References of "Scuflaire, Richard"
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See detailDerivation of the rotational frequency of massive stars from seismic studies
Aerts, C.; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg

in Stellar Rotation. 215 (2004)

In this contribution we review the current status of the determination of the rotational frequency in non-radially pulsating B stars, i.e. beta Cep stars and slowly pulsating B stars. Considerable ... [more ▼]

In this contribution we review the current status of the determination of the rotational frequency in non-radially pulsating B stars, i.e. beta Cep stars and slowly pulsating B stars. Considerable progress is currently being made in the understanding of the non-radial oscillations of main-sequence B Stars by means of high-temporal, high-spatial resolution spectroscopic time series. This has led to the detection of frequency multiplets, which are interpreted as rotationally splitted non-radial modes and which allow an accurate determination of the surface rotational frequency in some stars. We outline how our future goal, i.e. the derivation of the internal rotation frequency, can be achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneva photometry of HD 129929 (Aerts+, 2004)
Aerts, C.; Waelkens, C.; Daszynska-Daszkiewicz, J. et al

in SIMBAD (2003), 341

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V {beta} Cep star Hd 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a ... [more ▼]

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V {beta} Cep star Hd 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a beating phenomenon is evident from the data. We find evidence for the presence of at least six frequencies, among which we see components of two frequency multiplets with an average spacing of ~0.0121c/d which points towards very slow rotation. This result is in agreement with new spectroscopic data of the star and also with previously taken UV spectra. We provide the amplitudes of the six frequencies in all seven photometric filters. The metal content of the star is Z=0.018+/-0.004. All these observational results will be used to perform detailed seismic modelling of this massive star in a subsequent paper. (1 data file). [less ▲]

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See detailA Hare and Hound in a BAG: Asteroseismology of Beta Cephei stars
Thoul, Anne ULg; Ausseloos, M.; Barban, C. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2003), 143

Several members of the COROT Seismology Working Group (SWG) have performed several ``hare-and-hound'' exercises to prepare the data exploitation of the mission in the past few years. These exercises ... [more ▼]

Several members of the COROT Seismology Working Group (SWG) have performed several ``hare-and-hound'' exercises to prepare the data exploitation of the mission in the past few years. These exercises consist in reproducing a theoretical model on the basis of a light curve obtained from a frequency spectrum computed from an ``unknown'' theoretical model of a solar-like or a Delta Scuti star. Members of the BAG (Belgian Asteroseismology Group) have now shown that such an exercise in the mass range of Beta Cephei stars is extremely convincing, making these stars excellent targets for asteroseismology space missions. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic modelling of the beta Cep star EN (16) Lacertae
Thoul, Anne ULg; Aerts, C.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 406(1), 287-292

We perform seismic modelling of the massive beta Cep star EN Lacertae. The starting point of our analysis is the spectroscopic mode identification recently performed. To this, we add a new updated ... [more ▼]

We perform seismic modelling of the massive beta Cep star EN Lacertae. The starting point of our analysis is the spectroscopic mode identification recently performed. To this, we add a new updated photometric mode identification based upon a non-adiabatic description of the eigenfunctions in the outer atmosphere. Both mode identifications agree and this allows us to fine-tune the stellar parameters of EN Lacertae with unprecedented precision. This is done by producing a huge amount of stellar models with different parameters and selecting those that fulfill the frequency values and the mode identification. Our study is the first one of its kind in which a reconcilation between observed pulsational characteristics and theoretical models can be achieved at a level that allows accurate determination of the basic stellar parameters of a massive oscillator. We derive a mass of M=9.62+/- 0.11 M[SUB]sun[/SUB] and an age of 15.7 million years if we assume that convective overshooting does not occur. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of HD 129929: Core Overshooting and Nonrigid Rotation
Aerts, C.; Thoul, Anne ULg; Daszynska, J. et al

in Science (2003), 300

We have gathered and analyzed 1493 high-quality multicolor Geneva photometric data taken over 21 years of the B3V star HD 129929. We detect six frequencies, among which appear the effects of rotational ... [more ▼]

We have gathered and analyzed 1493 high-quality multicolor Geneva photometric data taken over 21 years of the B3V star HD 129929. We detect six frequencies, among which appear the effects of rotational splitting with a spacing of ~0.0121 cycles per day, which implies that the star rotates very slowly. A nonadiabatic analysis of the oscillations allows us to constrain the metallicity of the star to Z â [0.017,0.022], which agrees with a similar range derived from spectroscopic data. We provide evidence for the occurrence of core convective overshooting in the star, with alpha[SUB]ov[/SUB] = 0.10 +/- 0.05, and we rule out rigid rotation. [less ▲]

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See detailA new seismic analysis of Alpha Centauri
Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 402(1), 293-297

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (\cite{Po2002}) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge & Magain (\cite{Ne1997}). The ... [more ▼]

