References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailFarm Tourism across Europe
Potočnik Slavič, Irma; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 265-274

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two ... [more ▼]

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two main development trends: on one hand, a small scale and dispersed activities, at the other hand a product in response to tourist market demand. A brief overview of existing farm tourism practices in the European rural areas indicated an interesting interface between the forms and dimension of farm tourism embeddedness in local environment and at the same time, the ways and range of internationalization of farm tourism business. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 295-307

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is ... [more ▼]

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is rather weak on the Walloon tourist market level, it is important for farmers for whom it is often a means of supplementary income. Based on crossed data concerning potential tourists, local tenants, privileged witnesses and promotional information, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is shown that agritourism is a multiple micro-niche market primarily complementary to other sources of tourist supply. This paper underscores how the assets of demand, of the region and of the farm all shape agritourist diversification. Instead of providing a standardized well-known product, agritourism in Wallonia is richly diverse, which creates difficulties in branding this tourist market sector. [less ▲]

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See detailThe prohibition of dogcarts in Belgium: a hidden agricultural policy?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Moser, Peter; Varley, Tony (Eds.) Integration through Subordination. The politics of Agricultural Modernisation in Industrial Europe (2013)

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See detailBelgian Rural Ordinary Landscapes Seen By Belgians
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Van Der Vaart, Jacob; Palang, Hannes (Eds.) Reflection on Landscape Change: The European Perspective (2012, August)

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of ... [more ▼]

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of qualitative research. The research also lays the foundations of a new typology of Belgian ordinary landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe landscape charter issue in Walloon nature parks: an opportunity to revisit notions of landscape conformity and visual integrity
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Van Der Vaart, Jacob; Palang, Hannes (Eds.) Reflection on Landscape Change: The European Perspective (2012, August)

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See detailCérémonie d'«arrestation» du roi en pays Bamiléké
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailDevelopment Factors and Local Impacts of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region
Schmitz, Serge ULg; PotočnikSlavič, Irma

in Dubois, Charline (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

The bilateral research project between the Republic of Slovenia and Wallonie Bruxelles Internationale“Development Factors of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region” (L´agrotourisme ... [more ▼]

The bilateral research project between the Republic of Slovenia and Wallonie Bruxelles Internationale“Development Factors of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region” (L´agrotourisme, son fonctionnement et son rôle dans le développement local en Wallonie et Slovénie aujourd´hui et demain; Dejavnikirazvojaturizmanakmetiji: primerjava med Slovenijo in Valonijo; 2010-2012) was focused on agritourism in order to illustrate how sustainable development thinking can be applied when addressing the problems of the rural areas. It aimed as well to rethink agritourism development according to its embeddeness in order to enlighten the question which form of agritourism is suitable to which rural area and vice-versa. At the same time, agritourism is shaping and is being re-shaped by the internationalization of tourism market. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Potocnik, Irma (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the ... [more ▼]

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the phenomenon is quite weak on the Walloon tourist market, it is important from the point of view of farmers for who agritourism is a mean of supplementary incomes. Based on crossed informations and data coming from surveys of potential tourists carried out in tourist poles, life-histories of local tenants and interviews of privileged witnesses as well as content analysis of promotional folders and websites, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is showed firstly that agritourism is a niche market, which risk dissociating itself from the first pathway if the links between the farm and the tourism continue to weaken. Most of the time agritourism is complementary to other tourist offers but it can also compete with some other forms of tourism in particular cases. Furthermore the demand influences agritourism development through different images and representations that may go off the agricultural practices than with which farmers need to adapt their activities. Finally, different diversifications are developed according to geographic settings. [less ▲]

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See detailLe touriste à la ferme : de la thématisation au simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Rendez-vous Champlain sur le Tourisme, l'expérience touristique : ULB, Bruxelles 21-23 mai 2012 (2012, May)

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à ... [more ▼]

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à la fois différents produits d’appel orchestrés par le secteur de l’agritourisme et des représentations fréquentes de cette activité dans la population. Si les définitions et les pratiques de l’agritourisme sont multiples, les représentations peuvent différer selon les relations des personnes avec le monde agricole. Or la réussite d’un produit touristique dépend d’une rencontre entre les attentes des touristes et l’offre. Cet article analyse les composantes, induite, organique et modifiée par l’expérience, de l’image de l’agritourisme. L’analyse se base sur des données récoltées lors d’enquêtes et interviews de terrain en Wallonie et au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg : 230 enquêtes effectuées dans des pôles touristiques et 26 récits de vie de tenanciers. A travers une comparaison des représentations de l’agritourisme auprès de trois groupes d’individus – celles des touristes ayant vécu l’agritourisme ou habitant l’espace rural, celles des touristes n’ayant jamais expérimenté l’agritourisme et celles des tenanciers –, la communication souligne les attentes, les divergences, les incompréhensions de l’agritourisme. Les niveaux d’attentes des touristes en matière d’accueil, d’authenticité, de confort et de participation aux travaux de la ferme sont souvent contradictoires et parfois en contradiction avec l’offre et l’activité agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailReference visualization and download analysis of the “geographical literature” in the Open Repository of ULg (ORBi)
Stirbu, Simona ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg et al

