Comment je traite ... une epilepsie refractaire par stimulation du nerf vague
Sadzot, Bernard ; Martin, Didier
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(6), 407-10
Intermittent left vagus nerve stimulation is a novel therapeutic modality that can be proposed to patients with a refractory epilepsy and for whom resective surgery is not an option. Its precise mechanism ... [more ▼]
Intermittent left vagus nerve stimulation is a novel therapeutic modality that can be proposed to patients with a refractory epilepsy and for whom resective surgery is not an option. Its precise mechanism of action is not known. Controlled studies have shown that its efficacy is similar to that of antiepileptic drugs: 50% decrease in seizure frequency in 40% patients after two years. Side effects which are generally mild to moderate are the result of a diffusion of the stimulation to the larynx. No CNS side effect has been reported. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 151 (7 ULg)
Meningeal inflammatory pseudotumour: a case report.
; Sadzot, Bernard ; Lejeune, Jean-Luc et al
in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2001), 101(2), 116-20
We report the case of a meningeal inflammatory pseudotumour occurring in a 23-year-old male presenting with focal seizures and headaches. Brain imaging techniques showed a 3.5 cm left parietal meningeal ... [more ▼]
We report the case of a meningeal inflammatory pseudotumour occurring in a 23-year-old male presenting with focal seizures and headaches. Brain imaging techniques showed a 3.5 cm left parietal meningeal tumour. Histology of the surgical specimen showed a dense lymphoid infiltrate permeating the dura mater and leptomeninges, consisting of a predominant polyclonal B cell population as confirmed by immunophenotyping and genotyping. Cultures of serum, CSF, and surgical specimen were negative and there was no serological evidence of a systemic dysimmune disease. The postoperative course was complicated by an episode of brain oedema resolving under steroid therapy. The patient, free from all medication, is asymptomatic at 3 years of follow-up. We discuss previously published cases and the nosology of intracranial inflammatory pseudotumours. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
Exploration neuropsychologique et par imagerie fonctionnelle cérébrale d'une apraxie visuo-imitative
Peigneux, Philippe ; Van der Linden, Martial ; et al
in Revue Neurologique (2000), 156(5), 459-472
We describe the case of a 58-years-old right-handed women suffering from an occipital-parietal lesion. The administration of a cognitively based assessment tool for limb praxis (Batterie d'Evaluation des ... [more ▼]
We describe the case of a 58-years-old right-handed women suffering from an occipital-parietal lesion. The administration of a cognitively based assessment tool for limb praxis (Batterie d'Evaluation des Praxies, B.E.P., Peigneux and Van der Linden, 1998) demonstrated bilateral visuo-imitative apraxia. Gesture production was mainly characterised by spatial, errors, and imitation of meaningful gestures was worse than their pantomime on verbal command. Moreover, the imitation of meaningless gestures and their reproduction on a manikin were worse than imitation of their matched meaningful gestures. In a cognitive perspective, adapted from the Rothi et al. (1997) and Goldenberg (1995) contributions to our understanding of limb praxis, this configuration of performance suggests deficits occurring at multiple levels. On one hand, it suggests either access difficulties or alteration of the output praxicon, i.e., the lexicon for visuo-kinesthetic engrams of meaningful gestures. On the other hand, the simultaneous deficit for meaningless gesture reproduction on the subject's own body and on a manikin favors an alteration of the structural descriptions of the human body (i.e., human body knowledge), underlying the mental transposition processes occurring between the visual analysis of a meaningless gestural configuration and its effective reproduction on oneself or on a manikin, thus contradicting the classic view of a direct pathway linking visual analysis and motor planning in meaningless gesture imitation. Finally, due to the output praxicon deficit, imitation of meaningful gestures is partly processed in the same way as meaningless gestures (also impaired in this case), leading to an interference effect between both degraded memory-based and visually-transposed traces, which account for imitation of meaningful gestures being worse than their pantomime on verbal command. We also assess regional cerebral metabolism using positron emission tomography (PET). Comparison with 41 healthy subjects (SPM96) demonstrated a statistically significant hypometabolism in the left intraparietal sulcus and superior parietal lobule, and in the right dorsal prestriate cortex. These results, together with a review of the other studies of visuo-imitative apraxia, suggest that the left intraparietal sulcus may be associated with access or integration of information from the output praxicon. The left superior parietal and the right dorsal prestriate deficits functionally impaired a bilateral dorsal network implied in the mental transformations of the body, thus suggesting that these mental transformations are underlined by knowledge of the human body, which may subsequently explain the deficit for the reproduction of meaningless and meaningful configurations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (1 ULg)
