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See detailTransit confirmation and improved stellar and planet parameters for the super-Earth HD 97658 b and its host star
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Gillon, Michaël ULg; Valencia, D. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2014), 786

Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition ... [more ▼]

Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition. We present here the confirmation, based on Spitzer transit observations, that the super-Earth HD 97658 b transits its host star. HD 97658 is a low-mass ($M_*=0.77\pm0.05\,M_{\odot}$) K1 dwarf, as determined from the Hipparcos parallax and stellar evolution modeling. To constrain the planet parameters, we carry out Bayesian global analyses of Keck-HIRES radial velocities, and MOST and Spitzer photometry. HD 97658 b is a massive ($M_P=7.55^{+0.83}_{-0.79} M_{\oplus}$) and large ($R_{P} = 2.247^{+0.098}_{-0.095} R_{\oplus}$ at 4.5 $\mu$m) super-Earth. We investigate the possible internal compositions for HD 97658 b. Our results indicate a large rocky component, by at least 60% by mass, and very little H-He components, at most 2% by mass. We also discuss how future asteroseismic observations can improve the knowledge of the HD 97658 system, in particular by constraining its age. Orbiting a bright host star, HD 97658 b will be a key target for coming space missions TESS, CHEOPS, PLATO, and also JWST, to characterize thoroughly its structure and atmosphere. [less ▲]

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See detailHD 97658 and its super-Earth: Spitzer transit analysis and seismic modeling of the host star
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Gillon, Michaël ULg; Valencia, Diana et al

Conference (2013, December)

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See detailTesting Convective-core Overshooting Using Period Spacings of Dipole Modes in Red Giants
Montalbán, J.; Miglio, A.; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 766

Uncertainties on central mixing in main-sequence (MS) and core He-burning (He-B) phases affect key predictions of stellar evolution such as late evolutionary phases, chemical enrichment, ages, etc. We ... [more ▼]

Uncertainties on central mixing in main-sequence (MS) and core He-burning (He-B) phases affect key predictions of stellar evolution such as late evolutionary phases, chemical enrichment, ages, etc. We propose a test of the extension of extra-mixing in two relevant evolutionary phases based on period spacing (ΔP) of solar-like oscillating giants. From stellar models and their corresponding adiabatic frequencies (respectively, computed with ATON and LOSC codes), we provide the first predictions of the observable ΔP for stars in the red giant branch and in the red clump (RC). We find (1) a clear correlation between ΔP and the mass of the helium core (M [SUB]He[/SUB]); the latter in intermediate-mass stars depends on the MS overshooting, and hence it can be used to set constraints on extra-mixing during MS when coupled with chemical composition; and (2) a linear dependence of the average value of the asymptotic period spacing (langΔPrang[SUB] a [/SUB]) on the size of the convective core during the He-B phase. A first comparison with the inferred asymptotic period spacing for Kepler RC stars also suggests the need for extra-mixing during this phase, as evinced from other observational facts. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards Precise Asteroseismology of Solar-Like Stars
Grigahcène, A.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Sousa, S. G. et al

in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings series (2013), 31

Adiabatic modeling of solar-like oscillations cannot exceed a certain level of precision for fitting individual frequencies. This is known as the problem of near-surface effects on the mode physics. We ... [more ▼]

Adiabatic modeling of solar-like oscillations cannot exceed a certain level of precision for fitting individual frequencies. This is known as the problem of near-surface effects on the mode physics. We present a theoretical study which addresses the problem of frequency precision in non-adiabatic models using a time-dependent convection treatment. We find that the number of acceptable model solutions is significantly reduced and more precise constraints can be imposed on the models. Results obtained for a specific star (β Hydri) lead to very good agreement with both global and local seismic observables. This indicates that the accuracy of model fitting to seismic data is greatly improved when a more complete description of the interaction between convection and pulsation is taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailSuccessful Asteroseismology for a Better Characterization of the Exoplanet HAT-P-7b
Oshagh, M.; Grigahcène, A.; Benomar, O. et al

in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings (2013), 31

It is well known that asteroseismology is the unique technique permitting the study of the internal structure of pulsating stars using their pulsational frequencies, which is per se very important. It ... [more ▼]

