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See detailLimited usefulness of CA125 measurement in the management of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Bonnet, Christophe ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Fassotte, Marie-France ULg et al

in European Journal of Haematology (2007), 78(5), 399-404

BACKGROUND: Several papers have reported an association of high CA125 serum levels with advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) as well as a relationship between high CA125 values and poor outcome. PATIENTS ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Several papers have reported an association of high CA125 serum levels with advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) as well as a relationship between high CA125 values and poor outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with NHL or Hodgkin's disease (HD) underwent serum CA125 assessment at diagnosis. Gender, age, presence of B symptoms, performance status (PS), histology, sites of tumor involvement, presence of effusion, clinical stage, age-adjusted International Prognostic Index, C-reactive protein (CRP), Hb, lactate deshydrogenase (LDH) and beta2-microglobulin were evaluated for their association with serum CA125 levels. The impact of CA125 levels and other features on overall (OS) and progression-free (PFS) survival was also assessed. RESULTS: CA125 serum levels were elevated in 34% of the patients, including 19% of patients with aggressive NHL, 45% of patients with indolent NHL, and 29% of patients with HD. Univariate analyses showed that CA125 levels correlated with poor PS, the presence of B symptoms, advanced clinical stage, abdominal, bone marrow or mediastinal involvement, presence of effusions, high aaIPI, low Hb levels and high CRP, LDH or beta2-microglobulin levels. In multivariate analysis, bone marrow involvement, the presence of effusions, and high aaIPI were all associated with high CA125 serum levels. In univariate analyses, OS and PFS were affected by age (PFS only), poor PS, B symptoms, advanced clinical stage, bone marrow or abdominal involvement (PFS only), high aaIPI, low Hb, high CRP or beta2-microglobulin levels. OS and PFS were not different in patients with normal or elevated CA125 levels. Multivariate analyses showed significantly inferior OS and PFS in patients with high beta2-microglobulin but no influence of CA125. CONCLUSION: While CA125 serum level correlates significantly with a number of features associated with more aggressive disease, it does not enhance the performance of standard prognostic markers in the management of patients with NHL or HD. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation d'un an de parcours de patients schizophrenes en service psychiatrique liegeois
Sarto, D.; Desseilles, Martin ULg; Martin, Michel ULg et al

in Encéphale (L') (2006), 32(5, Pt 1), 722-8

OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at assessing the clinical evolution and mobility of schizophrenic patients within the healthcare network of the Psychiatric Platform of Liege (Belgium) after a one-year ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at assessing the clinical evolution and mobility of schizophrenic patients within the healthcare network of the Psychiatric Platform of Liege (Belgium) after a one-year follow-up period. MATERIAL: and methods. The study material consisted of a random sample of 184 patients with schizophrenia drawn from the population of schizophrenic patients treated in the Liege psychiatric care network. The characteristics of these patients have been described previously (18). The 184 patients were followed-up for one-year and reassessed at the end of this period. Mobility (ie, changes between psychiatric care institutions, including home) was recorded for each patient within the institutional network. The diagnosis of schizophrenia was based on the DSM IV. Demographic, social and global functioning (GAF scale) data were collected from the "Resume psychiatrique Minimum (RPM)", a clinical summary which has been imposed by the Belgian Ministry of Public Health for each psychiatric hospital stay. Symptom components were derived from the Psychosis Evaluation tool for Common Use by Caregivers (PECC). RESULTS: Among the 184 patients enrolled in the initial analysis, 6 refused to participate in the follow-up study. The 178 remaining schizophrenic patients included 131 men (74%) and 47 women (26%) with a mean age of 43.1 +/- 13.6 and 48.8 +/- 14.9 years, respectively (p<0.05). The majority of patients (53%) suffered from paranoid schizophrenia. At baseline, 63% of the patients were hospitalised full-time, 6% part-time and 31% received ambulatory care. During the one-year follow-up period, 4 patients died, including one from suicide. When considering mobility, 48% of the patients experienced at least one change of institution, whereas 52% of the patients didn't change at all (see figure 1). The total number of changes over the 1-year period amounted 189, yielding a mean value of 1.1 changes per patient per year. Changes mostly occurred between institutions of similar care setting (see figure 2). Transfers (30%) were also observed directly between hospital and home. A multivariate Poisson regression analysis showed that the number of changes was unrelated to gender and initial care setting but decreased with age (p<0.0001). It was also higher for patients with schizo-affective disorders (2.5 +/- 1.9, p<0.01) or with residual type (1.2 +/- 1.8; p<0.05) than for patients with other types of schizophrenia (ranging from 0.3 +/- 0.5 to 0.9 +/- 1.4). No association was found with initial GAF or PECC, except for negative symptoms (p<0.05). After one year, despite the high proportion of institutional changes (48% of the patients), the distribution of the patients according to care setting remained the same (p=0.77). However, GAF scores significantly improved from 39.7 +/- 16.1 to 44.4 +/- 16.1 (p<0.0001) and likewise for total PECC scores (70 +/- 19.1 vs 63.2 +/- 19.4, p<0.001). Excitatory and disease perception items of the PECC remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: The present study reveals that mobility within the institutional network did affect about half of the schizophrenic patients. Mobility was related to age, type of schizophrenia and disease evolution. Changes occur mainly between psychiatric structures of similar care setting but also directly from hospital to home without passing through an intermediate care structure. Further efforts should be made to provide schizophrenic patients with a more coordinated care provision throughout the course of their disease. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing exposure to back pain mechanical risk factors
Somville, Pierre ULg; Van Nieuwenhuyse, An; Seidel, Laurence ULg et al

