References of "Scippo, Marie-Louise"
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See detailIn vitro study toward the endocrine activity and the genotoxic potential of migration products from plastic baby bottles
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Onghena, M.; Covaci, A. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2014), 76

Bisphenol A (BPA) is documented in several studies to be a well-known source of food contamination. Recently, the European Union took a series of measures, including a ban for the import and sale of ... [more ▼]

Bisphenol A (BPA) is documented in several studies to be a well-known source of food contamination. Recently, the European Union took a series of measures, including a ban for the import and sale of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles to reduce BPA exposure of infants. Plastic alternatives to PC, which have massively appeared on the Belgian market, include polypropylene (PP), silicone, polyamide (PA) and polyethersulfone (PES). In a recent opinion (No. 8697, 11.03.2010), the Belgian Superior Health Council issued its concern regarding the alternatives to PC currently used. Furthermore, they asked to investigate the possible risks associated with the use of these alternatives. In this study, a screening towards the endocrine activity of chemicals migrating from PC alternatives, identified by the group of Simoneau, was performed by using different reporter gene assays. Furthermore, the genotoxic potential of these compounds was also assessed with the Vitotox assay, an indicator test for DNA damage. The aim of the screening was to select the substances that may present a risk for human health and thus require further characterization. [less ▲]

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See detailDioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls contamination in poultry liver related to food safety - A review
Ghimpeteanu, Oana-Margarita; Militaru, Manuella; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULiege

in Food Control (2014), 38

The present article reviews the most important scientific literature on dioxins and PCBs found in poultry liver and their relation with food safety and consumers’ health. Dioxins and polychlorinated ... [more ▼]

The present article reviews the most important scientific literature on dioxins and PCBs found in poultry liver and their relation with food safety and consumers’ health. Dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants with high chemical stability; they are lipophilic compounds and they are not destroyed by microbial, photochemical, chemical or thermal degradation. Dioxins and PCBs are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, which are present in all marine plant and animals, birds, mammals and humans and bioaccumulate through the food chain. In the last years, there has been concern regarding food contamination with different chemical substances and their effect on food safety. More particularly, at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, there were a series of incidents related to dioxin and PCBs, which directly affected human or contaminated the soil and accumulated in feed and then in food products, such as poultry liver. It was shown in case of dioxin incident that tetra and penta-chlorinated congeners (the most toxic ones) accumulates selectively in poultry livers. Maximal concentrations have been fixed in the European legislation for dioxins and PCBs in food from animal origin, in order to protect the consumer. Data about background poultry liver contamination are scarce and the few available show levels below the legal limit for dioxins, but data are still lacking for DL-PCBs. [less ▲]

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See detailEDCs & Plastic baby bottles
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULiege

Conference (2014)

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See detailEffect of land use on pollution status and risk of fish endocrine disruption in small farmland ponds
Mandiki; Gillardin; Martens et al

in Hydrobiologia (2014), 723

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See detailIn vitro model to study the endocrine disrupting activity of migration products from plastic food contact materials
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Onghena, Matthias; Covaci, Adrian et al

Poster (2013, December 06)

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers ... [more ▼]

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers like baby bottle, cups, etc. BPA can migrate into food in contact with polycarbonate. There is a worldwide concern about BPA because several studies have shown endocrine disruptor potency of BPA causing possible adverse health effects. In January 2011, the European Commission decided to ban the use of polycarbonate to manufacture baby feeding bottles. In a recent opinion, the Superior Health Council’s issued its concern regarding the currently use of alternatives to polycarbonate in these materials. This work is part of the ALTPOLYCARB project, which aims to study the migration products from non polycarbonate plastic material, and their endocrine disruptor activities. The endocrine disruptor activity(ies) of global migration residues obtained from different kinds of baby bottles will be explored using cell based transactivational assays also named “reporter gene assays”. The MCF7 recombinant cells used here (named MCF7-ER cells) are genetically modified cells containing the firefly luciferase gene, as a reporter gene, and a DNA responsive element specific to the human estrogen receptor. The biological activity of a chemical compound is monitored by the measurement of light emitted by the cells exposed to it (after addition of luciferin, the substrate of luciferase). In a preliminary step, we first screened pure substances, which were shown to migrate from plastic baby bottles, in a recent study performed by Simoneau & al, 2012 . Human estrogen receptor agonistic and antagonistic activities of 25 pure compounds were measured using MCF7-ER cells. After the first screening, some substances clearly show an activity such as BPA, benzophenone, 2-propenoic acid-2-ethylhexyl ester, benzaldehyde-4-methylthio, butylated hydroxytoluene and dodecanoic acid methyl ester, whereas others ask an in-depth analysis to confirm their activity. For active substances only, the study will be continued and a full dose-response curve will be performed in order to assess quantitatively the activity. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobial, biochemical and sensorial quality assessment of Algerian farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) stored at 4 and 30°C
Dergal, Nadir; Abi-Ayad, S.M.E.-A.; Degand, Guy ULiege et al

