References of "Servais, Anne-Catherine"
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See detailDetermination of enantiomeric purity of S-amlodipine by chiral LC with emphasis on reversal of enantiomer elution order.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; Edorh, P. A.; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary ... [more ▼]

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phase (CSP). The concentration of formic acid (FA) (0.01-0.2%) in the mobile phase containing acetonitrile as the main solvent was found to influence the elution order of amlodipine enantiomers as well as the enantioresolution. A reversal of the enantiomer elution order of amlodipine was only observed with chiral stationary phases with both electron-withdrawing (chloro) and electron-donating groups (methyl) on the phenyl moieties of the chiral selector, namely cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) and cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate). The highest enantioresolution (R(s) : 4.1) value was obtained at the lowest FA concentration (0.01%) using cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as the chiral selector and the enantiomeric impurity, R-amlodipine, eluted first under these conditions. Therefore, the mobile phase selected for the prevalidation of the method consisted of ACN/0.1% DEA/0.01% FA and the temperature was set at 25 degrees C. The method was prevalidated by means of the strategy based on the total measurement error and the accuracy profile. The method was found to be selective and the limit of quantification was found to be about 0.05% for R-amlodipine, while the limit of detection was close to 0.02%. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of chlorine containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phases for the LC enantioseparation of basic pharmaceuticals using polar non-aqueous mobile phases.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; CHIAP, Patrice ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34(6), 617-22

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The ... [more ▼]

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The study was focused on CSPs containing cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) (3-Cl-4-MePC), cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) (4-Cl-3-MePC) or cellulose tris(3,5-dichlorophenylcarbamate) (3,5-diClPC) as the chiral selector. The behaviour of these CSPs was studied systematically in order to investigate the influence of the presence and position of the chlorine substituents on the phenylcarbamate moieties on the retention and resolution of the enantiomers. The evaluation was made with three different generic mobile phases, namely ACN/0.1%DEA/0.1% TFA (DEA, diethylamine), ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2% FA and ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2%AcA, deduced from the previous study. The nature of the acidic additive and of the chiral selector was found to be particularly important for the retention and enantioresolution of these basic compounds. High-resolution values could be obtained for most studied enantiomers with these CSPs, clearly demonstrating the interest of using them in combination with polar organic mobile phases. However, significant differences in enantioresolution between the CSPs have been observed for many compounds, indicating that these phases seem to be quite complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a LC method for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-ropivacaine in a pharmaceutical formulation using a recently commercialized cellulose-based chiral stationary phase and polar non-aqueous mobile phase.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; CHIAP, Patrice ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2011), 54(4), 687-93

Ropivacaine is the first enantiomerically pure long-acting local anaesthetic used for surgical anaesthesia and post-operative pain relief. A liquid chromatographic (LC) method using acetonitrile as the ... [more ▼]

Ropivacaine is the first enantiomerically pure long-acting local anaesthetic used for surgical anaesthesia and post-operative pain relief. A liquid chromatographic (LC) method using acetonitrile as the main solvent and cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica as chiral stationary phase was successfully developed and applied for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-ropivacaine in a pharmaceutical formulation (Naropin((R))). The key role played by the acidic additive (trifluoroacetic acid or formic acid) in the enantioseparation of basic drugs in these LC systems was demonstrated by the reversal of ropivacaine enantiomers elution order observed when both acids were compared. In order to elute the enantiomeric impurity (R-ropivacaine) before S-ropivacaine, formic acid (FA) was selected. The temperature and the percentages of acidic additive and hexane in the mobile phase were found to significantly influence the retention and resolution of these enantiomers. The optimized mobile phase consisted of ACN/0.1% DEA/0.2% FA/5% hexane (v/v/v/v). The temperature was set at 35 degrees C to avoid the interference from a peak system related to the presence of water in the sample on ropivacaine enantiomers. The LC method was then fully validated applying the strategy based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles. The accuracy profile obtained by linear regression after square root transformation was selected, the acceptance limits being settled at +/-10% for the intended use of this analytical method. The relative bias was lower than 1.5%, while the RSD values for repeatability and intermediate precision were both below 1.0%. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) were found to be about 0.2 and 1.0 mug/mL, respectively, corresponding to 0.02 and 0.1% of the enantiomeric impurity in S-ropivacaine. [less ▲]

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See detailPre-study and in-study validation of a SPE-LC-MS-MS method for the determination of 5-S-cysteinyldopa, a melanoma biomarker, in human plasma.
Martin, Gaelle; Mansion, François ULg; Houbart, Virginie ULg et al

in Talanta (2011), 84(2), 280-6

The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased over the past decades, particularly in Caucasian population. This disease presents defavourable prognosis in terms of survey, especially when detection ... [more ▼]