It is well known that asteroseismology is the unique technique permitting the study of the internal structure of pulsating stars using their pulsational frequencies, which is per se very important. It acquires an additional value when the star turns out to be a planet host. In this case, the asteroseismic study output may be a very important input for the study of the planetary system. With this in mind, we use the large time-span of the Kepler public data obtained for the star system HAT-P-7, first to perform an asteroseismic study of the pulsating star using Time-Dependent-Convection (TDC) models. Secondly, we make a revision of the planet properties in the light of the asteroseismic study. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards an effective asteroseismology of solar-like stars: time-dependent convection effects on pulsation frequencies
Grigahcène, A.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Sousa, S. G. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012), 422

Since the early days of helioseismology, adiabatic models have shown their limits for a precise fitting of individual oscillation frequencies. This discrepancy, which also exists for solar-type stars, is ... [more ▼]

Since the early days of helioseismology, adiabatic models have shown their limits for a precise fitting of individual oscillation frequencies. This discrepancy, which also exists for solar-type stars, is known to originate near the surface superadiabatic convective region where the interaction between oscillations and convection is likely to have a large effect on the frequencies. We present an asteroseismic study to address the adequacy of time-dependent convection (TDC) non-adiabatic models to better reproduce the observed individual frequencies. We select, for this purpose, three solar-like stars, in addition to the Sun, to which we fit the observed frequencies in a grid of TDC non-adiabatic models. The best model selection is done by applying a maximum likelihood method. The results are compared to pure adiabatic and near-surface corrected adiabatic models. We show that, first, TDC models give very good agreement for the mode frequencies and average lifetimes. In the solar case, the frequency discrepancy is reduced to <1.75 μHz over 95 per cent of the modes considered. Secondly, TDC models give an asteroseismic insight into the usually unconstrained ad hoc stellar parameters, such as the mixing-length parameter α[SUB]MLT[/SUB]. [less ▲]

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See detailAdiabatic Solar-Like Oscillations in Red Giant Stars
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Red Giants as Probes of the Structure and Evolution of the Milky Way (2012)

Since the detection of non-radial solar-like oscillation modes in red giants with the CoRoT satellite, the interest in the asteroseismic properties of red giants and the link with their global properties ... [more ▼]

Since the detection of non-radial solar-like oscillation modes in red giants with the CoRoT satellite, the interest in the asteroseismic properties of red giants and the link with their global properties and internal structure is substantially increasing. Moreover, more and more precise data are being collected with the space-based telescopes CoRoT and Kepler. In this paper we present a survey of the most relevant theoretical and observational results obtained up to now concerning the potential of solar-like oscillations in red giants. [less ▲]

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See detailInference from adiabatic analysis of solar-like oscillations in red giants
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

The clear detection with CoRoT and Kepler of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in many red giants paves the way to seismic inferences on the structure of such stars. We present an overview of ... [more ▼]

The clear detection with CoRoT and Kepler of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in many red giants paves the way to seismic inferences on the structure of such stars. We present an overview of the properties of the adiabatic frequencies and frequency separations of radial and non-radial oscillation modes, highlighting how their detection allows a deeper insight into the properties of the internal structure of red giants. In our study we consider models of red giants in different evolutionary stages, as well as of different masses and chemical composition. We describe how the large and small separations computed with radial modes and with non-radial modes mostly trapped in the envelope depend on the stellar global parameters and evolutionary state, and we compare our theoretical predictions and first Kepler data.Finally, we find that the properties of dipole modes constitute a promising seismic diagnostic of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic Diagnostics of Red Giants: First Comparison with Stellar Models
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astrophysical Journal Letters (2010), 721