in African Journal of Food Science (2013), 7(12), 498-507

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See detailIn vitro model to study the endocrine disrupting activity of migration products from plastic food contact materials
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Onghena, Matthias; Covaci, Adrian et al

Poster (2013, November 06)

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers ... [more ▼]

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers like baby bottle … BPA can migrate into food in contact with polycarbonate. There is a worldwide concern about BPA because several studies have shown endocrine disruptor potency of BPA causing possible adverse health effects. In January 2011, the European Commission decided to ban the use of polycarbonate to manufacture baby feeding bottles. In a recent opinion, the Superior Health Council’s issued its concern regarding the currently use of alternatives to polycarbonate in these materials. This work is part of the ALTPOLYCARB project which aims to study the migration products of alternative to polycarbonate and their endocrine disruptor activities. The first part was to have an overview of the different polymers replacing polycarbonate, that are used on the Belgian market, it resulted in the conclusion that polymers used for the manufacture of baby bottles are mainly polypropylene, polyethersulfone, silicone, polyamide, polystyrene, and melamine. The second part of this work will be to evaluate the endocrine disruptor activity(ies) of global migration residues obtained from different kinds of baby bottles. This (these) activity(ies) will be explored using cell based transactivational assays also named “reporter gene assays. The MCF7 recombinant cells used here are genitically modified cells containing the firefly luciferase gene, as a reporter gene, and a DNA responsive element specific to the human oestrogen receptor. The biological activity of a chemical compound is monitored by the measurement of light emitted by the cells exposed to it (after addition of luciferin, the substrate of luciferase). In a preliminary step, we first screened pure substances which were shown to migrate from plastic baby bottle, in a recent study performed by Simoneau & al, 2012 . Human estrogen receptor agonistic and antagonistic activities of 25 pure compounds were measured using MCF7-ER cells (genetically modified MCF7 cells). After the first screening, some substances clearly show an activity such as BPA, Benzophenone, 2-Propenoic acid-2-ethylhexyl ester, Benzaldehyde-4-methylthio, Butylated hydroxytoluene and Dodecanoic acid, methyl ester whereas others ask an in-depth analysis to confirm their activity. For active substances only the study will be continued and a full dose-response curve will be performed in order to assess quantitatively the activity [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurement of the estrogenic activity of migration products from plastic contact materials
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Onghena, M.; Covaci, A. et al

Poster (2013, October 19)

Baby bottles in plastic are widely used to feed newborns and infants. The polymers used for the manufacture of baby bottles are mainly polypropylene (PP), silicone, polyamide (PA) and polyethersulphone ... [more ▼]

Baby bottles in plastic are widely used to feed newborns and infants. The polymers used for the manufacture of baby bottles are mainly polypropylene (PP), silicone, polyamide (PA) and polyethersulphone (PES), since the ban of the use of bisphenol A (BPA), which exhibited estrogenic activity, in polycarbonate by European commission, in March 2011. For the plastic substitutes, Chemical substances, such as monomers or additives (antioxidants, plasticizers, clarifiers, etc.), may migrate from plastic baby bottle into its contents. This monomers and additives may exhibit at low concentrations estrogenic activity (EA), who can produce adverse effects, especially in newborn and infants. A recent study of Simoneau and al. give an overview of the amount of chemical substances which migrate from plastic baby bottle into its contents. The objective of this study is to measure EA of these substances. The study focus first on screening Human estrogen receptor agonistic and antagonistic activities of pure compounds identifed by Simoneau and al. using a cell based transactivational assay named “Chemically Activated LUciferase gene eXpression” (CALUX). Preliminary test with 3 Bisphenols (BPs) have been performed: BPA, Bisphenol S (BPS) and Bisphenol F (BPF). The dose–response curves obtained for BPA, BPS and BPF were compared with that of 17β-estradiol (E2). An agonistic effect was observed with the 3 BPs. BPS and BPF exhibited oestrogen-like response lower than that of BPA. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the estrogenicity of pure compound migrate from plastic food contact materials
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Oghena, M.; Covaci, A. et al

