References of "Saegerman, Claude"
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See detailWild Cervids Are Host for Tick Vectors of Babesia Species with Zoonotic Capability in Belgium
Lempereur, Laetitia ULg; Wirtgen, Marc ULg; Nahayo, Adrien ULg et al

in Vector Borne & Zoonotic Diseases (2012), 12(4), 275-280

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See detailEstimation of furan contamination across the Belgian food chain.
Scholl, Georges ULg; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A. Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment (2012), 29(2), 172-9

This paper provides an estimate of the furan content of Belgian foods. The objective of the study was to achieve the best food chain coverage with a restricted number of samples (n = 496). The geographic ... [more ▼]

This paper provides an estimate of the furan content of Belgian foods. The objective of the study was to achieve the best food chain coverage with a restricted number of samples (n = 496). The geographic distribution, different market chains and labels, and consumption frequencies were taken into account in the construction of the sampling plan. Weighting factors such as contamination levels, consumption frequency and the diversity of food items were applied to set up the model. The very low detection capabilities (CC(beta)) of the analytical methods used (sub-ppb) allowed reporting of 78.2% of the overall dataset above CC(beta) and, in particular, 96.7% for the baby food category. The highest furan levels were found in powdered roasted bean coffee (1912 microg kg(-1)) with a mean of 756 microg kg(-1) for this category. Prepared meat, pasta and rice, breakfast cereals, soups, and baby food also showed high mean furan contents ranging from 16 to 43 microg kg(-1). Comparisons with contamination surveys carried out in other countries pointed out differences for the same food group and therefore contamination levels are related to the geographical origin of food items. [less ▲]

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See detailSeroprevalence and risk factors for brucellosis in a high-risk group of individuals in Bangladesh.
Rahman, A. K. M. Anisur; Dirk, Berkvens; Fretin, David et al

in Foodborne Pathogens and Disease (2012), 9(3), 190-7

Brucellosis is an occupational hazard of livestock farmers, dairy workers, veterinarians, slaughterhouse workers, and laboratory personnel, all of whom are considered to belong to the high-risk ... [more ▼]

Brucellosis is an occupational hazard of livestock farmers, dairy workers, veterinarians, slaughterhouse workers, and laboratory personnel, all of whom are considered to belong to the high-risk occupational group (HROG). A study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis, identify risk factors associated with brucellosis seropositivity, and detect Brucella at genus level using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among people in the HROG in the Dhaka division of Bangladesh. A sample of 500 individuals from the HROG was collected from three districts of Dhaka division of Bangladesh. A multiple random effects logistic regression model was used to identify potential risk factors. Two types of real-time PCR methods were applied to detect Brucella genus-specific DNA using serum from seropositive patients. The prevalence of brucellosis based on the three tests was observed to be 4.4% based on a parallel interpretation. The results of the multiple random effects logistic regression analysis with random intercept for district revealed that the odds of brucellosis seropositivity among individuals who had been in contact with livestock for more than 26 years was about 14 times higher as compared to those who had less than 5 years of contact with livestock. In addition, when the contact was with goats, the odds of brucellosis seropositivity were about 60 times higher as compared to when contact was with cattle only. Noticeable variation in brucellosis seropositivity among humans within the three districts was noted. All of the 13 individuals who tested positive for the serological tests were also positive in two types of real-time PCR using the same serum samples. Livestock farmers of brucellosis positive herds had a significantly higher probability to be seropositive for brucellosis. The study emphasized that contact with livestock, especially goats, is a significant risk factor for the transmission of brucellosis among individuals in the HROG. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk factors associated with brucellosis seropositivity among cattle in the central savannah-forest area of Ivory Coast.
Sanogo, Moussa; Abatih, Emmanuel; Thys, Eric et al

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (2012)

Serological results obtained from 907 serum samples collected from unvaccinated cattle of at least 6 months of age in the savannah-forest region of Ivory Coast were used to investigate risk factors ... [more ▼]