The clear detection with CoRoT and KEPLER of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in many red giants paves the way for seismic inferences on the structure of such stars. We present an overview of ... [more ▼]

The clear detection with CoRoT and KEPLER of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in many red giants paves the way for seismic inferences on the structure of such stars. We present an overview of the properties of the adiabatic frequencies and frequency separations of radial and non-radial oscillation modes for an extended grid of models. We highlight how their detection allows a deeper insight into the internal structure and evolutionary state of red giants. In particular, we find that the properties of dipole modes constitute a promising seismic diagnostic tool of the evolutionary state of red giant stars. We compare our theoretical predictions with the first 34 days of KEPLER data and predict the frequency diagram expected for red giants in the CoRoT exofield in the galactic center direction. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for a sharp structure variation inside a red-giant star
Miglio, Andrea ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Carrier, F. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 520

Context. The availability of precisely determined frequencies of radial and non-radial oscillation modes in red giants is finally paving the way for detailed studies of the internal structure of these ... [more ▼]

Context. The availability of precisely determined frequencies of radial and non-radial oscillation modes in red giants is finally paving the way for detailed studies of the internal structure of these stars. <BR /> Aims: We look for the seismic signature of regions of sharp structure variation in the internal structure of the CoRoT target HR 7349. <BR /> Methods: We analyse the frequency dependence of the large frequency separation and second frequency differences, as well as the behaviour of the large frequency separation obtained with the envelope auto-correlation function. <BR /> Results: We find evidence for a periodic component in the oscillation frequencies, i.e. the seismic signature of a sharp structure variation in HR 7349. In a comparison with stellar models we interpret this feature as caused by a local depression of the sound speed that occurs in the helium second-ionization region. Using solely seismic constraints this allows us to estimate the mass (M = 1.2[SUB]-0.4[/SUB][SUP]+0.6[/SUP] M_&sun;) and radius (R = 12.2[SUB]-1.8[/SUB][SUP]+2.1[/SUP] R_&sun;) of HR 7349, which agrees with the location of the star in an HR diagram. [less ▲]

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See detailA seismic approach to testing different formation channels of subdwarf B stars
Hu, Haili; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 490

Context: There are many unknowns in the formation of subdwarf B stars. Different formation channels are considered to be possible and to lead to a variety of helium-burning subdwarfs. All seismic models ... [more ▼]

Context: There are many unknowns in the formation of subdwarf B stars. Different formation channels are considered to be possible and to lead to a variety of helium-burning subdwarfs. All seismic models to date, however, assume that a subdwarf B star is a post-helium-flash-core surrounded by a thin inert layer of hydrogen. Aims: We examine an alternative formation channel, in which the subdwarf B star originates from a massive (>~2 M[SUB]o[/SUB]) red giant with a non-degenerate helium-core. Although these subdwarfs may evolve through the same region of the log g-T_eff diagram as the canonical post-flash subdwarfs, their interior structure is rather different. We examine how this difference affects their pulsation modes and whether it can be observed. Methods: Using detailed stellar evolution calculations we construct subdwarf B models from both formation channels. The iron accumulation in the driving region due to diffusion, which causes the excitation of the modes, is approximated by a Gaussian function. The pulsation modes and frequencies are calculated with a non-adiabatic pulsation code. Results: A detailed comparison of two subdwarf B models from different channels, but with the same log g and T_eff, shows that their mode excitation is different. The excited frequencies are lower for the post-flash than for the post-non-degenerate subdwarf B star. This is mainly due to the differing chemical composition of the stellar envelope. A more general comparison between two grids of models shows that the excited frequencies of most post-non-degenerate subdwarfs cannot be well-matched with the frequencies of post-flash subdwarfs. In the rare event that an acceptable seismic match is found, additional information, such as mode identification and log g and T_eff determinations, allows us to distinguish between the two formation channels. [less ▲]

