References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailAu-delà des mauvaises pratiques autour du développement touristique local; Quelques réflexions sur le cadre théorique de "community based tourism"
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Azzi, Hrou (Ed.) Tourisme rural et développement des territoires. La région de l'Oriental marocain, une destination touristique (2012, March)

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See detailLe "mode d'habiter" : analyse de l'usage d'une notion émergente en géographie
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Frelat-Kahn, Brigitte; Lazzarotti, Olivier (Eds.) Habiter : Vers un nouveau concept ? (2012)

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrite dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion ... [more ▼]

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrite dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion de « mode d’habiter » se trouve à mi-chemin entre la notion géographique de « genre de vie » et celle sociologique de « mode de vie », Mathis Stock insiste sur la pratique des lieux, et d’autres, dont Lévy et Lussault, renvoient à la spatialité des acteurs individuels. Néanmoins, au-delà des relations à l’environnement, le mode d’habiter ne devrait-il pas composer avec une relation aux lieux et à la communauté locale ? L'analyse de l'usage de l'expression dans la littérature scientifique permet de cerner la raison et l’origine de l’utilisation de cette expression. Une des hypothèses est que le mode d’habiter remplace le concept vidalien de « genre de vie » aujourd’hui désuet en raison notamment de la plus grande mobilité des populations et de la spécialisation des lieux et des temps. La notion de « mode d’habiter » intégrerait un ensemble de pratiques spatiales variables selon les auteurs intégrant ou non, en plus des pratiques spatiale liées à la résidence, les pratiques spatiales liées au travail, à la consommation, au loisir, au tourisme. La notion de « mode d’habiter » se différencierait également des notions voisines en articulant l’espace de vie, la mobilité, le sens des lieux et les relations sociales. Questionner l’apparition et l’utilisation de cette nouvelle expression va, bien entendu, au-delà du seul exercice de l’histoire de la géographie mais est également le reflet des préoccupations d’une époque avec ses difficultés pratiques et éthiques à classer l’espace en régions homogènes, recentrant l’appréhension de l’environnement aux travers des vécus des habitants et des significations données aux lieux. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Shaping of Social attitudes toward Energy-Parks in the Belgian Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Vanden Broucke, Steven et al

in Horizons in geography (2012), 81-82

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these ... [more ▼]

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these facilities often require a lot of space, they are located in the countryside. This paper focuses on wind energy development in the Belgian countryside, a densely populated area in Western Europe. It presents the results of the Lacsawep research project that examined how Belgian citizens in different contexts perceive wind farm projects. Attitudes toward wind farms in Belgium are based on several sources of information: word of mouth; public announcements by local government and project managers; and the regional, national, or international media. Citizens hardly analyse the mishmash of pro- and contra- information. The discourses shaping attitudes toward wind farms are a compendium of physical annoyances, economic arguments, symbolic preferences, and critiques of decision-making processes. [less ▲]

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See detailLe tourisme dit « ethnique » : multiples usages d’un concept flou
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2012), 59

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism ... [more ▼]

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism. Secondly, it analyses the multiple uses of the expression “Ethnic tourism” on the World Wide Web. More than eighties tourism destinations are listed. These destinations are localised in all continents. Four types of tourism products according to the involvement of the guest in the local life are pointed. This typology is enriched by a tool analysing the position of the stakeholders in the instrumentalization of authenticity. [less ▲]

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See detailUn besoin de territoire à soi : quelques clés pour un aménagement des espaces communs
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Belgeo (2012), 2012(1-2),

What should remain of research and discussions (especially in the French humanistic geography) concerning human territoriality from a place management perspective? The paper suggests a voluntary biased ... [more ▼]

What should remain of research and discussions (especially in the French humanistic geography) concerning human territoriality from a place management perspective? The paper suggests a voluntary biased synthesis as well as several tools to help beginner geographers or non geographers to grasp the main points and to revisit their views. [less ▲]

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See detailAgritourism at the crossroad of the socio-ecological European transition
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Girardot, J-J.; Devillet, G. (Eds.) Papers of the 10th Annual International Conference of Territorial Intelligence of INTI “Territorial Intelligence and Sustainable economics within the new culture of development (2011, September)

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing ... [more ▼]