Poster (2013, September 19)

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See detailValidation of a LC-MS analytical method for the measurement of aldehydes in meat and oil
Tihon, Angélique; Douny, Caroline ULiege; Bayonnet, Pierre ULiege et al

Poster (2013, April 18)

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See detailStudy of the toxicity of migration products from food contact materials for children under 3 years old
Simon, Coraline ULiege; Onghena; Covaci, A. et al

Poster (2013, April 18)

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers ... [more ▼]

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound mainly used for the manufacture of plastic such as polycarbonate. This transparent thermoplastic polymer is used for the fabrication of several food containers: bottle, baby bottle, tableware… BPA is found also in epoxy resins used as covers film in cans. BPA can migrate into food and beverages in contact with polycarbonate or epoxy resin. There is a worldwide concern about BPA because several studies have shown endocrine disruptor potency of BPA causing possible adverse health effects. In January 2011, the European Commission decided to ban the use of polycarbonate to manufacture baby feeding bottles and since 2013, Belgium extended this ban to all food contact materials intended to children younger than 3 years old. In a recent opinion, the Superior Health Council’s issued its concern regarding the currently use of alternatives to polycarbonate in these materials. This work is part of the ALTPOLYCARB project which aims to study the migration products of alternative to polycarbonate and their endocrine disruptor activities. The first part was to have an overview of the different polymers that are used on the Belgian market, which resulted in the conclusion that polymers used for the manufacture of baby bottles and tableware are mainly polypropylene, polyethersulfone, silicone, polyamide, polystyrene, and melamine. The second part of this work will be to evaluate the endocrine disruptor activity(ies) of global migration residues obtained from different kinds of baby bottles. This (these) activity(ies) will be explored using a cell based transactivational assay named “Chemically Activated LUciferase gene eXpression” (CALUX). Endocrine disruptors act by interfering with endogenous compounds, such as steroid hormones for example, for which the first step of their biological activity is the binding to an intracellular receptor, which is a factor of transcription regulation. The ligand-receptor complex is able to bind to DNA to induce the expression of the target gene at the level of the target tissue. The CALUX recombinant cells used here were stably transformed with the firefly luciferase gene, as a reporter gene, and a DNA responsive element specific to steroid receptors or to the dioxin receptor. The biological activity of a chemical compound (receptor agonist or antagonist) is monitored by the measurement of light emitted by the cells exposed to it (after addition of luciferin, the substrate of luciferase). In a first step, human estrogen receptor agonistic and antagonistic activities of pure compounds (known to be used as altenatives to BPA) as well as baby bottles extracts will be measured using ER-CALUX cells (genetically modified MCF-7 cells), as well as cytotoxicity. Preliminary test with 3 Bisphenols (BPs) have been performed: BPA, Bisphenol S (BPS) and Bisphenol F (BPF). The dose–response curves obtained for BPA, BPS and BPF were compared with that of 17β-estradiol (E2). An agonistic effect was observed with the 3 BPs. BPS and BPF exhibited oestrogen-like response comparable to or higher than that of BPA. Further tests will be realised to confirm these preliminary results and similar tests will be realised with other cell-lines before beginning the evaluations of endocrine disruptor activities of global migration extracts. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrocarbons contamination of smoked shrimp, an expanding food condiment in Beninese local markets
Kpoclou, Euloge; Brose, François ULiege; Anihouvi, V.B. et al

Poster (2013, April 18)

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See detailDevelopment of an analytical method to detect metabolites of nitrofurans. Application to the study of furazolidone elimination in Vietnamese black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon)
Douny, Caroline ULiege; Widart, Joëlle ULiege; De Pauw, Edwin ULiege et al

in Aquaculture (2013), 376-379

Nitrofurans, banned antibiotics in European Union (EU), have often been found in imported aquaculture products in the past and are still found nowadays according to the Rapid Alert System for Feed and ... [more ▼]