in International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health (2006), 79(6), 499-508

Objective: To validate a self-administered questionnaire assessing exposure to mechanical risk factors, developed for a cohort study aiming at assessing the influence of physical and psycho-social factors ... [more ▼]

Objective: To validate a self-administered questionnaire assessing exposure to mechanical risk factors, developed for a cohort study aiming at assessing the influence of physical and psycho-social factors on the incidence of low back pain (LBP). Methods: The study first involved a criterion validity test. A sample of the cohort workers (n=152) was observed at the workplace during four 30 min periods randomly distributed along the shift. At the end of the work shift, the questionnaire was filled in both by the worker and the observer. Agreements were tested between self-reports and observations, and between self-reports and observer opinion. Secondly, a comparison of exposure-effect relationships based on self-reports to those based on observations was carried out on the whole study cohort (n=716). Both sets of Relative Risks of being an incident case (LBP lasting at least 7 consecutive days in the follow-up year) were tested for heterogeneity. Results: Self-reports agreement levels were better with observer opinion than with observational data and were higher for answers at a dichotomous level. Vehicle driving, manual handling without estimation of weight and frequencies, or trunk bending without rotation showed a fair to good agreement with the external criteria. Limits in the validation procedure did not allow validating the sitting and standing durations. As regards the health outcome comparison, questionnaire and observations led to homogeneous Relative Risks for the variables tested. Conclusions: Results show that self-reports provide a limited accuracy to assess actual frequencies and durations of work activities. Using a questionnaire, classifying the workers into exposure categories is rather relative, but questionnaire and observations seem similar in their relationships to outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailInduction of long-lasting changes of visual cortex excitability by five daily sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy volunteers and migraine patients
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Coppola, G.; Bohotin, V. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2006), 26(2), 143-149

We have shown that in healthy volunteers (HV) one session of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the visual cortex induces dishabituation of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) on ... [more ▼]

We have shown that in healthy volunteers (HV) one session of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the visual cortex induces dishabituation of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) on average for 30 min, while in migraineurs one session of 10 Hz rTMS replaces the abnormal VEP potentiation by a normal habituation for 9 min. In the present study, we investigated whether repeated rTMS sessions (1 Hz in eight HV; 10 Hz in eight migraineurs) on 5 consecutive days can modify VEPs for longer periods. In all eight HV, the 1 Hz rTMS-induced dishabituation increased in duration over consecutive sessions and persisted between several hours (n = 4) and several weeks (n = 4) after the fifth session. In six out eight migraineurs, the normalization of VEP habituation by 10 Hz rTMS lasted longer after each daily stimulation but did not exceed several hours after the last session, except in two patients, where it persisted for 2 days and 1 week. Daily rTMS can thus induce long-lasting changes in cortical excitability and VEP habituation pattern. Whether this effect may be useful in preventative migraine therapy remains to be determined. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of nutritional status on oxidative stress in an ex vivo perfused rat liver
Stadler, M.; Nuyens, V.; Seidel, Laurence ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (2005), 103(5), 978-986