Occulo-pharyngeal muscular distrophy : a case report
GARRAUX, Gaëtan ; WANG, François-Charles ; SADZOT, Bernard et al
Conference (1999)Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Myasthenia gravis without chronic GVHD after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ; Sadzot, Bernard ; Wang, François-Charles et al
in Bone Marrow Transplantation (1998), 22(2), 197-200
A 20-year-old man with aplastic anemia developed myasthenia gravis (MG) 7 months after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA one locus-mismatched sister. Proximal muscle weakness (predominant in ... [more ▼]
A 20-year-old man with aplastic anemia developed myasthenia gravis (MG) 7 months after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA one locus-mismatched sister. Proximal muscle weakness (predominant in the lower limbs) and dysphagia occurred without any other sign of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), 1 month after cessation of immunosuppression with cyclosporine. The diagnosis of MG was based on clinical symptoms and on neurophysiologic investigations showing a significant increase of the Jitter in single-fiber electromyography and a significant decremental response during repetitive stimulation at slow rates, but antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor (AchRab) were negative. All clinical and neurophysiological signs normalized within 1 month of treatment with low-dose prednisolone and pyridostigmine, and the patient is perfectly well 1 year after cessation of all therapy. All cases of BMT-associated MG previously published are reviewed in comparison with ours. The originality of this new observation is that this case is the only one not associated with chronic GVHD and negative for AchRab. Alternatively, MG may have been the sole manifestation of chronic GVHD in this patient. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 ULg)
Preoperative evaluation of 54 gliomas by PET with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose and/or carbon-11-methionine.
Kaschten, Bruno ; Stevenaert, Achille ; Sadzot, Bernard et al
in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1998), 39(5), 778-85
This study evaluates the usefulness of PET for the preoperative evaluation of brain gliomas and methods of quantification of PET results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with brain gliomas were studied by ... [more ▼]
This study evaluates the usefulness of PET for the preoperative evaluation of brain gliomas and methods of quantification of PET results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with brain gliomas were studied by PET with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) (n = 45) and/or 11C-methionine (MET) (n = 41) before any treatment. Results of visual analysis, calculation of glucose consumption and five tumor-to-normal brain ratios for both tracers were correlated with two histologic grading systems and with follow-up. RESULTS: Visual analysis (for FDG) and tumor-to-mean cortical uptake (T/MCU) ratio proved to be the best tools for the evaluation of PET results. Methionine was proven to be better than FDG at delineating low-grade gliomas. Tumor-to-mean cortical uptake ratios for FDG and MET were clearly correlated (r = 0.78), leading to the equation T/MCU(FDG) = 0.4 x T/MCU(MET). We showed a good correlation between FDG PET and histologic grading. MET uptake could not differentiate between low-grade and anaplastic astrocytomas but was significantly increased in glioblastomas. Low-grade oligodendrogliomas exhibited high uptake of FDG and MET, probably depending more on oligodendroglial cellular differentiation than on proliferative potential. Uptake was decreased in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, probably due to dedifferentiation. Care must be taken with peculiar histologic subgroups, i.e., juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas, because of a discrepancy between high PET metabolism and low proliferative potential (good prognosis). Both tracers proved useful for the prediction of survival prognosis. Methionine proved slightly superior to FDG for predicting the histologic grade and prognosis of gliomas, despite the impossibility of differentiation between Grades II and III astrocytomas with MET. This superiority of MET could be explained by patient sampling (low number of Grade III gliomas submitted to examination with both tracers). The combination of both tracers improved the overall results compared to each tracer alone. CONCLUSION: Both tracers are useful for the prediction of the histologic grade and prognosis. The apparent superiority of MET over FDG could be due to the small number of Grade III gliomas studied with both tracers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 81 (2 ULg)
Myasthenia gravis without chronic GVHD after allogenic bone marrow transplantation
BARON, Frédéric ; SADZOT, Bernard ; WANG, François-Charles et al
Conference (1997)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Glucose hypometabolism in Alzheimer's disease is not related to loss of cortical interneurons bearing 5HT2 receptors.
Salmon, Eric ; Lemaire, Christian ; Degueldre, Christian et al
in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1995), 95Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg)
Serotonin 5HT2 receptor imaging in the human brain using positron emission tomography and a new radioligand, [18F]altanserin: results in young normal controls.