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. The consequences of a reduction or even disappearance of the agricultural activity are varied and refer to social, economic, cultural and environmental domains like the disappearance of activities and services in rural area, the loss of a rural identity or impacts on particular landscapes. Difficulties relate to the pressures exerted on farmers: pressures due to the world competition, to the evolution from the spread of suburbanisation, to the tendency of young people to leave rural life, to transport problems in the rural areas. The socio-ecological transition may be seen as a track of diversification in farming activities. One of the solutions aiming to improve the rural economy in accordance with its natural and cultural heritages is the development of farm tourism also seen as a means for rural communities to link producers and consumers again strengthening the social capital. Agritourism is a soft form of tourism, which aims to promote the rural capital and which, by supporting the regional development, helps to improve the income of the regional population. It includes different types of accommodations (such as guest farm, bed and breakfast or camping on the farm) and multiple activities in rural areas through which the visitor has the opportunity to become acquainted with agricultural areas, agricultural occupations, local products, traditional cuisine and daily life, as well as with the cultural elements and the authentic features of the area, while showing respect for the environment and the tradition. Agritourism brings visitors closer to nature and rural activities in which they can participate. This form of tourism fits with new expectations as regards environmental, patrimonial and social matters of tourists in Europe. The lecture compares agritourism in the Walloon Region and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, bordering regions which share a common aim to develop both a differentiated agriculture and a sustainable agritourism. The research develops a combination of several complementary procedures and tools: international comparison, on-site investigations near the stakeholders concerned by agritourism of which agritourist offer investigations near local tenants and farmers and agritourist demand investigations to potential customers, without forget investigations near organizations and institutions that attempt to influence its development, This lecture presents a kind of economic diversification, agritourism, of farms aiming to provide a global and integrated vision. Problems encounter because of the diversity of resources (infrastructures, goods and services) and stakeholders involved in multiple relations (tourists, tour operators, host community members, various organizations, industries...) imply innovative agritourist adaptations concerned by a tourist qualitative and wellbeing search. It proposes to define the necessary characteristic of the countryside, the ressources, to develop agritourism and to examine disparities of the agritourist developement, and to establish a typology of the countryside more or less favourable to its emergence, its development and its success taking into account the various forms of agritourism in Europe. It enlightens the general question entitled "Which countrysides for which agritourisms?”. The objective is thus to think an agritourism both thought out according to the paradigm of sustainable development, and conforming to the principles the ecological economy. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in Landscape Sensitivity towards Wind Energy in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bruce, Jones; Bojie, Fu (Eds.) Proceedings. The 8th IALE World Congress : Landscape Ecology for Sustainable Environment and Culture (2011, August)

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See detailThe way to agritourist development from constraints to opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures. Many choose tourism business as a mean of diversification. To examine the supply aspect of agritourism development, the paper scrutinizes the motivations or choices reasons for farm tourism as a mean of diversification. Actually some main reasons have been underlined in the literature. Even if economic and financial reasons like new incomes and employments, stability towards agricultural market fluctuations or a better use of farm ressources are the first motivations mentioning, more social and external reasons like sharing experiences, success of other farmers, meeting of people, education of public and consummer, personal interest as a hobby are also significant. Choice reasons may change over time, be different according to the own characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This paper uses data’s from interviews conducted in agritourism accomodations in the Walloon Region and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aiming a graphical representation of the motivations using an adapted actantial model: a multi-scale analysis identifying the adjuvants and constraints of such motivations is used. The first analysis stress that the answer to a market opportunity and the potential new assignement of unused farm buildings are also observed. Moreover it is showned that entrepreneurship and opportunities come as being factors quite as important as a development based on a survival of the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailDo local Authorities Face the Dutch Way of Consuming the Ardennes ?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The sustainability of Rural Systems : Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy ... [more ▼]

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on the local resources. This should embed the tourist activity to the local society, avoid an easy delocalisation, and help to brand the destination. The Belgian Ardennes is a close recreation spot to Dutch people. The paper examines the local resources that attract Dutch tourists and the way how regional and local authorities deal with this tourist development. Based on key actors’ interviews and on in depth analysis of the promotional material produced both by authorities and commercial companies, the paper underlines seven ways to sell and to consume the Ardennes. Due to the lack of entrepreneurship by locals and because the Dutch tourism enterprises know better the Dutch tourists, these enterprises hold a large share of the tourist activities in the Ardennes. These Dutch investments change the destination as well as the local identity. While at the beginning, the Dutch companies developed a tourism based on nature and rural landscape, they diversified their activities up to offland tourism and the “disneyfication” of the places. If this Belgian case study follows more or less the well known “life cycle tourist destination”, the originality of the paper is to stress the difficulties and the opportunities of authorities to regulate tourism development and to maintain the quality of local resources. [less ▲]