Background: Normothermic ischemia-reperfusion is a determinant in liver injury occurring during surgical procedures, ischemic state, and multiple organ failure. The preexisting nutritional status of the ... [more ▼]

Background: Normothermic ischemia-reperfusion is a determinant in liver injury occurring during surgical procedures, ischemic state, and multiple organ failure. The preexisting nutritional status of the liver might contribute to the extent of tissue injury and primary nonfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the role of starvation on hepatic ischemia-raperfusion injury in normal rat livers. Methods: Rats were randomly divided into two groups: one had free access to food, the other was fasted for 16 h. The portal vein was cannulated, and the liver was removed and perfused in a closed ex vivo system. Two modes of perfusion were applied in each series of rats, fed and fasting. In the ischemia-reperfusion mode, the experiment consisted of perfusion for 15 min, warm ischemia for 60 min, and reperfusion during 60 min. In the nonischemia mode, perfusion was maintained during the 135-min study period. Five rats were included in each experimental condition, yielding a total of 20 rats. Liver enzymes, potassium, glucose, lactate, free radicals, ie., dienes and trienes, and cytochrome c were analyzed in perfusate samples. The proportion of glycogen in hepatocytes was determined in tissue biopsies. Results: Transaminases, lactate dehydrogenase, potassium, and free radical concentrations were systematically higher in fasting rats in both conditions, with and without ischemia. Cytochrome c was higher after reperfusion in the fasting rats. Glucose and lactate concentrations were greater in the fed group. The glycogen content decreased in both groups during the experiment but was markedly lower in the fasting rats. Conclusions: In fed rats, liver injury was moderate, whereas hepatocytes integrity was notably impaired both after continuous perfusion and warm ischemia in fasting animals. Reduced glycogen store in hepatocytes may explain reduced tolerance. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacy of coenzyme Q10 in migraine prophylaxis: A randomized controlled trial
Sandor, P. S.; Di Clemente, L.; Coppola, G. et al

in Neurology (2005), 64(4), 713-715

Riboflavin, which improves energy metabolism similarly to coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), is effective in migraine prophylaxis. We compared CoQ10 (3 x 100 mg/day) and placebo in 42 migraine patients in a double ... [more ▼]

Riboflavin, which improves energy metabolism similarly to coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), is effective in migraine prophylaxis. We compared CoQ10 (3 x 100 mg/day) and placebo in 42 migraine patients in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. CoQ10 was superior to placebo for attack-frequency, headache-days and days-with-nausea in the third treatment month and well tolerated; 50%-responder-rate for attack frequency was 14.4% for placebo and 47.6% for CoQ10 (number-needed-to-treat: 3). CoQ10 is efficacious and well tolerated. [less ▲]

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See detailOne-year increase of Coll 2-1, a new marker of type II collagen degradation, in urine is highly predictive of radiological OA progression.
Deberg, Michelle ULg; Labasse, Alain ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2005), 13(12), 1059-65

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the levels of urinary biochemical markers of type II collagen degradation and the clinical and radiological severity and progression of knee osteoarthritis ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the levels of urinary biochemical markers of type II collagen degradation and the clinical and radiological severity and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: Seventy-five patients with primary knee OA were included in this 3-year follow-up study. Mean joint space width (JSW) of the medial compartment of the femorotibial joint was measured with a computer assisted method on standardized radiographs taken at baseline and after a 3-year follow-up. Pain, stiffness, and physical function subscales of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) were assessed at the same time points. Type II collagen peptides Coll 2-1 and Coll 2-1 NO(2), as well as pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (D-Pyr) were measured in urines at baseline, after 1 year and 3 years, with specific immunoassays. RESULTS: At baseline, significant correlations were found between the urinary Coll 2-1 and Coll 2-1 NO(2) levels and the global WOMAC score (Coll 2-1: r=0.28, P=0.01; Coll 2-1 NO(2): r=0.27, P=0.02) and its subscales for pain (Coll 2-1: r=0.27, P=0.01; Coll 2-1 NO(2): r=0.30, P=0.01) and function (Coll 2-1: r=0.29, P=0.01; Coll 2-1 NO(2): r=0.27, P=0.02). Pyr and D-Pyr levels were not significantly correlated with the WOMAC scores. One-year change in Coll 2-1 and Coll 2-1 NO(2) urinary levels were negatively correlated with a 3-year change in JSW (Coll 2-1: r=-0.31, P=0.03; Coll 2-1 NO(2): r=-0.31, P=0.03), indicating that an increase of Coll 2-1 or Coll 2-1 NO(2) over 1 year is predictive of subsequent joint space narrowing. Neither Pyr nor D-Pyr was correlated with radiological OA progression. CONCLUSIONS: At baseline, Coll 2-1 and Coll 2-1 NO(2) urinary levels were indicative of the clinical activity of knee OA and the increase of these peptides over 1 year was predictive of the radiological progression of knee OA. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased IL-6 and TGF-beta(1) concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid associated with thoracic radiotherapy
Barthelemy-Brichant, Nicole ULg; Bosquee, Lionel; Cataldo, Didier ULg et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (2004), 58(3), 758-767