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See detailCLÉS, Code Liégeois d'Évolution Stellaire
Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Théado, Sylvie; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316

CLÉS is an evolution code recently developed to produce stellar models meeting the specific requirements of studies in asteroseismology. It offers the users a lot of choices in the input physics they want ... [more ▼]

CLÉS is an evolution code recently developed to produce stellar models meeting the specific requirements of studies in asteroseismology. It offers the users a lot of choices in the input physics they want in their models and its versatility allows them to tailor the code to their needs and implement easily new features. We describe the features implemented in the current version of the code and the techniques used to solve the equations of stellar structure and evolution. A brief account is given of the use of the program and of a solar calibration realized with it. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Liège Oscillation code
Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Théado, S. et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316

The Liège Oscillation code can be used as a stand-alone program or as a library of subroutines that the user calls from a Fortran main program of his own to compute radial and nonradial adiabatic ... [more ▼]

The Liège Oscillation code can be used as a stand-alone program or as a library of subroutines that the user calls from a Fortran main program of his own to compute radial and nonradial adiabatic oscillations of stellar models. We describe the variables and the equations used by the program and the methods used to solve them. A brief account is given of the use and the output of the program. [less ▲]

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See detailThorough analysis of input physics in CESAM and CLÉS codes
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Lebreton, Yveline; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2008), 316(1-4), 219-229

This contribution is not about the quality of the agreement between stellar models computed by CESAM and CLÉS codes, but more interesting, on what ESTA-Task 1 run has taught us about these codes and about ... [more ▼]

This contribution is not about the quality of the agreement between stellar models computed by CESAM and CLÉS codes, but more interesting, on what ESTA-Task 1 run has taught us about these codes and about the input physics they use. We also quantify the effects of different implementations of the same physics on the seismic properties of the stellar models, that in fact is the main aim of ESTA experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailLong term photometric monitoring with the Mercator telescope. Frequencies and mode identification of variable O-B stars
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 463

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven ... [more ▼]

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven passband geneva data collected for these stars during the first three years of scientific operations of the mercator telescope. We performed a frequency analysis for 28 targets with more than 50 high-quality measurements to improve their variability classification. For the pulsating stars, we tried both to identify the modes and to search for rotationally split modes. Methods: We searched for frequencies in all the geneva passbands and colours by using two independent frequency analysis methods and we applied a 3.6 S/N-level criterion to locate the significant peaks in the periodograms. The modes were identified by applying the method of photometric amplitudes for which we calculated a large, homogeneous grid of equilibrium models to perform a pulsational stability analysis. When both the radius and the projected rotational velocity of an object are known, we determined a lower limit for the rotation frequency to estimate the expected frequency spacings in rotationally split pulsation modes. Results: We detected 61 frequencies, among which 33 are new. We classified 21 objects as pulsating variables (7 new confirmed pulsating stars, including 2 hybrid beta Cep/SPB stars), 6 as non-pulsating variables (binaries or spotted stars), and 1 as photometrically constant. All the Maia candidates were reclassified into other variability classes. We performed mode identification for the pulsating variables for the first time. The most probable l value is 0, 1, 2, and 4 for 1, 31, 9, and 5 modes, respectively, including only 4 unambiguous identifications. For 7 stars we cannot rule out that some of the observed frequencies belong to the same rotationally split mode. For 4 targets we may begin to resolve close frequency multiplets. Based on observations collected with the p7 photometer attached to the Flemish 1.2-m mercator telescope situated at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory on La Palma (Spain). Section [see full textsee full text], including Figs. is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org, and Tables 2 and 3 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/463/243 [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β cephei star θ ophiuchi : constraints on global stellar parameters and core overshooting
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Morel, Thierry ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 381(4), 1482-1488

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally ... [more ▼]