Poster (2012, May)

Set up by the University of Liège, ORBi (Open Repository and Bibliography) knew a lightning increase of the online posted references since its creation in 2008. The official launch took place on November ... [more ▼]

Set up by the University of Liège, ORBi (Open Repository and Bibliography) knew a lightning increase of the online posted references since its creation in 2008. The official launch took place on November 26th, 2008 and after considerable efforts on behalf of the team which manages the tool, and researchers who introduce themselves their publications, the contents of the repository managed to reach a value of 64245 references among which 38670 with full text. Working for the Library of Geography of the University of Liege, I found interesting to analyze the number of visualizations and downloads of the references (2005 to 2007) posted online by the ULg geographer’s, and the population interested in this literature. The highlight is on WHO and WHERE are the internet users visualizing and downloading ORBi references from? In order to detect the population using this scientific literature, we analyzed the user IP and their distribution in the world. The data was obtained from a MaxMind database. The type of population using this scientific literature: researchers, individuals, public or private companies was also determined. [less ▲]

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See detailAu-delà des mauvaises pratiques autour du développement touristique local; Quelques réflexions sur le cadre théorique de "community based tourism"
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Azzi, Hrou (Ed.) Tourisme rural et développement des territoires. La région de l'Oriental marocain, une destination touristique (2012, March)

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See detailLe "mode d'habiter" : analyse de l'usage d'une notion émergente en géographie
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Frelat-Kahn, Brigitte; Lazzarotti, Olivier (Eds.) Habiter : Vers un nouveau concept ? (2012)

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrite dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion ... [more ▼]

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrite dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion de « mode d’habiter » se trouve à mi-chemin entre la notion géographique de « genre de vie » et celle sociologique de « mode de vie », Mathis Stock insiste sur la pratique des lieux, et d’autres, dont Lévy et Lussault, renvoient à la spatialité des acteurs individuels. Néanmoins, au-delà des relations à l’environnement, le mode d’habiter ne devrait-il pas composer avec une relation aux lieux et à la communauté locale ? L'analyse de l'usage de l'expression dans la littérature scientifique permet de cerner la raison et l’origine de l’utilisation de cette expression. Une des hypothèses est que le mode d’habiter remplace le concept vidalien de « genre de vie » aujourd’hui désuet en raison notamment de la plus grande mobilité des populations et de la spécialisation des lieux et des temps. La notion de « mode d’habiter » intégrerait un ensemble de pratiques spatiales variables selon les auteurs intégrant ou non, en plus des pratiques spatiale liées à la résidence, les pratiques spatiales liées au travail, à la consommation, au loisir, au tourisme. La notion de « mode d’habiter » se différencierait également des notions voisines en articulant l’espace de vie, la mobilité, le sens des lieux et les relations sociales. Questionner l’apparition et l’utilisation de cette nouvelle expression va, bien entendu, au-delà du seul exercice de l’histoire de la géographie mais est également le reflet des préoccupations d’une époque avec ses difficultés pratiques et éthiques à classer l’espace en régions homogènes, recentrant l’appréhension de l’environnement aux travers des vécus des habitants et des significations données aux lieux. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Shaping of Social attitudes toward Energy-Parks in the Belgian Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Vanden Broucke, Steven et al

in Horizons in geography (2012), 81-82

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these ... [more ▼]

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these facilities often require a lot of space, they are located in the countryside. This paper focuses on wind energy development in the Belgian countryside, a densely populated area in Western Europe. It presents the results of the Lacsawep research project that examined how Belgian citizens in different contexts perceive wind farm projects. Attitudes toward wind farms in Belgium are based on several sources of information: word of mouth; public announcements by local government and project managers; and the regional, national, or international media. Citizens hardly analyse the mishmash of pro- and contra- information. The discourses shaping attitudes toward wind farms are a compendium of physical annoyances, economic arguments, symbolic preferences, and critiques of decision-making processes. [less ▲]

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See detailLe tourisme dit « ethnique » : multiples usages d’un concept flou
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2012), 59

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism ... [more ▼]

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism. Secondly, it analyses the multiple uses of the expression “Ethnic tourism” on the World Wide Web. More than eighties tourism destinations are listed. These destinations are localised in all continents. Four types of tourism products according to the involvement of the guest in the local life are pointed. This typology is enriched by a tool analysing the position of the stakeholders in the instrumentalization of authenticity. [less ▲]

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See detailUn besoin de territoire à soi : quelques clés pour un aménagement des espaces communs
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Belgeo (2012), 2012(1-2),

What should remain of research and discussions (especially in the French humanistic geography) concerning human territoriality from a place management perspective? The paper suggests a voluntary biased ... [more ▼]

What should remain of research and discussions (especially in the French humanistic geography) concerning human territoriality from a place management perspective? The paper suggests a voluntary biased synthesis as well as several tools to help beginner geographers or non geographers to grasp the main points and to revisit their views. [less ▲]

