References of "Scuflaire, Richard"
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See detailThe epsilon-mechanism in PMS and MS delta Scuti stars
Lenain, G.; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

Delta Scuti type stars are known to pulsate in nonradial low-order p and g modes. These oscillation modes are driven by the so-called kappa-mechanism involving the second helium ionization zone. However ... [more ▼]

Delta Scuti type stars are known to pulsate in nonradial low-order p and g modes. These oscillation modes are driven by the so-called kappa-mechanism involving the second helium ionization zone. However, since g modes have significant amplitudes near the stellar core, their excitation might be influenced by the epsilon-mechanism which is associated to the nuclear energy production. We investigate the effect of the epsilon-mechanism on the stability of oscillation modes in 1.5 M(solar) pre-main sequence and main sequence stars. [less ▲]

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See detailInstability strip for pre-main-sequence stars
Grigahcene, A.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Garrido, R. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

We apply the Time Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment presented in Grigahcene et al. (2005) to the study of Pre-main sequence pulsating stars. The stabilization of the p-modes at the red edge of the ... [more ▼]

We apply the Time Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment presented in Grigahcene et al. (2005) to the study of Pre-main sequence pulsating stars. The stabilization of the p-modes at the red edge of the Instability Strip (IS) is obtained by our models. The theoretical IS obtained with Mixing Length (ML) parameter alpha=1.8 is compared to observations and a good agreement is obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailTheoretical Aspects of g-mode Pulsations in gamma Doradus Stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana : Journal of the Italian Astronomical Society (2006), 77

gamma Dor stars are main sequence variable A-F stars whose long periods (between 0.35 and 3 days) correspond to high-order gravity modes pulsation. Most of them are multiperiodic. We will concentrate here ... [more ▼]

gamma Dor stars are main sequence variable A-F stars whose long periods (between 0.35 and 3 days) correspond to high-order gravity modes pulsation. Most of them are multiperiodic. We will concentrate here on two theoretical aspects of these stars. First, an analysis of the driving mechanism of the gamma Dor g-modes is presented, using the linear Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène et al. \cite{Grigahcene}. This driving is due to a periodic flux blocking mechanism at the base of their convective envelope. The location of the blue and red edges of their instability strip as well as the periods range of their observed modes is explained by the balance between this driving mechanism and radiative damping in the g-mode cavity. Secondly, the multi-color photometric amplitude ratios and the phase differences between the light and velocity curves are considered. It is shown that the agreement between theory and observations obtained with TDC models is much better than with Frozen Convection (FC) models. The theoretical analysis of these observables makes the photometric identification of the degree l of the modes possible and gives constraints on the characteristics of the convective envelope of these stars. Finally, the attractive potential of gamma Dor stars as targets for asteroseismology is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of time-dependent convection models to the photometric mode identification in gamma Doradus stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana : Journal of the Italian Astronomical Society (2006), 77

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène et al. \cite{Grigahcene} to the photometric mode identification in gamma Dor stars. Comparison of our ... [more ▼]

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène et al. \cite{Grigahcene} to the photometric mode identification in gamma Dor stars. Comparison of our theoretical results with the observed amplitudes and phases of the star gamma Dor is presented. This comparison makes the identification of the degree l of its pulsation modes possible and shows that our TDC models better agree with observations than Frozen Convection (FC) models. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of time-dependent convection models to the photometric mode identification in delta Scuti stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana : Journal of the Italian Astronomical Society (2006), 77

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène \cite{Grigahcene} to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We compare the non ... [more ▼]

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène \cite{Grigahcene} to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We compare the non-adiabatic phase-lags obtained with TDC and Frozen Convection (FC) treatments and show that they are very different at the red side of the instability strip. Finally, we compare the phase differences between light and velocity curves observed for the star 1 Mon with the theoretical predictions of TDC and FC models. The much better agreement found with the TDC models enables us to identify the modes of this star with a higher degree of confidency. [less ▲]

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See detailTime-dependent convection seismic study of delta Sct stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 361