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See detailHabiter : un concept, une valeur, une vision ?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailSe masquer pour se (re)trouver
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailLe "mode d'habiter": histoire d'une notion émergente en géographie
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2011, January)

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrit dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion ... [more ▼]

L’expression « mode d’habiter » s’est inscrit dans la recherche géographique au cours des dernières décennies sans néanmoins sembler nécessiter une définition. Quand Nicole Mathieu signale que la notion de « mode d’habiter » se trouve à mi-chemin entre la notion géographique de « genre de vie » et celle sociologique de « mode de vie », Mathis Stock insiste sur la pratique des lieux, et d’autres, dont Lévy et Lussault, renvoient à la spatialité des acteurs individuels. Néanmoins, au-delà des relations à l’environnement, le mode d’habiter ne devrait-il pas composer avec une relation aux lieux et à la communauté locale ? La communication proposera les résultats d’une analyse en cours qui cherche dans la littérature géographique la raison et l’origine de l’utilisation de cette expression. Une des hypothèses est que le mode d’habiter remplace le concept vidalien de « genre de vie » aujourd’hui désuet en raison notamment de la plus grande mobilité des populations et de la spécialisation des lieux et des temps. La notion de « mode d’habiter » intégrerait un ensemble de pratiques spatiales variables selon les auteurs intégrant ou non, en plus des pratiques spatiale liées à la résidence, les pratiques spatiales liées au travail, à la consommation, au loisir, au tourisme. La notion de « mode d’habiter » se différencierait également des notions voisines en articulant l’espace de vie, la mobilité, le sens des lieux et les relations sociales. Questionner l’apparition et l’utilisation de cette nouvelle expression va, bien entendu, au-delà du seul exercice de l’histoire de la géographie mais est également le reflet des préoccupations d’une époque avec ses difficultés pratiques et éthiques à classer l’espace en régions homogènes, recentrant l’appréhension de l’environnement aux travers des vécus des habitants et des significations données aux lieux. [less ▲]

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See detailLandscape Capacity and Social Attitudes towards Wind Energy Projects in Belgium
Van Rompaey, Anton; Schmitz, Serge ULg; Kesteloot, Chris et al

Book published by Belgian Science Policy (2011)

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research ... [more ▼]

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research project is to analyse and assess the landscape capacity and social attitudes towards wind energy parks in Belgium, especially in non-urban and non-industrial sites. This research project starts from the observation that a sustainable production of energy, relying on renewable resources, should go hand in hand with a sustainable societal support for the use of these renewable sources. Experiences from neighbouring countries showed that the societal support depends of the regional landscape capacity and the social attitudes towards wind energy parks. In this research project both quantitative and qualitative research techniques will be used to: (1) measure the landscape capacity in relation to the location of wind energy parks in Belgium, (2) to gain insight in the way attitudes towards wind energy parks are socially constructed and reproduced. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial : Questionner le tourisme rural
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Decroly, Jean Michel

in Schmitz, Serge; Decroly, Jean Michel (Eds.) Questionner le tourisme rural (2011)

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See detailQuestionner le tourisme rural
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Decroly, Jean Michel

Book published by Société géographique de Liège (2011)

Questionner le tourisme rural, c’est se poser la question des particularités de celui-ci notamment liées à sa dispersion, à ses difficultés d’organisation en une « destination », à ses représentations ... [more ▼]