PURPOSE: To assess, in lung cancer patients, the effects of thoracic radiotherapy (RT) on the concentrations of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: To assess, in lung cancer patients, the effects of thoracic radiotherapy (RT) on the concentrations of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eleven patients with lung cancer requiring RT as part of their treatment were studied. BAL was performed bilaterally before, during, and 1, 3, and 6 months after RT. Before each BAL session, the patient's status was assessed clinically using pulmonary function tests and an adapted late effects on normal tissue-subjective, objective, management, analytic (LENT-SOMA) scale, including subjective and objective alterations. The National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria were used to grade pneumonitis. The TGF-beta(1) and IL-6 levels in the BAL fluid were determined using the Easia kit. RESULTS: The TGF-beta(1) and IL-6 concentrations in the BAL fluid recovered from the irradiated areas were significantly increased by thoracic RT. The increase in TGF-beta(1) levels tended to be greater in the group of patients who developed severe pneumonitis. In the BAL fluid from the nonirradiated areas, the TGF-beta(1) and IL-6 concentrations remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: The observed increase in TGF-beta(1) and IL-6 concentrations in the BAL fluid recovered from the irradiated lung areas demonstrated that these cytokines may contribute to the process leading to a radiation response in human lung tissue. [less ▲]

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See detailOne-year increase of Coll 2-1 level in urine is predictive of OA progression
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Deberg, Michelle ULg; Labasse, Alain ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003, November), 14(Suppl. 7), 12

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See detailEffects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on visual evoked potentials: new insights in healthy subjects
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Bohotin, V.; Vandenheede, Michel et al

in Experimental Brain Research (2003), 150(3), 332-340

In a previous comparative study with migraineurs, we found in 24 normal subjects that the amplitude of the pattern-reversal visual evoked potential (PR-VEP) in the first block of 100 responses and its ... [more ▼]

In a previous comparative study with migraineurs, we found in 24 normal subjects that the amplitude of the pattern-reversal visual evoked potential (PR-VEP) in the first block of 100 responses and its habituation over 6 sequential blocks were significantly decreased after 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), while 10 Hz rTMS had no significant effect. We report here our results on the reproducibility of the rTMS effect studied in ten of these subjects by repeating the recordings for each frequency three times on different days. We have also reanalysed the data obtained in 24 normal subjects, looking separately at the results in those stimulated at an intensity equal to phosphene threshold (group 1; n=14) and those stimulated at 110% of motor threshold because of unelicitable phosphenes (group 2; n=10). We finally determined the precise duration of the rTMS effect. Despite some interindividual variability, the effects of both rTMS frequencies on first block amplitude, habituation between first and sixth block and habituation slope over the six blocks were highly reproducible. The only difference between the two groups of subjects was the effect of 1 Hz rTMS on the second measured PR-VEP component. Whereas first block amplitude of the first P1-N1 component and habituation were decreased in both groups, such a decrease was found for the second P1-N2 component only in group 1 stimulated at phosphene threshold. The dishabituation of the N1-P1 component after 1 Hz rTMS was maximal at 15 min, but lasted up to 33 min, while that of P1-N2 disappeared after 3 min. There was a non-significant trend ( p=0.06) for a reduction of first block amplitude after 10 Hz rTMS in the total group of subjects, but no effect on habituation. The inhibitory effect of 1 Hz rTMS, which reduces in healthy controls both first block PR-VEP amplitude and habituation, probably by decreasing the preactivation excitability level of the underlying visual cortex, is thus reproducible and long lasting. Long trains of 10 Hz rTMS tend to attenuate reproducibly the cortical preactivation level in normal subjects, but they do not affect habituation at all, which contrasts with their effect in migraineurs, in whom, as previously reported, they significantly correct the habituation deficit. The absence of an effect of 1 Hz rTMS on PR-VEP P1-N2 in subjects stimulated at 110% of motor threshold may be explained by the deeper anatomical location of the cortical generators of this component and the lower stimulation intensity used. Taken together our results confirm that the effect of rTMS on the underlying cortex depends on several variables such as frequency, intensity and level of cortical preactivation. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevention of malnutrition in older people during and after hospitalisation: results from a randomised controlled clinical trial
Gazzotti, C.; Arnaud-Battandier, F.; Parello, M. et al

