References of "Scippo, Marie-Louise"
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See detailValidation of a two-plate microbiological method for screening antibiotic residues in shrimp tissue
Pham Kim, Dang ULg; Degand, Guy ULg; Danyi, Sophie ULg et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2010), 672

Microbiological inhibition screening tests could play an important role to detect residues of antibiotics in the different animal food products, but very few are available for the aquaculture products in ... [more ▼]

Microbiological inhibition screening tests could play an important role to detect residues of antibiotics in the different animal food products, but very few are available for the aquaculture products in general, and for shrimps in particular. A two-plate microbiological method to screen shrimp for residues of the most commonly used antibiotics has been developed and validated according to criteria derived from the European Commission Decision 2002/657/CE. Bacillus subtilis was used as a sensitive strain to target antibiotics. Culture conditions on Petri plates (pH of medium) were selected to enhance the capacity of antibiotic detection. Antibiotic residues were extracted from shrimps using acetonitrile/acetone (70/30, v/v) before application on Petri plates seeded with B. subtilis. The method was validated using spiked blank tissues as well as antibiotic treated shrimps with enrofloxacin and tetracycline, two antibiotics often found to be used in shrimp production. For tetracyclines and (fluoro)quinolones, the detection capability was below the maximum residue limit (MRL), while it was around the MRL for sulfonamides. The specificity of the microbiological screening was 100% in all cases while the sensitivity and accuracy was 100% in almost all cases. The capacity of the method to detect contaminated samples was confirmed on antibiotic treated shrimps, analyzed in parallel with a confirmatory method (Liquid Chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC–MS)). [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding the gap between the estrogenicity of an effluent and its real impact into the wild
Nadzialek, Stéphanie; Vanparys; Van Der Heiden, Edwige ULg et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2010), 408(4), 812-821

To study the reliability between in vitro and in vivo data collected downstream 2 sewage treatment plants (STP) as well as from bleached kraft mill industry (BKME), 5 rivers (3 impacted and 2 references ... [more ▼]

To study the reliability between in vitro and in vivo data collected downstream 2 sewage treatment plants (STP) as well as from bleached kraft mill industry (BKME), 5 rivers (3 impacted and 2 references) were investigated in the Walloon region (southern of Belgium). For the in vitro part of the work, water samples were collected to measure the estrogenicity of the ‘out’ effluent compared to reference sample point by MCF-7 assay. Results indicated significant estrogenicity of effluents from STP and BKME and a weak estrogenicity in reference sites. However, estradiol equivalents (EEQ) estimated into rivers were probably too low to impact wild population. Chemical analysis of 13 compounds of interest indicated that extraction procedure used in this study gave low recoveries of estrogen-like xenobiotics, leading to probably under-estimated MCF-7 responses. Surprisingly, a full scan mode has revealed an unexpected compound in the sample of BKME which was: 7-isopropyl-1,1,4a-trimethyl-1,2,3,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene, a product of pulp mill manufacture. In parallel to in vitro, in vivo assessment of estrogenic impact of effluent was followed on the gudgeon (Gobio gobio). Samples were achieved during 2 different periods of the reproductive cycle, resting period (RP) and pre-spawning period (pSP). Unspecific physiological parameters to estrogenic exposure (gonadosomatic index and systematic testis cell counting) displayed no significant differences related to endocrine disruption of the reproductive tract, only differences were correlated with the reproductive state of fish (RP versus pSP). Concerning the potent biomarker of estrogen exposure, vitellogenin (vtg), only basal induction was revealed but not related to estrogenic exposure. Nevertheless, vtg over-expression was found for male fish presenting a feminization of the reproductive tract captured downstream the STP station of Wégnez in the Vesdre River. Intersexuality, another indicator of the estrogenicity impact in fish, was observed in every site. Actually, ovotestis was systematically formed by protoplasmic oocyte observed in low percentage in every group analysed (impacted and references). Moreover, in fish captured in Wégnez, oocyte diameter was significantly higher compared to the other groups. In this study, only moderate to none impact in population of gudgeon was noticed. Moreover, in this case no discrepancy between in vitro and vivo was viewed although both approaches revealed gaps in monitoring effluent incidence into the environment. We should remain careful in the interpretation when only partial approaches are used in order to characterize impact in the aquatic milieu. [less ▲]

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See detailRemoval of Androgens and Estrogens from Water by Reactive Materials
Kai, Cai; Phillips, D. H.; Elliott, Chris et al

in 2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE 2010) (2010)

Nowadays, endocrine disruptor compounds in the water system have become a concern due to the risk of contamination to wild life and humans even at the nanogram level. Excess estrogens and androgens are a ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, endocrine disruptor compounds in the water system have become a concern due to the risk of contamination to wild life and humans even at the nanogram level. Excess estrogens and androgens are a major contributor group of endocrine compounds. Statistical surveys have shown that dairy farms contribute to over 90% of the total estrogens in the UK and US. An analytical system is being developed to assess the efficiency of reactive materials to remove target hormonal contaminants from dairy farm effluent. This can be achieved using reporter gene assays (RGAs) to detect low level steroid hormones. A preliminary study comparing the efficiency of granular activated carbon, zero-valent iron, and organoclay was carried out using bench-scale evaluations in negative control HPLC water. Their potential ability to remove testosterone and 17- beta -estradiol spiked at reported environmental levels was measured by androgenic and estrogenic luminescent reporter assay respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression characteristics of potential biomarker genes in Tra catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, exposed to trichlorfon
Sinha, Amit Kumar; Vanparys, Caroline; De Boeck et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics (2010), 5(3), 207-216