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally split l = 2 quintuplet for which the m values were well identified by spectroscopy. We identify the radial mode as fundamental, the triplet as p(1) and the quintuplet as g(1). Our non-local thermodynamic equilibrium abundance analysis results in a metallicity and CNO abundances in full agreement with the most recent updated solar values. With X epsilon [0.71, 0.7211] and Z epsilon [0.009, 0.015], and using the Asplund et al. mixture but with a Ne abundance about 0.3 dex larger, the matching of the three independent modes enables us to deduce constrained ranges for the mass (M = 8.2 +/- 0.3 M circle dot) and central hydrogen abundance (X-c = 0.38 +/- 0.02) of theta Oph and to prove the occurrence of core overshooting (alpha(ov) = 0.44 +/- 0.07). We also derive an equatorial rotation velocity of 29 +/- 7 km s(-1). Moreover, we show that the observed non-equidistance of the l = 1 triplet can be reproduced by the second-order effects of rotation. Finally, we show that the observed rotational splitting of two modes cannot rule out a rigid rotation model. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Seismology Programme of CoRoT
Michel, Eric; Baglin, A.; Auvergne, M. et al

in Proceedings of "The CoRoT Mission Pre-Launch Status - Stellar Seismology and Planet Finding (2006, November 01)

We introduce the main lines and specificities of the CoRoT Seismology Core Programme. The development and consolidation of this programme has been made in the framework of the CoRoT Seismology Working ... [more ▼]

We introduce the main lines and specificities of the CoRoT Seismology Core Programme. The development and consolidation of this programme has been made in the framework of the CoRoT Seismology Working Group. With a few illustrative examples, we show how CoRoT data will help to address various problems associated with present open questions of stellar structure and evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailPolytropes as simple models of beta Cephei stars
Godart, Mélanie ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

Beta Cephei stars have a simple structure: a convective core surrounded by a radiative envelope. It is therefore worth trying to describe beta Cephei stars with composite polytropes which are useful to ... [more ▼]

Beta Cephei stars have a simple structure: a convective core surrounded by a radiative envelope. It is therefore worth trying to describe beta Cephei stars with composite polytropes which are useful to retrieve structure parameters from frequency spectra. We show that the structure of beta Cephei models can relatively well be described with two-zone polytropic models. However this description is not convincing to depict oscillations of beta Cephei models. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiative forces and pulsation in beta Cephei stars
Bourge, P*-O; Alecian, G.; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

Recently radiatively-driven diffusion in beta Cephei stars has been suggested as a possible explanation to account for excitation of the observed oscillation modes of the beta Cephei stars nu Eridani and ... [more ▼]

Recently radiatively-driven diffusion in beta Cephei stars has been suggested as a possible explanation to account for excitation of the observed oscillation modes of the beta Cephei stars nu Eridani and 12 Lacertae. Preliminary results (Bourge and Alecian 2006) show that microscopic diffusion of iron could indeed occur in a region situated just above the opacity bump of the iron group elements. This diffusion has little influence on the position of the star in the HR diagram and on the spectrum of low radial order eigenfrequencies. It does, however, increase the number of excited frequencies. We show here that the ratio between the number of p-modes to the number of g-modes could be used as a signature of this diffusion process. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of MERCATOR data - Part I: variable B stars
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

We re-classified 31 variable B stars which were observed more than 50 times in the Geneva photometric system with the p7 photometer attached to the MERCATOR telescope (La Palma) during its first 3 years ... [more ▼]

We re-classified 31 variable B stars which were observed more than 50 times in the Geneva photometric system with the p7 photometer attached to the MERCATOR telescope (La Palma) during its first 3 years of scientific observations. HD 89688 is a possible beta Cephei/slowly pulsating B star hybrid and the main mode of the COROT target HD 180642 shows non-linear effects. The Maia candidates are re-classified as either ellipsoidal variables or spotted stars. Although the mode identification is still ongoing, all the well-identified modes so far have l <= 2. [less ▲]

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