Nitrofurans, banned antibiotics in European Union (EU), have often been found in imported aquaculture products in the past and are still found nowadays according to the Rapid Alert System for Feed and Food (RASFF) of the European Commission. A quantitative method based on liquid chromatography coupled to isotopic dilution tandem mass spectrometry (LC–IDMS/MS) was developed for the determination of the residues of four nitrofuran antibiotic residues in shrimps. The experimental protocol consisted of an acid-catalysed release of protein-bound metabolites, followed by derivatisation with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde (NBA). Then, a double liquid–liquid extraction with ethyl acetate was performed before LC–IDMS/MS analysis by positive electrospray ionisation (ES+) with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) of two transitions per compound. An “in-house” validation of the method for shrimp analysis was conducted according to the EU criteria for the analysis of veterinary drug residues in foods. The decision limits (CCalpha) were 0.08–0.36 µg kg -1 and the detection capabilities (CCbeta) were 0.12–0.61 µg kg-1, which are both below the minimum required performance limit (MRPL) set at 1 µg kg -1 by the EU. The developed method was applied to evaluate the elimination of furazolidone residues in shrimp muscles after a contamination experiment. After 28 days of decontamination, a concentration of 115 µg kg-1 of furazolidone metabolite 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ) was still measured in shrimp muscle. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobiological and Physico-Chemical Quality of Smoked Shrimp, An Expanding Food Condiment in Beninese Local Markets
Kpoclou, Euloge Y.; Anihouvi, Victor B.; Azokpota, Paulin et al

in Food and Public Health (2013), 3(6), 277-283

Entire Smoked Shrimp (ESS) and Smoked Shrimp Powder (SSP) are two food condiments widely used in Beninese local cooking practices. Twelve samples of each product collected from local markets were ... [more ▼]

Entire Smoked Shrimp (ESS) and Smoked Shrimp Powder (SSP) are two food condiments widely used in Beninese local cooking practices. Twelve samples of each product collected from local markets were evaluated for safety assessment using standard methods. Regarding the microbiological status of the samples, the Enterobacteriaceae were detected in 83% and 75% of ESS and SSP respectively, whereas 25% of samples of each product were found to contain E. coli. Pathogenic bacteria such as S. aureus and Salmonella were absent. Except 8% and 17% of SSP sample exceeding the maximal limit of 106 UFC/g for Aerobic Mesophilic Bacteria and 104 UFC/g Enterobacteriaceae respectively, all the other samples were within the acceptable limits. Water activity values were low, ranging between 0.54±0.01 for SSP and 0.61±0.01 for ESS, showing a potential microbial stability. Considering the chemical hazards, 15 EU priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) were detected in the samples examined with median Benzo(a) pyrene and PAH4 contents (91 μg kg-1 and 490 μg kg-1respectively) exceeding the European maximal limit (5.0 μg kg-1 and 30 μg kg-1). This study showed that smoked shrimps may be generally safe from a microbiological point of view, but they constitute a large source of exposure to possible carcinogenic PAHs. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst evidence of the possible implication of the 11-deoxycorticosterone (DOC) in immune activity of Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis, L.): Comparison with cortisol
Mathieu, Cédric; Mila, Sylvain; Mandiki, Robert et al

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (2013), 165(2), 149-158

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See detailPreliminary Evaluation of Antimicrobial Residue Levels in Marketed Pork and Chicken Meat in the Red River Delta Region of Vietnam
Pham Kim; Degand, Guy ULiege; Douny, Caroline ULiege et al

in Food and Public Health (2013), 3(6), 267-276

The presence of antibacterial in 97 pork and 83 chicken meat samples, randomly collected from 3 different representative provinces (Hanoi, Hai Duong and Thai Binh) of the Red River Delta, was determined ... [more ▼]

The presence of antibacterial in 97 pork and 83 chicken meat samples, randomly collected from 3 different representative provinces (Hanoi, Hai Duong and Thai Binh) of the Red River Delta, was determined by a screening step using in parallel 2 microbiological methods (Premi®-test and New Two Plate Test). In total, 27% of all samples displayed a positive response in at least one of both tests, from which 11 (13% of chicken samples) are chicken samples and 38 (39% of pork samples) are pork samples. The 33 samples from the Thai Binh which were screened positive were then submitted to post-screening tests specific for tetracyclines and (fluoro) quinolones (Tetrasensor® dipstick for tetracyclines and an ELISA for quinolones), two groups of antibiotics widely used in animal production in this region, and confirmed by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Tetracyclines and (fluoro)quinolones residues were found, using a post screening test, in 23 and 5 samples, respectively. Ten (all pork) and 4 samples (1 pork, 3 chicken) were confirmed containing tetracyclines (chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tetracycline, doxycycline) and (fluoro) quinolones (nalidixic acid, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin) respectively, from which 1 and 3 pork samples were found to contain enrofloxacin and tetracycline residues , respectively, with a concentration higher than their respective MRLs. This study shows the good performance of the proposed strategy to identify non-compliant meat samples (microbiological screening, tetracyclines and quinolones targeted post-screening and confirmation), which allows to obtain conclusive results in 82% of the cases. [less ▲]

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