Serological results obtained from 907 serum samples collected from unvaccinated cattle of at least 6 months of age in the savannah-forest region of Ivory Coast were used to investigate risk factors associated with bovine brucellosis seropositivity. Serum samples were tested using the Rose Bengal test (RBT) and indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). Using a parallel interpretation, RBT and iELISA results showed that 10.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8.4, 12.4) of the cattle had antibodies against Brucella in our study area. The logistic regression analysis indicated that brucellosis seropositivity was associated with age and herd size. Cattle above 5 years of age were found to have a higher chance of being seropositive (odd ratio (OR)=2.8; 95% CI: 1.3, 6.4) compared to cattle under 3 years of age. Similarly, the odd of brucellosis seropositivity for herds with more than 100 cattle was 3.3 (95% CI: 1.2, 8.9) times higher compared to those with less than 50 cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailSystematic review of efficacy of nutraceuticals to alleviate clinical signs of osteoarthritis.
Vandeweerd, Jean-Michel ULg; Coisnon, C.; Clegg, P. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2012), 26(3), 448-56

BACKGROUND: Various treatments of osteoarthritis (OA) have been described, including use of nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the literature about the effects of nutraceuticals on ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Various treatments of osteoarthritis (OA) have been described, including use of nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the literature about the effects of nutraceuticals on clinical signs of pain or abnormal locomotion in horses, dogs, and cats, and to discuss methodological aspects of trials and systematic reviews. METHODS: A systematic search of controlled trials evaluating the impact of nutraceuticals on OA in horses, dogs, and cats was performed, using Medline, CAB Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Scientific evidence was evaluated by means of criteria proposed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and a scoring system adapted from both the CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement and recommendations for assessing trials by the Center of Evidence Based Medicine of Oxford. RESULTS: Twenty-two papers were selected and reviewed, with 5 studies performed in horses, 16 in dogs, and 1 in cats. The strength of evidence was low for all nutraceuticals except for omega-3 fatty acid in dogs. There were limited numbers of rigorous randomized controlled trials and of participants in clinical trials. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The evidence of efficacy of nutraceuticals is poor, with the exception of diets supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in dogs. Greater access to systematic reviews must be part of the objectives of the veterinary science in the future. Their reporting would be improved by internationally agreed-upon criteria for standards and guidelines. [less ▲]

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See detailViral RNA load in semen from bluetongue serotype 8-infected rams: Relationship with sperm quality
Leemans, J.; Raes, M.; Vanbinst, T. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2012), 192(3), 304-310

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See detailEffect of an inactivated bluetongue serotype 8 vaccine on semen quality in rams.
Leemans, Jerome; Raes, Marianne; Saegerman, Claude ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2012), 193(2), 567-9

The aim of this study was to determine whether a single dose of an inactivated bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) vaccine altered semen quality in rams. Twenty sexually mature rams were assigned to three ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine whether a single dose of an inactivated bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) vaccine altered semen quality in rams. Twenty sexually mature rams were assigned to three experimental groups: two groups of four animals were vaccinated and a third group of four animals was unvaccinated. The first group included rams with a history of natural BTV-8 infection in 2007 and the second and third groups included BTV-8 naive rams. Semen was collected prior to vaccination and for 4months post-vaccination. There were no significant differences in semen quality traits, including motility and concentration of spermatozoa, and percentages of living, normal dead and abnormal dead spermatozoa, between vaccinated and unvaccinated groups, or over time (P>0.05). The BTV-8 vaccine tested in this study did not appear to have any adverse effect on semen quality in rams. [less ▲]

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See detailApparent prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) in bulk tank milk from dairy herds in southern Belgium
Czaplicki, G.; Houtain, J. Y.; Mullender, C. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2012), 192(3), 529-531

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See detailUnderstanding veterinary practitioners' decision-making process: implications for veterinary medical education
Vandeweerd, Jean-Michel ULg; Vandeweerd, Solene; Gustin, Catherine et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medical Education (2012), 39(2), 142-151

Understanding how veterinary practitioners make clinical decisions, and how they use scientific information to inform their decisions, is important to optimize animal care, client satisfaction, and ... [more ▼]

