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 15)

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See detailValorization of Tunisian secondary date varieties (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) by hydrothermal treatments : New fiber concentrates with antioxidant properties
Mrabet, Abdessalem; Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Guillermo; Guillen-Bejarano, Rafael et al

in LWT - Food Science and Technology (2014)

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See detailBehavior of Listeria monocytogenes in sheep raw milk cheeses: a study at different stages of production and shelf-life"
N'Guessan, Elise; Amara, Nassima; Godrie, Thérèse ULg et al

Poster (2014, September 18)

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See detail2. Variétés - 1. Froment d'hiver
Meza Morales, Walter ULg; Couveur, Luc; Eylenbosch, Damien ULg et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Destain, Jean-Pierre (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2014, September 11)

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See detailQuel avenir pour le beurre de ferme en Wallonie ?
Winandy, Stéphane ULg; Godrie, Thérèse ULg; Ringuet, Mélanie ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailConditioning materials with biomacromolecules: composition of the adlayer and influence on cleanability
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Genet, J. Michel; Dupont-Gillain, C. Christine et al

in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2014), 432

The influence of substrate hydrophobicity and biomacromolecules (dextran, bovine serum albumin - BSA) adsorption on the cleanability of surfaces soiled by spraying aqueous suspensions of quartz particles ... [more ▼]

The influence of substrate hydrophobicity and biomacromolecules (dextran, bovine serum albumin - BSA) adsorption on the cleanability of surfaces soiled by spraying aqueous suspensions of quartz particles (10 to 30 µm size), then dried, was investigated using glass and polystyrene as substrates. The cleanability was evaluated using radial flow cell (RFC). The surface composition was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The interpretation of XPS data allowed the complexity due to the ubiquitous presence of organic contaminants to be coped with, and the surface composition to be expressed in terms of both the amount of adlayer and the mass concentration of adlayer constituents. When soiled with a suspension of particles in water, glass was much less cleanable than polystyrene, which was attributed to its much lower water contact angle, in agreement with previous observations on starch soil. Dextran was easily desorbed and did not affect the cleanability. The presence of BSA at the interface strongly improved the cleanability of glass while the contact angle did not change appreciably. In contrast, soiling polystyrene with quartz particles suspended in a BSA solution instead of water did not change markedly the cleanability, while the contact angle was much lower and the aggregates of soiling particles were more flat. These observations are explained by the major role of capillary forces developed upon drying, which influence the closeness of the contact between the soiling particles and the substrate and, thereby, the adherence of particles. The capillary forces are proportional to the liquid surface tension and depend in a more complex way on contact angles of the particles and of the substrate. The dependence of cleanability on capillary forces, and in particular on the liquid surface tension, is predominant as compared with its dependence on the size and shape of the soiling aggregates, which influence the efficiency of shear forces exerted by the flowing water upon cleaning. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de l'effet du conditionnement, séchage et de la conservation par le froid sur la qualité des dattes au Maroc
El Yacoubi, O.; Elhoumaizi, A.; Sindic, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2014, May 15)

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See detailEvaluation de l'effet antidiabétique de l'huile du figuier de barbarie (Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.) (Communication orale)
Berraouan, A.; Mekhfi, H.; Ziyyat, A. et al

Scientific conference (2014, May 15)

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See detailIdentification de la composition en arômes des miels de la région orientale du Maroc (Communication orale)
Abeslami, Azzedine; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, May 15)

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See detailBilan du programme P3 et perspectives de valorisation des acquis de la recherche
Sindic, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2014, May 15)

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See detailDiversiFerm : un projet de soutien à la diversification
Winandy, Stéphane ULg; Godrie, Thérèse ULg; Ringuet, Mélanie ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailOil content and fatty acid composition of almond kernels produced in less-favored areas of northeast region of Morocco
Houmy, Nadia ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Amehrech, Imad et al

Poster (2014, April 02)

The almond tree (Prunus dulcis) is a drought tolerant crop. Being a rustic plant, almond tree can grow in varied climates (1) and frequently used in dryland farming. The ability of almond trees to ... [more ▼]