We apply for the first time the time-dependent convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel and Grigahcène et al. to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We consider the influence of ... [more ▼]

We apply for the first time the time-dependent convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel and Grigahcène et al. to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We consider the influence of this treatment on the photometric amplitude ratios and phase differences, and compare our TDC results to frozen convection (FC) results. We also compare the results obtained with different values of the mixing-length (ML) parameter alpha. Finally, we identify the modes and perform a seismic study of the stars V784 Cassiopeae (Cas), 1 Monocerotis (Mon) and 28 Andromedae (And), and show that our TDC models agree better with observations than FC models. [less ▲]

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See detailTime-dependent convection seismic study of five gamma Doradus stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 360

We apply for the first time the time-dependent convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel and Grigahcène et al. to the photometric mode identification in gamma Doradus (gamma Dor) stars. We consider the ... [more ▼]

We apply for the first time the time-dependent convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel and Grigahcène et al. to the photometric mode identification in gamma Doradus (gamma Dor) stars. We consider the influence of this treatment on the theoretical amplitude ratios and phase differences. Comparison with the observed amplitudes and phases of the stars gamma Dor, 9 Aurigae, HD 207223 = HR 8330, HD 12901 and 48501 is presented and enables us to identify the degree l of the pulsation modes for four of them. We also determine the mode stability for different models of these stars. We show that our TDC models agree better with observations than with frozen convection models. Finally, we compare the results obtained with different values of the mixing-length parameter alpha. [less ▲]

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See detailConvection-pulsation coupling. II. Excitation and stabilization mechanisms in delta Sct and gamma Dor stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 435

We apply here the Time Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment presented in our earlier paper in this series to the study of delta Sct and gamma Dor pulsating stars. Stabilization of the delta Sct p-modes at ... [more ▼]

We apply here the Time Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment presented in our earlier paper in this series to the study of delta Sct and gamma Dor pulsating stars. Stabilization of the delta Sct p-modes at the red edge of the Instability Strip (IS) and the driving of the gamma Dor g-modes are explained by our models. Theoretical IS obtained with different values of the Mixing Length (ML) parameter alpha are compared to observations and a good agreement is obtained for alpha between 1.8 and 2. The influence of each term of our TDC treatment (perturbation of convective flux, turbulent pressure, and turbulent kinetic energy dissipation) on the eigenfrequencies and on the driving and damping mechanisms is investigated. Finally, we show that our TDC models predict the likely existence of hybrid stars with both delta Sct p-modes and gamma Dor g-modes oscillations. [less ▲]

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See detailConvection-pulsation coupling. I. A mixing-length perturbative theory
Grigahcène, A.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Gabriel, Maurice ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 434

We present in details a time-dependent convection treatment in the frame of the Mixing-Length Theory (MLT). Following the original ideas by Unno (1967, PASJ, 19, 140), this theory has been developed by ... [more ▼]

We present in details a time-dependent convection treatment in the frame of the Mixing-Length Theory (MLT). Following the original ideas by Unno (1967, PASJ, 19, 140), this theory has been developed by Gabriel et al. (1974, Bull. Ac. Roy. Belgique, Classe des Sciences, 60, 866) and Gabriel (1996, Bull. Astron. Soc. India, 24, 233). In this paper, we present it in a united form, we detail the basic derivations and approximations and give final improvements. A new perturbation of the energy closure equation is proposed for the first time, making it possible to avoid the occurrence of short wavelength spatial oscillations of the thermal eigenfunctions. This theory accounts for the perturbation of the convective flux, the turbulent Reynolds stress and the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation. It has been numerically implemented in a non-radial non-adiabatic pulsation code and the first results published in a Letter by Dupret et al. (2004a, A&A, 414, L17) indicate that the theory predicts the observed red border of the lower end of the instability strip and the driving mechanism of the recently discovered gamma Dor stars. [less ▲]

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See detailA study of bright southern slowly pulsating B stars. III. Mode identification for singly-periodic targets in spectroscopy
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Daszynska-Daszkiewicz, J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 432