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (\cite{Po2002}) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge & Magain (\cite{Ne1997}). The seismological data obtained by Bouchy & Carrier (\cite{Bo2001}, \cite{Bo2002}) do help improve our knowledge of the evolutionary status of the system. All the constraints are satisfied with a model which gives an age of about 6 Gyr for the binary. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectroscopic mode identification for the slowly pulsating B star HD 147394
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.; Mathias, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 401

We present ground-based high-resolution high S/N spectra of the slowly pulsating B star HD 147394. Two frequencies are clearly found in the moments of the Si II 4128-4130 doublet: f[SUB]1[/SUB]=0.8008 c d ... [more ▼]

We present ground-based high-resolution high S/N spectra of the slowly pulsating B star HD 147394. Two frequencies are clearly found in the moments of the Si II 4128-4130 doublet: f[SUB]1[/SUB]=0.8008 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]2[/SUB]=0.7813 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP]. The frequency f[SUB]1[/SUB] is also found in the HIPPARCOS data. A third frequency is also present in our spectroscopic data: f[SUB]3[/SUB]=0.7175 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] or its aliases due to the time sampling. A mode identification is performed by means of a new version of the moment method optimized for multiperiodic signals. It points towards several equivalent solutions of non-axisymmetric l <=3 for all three modes. We have too limited information to perform seismic modelling at this stage, but we do show that the different possibilities for the mode identifications are compatible with pulsational models for SPBs. Based on observations obtained with the spectrograph Aurélie attached to the 1.52-m telescope of the Observatoire de Haute-Provence, France. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectroscopic mode identification for the beta Cephei star EN (16) Lacertae
Aerts, C.; Lehmann, H.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 399

We perform for the first time spectroscopic mode identification in the eclipsing binary beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. This mode identification is based upon a time series of 942 line profiles of the He I ... [more ▼]

We perform for the first time spectroscopic mode identification in the eclipsing binary beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. This mode identification is based upon a time series of 942 line profiles of the He I lambda lambda 6678 Åline in its spectrum. All three known frequencies f[SUB]1[/SUB], f,SUB>2,/SUB>, f[SUB]3[/SUB] of the star are present in the line-profile variations, but we failed to find additional modes. Using different identification methods we find conclusive evidence for the radial nature of the main mode and for the l=2, m=0 identification of the mode with frequency f[SUB]2[/SUB]. A unique identification of the third mode is not possible from the spectra, but we do derive that l[SUB]3[/SUB]<3. Fits to the amplitude and phase variability of the modes imply a rotation frequency between 0.1 and 0.4 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP]. The star's rotation axis is not aligned with the orbital axis. Based on observations gathered with the coudé spectrograph attached to the 2.0 m reflector telescope at Tautenburg Observatory. [less ▲]

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See detailA photometric mode identification method, including an improved non-adiabatic treatment of the atmosphere
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; De Ridder, J.; De Cat, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 398

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification of Heynderickx et al. (\cite{hey}). Our new version is based on the inclusion of precise non-adiabatic eigenfunctions ... [more ▼]

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification of Heynderickx et al. (\cite{hey}). Our new version is based on the inclusion of precise non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the outer stellar atmosphere according to the formalism recently proposed by Dupret et al. (\cite{dup}). Our improved photometric mode identification technique is therefore no longer dependent on ad hoc parameters for the non-adiabatic effects. It contains the complete physical conditions of the outer atmosphere of the star, provided that rotation does not play a key role. We apply our method to the two slowly pulsating B stars HD 74560 and HD 138764 and to the beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. Besides identifying the degree l of the pulsating stars, our method is also a tool for improving the knowledge of stellar interiors and atmospheres, by imposing constraints on parameters such as the metallicity and the mixing-length parameter alpha (a procedure we label non-adiabatic asteroseismology). The non-adiabatic eigenfunctions needed for the mode identification are available upon request from the authors. [less ▲]

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See detailVariable Blue Stragglers and the EASE Scenario
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg et al

in Thompson, M. J.; Cunha, M. S.; Monteiro, M.J.P.F.G. (Eds.) Asteroseismology Across the HR Diagram (2003)

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See detailp-mode Oscillations of alpha Cen A
Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Vatovez, B. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2003), 284

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological ... [more ▼]

Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological data obtained by Bouchy and Carrier (2001, 2002) do help improve our knowledge of the evolutionary status of the system. All the constraints are satisfied with a model which gives an age of about 6 Gyr for the binary. [less ▲]

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See detailMode Identification and Seismic Modelling of the Cep Star EN(16)Lac
Aerts, C.; Lehmann, H.; Scuflaire, Richard ULg et al

in Asteroseismology Across the HR Diagram (2003)

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See detailPhotometric Mode Identification in the Two Doradus Stars HD 12901 and HD 48501
Aerts, C.; Cuypers, J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Asteroseismology Across the HR Diagram (2003)