The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased over the past decades, particularly in Caucasian population. This disease presents defavourable prognosis in terms of survey, especially when detection occurs at the metastatic phase. Reliable analytical methods for biomarker determination are thus an interesting tool in pathology detection and follow-up. In this context, a method using SPE-LC-ESI-MS-MS for the determination of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-SCD) in human plasma was optimized. The presence of matrix effect was investigated in details while 5-SCD stability was studied according to FDA requirements for the validation of bioanalytical methods. Pre-study and in-study validations of the entire method were then successfully performed by applying the approach based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles over a concentration ranges from 1.6 to 200 ng/ml. Good results with respect to accuracy, trueness and precision were obtained. The maximum risk of observing future measurements falling outside the acceptance limits during routine analysis was also estimated. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneric systems for the enantioseparation of basic drugs in NACE using single-isomer anionic CDs
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Gillotin, Florian; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2011), 54

The enantioseparation of ten basic drugs was evaluated in NACE systems using heptakis(2-O-methyl-3-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HMAS-β-CD). For this purpose, a D-optimal design with 21 experimental points ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of ten basic drugs was evaluated in NACE systems using heptakis(2-O-methyl-3-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HMAS-β-CD). For this purpose, a D-optimal design with 21 experimental points was applied. Four antifungal agents (econazole, isoconazole, miconazole, sulconazole), three local anesthetics (bupivacaine, mepivacaine and prilocaine), two sympathomimetics (salbutamol and terbutaline) and one β-blocker (carvedilol) were selected as basic model analytes. The influence on the enantiomeric resolution of anionic CD and BGE anion concentrations as well as the BGE anion nature was investigated. For all studied analytes, the enantiomeric resolution was shown to be significantly influenced by the CD concentration. Based on the observed results, a generic NACE system was recommended, namely 20 mM HMAS-β-CD and 10 mM ammonium camphorSO3- in methanol acidified with 0.75 M formic acid. Moreover, this NACE system was compared to previous conditions with heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HDMS-β-CD) or heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HDAS-β-CD). Finally, two generic systems using either HDAS-β-CD or HMAS-β-CD were proposed and evaluated for the enantioseparation of ketamine and norketamine after incubation of ketamine in phenobarbital-induced male rat liver microsomes systems. [less ▲]

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See detailA DESIGN SPACE APPROACH TO DEVELOP A GENERIC CE METHOD FOR THE SEPARATION OF 19 ANTIMALARIAL DRUGS
Lamalle, Caroline ULg; Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Debrus, Benjamin ULg et al

Poster (2010, September)

This project consists in analysing different molecules used against malaria by capillary electrophoresis (CE).

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See detailOptimization of the LC enantioseparation of chiral pharmaceuticals using cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector and polar non-aqueous mobile phases
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Chankvetadze, Bezhan et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2010), 33

The resolving power of a new commercial polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase, Sepapak-4, with cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica microparticles as chiral selector ... [more ▼]

The resolving power of a new commercial polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase, Sepapak-4, with cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica microparticles as chiral selector, was evaluated toward the enantioseparation of ten basic drugs with widely different structures and hydrophobic properties, using ACN as the main component of the mobile phase. A multivariate approach (experimental design) was used to screen the factors (temperature, n-hexane content, acidic and basic additives) likely to influence enantioresolution. Then, the optimization was performed using a face-centered central composite design. Complete enantioseparation could be obtained for almost all tested chiral compounds, demonstrating the high chiral discrimination ability of this chiral stationary phase using polar organic mobile phases made up of ACN and containing an acidic additive (TFA or formic acid), 0.1% diethylamine and n-hexane. These results clearly illustrate the key role of the nature of the acidic additive in the mobile phase. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a nonaqueous capillary electrophoretic method for the enantiomeric purity determination of a synthetic intermediate of new 3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyrans using a single-isomer anionic cyclodextrin derivative and an ionic liquid
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Florence, Xavier ULg; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2010), 1217(51), 7949-55

The enantiomeric purity determination of a synthetic intermediate of new 3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyrans, i.e. 4-amino-2,2-dimethyl-6-ethoxycarbonylamino-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran, was ... [more ▼]