The almond tree (Prunus dulcis) is a drought tolerant crop. Being a rustic plant, almond tree can grow in varied climates (1) and frequently used in dryland farming. The ability of almond trees to tolerate summer heat and winter cold and to endure high water deficits are prove of its efficiency in valorization of semi-arid areas. For all these reasons, a new project of almond plantation (Profao) is implemented for valorization of marginal sols in eastern region of Morocco with the aim of helping population to have a stake in their rural economies. In this region, self-consumption constitute the important part of the almond production, which has high costs and lower profitability. Almonds are a good source of vegetable oil, protein and mineral bio elements. Many information on almond constituents and almond crops are available in Europe and USA (2), few references occur in the bibliography concerning almond crop in Morocco but there is no data on physicochemical characterization of almond and derivatives products. Therefore, in this preliminary study, sweet almond oils of four varieties (Feragnès, Ferraduel, Marcona and Fournat) were extracted mechanically and by soxhlet. Results showed that yield of oil from almonds crushed mechanically varies between 46 and 60 % of the dry mass and comparable profiles of fatty acid (FA) and triglycerides for the analyzed almond oils. The two main FA of those almond oils are unsaturated oleic acid (56-74%) and linoleic acid (19-25%); followed by Palmitic acid (2.5-8%), Palmitoleic and stearic acids, that range between 0.2-2.8% and finally minor FA (Linolenic & Arachidic acids) with quantities less than 0.1%. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF WHEY PROTEIN DENATURATION ON ADHERENCE
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Rouxhet, G. Paul; Dupont-Gillain, C. Christine et al

Conference (2014, April)

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror ... [more ▼]

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror finish. The substrate was soiled with quartz suspensions in water or in β-LGB solutions as such or previously heated at 75°C, and dried at room temperature or in an oven at 75°C. Cleanability was evaluated after exposure to water in a radial flow chamber. Auxiliary characterizations were the surface tension and protein concentration of the solution, surface analysis of the substrate by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements. The contact of stainless steel with -LGB led to adsorption of the protein, which dominated the composition of the organic layer with respect to contaminants initially present, and was not markedly desorbed upon rinsing. The presence of β-LGB at the quartz particle/substrate interface slightly increased the adherence, which was further increased when the protein was denatured. On the other hand, denaturation of -LGB enhanced its surfactant effect at the water/air interface. Comparison with systems investigated before suggests that the influence of protein via droplet spreading and soiling particles aggregation may be of minor importance compared to direct effects on the substrate/quartz interface. Stainless steel does not behave as a hydrophilic substrate owing to its surface contamination with organic compounds. It appears suitable to examine the influence of the initial surface state of stainless steel on its behavior regarding soiling and cleaning. [less ▲]

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See detailINFLUENCE OF WHEY PROTEIN DENATURATION ON ADHERENCE
Toure, Yetioman ULg; Rouxhet, G. Paul; Dupont-Gillain, C. Christine et al

in Dr Wilson, I.; Chew, Y.M.J. (Eds.) Fouling and Cleaning in Food Processing (2014, April)

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror ... [more ▼]

This work reports on the influence of -lactoglobulin (β-LGB) and of its denaturation on the adherence of quartz particles, taken as a model of particulate soil, on stainless steel AISI 304 with mirror finish. The substrate was soiled with quartz suspensions in water or in β-LGB solutions as such or previously heated at 75°C, and dried at room temperature or in an oven at 75°C. Cleanability was evaluated after exposure to water in a radial flow chamber. Auxiliary characterizations were the surface tension and protein concentration of the solution, surface analysis of the substrate by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements. The contact of stainless steel with -LGB led to adsorption of the protein, which dominated the composition of the organic layer with respect to contaminants initially present, and was not markedly desorbed upon rinsing. The presence of β-LGB at the quartz particle/substrate interface slightly increased the adherence, which was further increased when the protein was denatured. On the other hand, denaturation of -LGB enhanced its surfactant effect at the water/air interface. Comparison with systems investigated before suggests that the influence of protein via droplet spreading and soiling particles aggregation may be of minor importance compared to direct effects on the substrate/quartz interface. Stainless steel does not behave as a hydrophilic substrate owing to its surface contamination with organic compounds. It appears suitable to examine the influence of the initial surface state of stainless steel on its behavior regarding soiling and cleaning. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversity and utilizations of pearl millet cultivars in hyper-arid regions of Algeria.
Boudries, Nadia; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Belhaneche-Bensamra, Naima et al

Poster (2014, March 27)

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