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See detailAgritourism at the crossroad of the socio-ecological European transition
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Girardot, J-J.; Devillet, G. (Eds.) Papers of the 10th Annual International Conference of Territorial Intelligence of INTI “Territorial Intelligence and Sustainable economics within the new culture of development (2011, September)

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing ... [more ▼]

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. The consequences of a reduction or even disappearance of the agricultural activity are varied and refer to social, economic, cultural and environmental domains like the disappearance of activities and services in rural area, the loss of a rural identity or impacts on particular landscapes. Difficulties relate to the pressures exerted on farmers: pressures due to the world competition, to the evolution from the spread of suburbanisation, to the tendency of young people to leave rural life, to transport problems in the rural areas. The socio-ecological transition may be seen as a track of diversification in farming activities. One of the solutions aiming to improve the rural economy in accordance with its natural and cultural heritages is the development of farm tourism also seen as a means for rural communities to link producers and consumers again strengthening the social capital. Agritourism is a soft form of tourism, which aims to promote the rural capital and which, by supporting the regional development, helps to improve the income of the regional population. It includes different types of accommodations (such as guest farm, bed and breakfast or camping on the farm) and multiple activities in rural areas through which the visitor has the opportunity to become acquainted with agricultural areas, agricultural occupations, local products, traditional cuisine and daily life, as well as with the cultural elements and the authentic features of the area, while showing respect for the environment and the tradition. Agritourism brings visitors closer to nature and rural activities in which they can participate. This form of tourism fits with new expectations as regards environmental, patrimonial and social matters of tourists in Europe. The lecture compares agritourism in the Walloon Region and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, bordering regions which share a common aim to develop both a differentiated agriculture and a sustainable agritourism. The research develops a combination of several complementary procedures and tools: international comparison, on-site investigations near the stakeholders concerned by agritourism of which agritourist offer investigations near local tenants and farmers and agritourist demand investigations to potential customers, without forget investigations near organizations and institutions that attempt to influence its development, This lecture presents a kind of economic diversification, agritourism, of farms aiming to provide a global and integrated vision. Problems encounter because of the diversity of resources (infrastructures, goods and services) and stakeholders involved in multiple relations (tourists, tour operators, host community members, various organizations, industries...) imply innovative agritourist adaptations concerned by a tourist qualitative and wellbeing search. It proposes to define the necessary characteristic of the countryside, the ressources, to develop agritourism and to examine disparities of the agritourist developement, and to establish a typology of the countryside more or less favourable to its emergence, its development and its success taking into account the various forms of agritourism in Europe. It enlightens the general question entitled "Which countrysides for which agritourisms?”. The objective is thus to think an agritourism both thought out according to the paradigm of sustainable development, and conforming to the principles the ecological economy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe way to agritourist development from constraints to opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures. Many choose tourism business as a mean of diversification. To examine the supply aspect of agritourism development, the paper scrutinizes the motivations or choices reasons for farm tourism as a mean of diversification. Actually some main reasons have been underlined in the literature. Even if economic and financial reasons like new incomes and employments, stability towards agricultural market fluctuations or a better use of farm ressources are the first motivations mentioning, more social and external reasons like sharing experiences, success of other farmers, meeting of people, education of public and consummer, personal interest as a hobby are also significant. Choice reasons may change over time, be different according to the own characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This paper uses data’s from interviews conducted in agritourism accomodations in the Walloon Region and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aiming a graphical representation of the motivations using an adapted actantial model: a multi-scale analysis identifying the adjuvants and constraints of such motivations is used. The first analysis stress that the answer to a market opportunity and the potential new assignement of unused farm buildings are also observed. Moreover it is showned that entrepreneurship and opportunities come as being factors quite as important as a development based on a survival of the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in Landscape Sensitivity towards Wind Energy in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bruce, Jones; Bojie, Fu (Eds.) Proceedings. The 8th IALE World Congress : Landscape Ecology for Sustainable Environment and Culture (2011, August)

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See detailDo local Authorities Face the Dutch Way of Consuming the Ardennes ?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The sustainability of Rural Systems : Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy ... [more ▼]

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy delocalisation, and help to brand the destination. The Belgian Ardennes is a close recreation spot to Dutch people. The paper examines the local resources that attract Dutch tourists and the way how regional and local authorities deal with this tourist development. Based on key actors’ interviews and on in depth analysis of the promotional material produced both by authorities and commercial companies, the paper underlines seven ways to sell and to consume the Ardennes. Due to the lack of entrepreneurship by locals and because the Dutch tourism enterprises know better the Dutch tourists, these enterprises hold a large share of the tourist activities in the Ardennes. These Dutch investments change the destination as well as the local identity. While at the beginning, the Dutch companies developed a tourism based on nature and rural landscape, they diversified their activities up to offland tourism and the “disneyfication” of the places. If this Belgian case study follows more or less the well known “life cycle tourist destination”, the originality of the paper is to stress the difficulties and the opportunities of authorities to regulate tourism development and to maintain the quality of local resources. [less ▲]

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