Sadzot, Bernard ; Lemaire, Christian ; Maquet, Pierre et al
in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (1995), 15(5), 787-97
Changes in serotonin-2 receptors have been demonstrated in brain autopsy material from patients with various neurodegenerative and affective disorders. It would be desirable to locate a ligand for the ... [more ▼]
Changes in serotonin-2 receptors have been demonstrated in brain autopsy material from patients with various neurodegenerative and affective disorders. It would be desirable to locate a ligand for the study of these receptors in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET). Altanserin is a 4-benzoylpiperidine derivative with a high affinity and selectivity for S2 receptors in vitro. Dynamic PET studies were carried out in nine normal volunteers with high-specific activity (376-1,680 mCi/mumol) [18F]altanserin. Arterial blood samples were obtained and the plasma time-activity curves were corrected for the presence of labeled metabolites. Thirty minutes after injection, selective retention of the radioligand was observed in cortical areas, while the cerebellum, caudate, and thalamus had low radioactivity levels. Specific binding reached a plateau between 30 and 65 min postinjection at 1.8% of the injected dose/L of brain and then decreased, indicating the reversibility of the binding. The total/nonspecific binding ratio reached 2.6 for times between 50 and 70 min postinjection. The graphical analysis proposed by Logan et al. allowed us to estimate the binding potential (Bmax/KD). Pretreatment with ketanserin was given to three volunteers and brain activity remained uniformly low. An additional study in one volunteer showed that [18F]altanserin can be displaced from the receptors by large doses of ketanserin. At the end of the study, unchanged altanserin was 57% of the total plasma activity. These results suggest that [18F]altanserin is selective for S2 receptors in vivo as it is in vitro. They indicate that [18F]altanserin is suitable for imaging and quantifying S2 receptors with PET in humans. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)
Differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease with PET.
Salmon, Eric ; Sadzot, Bernard ; Maquet, Pierre et al
in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1994), 35(3), 391-8
PET studies have demonstrated bilateral temporo-parietal hypoperfusion and hypometabolism in probable and definite Alzheimer's disease (AD), a pattern that may help differentiate AD from other dementias ... [more ▼]
PET studies have demonstrated bilateral temporo-parietal hypoperfusion and hypometabolism in probable and definite Alzheimer's disease (AD), a pattern that may help differentiate AD from other dementias. METHODS: To evaluate the diagnostic power of cerebral metabolic distribution patterns for "cortical" degenerative dementias, PET scans obtained from 129 patients referred for differential diagnosis of dementia were analyzed visually. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients had a final clinical diagnosis of probable AD. Ninety-seven percent (97%) of those had abnormal metabolic scans and 94% showed a suggestive pattern of bilateral or unilateral temporo-parietal hypometabolism (with or without frontal involvement). Hypometabolism was unilateral in 23% of patients. Five subjects with a neuropathologically proven diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease had a suggestive metabolic pattern. One of those was an early case with frontal hypometabolism exceeding temporo-parietal involvement. Two patients with Alzheimer's-type dementia had isolated bilateral frontal hypometabolism. CONCLUSIONS: This alternative metabolic pattern may correspond to a non-Alzheimer pathology occurring in 10%-20% of patients suffering from clinically probable Alzheimer's disease. Most of the patients with possible but atypical Alzheimer's-type dementia showed isolated bilateral frontal involvement. This metabolic pattern probably corresponds to different diseases, such as Pick's disease, frontal lobe dementia or progressive subcortical gliosis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 ULg)
Evolution of striatal metabolic and biochemical dysfunction in striato-nigral degeneration (SND).