in Age & Ageing (2003), 32(3), 321-325

Objective: to prevent the occurrence of weight loss during hospitalisation and following discharge by daily oral supplementation. Design: in a prospective, randomised, controlled study of 80 patients aged ... [more ▼]

Objective: to prevent the occurrence of weight loss during hospitalisation and following discharge by daily oral supplementation. Design: in a prospective, randomised, controlled study of 80 patients aged 75 or more, and at risk of undernutrition based on their initial Mini Nutritional Assessment score, patients were randomised into a control group or one receiving oral supplementation. The intervention was a prescription of 200 ml sweet or salty sip feed twice daily (500 kcal, 21 g protein per day) throughout hospitalisation and convalescence. Nutritional status was assessed at baseline and after 2 months using Mini Nutritional Assessment and body weight record. Results: compliance with oral supplementation was good and daily extra energy intake was 407+/-184 kcal. On day 60, significant weight loss from upon admission was observed in the control group (-1.23+/-2.5 kg; P=0.01), but not in the supplemented group (0.28+/-3.8 kg; NS). At the end of the study, Mini Nutritional Assessment scores were higher in the supplemented group than in the control group (23.5+/-3.9 versus 20.8+/-3.6; P<0.01). Conclusion: use of daily oral supplementation during and after hospitalisation maintains body weight and increases Mini Nutritional Assessment score in patients at risk of undernutrition. [less ▲]

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See detailBiochemical markers of bone and cartilage remodeling in prediction of longterm progression of knee osteoarthritis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; COLLETTE, Julien ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg et al

in Journal of Rheumatology (2003), 30(5), 1043-50

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between biochemical markers of bone and cartilage remodeling and severity or progression (symptoms and structure) of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Mean and ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between biochemical markers of bone and cartilage remodeling and severity or progression (symptoms and structure) of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Mean and minimal joint space width (JSW) of the femorotibial joint were measured from standardized radiographs taken at baseline and at the end of a 3-year longitudinal study of patients with knee OA. Pain, stiffness, and physical function subscales of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index were assessed at the same time points. Biochemical markers [serum keratan sulfate (KS), serum hyaluronic acid (HA), urine pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD), serum osteocalcin (OC), cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)] were assessed at baseline and after 1 year. RESULTS: At baseline, no significant correlations were observed between values of biochemical markers and JSW or any of the WOMAC scores. Baseline markers were not correlated with 3-year percentage changes observed in mean or minimal JSW and WOMAC scores. Changes observed after 1 year in OC and HA were significantly correlated with 3-year progression in mean JSW (r = -0.24, p = 0.04 and r = 0.27, p = 0.02, respectively) and in minimal JSW (r = -0.31, p = 0.01 and r = 0.24, p = 0.04, respectively). In patients from the lowest quartile of 1-year changes in HA (< -21.22 ng/ml), mean JSW decreased after 3 years by 0.76 (1.23) mm compared to an increase of 0.11 (0.83) mm in patients in the highest quartile (> +14.34 ng/ml) (p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The 3-year radiological progression of knee OA could be predicted by a 1-year increase in OC or a 1-year decrease in HA levels. [less ▲]

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See detailSubchondral tibial bone mineral density predicts future joint space narrowing at the medial femoro-tibial compartment in patients with knee osteoarthritis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Dardenne, Charles-Bernard ULg; Lejeune, Eric ULg et al

in BONE (2003), 32(5), 541-545

Preliminary studies have shown that dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) produces images of sufficient quality for a precise and accurate measurement at density of the subchondral bone. The objective of ... [more ▼]