Understanding how veterinary practitioners make clinical decisions, and how they use scientific information to inform their decisions, is important to optimize animal care, client satisfaction, and veterinary education. We aimed to develop an understanding of private practitioners' process of decision making. On the basis of a grounded-theory qualitative approach, we conducted a telephone survey and semi-structured face-to-face interviews. We identified a decision-making framework consisting of two possible processes to make decisions, five steps in the management of a clinical case, and three influencing factors. To inform their decision, veterinary surgeons rarely take the evidence-based medicine (EBM) approach. They consult first-opinion colleagues, specialists, laboratories, and the Internet rather than scientific databases and peer-reviewed literature, mainly because of limited time. Most interviewees suggested the development of educational interventions to better develop decision-making skills in veterinary schools. Adequate information and EBM tools are needed to optimize the time spent in query and assessment of scientific information, and practitioners need to be trained in their use. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Report of Orchitis in Man Caused by Brucella abortus Biovar 1 in Ecuador.
Ron-Roman, Jorge; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Minda-Aluisa, Elizabeth et al

in American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (The) (2012), 87(3), 524-8

Abstract. We present a 44-year-old man from a rural community in northern Ecuador who worked on a cattle farm where he was involved with primary veterinary care, including assistance during births (or ... [more ▼]

Abstract. We present a 44-year-old man from a rural community in northern Ecuador who worked on a cattle farm where he was involved with primary veterinary care, including assistance during births (or calving) and placenta retention and artificial insemination, with minimal precautions. In September of 2009, quite abruptly, he developed asthenia and hypersomnia without any apparent cause or symptoms like fever, chills, or night sweats. On November 14, 2009, he suffered from pain and edema in the right testicle that coincided with pain in the abdomen. Clinical, serological, and bacteriological investigations confirmed the first case of unilateral orchitis in man in Ecuador caused by Brucella abortus biovar 1. Because brucellosis is a neglected disease, special attention should be given to it in the training of medical and veterinary students. [less ▲]

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See detailReducing hazards for humans from animals: emerging and re-emerging zoonoses
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg; Humblet, Marie-France ULg

in Italian Journal of Public Health (2012), 9(2), 13-24

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See detailEvaluation of the use of CALUX-results for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs analysis for quantitative human exposure assessments
Vromman, Valérie; Baert, Katleen; Vanderperren, Huig et al

in Food Control (2012), 27(2), 314-321

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See detailInstruments de gestion économique des crises sanitaires touchant les animaux de production en Europe
Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg; Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique / Office International des Epizooties = Revista Cientifica y Tecnica / Officina Internacional de Epizootias = Scientific and Technical Review / International Office of Epizootics (2011), 30(3), 683-701

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed ... [more ▼]

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed compensation schemes. Economic losses resulting from diseases may be direct and indirect. If a disease is covered by European Union regulations then countries have a legal obligation to partly compensate farmers for direct losses, either directly through the national budget, or through a specific fund. The European Veterinary Fund also cofinances these losses. Only a few countries provide compensation for indirect losses. The private insurance sector also provides protection against some direct and indirect losses but the risks covered are variable. To encourage farmers to subscribe to this kind of insurance, some public authorities provide subsidies to help pay the premium. Insurance companies do not generally cover the risks linked to contagious diseases, but some companies do extend cover to include this type of risk. Several alternatives, such as mutual funds, are available to improve risk coverage. There is a lack of harmonisation among the various compensation schemes of different countries. Public authorities cannot provide full compensation, but mutual funds and private insurance companies are alternatives that should be further investigated and their use should be extended to other countries. A classification of diseases would harmonise the situation at the European level. [less ▲]

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See detailassessment of acid base imbalances in horses suffering from atypical myopathy
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Cerri, Simona ULg; Porter, Sarah et al

in proceedings AAEP 2011 (2011, November 11)

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See detailExploratory survey on acid base derangements in horses suffering from atypical myopathy
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Cerri, Simona ULg; Porter, Sarah et al

in Proceedings BEVA 2011 (2011, September 08)

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See detailAn optimized DNA extraction and multiplex PCR for the detection of Fasciola sp. in lymnaeid snails
Caron, Yannick ULg; Righi, Souad; Lempereur, Laetitia ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2011), 178((1-2)), 93-9

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