Salmon, Eric ; Sadzot, Bernard ; Maquet, Pierre et al
in Journal of Neurology (1994), 241(S1), 36Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Epilepsie frontale et trouble du comportement: diagnostic, exploration et traitement
Misson, Jean-Paul ; ; et al
in 30ème Congrès de l'Association des Pédiatres de Langue Française (1993)Detailed reference viewed: 97 (2 ULg)
Regional Brain Glucose Metabolism in Patients with Complex Partial Seizures Investigated by Intracranial Eeg
Sadzot, Bernard ; ; Maquet, Pierre et al
in Epilepsy Research (1992), 12(2), 121-9
We performed interictal 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) studies in 57 patients with complex partial epilepsy (CPE), not controlled by medical treatment and ... [more ▼]
We performed interictal 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) studies in 57 patients with complex partial epilepsy (CPE), not controlled by medical treatment and considered for surgical resection of their epileptic focus. A precise localization of the epileptic focus was obtained in 37 of these patients with a combination of subdural and depth electrodes. We visually inspected the metabolic images; we also measured glucose consumption in a number of brain regions and compared the values with those obtained in 17 normal controls. Eighty-two percent of the 57 patients had an area of glucose hypometabolism on the 18FDG-PET images. Six patients had a frontal epileptic focus, 3 of them had a frontal lobe hypometabolism. Twenty-six patients had a unilateral temporal lobe focus and all of them displayed a temporal lobe hypometabolism. The asymmetry was more pronounced in the lateral temporal cortex (-20%) than in the mesial part of the temporal lobe (-9.6%). In each cortical brain region on the side of the epileptic focus (except the sensorimotor cortex), glucose consumption rate was lower than in the contralateral region or than in controls. No differences could be found between patients with a seizure onset restricted to the hippocampus and patients with a seizure onset involving the hippocampus and the adjacent neocortex. Divergent metabolic patterns were obtained in 5 patients with bilateral temporal seizure foci. Combined with other non invasive techniques (EEG, neuroradiology), PET contributes increasingly to the selection of patients with CPE who could benefit from surgical treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Cerebral Glucose Utilization During Stage 2 Sleep in Man
Maquet, Pierre ; Dive, Dominique ; Salmon, Eric et al
in Brain Research (1992), 571(1), 149-53
Using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose method and positron emission tomography, we performed paired determinations of the cerebral glucose utilization at one week intervals during sleep and wakefulness, in 12 ... [more ▼]
Using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose method and positron emission tomography, we performed paired determinations of the cerebral glucose utilization at one week intervals during sleep and wakefulness, in 12 young normal subjects. During 6 of 28 sleep runs, a stable stage 2 SWS was observed that fulfilled the steady-state conditions of the model. The cerebral glucose utilization during stage 2 SWS was lower than during wakefulness, but the variation did not significantly differ from zero (mean variation: -11.5 +/- 25.57%, P = 0.28). The analysis of 89 regions of interest showed that glucose metabolism differed significantly from that observed at wake in 6 brain regions, among them both thalamic nuclei. We conclude that the brain energy metabolism is not homogeneous throughout all the stages of non-REMS but decreases from stage 2 SWS to deep SWS; we suggest that a low thalamic glucose metabolism is a metabolic feature common to both stage 2 and deep SWS, reflecting the inhibitory processes observed in the thalamus during these stages of sleep. Stage 2 SWS might protect the stability of sleep by insulating the subject from the environment and might be a prerequisite to the full development of other phases of sleep, especially deep SWS. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Contribution of Positron Emission Tomography to the Investigation of Epilepsies of Frontal Lobe Origin
Franck, Georges ; Maquet, Pierre ; Sadzot, Bernard et al
in Advances in Neurology (1992), 57Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Plasticité des neurones sensoriels primaires chez le rat adulte. Etude in vitro et in vivo.
Moonen, Gustave ; ; Martin, Didier et al
Conference (1991, November 16)
Decrease of frontal metabolism demonstrated by positron emission tomography in a population of healthy elderly volunteers.
Salmon, Eric ; Maquet, Pierre ; Sadzot, Bernard et al
in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1991), 91(5), 288-95
Frontal metabolism measured with positron emission tomography is shown to be decreased relatively to that in other cortical or sub-cortical areas, in a population of healthy elderly compared to young ... [more ▼]
Frontal metabolism measured with positron emission tomography is shown to be decreased relatively to that in other cortical or sub-cortical areas, in a population of healthy elderly compared to young volunteers. Cortical atrophy or neuronal depopulation are unlikely to entirely explain this physiological phenomenon, and sub-cortico-cortical deactivation should play a role, analogous to that proposed in subcortical diseases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Serotonine-S2 receptor imaging with [18F]altanserin and PET. Results in young normal controls.
Sadzot, Bernard ; Lemaire, Christian ; et al
in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1991), 32Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
[18F]Altansérine: nouveau radioligand des récepteurs sérotoninergiques pour la tomographie par émission de positons (TEP)
Lemaire, Christian ; Sadzot, Bernard ; et al
Poster (1990, August 22)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)