Preliminary studies have shown that dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) produces images of sufficient quality for a precise and accurate measurement at density of the subchondral bone. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between baseline subchondral tibial bone mineral density (BMD) and joint space narrowing observed after 1 year at the medial femoro-tibial compartment of the knee joint. Fifty-six consecutive patients, from both genders, with knee osteoarthritis diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, were included in the study. Radiographic posteroanterior views were taken, at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up. Minimum joint space width (JSW) measurement, at the medial femoro-tibial joint, was performed with a 0.1-mm graduated magnifying lens. Baseline BMD of the subchondral tibial bone was assessed by DXA. The mean +/- SD age of the patients was 65.3 +/- 8.7 years, with a body mass index of 28.0 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2). The minimum JSW was 3.5 +/- 1.5 mm and the mean BMD of the subchondral bone was 0.848 +/- 0.173 g/cm(2). There was a significant negative correlation between subchondral BMD and 1-year changes in minimum JSW (r = -0.43, p = 0.02). When performing a multiple regression analysis with age, sex, body mass index, and minimum JSW at baseline as concomitant variables, BMD of the subchondral bone as well as JSW at baseline were independent predictors of 1-year changes in JSW (p = 0.02 and p = 0.005, respectively). Patients in the lowest quartile of baseline BMD (<0.73 g/cm(2)) experienced less joint space narrowing than those in the highest BMD quartile (>0.96 g/cm(2)) (+0.61 +/- 0.69 turn versus -0.13 +/- 0.27 mm; p = 0.03). Assessment of BMD of the subchondral tibial bone is significantly correlated with future joint space narrowing and could be used as a predictor of knee osteoarthritis progression. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInterest of biochemical markers of bone turnover for long-term prediction of new vertebral fracture in postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Collette, Julien ULg; Delmas, Pierre et al

in Maturitas (2003), 44(4), 259-265

Objective: To analyse the interest of baseline levels and short-term (3-months) changes in serum osteocalcin (BGP), serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and urinary C-telopeptide of type I ... [more ▼]

Objective: To analyse the interest of baseline levels and short-term (3-months) changes in serum osteocalcin (BGP), serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and urinary C-telopeptide of type I collagen/creatinine ratio (U-TX) to predict 3-years changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and spinal deformity index (SDI) in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Methods: Data were derived from a cohort of 603 osteoporotic women corresponding to the placebo arm of a 3-years prospective, double-blind study. Results: Baseline values of BALP, BGP and U-CTX were negatively and significantly correlated with baseline spinal BMD. Significant correlations were also observed between the changes in BMD observed after 36 months at the spine and baseline BALP (r = 0.20, P = 0.0001), BGP (r = 0.09, P = 0.05) and U-CTX (r = -0.11, P = 0.02). At 3 years, 71 women (15.9%) showed an increase in their SDI, corresponding to the occurrence of at least one new vertebral deformity. Baseline values of the four bone turnover markers (BTM) were not significantly related to the occurrence of new vertebral deformities. However, when considering the changes in the BTM observed after 3-months of follow-up, BGP (P = 0.003) and U-CTX (P = 0.047) were identified as significant predictors of an increase of SDI. The associated odds ratios (95% confidence interval (CI)) were 10.922 (2.218-53.78) for unit changes of log BGP and 1.369 (1.003-1.867) for unit changes of log U-CTX. The relative risk (RR) (IC 95%) of having a new vertebral fracture over 36 months was 0.31 (0.15-0.65) when being in the lowest quartile of 3-months changes in BGP as compared with the highest. Conclusion: We conclude that two sequential measurements of BGP and U-CTX performed at 3-months intervals could be of interest to identify postmenopausal osteoporotic women with the highest risk to present new vertebral deformities. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of the joint space width measurement method on the design of knee osteoarthritis studies.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Honore, Aline et al