We present the results of the mode identification for a sample of 7 bright southern slowly pulsating B stars showing one pulsation frequency in the lambdalambda 413 nm Si II profiles. We combined the ... [more ▼]

We present the results of the mode identification for a sample of 7 bright southern slowly pulsating B stars showing one pulsation frequency in the lambdalambda 413 nm Si II profiles. We combined the results from (1) the method of photometric amplitudes; (2) the moment method; and (3) the amplitude and phase variation across the profile to search for the l and m values of the modes best fitting the data. It is the first time that the applicability of these techniques is tested to a sample of main-sequence g-mode pulsators. Combining the moment method with the amplitude and phase variations across the observed line profile gives an improvement in spectroscopic identification of low degree l g-mode pulsations. Using the variations of the higher order even moments < v[SUP]4[/SUP]> and < v[SUP]6[/SUP]> of the moment method solutions can also help. For HD 181558, HD 24587, HD 140873 and HD 177863, the photometric and spectroscopic results are compatible and point towards (l,m) = (1, +1) sectoral modes. For HD 215573, HD 53921 and HD 92287, the results are inconclusive. Our proposed methodology for mode identification is also applicable to gamma Doradus stars. Based on observations collected with the CAT Telescope of the European Southern Observatory and with the Swiss Photometric Telescope of the Geneva Observatory, both situated at La Silla in Chile. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the β Cephei star ν Eridani: massive exploration of standard and non-standard stellar models to fit the oscillation data
Ausseloos, M.; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2004), 355

We present the results of a detailed seismic modelling of the β Cephei star ν Eridani with the Liège evolution and pulsation codes. We selected four clearly detected, well-identified and independent ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a detailed seismic modelling of the β Cephei star ν Eridani with the Liège evolution and pulsation codes. We selected four clearly detected, well-identified and independent pulsation modes from the frequency spectrum obtained from a recent five-month multisite, multitechnique campaign, while previous modelling work only took into account three frequencies. We show by means of a massive exploration of the parameter space that no standard stellar model both matches and excites these four observed modes, in contrast to the conclusion reached when considering only three frequencies. Therefore, we have considered stellar models with different metal mixtures and different initial hydrogen abundance values. We show that an increase in the relative number fraction of iron throughout the whole star or a large decrease in the initial hydrogen abundance make the stellar models matching the four selected modes satisfy all observational constraints and we provide the general properties of the best such physical models. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the convective flux perturbation on stellar oscillations: application to Delta Scuti and Gamma Doradus stars
Grigahcene, A.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Garrido, R. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2004), 145

We present a theory of convection-oscillation interaction. In our nonradial nonadiabatic pulsation code, the variation of the convective flux (radial and transversal components) is taken into account ... [more ▼]

We present a theory of convection-oscillation interaction. In our nonradial nonadiabatic pulsation code, the variation of the convective flux (radial and transversal components) is taken into account, following the theory of M. Gabriel, within the mixing length approach. We explore the influence of the convective flux variation on mode stability near the red-edge of the Delta Scuti instability strip and the excitation mechanisms of Gamma Doradus stars. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the Beta Cephei star HD 129929. Effects of a change in the metal mixture
Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Ausseloos, M. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2004), 144

We show that the constraints on the mass and on the rotation law in the envelope of the Beta Cephei star HD129929 are robust against a change in the metal mixture. The constraints on the metallicity and ... [more ▼]

We show that the constraints on the mass and on the rotation law in the envelope of the Beta Cephei star HD129929 are robust against a change in the metal mixture. The constraints on the metallicity and on the overshooting parameter, however, are dependent on the assumed metal mixture. [less ▲]

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See detailg-mode pulsations in slowly pulsating B stars
De Cat, P.; Daszynska-Daszkiewicz, J.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in IAU Colloq. 193: Variable Stars in the Local Group (2004, May 01)