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See detailAn Improved Method of Photometric Mode Identification: Applications to Slowly Pulsating B, beta Cephei, delta Scuti and gamma Doradus Stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2003), 284

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification based upon the inclusion of non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the stellar atmosphere, according to the formalism ... [more ▼]

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification based upon the inclusion of non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the stellar atmosphere, according to the formalism recently proposed by Dupret et al. (2002). We apply our method to beta Cephei, Slowly Pulsating B, delta Scuti and gamma Doradus stars. Besides identifying the degree l of the pulsating stars, our method is also a tool for improving the knowledge of stellar interiors and atmospheres, by imposing constraints on the metallicity for beta Cephei and SPBs, the characteristics of the superficial convection zone for delta Scuti and gamma Doradus stars and the limb-darkening law. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of non-adiabatic temperature variations on line profile variations of slowly rotating beta Cep stars and SPBs. I. Non-adiabatic eigenfunctions in the atmosphere of a pulsating star
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; De Ridder, J.; Neuforge, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 385

In this study, we compute theoretical line profiles of a non-radially pulsating star, taking the non-adiabatic effects into account. These non-adiabatic effects are especially important in the atmosphere ... [more ▼]

In this study, we compute theoretical line profiles of a non-radially pulsating star, taking the non-adiabatic effects into account. These non-adiabatic effects are especially important in the atmosphere, where the spectral lines are formed, and must be accounted for. In this first paper of the series, we present a new treatment of the perturbed thermal and dynamical equations in the atmosphere of a pulsating star. We apply our formalism to the computation of non-adiabatic eigenfunctions in a typical beta Cephei star with low order p-modes and in a typical slowly pulsating B star with high-order g-modes. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed Line-Profile Modeling of B Stars with Chemical Inhomogeneities
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Radial and Nonradial Pulsations as Probes of Stellar Physics, ASP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 259. Edited by Conny Aerts, Timothy R. Bedding, and Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard. Also IAU Colloquium 185. San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2002., p.266 (2002)

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See detailThe B-type variable HD 131120 modelled by rotational modulation
Briquet, Maryline ULg; De Cat, P.; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001), 380

We present ground-based multi-colour Geneva photometry and high-resolution spectra of the variable B-type star HD 131120. All sets of data reveal a monoperiodic star with a period of 1.569 days. We ... [more ▼]

We present ground-based multi-colour Geneva photometry and high-resolution spectra of the variable B-type star HD 131120. All sets of data reveal a monoperiodic star with a period of 1.569 days. We compare the variability of the star with a non-radial g-mode pulsation model and with a rotational modulation model. The latter model appears to be the best explanation for the observed line-profile variations of the star. Moreover, contrary to the pulsational model, it is able to reproduce the behaviour of the first three moments of the Si and He lines as well as the large variability of their equivalent width. We therefore remove the star from the list of new Slowly Pulsating B stars found from Hipparcos data. Based on observations obtained with the Swiss photometric telescope and ESO's CAT/CES telescope, both situated at La Silla, Chile. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed Line-Profile Modeling of B Stars with Chemical Inhomogeneities
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Aerts, C. et al

Conference (2001, July)

We report monoperiodic variablitity for the four B-type stars HD 131120, HD 105382, HD 138769 and HD 55522, which we explain by rotational modulation rather than by pulsation. Consequently these variables ... [more ▼]

We report monoperiodic variablitity for the four B-type stars HD 131120, HD 105382, HD 138769 and HD 55522, which we explain by rotational modulation rather than by pulsation. Consequently these variables are removed from the list of candidate slowly pulsating B stars. [less ▲]

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See detailUpward Revision of the Individual Masses in Α Cen: Implications for the Evolutionary State of the System
Neuforge, Corinnne; Pourbaix, D.; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Hearnshaw, J. B.; Scarfe, C. D. (Eds.) Precise Stellar Radial Velocities: IAU Colloquium 170 : proceedings of a meeting held at Victoria, B.C., Canada, 21-26 June, 1998 (1999)

The recent upward revisions of the individual masses of the components of the binary system α Centauri (Pourbaix D., this meeting) led us to perform new calibrations of the system. The possibility of the ... [more ▼]

The recent upward revisions of the individual masses of the components of the binary system α Centauri (Pourbaix D., this meeting) led us to perform new calibrations of the system. The possibility of the onset a convective core in α Cen A is discussed together with its implications on the p-mode oscillation frequencies. [less ▲]

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See detailHD 151932 variability revisited
Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1987), 180

The observation of variations in the blue absorption component of the He I lines as well as in the Si IV 4089 emission line of HD 151932 is reported. Possible explanations for these variations are ... [more ▼]

The observation of variations in the blue absorption component of the He I lines as well as in the Si IV 4089 emission line of HD 151932 is reported. Possible explanations for these variations are addressed, and it is concluded that none is satisfactory. The possibility of a periodicity in the variations is briefly considered. [less ▲]

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