Trichlorfon (TRC) is the most common organophosphorous insecticide used in aquaculture practices in Southeast Asian countries. Indiscriminate use of TRC can either damage or alter the enzymatic and ... [more ▼]

Trichlorfon (TRC) is the most common organophosphorous insecticide used in aquaculture practices in Southeast Asian countries. Indiscriminate use of TRC can either damage or alter the enzymatic and hormonal activities in the living organisms. In this present study, therefore, toxicogenomic analyses using real time PCR was used to characterize expression levels of various genes in Pangasianodon hypophthalmus after exposure to three concentrations, the 96 h 1/100LC50 (0.01 mg/L), the 96 h 1⁄10LC50 (0.1 mg/L) and the 96 h 1⁄2LC50 (0.5 mg/L) of TRC for 6 h, 24 h, 96 h, 7 days, 14 days, 28 days and 56 days respectively. The expression kinetics of stress and other cellular toxicity representative genes such as heat shock protein70 (HSP70), growth hormone, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), trypsinogen, cytochrome P4501B (CYP1B) and cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) were investigated in liver and gills. TRC at a level of 0.1 mg/L and 0.5 mg/L induced a time and dose-dependent increase in the expression of the HSP70, COI and CYPIB while the transcript level of AChE, growth hormone and trypsinogen were significantly down-regulated. These results could permit to develop a ‘molecular biomarker system’ which can be applied as a first-tier method of identifying contaminant exposure before effects at population level occur. [less ▲]

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See detailLes perturbateurs endocriniens
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg

Conference (2009, November 06)

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See detailViande « enrichie en oméga-3 » : quel risque pour la santé ?
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg

Conference (2009, November 05)

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See detailAdaptation of a microbiological method for screening antimicrobial residues in shrimp tissue
Pham Kim, Dang ULg; Degand, Guy ULg; Danyi, Sophie ULg et al

in Book of abstracts - 4th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Food Analysis (RAFA 2009) (2009, November 04)

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See detailBehavior of omega-3 fatty acids in eggs during cooking
Douny, Caroline ULg; El Khoury, Rawad ULg; Degand et al

Poster (2009, July 01)

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See detailMilk collection and processing
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg

Conference (2009, February 23)

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See detailDevelopment of a quantitative method to detect trace amounts of hazelnut and soy allergens in food
Dobson, Rowan ULg; Fourdrilis, Séverine; Kirsch, Stéphanie ULg et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailDEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY FOR CONTROLLING THE ALLERGEN ISSUE IN THE BELGIAN FOOD AND CATERING INDUSTRY - ALLERRISK
De Loose, Marc; Daeseleire, Else; Taverniers, Isabelle et al

Report (2009)

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See detailQuantitative methods for food allergens: a review.
Kirsch, Stéphanie ULg; Fourdrilis, Séverine ULg; Dobson, Rowan ULg et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2009), 395

The quantitative detection of allergens in the food chain is a strategic health objective as the prevalence of allergy continues to rise. Food allergenicity is caused by proteins either in their native ... [more ▼]

The quantitative detection of allergens in the food chain is a strategic health objective as the prevalence of allergy continues to rise. Food allergenicity is caused by proteins either in their native form or in forms resulting from food processing. Progress in mass spectrometry greatly opened up the field of proteomics. These advances are now available for the detection and the quantification of traces of allergenic proteins in complex mixtures, and complete the set of biological tests used until now, such as ELISA or PCR. We review methods classified according to their ability to simultaneously quantify and identify allergenic proteins and underline major advances in the mass-spectrometric methods. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the endorcine disrupting chemicals contamination in the North Sea porpoise population using in vitro assays
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg; Brose, François ULg; Van Der Heiden, Edwige ULg et al

Poster (2009)

During the last decades, the production endocrine disrupting chemicals reached such levels that they are now spread all over nature. They are known to be very slowly degraded, decreasing the environmental ... [more ▼]

During the last decades, the production endocrine disrupting chemicals reached such levels that they are now spread all over nature. They are known to be very slowly degraded, decreasing the environmental quality and posing ecological risks. Marine mammals inhabiting polluted environments accumulate high levels of these chemicals, so they can be considered good indicators of marine pollution. Thirteen major organochloride pollutants were chosen to make subject of this study: o,p’-DDD; p,p’-DDD; p,p’-DDE; o,p’-DDT; p,p’-DDT; HCB; α-HCH; β-HCH; γ-HCH; δ-HCH; PCB 138; PCB 153 and PCB 180. All these chemicals will have their endocrine disrupting effects characterized individually and collectively by report gene expression assays. The MCF7-ERE cells used in these assays were produced in the Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering Laboratory of the University of Liège and are originated from a human mammary carcinoma. They carry a gene expressing the synthesis of luciferase and controlled by oestrogen receptors. Then, the thirteen chemicals will be searched in the blubber tissues of porpoises by the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The blubber samples will also have their endocrine disrupting effect characterized. For the moment, the estrogenic effects of the HCH isomers were put in evidence. The next steps of this work must be soon accomplished. It is expected a great level of these compounds to be found in the samples. On the other hand, their endocrine disrupting effects and how they act in agonist, antagonist and synergist ways are subject that still needs to be cleared. [less ▲]

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