In this paper, we give an updated overview of the observed characteristics of g-mode pulsations in slowly pulsating B stars. These characteristics are based on the combined results of linear nonadiabatic ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we give an updated overview of the observed characteristics of g-mode pulsations in slowly pulsating B stars. These characteristics are based on the combined results of linear nonadiabatic analysis of the oscillations and a photometric and spectroscopic mode identification for a sample of 13 members. For 4 stars, at least one mode is stable in all the considered theoretical models. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-adiabatic seismic study of the thin convective envelope of delta Scuti stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in IAU Colloq. 193: Variable Stars in the Local Group (2004, May 01)

For delta Sct stars, the theoretical predictions of a non-adiabatic pulsation code are very dependent on the characteristics of the thin convective envelope of the models (Balona and Evers 1999). The ... [more ▼]

For delta Sct stars, the theoretical predictions of a non-adiabatic pulsation code are very dependent on the characteristics of the thin convective envelope of the models (Balona and Evers 1999). The treatment of the non-adiabatic interaction between convection and pulsation also has a significant impact on the results, particularly near the red edge of the instability strip. The non-adiabatic theoretical predictions can be tested upon observations by comparing them to the amplitude ratios and phase differences as observed in different color passbands (Dupret et al. 2003). In the first part of this paper, we compare the results obtained by adopting different treatments of convection in the interior and atmosphere models: mixing-length theory (MLT) and full spectrum of turbulence (FST) (Canuto et al. 1996, CGM). In the second part, we examine the problem of the interaction between convection and pulsation and compare the mode stability obtained with and without including time-dependent convection in our non-adiabatic code. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term multicolour photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy of the two gamma Doradus stars HD 12901 and HD 48501
Aerts, C.; Cuypers, J.; De Cat, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We gathered long-term multicolour Geneva UB[SUB]1[/SUB]BB[SUB]2[/SUB]V[SUB]1[/SUB]VG photometric and high-resolution (R=40 000) spectroscopic data of the two gamma Doradus stars HD 12901 and HD 48501. The ... [more ▼]

We gathered long-term multicolour Geneva UB[SUB]1[/SUB]BB[SUB]2[/SUB]V[SUB]1[/SUB]VG photometric and high-resolution (R=40 000) spectroscopic data of the two gamma Doradus stars HD 12901 and HD 48501. The photometry reveals three frequencies for each of the two stars: f[SUB]1[/SUB]=1.21563 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP], f[SUB]2[/SUB]=1.39594 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]3[/SUB]=2.18636 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] for HD 12901 and f[SUB]1[/SUB]=1.09408 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP], f[SUB]2[/SUB]=1.29054 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]3[/SUB]=1.19924 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] for HD 48501. The photometric amplitude is each time largest in the Geneva B[SUB]1[/SUB] filter and the variations in all the different filters are perfectly in phase within the measurement errors. Mode identification points out that the six modes are all l=1 modes and that the non-adiabatic temperature variations are extremely small, in contradiction to current theoretical predictions. Our spectra show that all the observed frequencies are intrinsic to the stars and cannot be due to binarity. We detect clear line-profile variations at low amplitude (<1 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) due to the oscillations of both targets. The estimated v sin i from the spectra are Ë 53 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] for HD 12901 and Ë 29 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] for HD 48501. It is at present unclear if the triplet-like structure for HD 48501 is the consequence of rotational splitting or of the large separation expected for high-order gravity modes in the asymptotic regime. Based on observations gathered with the Swiss 0.7 m telescope equipped with the photometer P 7 and with the Swiss 1.2 m Euler telescope equipped with the spectrograph CORALIE, both situated at La Silla, Chile. Reduced data available upon request from the first author. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the beta Cep star HD 129929. I. Observations, oscillation frequencies and stellar parameters
Aerts, C.; Waelkens, C.; Daszynska-Daszkiewicz, J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V beta Cep star HD 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a ... [more ▼]