Questionner le tourisme rural, c’est se poser la question des particularités de celui-ci notamment liées à sa dispersion, à ses difficultés d’organisation en une « destination », à ses représentations idylliques, à ce patrimoine plus ou moins commun, plus ou moins privatisé, que le touriste consomme, aux difficiles questions du partage des revenus du développement touristique, aux problèmes des équipements et surtout de l’accessibilité par transports individuels et collectifs de ces zones excentrées. Autour de quelques collègues soucieux de partager leur enthousiasme pour la recherche, nous avons convié des doctorants à partager dans le cadre d’une journée de l’école doctoral thématique en géographie auprès du Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique, leurs interrogations et leurs premières investigations. Ce numéro thématique rassemble les principales contributions à cette réflexion commune, en proposant une étude de l'utilisation de l’autoroute pour développer des produits touristiques à proximité d’un flux important de personnes (Malet, 21-35), une analyse de la mise en tourisme d'un produit de terroir et de la manière d'en faire une ressource clé du tourisme régional (De Myttenaere, 37-51), une recherche sur les images et représentations d'une destination rurale et leur utilisation pour développer l’accueil et la promotion (Mazuel et Bonniot, 7-19), une enquête sur le rôle des associations intercommunales et des municipalités dans le développement des entreprises touristiques en milieu rural (Vanneste et Ryckaert 53-71), une réflexion sur la complexité des polémiques autour des loisirs motorisés (Haye et Mounet, 73-84) et enfin une lecture critique de textbooks anglais qui permet de constater le chemin fait et le chemin qui reste à faire pour réellement passer des monographies à des théories du tourisme sensibles aux particularités du milieu rural (Dubois, 85-94). [less ▲]

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See detailFamiliarité spatiale dans deux communes périurbaines belges
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cahiers de Géographie du Quebec (2011), 55(154), 51-65

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper ... [more ▼]

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper explores the spatial familiarity of the inhabitants of two municipalities at the fringe of Liege (Belgium): it questions the links between the cognitive dimensions (visual, nominal, localisation) and themselves and the behavioural dimension (passing). It seeks new relevant places for the population of these urban fringe as well as the favourable factors to a good familiarity of a place. Finally, it scrutinizes the influence of people's mobility – period of residence, commuting to work, modes of transport – on spatial familiarity. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Memoriam : Charles Christians (30.10.1930 - 20.05.2011)
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2011), 57

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See detailDoes the local embeddedness of energy production contribute to sustainable rural development? Some evidence and propositions concerning the spreading of wind energy parks in Belgium
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

in Ecological and Social innovation - 9th International conference of territorial intelligence, ENTI, Strasbourg 2010., Strasbourg : France (2010) - (2010, November)

Parce que l’énergie éolienne prend place à l’échelle locale, il semble important de penser aussi son développement à ce niveau. Quand le développement éolien est globalement perçu comme positif, des ... [more ▼]

Parce que l’énergie éolienne prend place à l’échelle locale, il semble important de penser aussi son développement à ce niveau. Quand le développement éolien est globalement perçu comme positif, des problèmes apparaissent au niveau local. Basée sur une revue de la littérature et sur cinq études de cas en Belgique, la communication souligne la transition spatiale de la production d’énergie suite à la multiplication des sites éoliens. Elle propose des pistes afin de mieux inclure la société locale dans le développement éolien [less ▲]

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See detailWhich Countryside for which Agritourism? A comparative Analysis
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Amit-Cohen, Irit (Ed.) Sustainability in Transition and the Changing Faces of Rural Areas: Enviuronmental, Social, Cultural and Economic Dimensions (2010, July)

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in the rural zones somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities is decreasing and ... [more ▼]

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in the rural zones somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities is decreasing and farmers are losing importance. These difficulties relate to the pressures exerted on farmers: pressures due to the world competition, to the evolution from the spread of suburbanisation, to the tendency of young people to leave rural life, to transport problems in the rural areas. Farmers are seeking to diversify their activities. One of the solutions claims in many regions, both for the farmers and the regions, aiming to improve the rural economy is the development of agritourism or farm tourism. Agritourism is also seen as a means for rural communities to link producers and consumers again strengthening the social capital. This paper attempts to analyse the diversity of the agritouristic offer (sale of farm products, camping close to the farm, bed and breakfast, farm stays) in Europe by proceeding to an analysis of the different strengths and opportunities but also of the constraints of its development. It proposes to question the necessary links between the agritourism activities and the countryside regarding the landscape quality, the tourism tradition, the traditional farm systems, the accessibility, the regional development policy, and so on. The paper establish a typology of the countryside according to farm tourism, and exploit particularly an in depth analysis of some European areas (the Walloon Region, Slovenia and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

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