The enantiomeric purity determination of a synthetic intermediate of new 3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyrans, i.e. 4-amino-2,2-dimethyl-6-ethoxycarbonylamino-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran, was successfully carried out using an anionic cyclodextrin (CD) derivative combined with a chiral ionic liquid (IL). In order to obtain high resolution and efficiency values, the addition of a chiral IL, i.e. ethylcholine bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EtChol NTf2), to the background electrolyte containing heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HDMS-β-CD) was found to be essential. A simultaneous increase in separation selectivity and enantioresolution seems to indicate a synergistic effect of HDMS-β-CD and EtChol NTf2. The best enantioseparation of the key intermediate was achieved using a methanolic solution of 0.75 M formic acid, 10 mM ammonium formate, 1.5 mM HDMS-β-CD and 5 mM EtChol NTf2. Levamisole was selected as internal standard. The optimized conditions allowed the determination of 0.1 % of each enantiomer in the presence of its stereoisomer using the method of standard additions. The NACE method was then fully validated with respect to selectivity, response function, trueness, precision, accuracy, linearity and limits of detection and quantification. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of three methods for fractionation and enrichment of low molecular weight proteins for SELDI-TOF-MS differential analysis
De Bock, Muriel ULg; De Seny, Dominique ULg; Meuwis, Marie-Alice ULg et al

in Talanta (2010), 82

In most diseases, the clinical need for serum/plasma markers has never been so crucial, not only for diagnosis, but also for the selection of the most efficient therapies, as well as exclusion of ... [more ▼]

In most diseases, the clinical need for serum/plasma markers has never been so crucial, not only for diagnosis, but also for the selection of the most efficient therapies, as well as exclusion of ineffective or toxic treatment. Due to the high sample complexity, prefractionation is essential for exploring the deep proteome and finding specific markers. In this study, three different sample preparation methods (i.e., highly abundant protein precipitation, restricted access materials (RAM) combined with IMAC chromatography and peptide ligand affinity beads) were investigated in order to select the best fractionation step for further differential proteomic experiments focusing on the LMW proteome (MW inferior to 40,000 Da). Indeed, the aim was not to cover the entire plasma/serum proteome, but to enrich potentially interesting tissue leakage proteins. These three methods were evaluated on their reproducibility, on the SELDI-TOF-MS peptide/protein peaks generated after fractionation and on the information supplied. The studied methods appeared to give complementary information and presented good reproducibility (below 20%). Peptide ligand affinity beads were found to provide efficient depletion of HMW proteins and peak enrichment in protein/peptide profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the BGE composition on analyte response in CD-mediated NACE-MS
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Mol, Roelof et al

in Electrophoresis (2010), 31(7), 1157-1161

The influence of the BGE composition, including the addition of a single-isomer sulfated beta-CD derivative, on the ionization performance of the model compound carvedilol in NACE-ESI-MS was studied using ... [more ▼]

The influence of the BGE composition, including the addition of a single-isomer sulfated beta-CD derivative, on the ionization performance of the model compound carvedilol in NACE-ESI-MS was studied using an alternative infusion method. This approach employs voltage-induced infusion of the BGE containing the analyte, and takes into account the effects of variations in EOF and effective analyte mobility on the ESI-MS intensity. First, the optimal composition of the sheath liquid for CE-MS in terms of signal abundance and stability was determined. The BGE ammonium formate, acetate, and camphorsulfonate were found to have similar effects on analyte ionization. Addition of single-isomer sulfated beta-CD derivatives (available as sodium salt) to the BGE revealed that the anionic CD derivatives did not give rise to the same ionization suppression effect. This result can be attributed to differences in the dissociation state of these sodium salts. Finally, it is shown that information about chiral selectivity can also be obtained with the applied infusion method. [less ▲]

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See detailSeparation of propranolol enantiomers by CE using sulfated beta-CD derivatives in aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes: Comparative CE and NMR study.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Rousseau, Anne ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (2010), 31

Separations using CE employing non-aqueous BGE are already as well established as separations in aqueous buffers. The separation mechanisms in achiral CE with non-aqueous BGEs are most likely similar to ... [more ▼]

Separations using CE employing non-aqueous BGE are already as well established as separations in aqueous buffers. The separation mechanisms in achiral CE with non-aqueous BGEs are most likely similar to those in aqueous buffers. However, for the separation of enantiomers involving their interaction with chiral buffer additives, the interaction mechanisms might be very different in aqueous and non-aqueous BGEs. While the hypothesis regarding distinct mechanisms of enantiomer separations in aqueous and non-aqueous BGEs has been mentioned in several papers, no direct proof of this hypothesis has been reported to date. In the present study, the enantiomers of propranolol were resolved using CE in aqueous and non-aqueous methanolic BGEs with two single isomer sulfated derivatives of beta-CD, namely heptakis (2,3-diacetyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD and heptakis (2,3-dimethyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD. The enantiomer migration order of propranolol was inverted when an aqueous BGE was replaced with non-aqueous BGE in the case of heptakis (2,3-dimethyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD but remained the same in the case of heptakis (2,3-diacetyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD. The possible molecular mechanisms leading to this reversal of enantiomer migration order were studied by using nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy in both aqueous and non-aqueous BGEs. [less ▲]

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