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V beta Cep star HD 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a beating phenomenon is evident from the data. We find evidence for the presence of at least six frequencies, among which we see components of two frequency multiplets with an average spacing of Ë 0.0121 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] which points towards very slow rotation. This result is in agreement with new spectroscopic data of the star and also with previously taken UV spectra. We provide the amplitudes of the six frequencies in all seven photometric filters. The metal content of the star is Z=0.018± 0.004. All these observational results will be used to perform detailed seismic modelling of this massive star in a subsequent paper. Based on data gathered with the Swiss 0.7m telescope equipped with the photometer P7 of the Geneva Observatory and with the FEROS spectrograph attached to the ESO 2.2 m telescope, both situated at La Silla in Chile; the reduced photometric multicolour data are provided in Table 1, which is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/415/241 [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the beta Cep star HD 129929. II. Seismic constraints on core overshooting, internal rotation and stellar parameters
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We perform a detailed seismic study of the beta Cep star HD 129929. Our analysis is based on the recent derivation of six pulsation frequencies. These frequencies are unambiguously identified from the ... [more ▼]

We perform a detailed seismic study of the beta Cep star HD 129929. Our analysis is based on the recent derivation of six pulsation frequencies. These frequencies are unambiguously identified from the seismic modelling and the photometric amplitudes to be the radial fundamental, the l=1, p[SUB]1[/SUB] triplet, two consecutive components of the l=2, g[SUB]1[/SUB] quintuplet. A non-adiabatic analysis allows us to constrain the metallicity of the star to Z \in [0.016, 0.022]. In addition, the fitting of three independent frequencies, two of which correspond to axisymmetric (m=0) modes, allows us to constrain the core overshooting parameter to alpha[SUB]ov[/SUB]=0.10 ± 0.05, as well as the other global parameters of the star. Finally, from the observation of the l=1 triplet and part of the l=2 quintuplet, we derive constraints on the internal rotation of this star. [less ▲]

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See detailHe and Si surface inhomogeneities of four Bp variable stars
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.; Lüftinger, T. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 413

We present ground-based multi-colour Geneva photometry and high-resolution spectra of four variable B-type stars: HD 105382, HD 131120, HD 138769 and HD 55522. All sets of data reveal monoperiodic stars ... [more ▼]

We present ground-based multi-colour Geneva photometry and high-resolution spectra of four variable B-type stars: HD 105382, HD 131120, HD 138769 and HD 55522. All sets of data reveal monoperiodic stars. A comparison of moment variations of two spectral lines, one silicon line and one helium line, allows us to exclude the pulsation model as being the cause of the observed variability of the four stars. We therefore delete the four stars from the list of candidate slowly pulsating B stars. We attribute the line-profile variations to non-homogeneous distributions of elements on the stellar surface and we derive abundance maps for both elements on the stellar surface by means of the Doppler Imaging technique. We confirm HD 131120 to be a He-weak star and we classify HD 105382, HD 138769 as new He-weak stars. HD 55522 has the solar helium abundance but the mean abundance value of He varies by 0.8 dex during the stellar rotation. For HD 131120 and HD 105382, helium is enhanced in regions of the stellar surface where silicon is depleted and depleted in regions where silicon is enhanced. Based on observations obtained with the Swiss photometric telescope and ESO's CAT/CES telescope, both situated at La Silla, Chile. Appendix A, Tables 1 and 2 and Figs. 9, 11, 13 are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org [less ▲]

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See detailTheoretical instability strips for delta Scuti and gamma Doradus stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 414

New theoretical instability strips for delta Sct and gamma Dor stars are presented. These results have been obtained taking into account the perturbation of the convective flux following the treatment of ... [more ▼]

New theoretical instability strips for delta Sct and gamma Dor stars are presented. These results have been obtained taking into account the perturbation of the convective flux following the treatment of Gabriel (\cite{Gabriel1996}). For the first time, the red edge of the delta Sct instability strip for non-radial modes is obtained. The influence of this time-dependent convection (TDC) on the driving of the gamma Dor gravity modes is investigated. The results obtained for different values of the mixing-length parameter alpha are compared for the gamma Dor models. A good agreement with observations is found for models with alpha between 1.8 and 2.0. [less ▲]

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