in Aging Clinical & Experimental Research (2003), 15(2), 136-41

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent guidelines recommend measurement of articular loss over several years, determined by conventional X-rays, as the principal outcome measure in clinical trials of potential ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent guidelines recommend measurement of articular loss over several years, determined by conventional X-rays, as the principal outcome measure in clinical trials of potential structure-modifying drugs in osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the joint space width measurement method on sample size calculation in knee OA studies. METHODS: Standard knee X-rays were taken in 212 patients with knee OA at baseline and after 3 years of follow-up. Mean joint space width (JSW) was measured with an in-house computer-assisted method. Minimum JSW, measured with a graduated magnifying lens, was taken as external standard. After calculation of the intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of the JSW, sensitivity to change was assessed using the standardized response mean (SRM). The number of patients needed to identify a mean significant difference of 0.5 mm in joint space narrowing between the placebo and the treated group, after 3 years of follow-up, was then calculated. RESULTS: JSW measured with the computer-assisted technique showed better intra- and inter-observer reproducibility than when using the magnifying lens. JSW values measured with our computer-assisted method were significantly correlated with JSW values obtained using the magnifying lens (r=0.87, p<0.001). The SRM were 0.44 and 0.40 for the computer-assisted method and magnifying lens, respectively. The number of patients needed was 131 per group using the computer-assisted method, and 104 using the magnifying lens. CONCLUSIONS: Our method of measurement of JSW may be of potential use in longitudinal studies evaluating the effect of structure-modifying drugs in OA, due to its high level of precision and efficiency. However, although sensitivity to change is markedly better with the digitized method compared with the graduated magnifying lens, we recommend the measurement of mean and minimum JSW in structure-modifying OA trials. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Honore, Aline; Ethgen, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003), 11(1), 1-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between baseline radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the importance of long-term joint space narrowing. DESIGN: Sub-analysis from a three-year ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between baseline radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the importance of long-term joint space narrowing. DESIGN: Sub-analysis from a three-year randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective study, of 212 patients with knee OA, recruited in an osteoarthritic outpatient clinic and having been part of a study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate on symptom and structure modification in knee OA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Measurements of mean joint space width (JSW), assessed by a computer-assisted method, were performed at baseline and after 3 years, on weightbearing anteroposterior knee radiographs. RESULTS: In the placebo group, baseline JSW was significantly and negatively correlated with the joint space narrowing observed after 3 years (r=-0.34, P=0.003). In the lowest quartile of baseline mean JSW (<4.5mm), the JSW increased after 3 years by (mean (S.D.)) 3.8% (23.8) in the placebo group and 6.2% (17.5) in the glucosamine sulfate group. The difference between the two groups in these patients with the most severe OA at baseline was not statistically significant (P=0.70). In the highest quartile of baseline mean JSW (>6.2mm), a joint space narrowing of 14.9% (17.9) occurred in the placebo group after 3 years while patients from the glucosamine sulfate group only experienced a narrowing of 6.0% (15.1). Patients with the most severe OA at baseline had a RR of 0.42 (0.17-1.01) to experience a 0.5mm joint space narrowing over 3 years, compared to those with the less affected joint. In patients with mild OA, i.e. in the highest quartile of baseline mean JSW, glucosamine sulfate use was associated with a trend (P=0.10) towards a significant reduction in joint space narrowing. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that patients with the less severe radiographic knee OA will experience, over 3 years, the most dramatic disease progression in terms of joint space narrowing. Such patients may be particularly responsive to structure-modifying drugs. [less ▲]

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See detailDifference in risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting.
Stadler, Michaela; Bardiau, Françoise ULg; Seidel, Laurence ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (2003), 98(1), 46-52

BACKGROUND: It is commonly stated that risk factors for postoperative nausea are the same as for vomiting. The authors designed a prospective study to identify and differentiate the risk factors for ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: It is commonly stated that risk factors for postoperative nausea are the same as for vomiting. The authors designed a prospective study to identify and differentiate the risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting in various surgical populations in a clinical audit setting. METHODS: The study included 671 consecutive surgical inpatients, aged 15 yr or more, undergoing various procedures. The study focused on postoperative nausea visual analog scale scores every 4 h and vomiting episodes within 72 h. Both vomiting and retching were considered as emetic events. Patient-, anesthesia-, and surgery-related variables that were considered to have a possible effect on the proportion of patients experiencing postoperative nausea and/or vomiting were examined. The bivariate Dale model for binary correlated outcomes was used to identify selectively the potential risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Among the 671 patients in the study, 126 (19%) reported one or more episodes of nausea, and 66 patients (10%) suffered one or more emetic episodes during the studied period. There was a highly significant association between the two outcomes. Some risk factors were predictive of both nausea and vomiting (female gender, nonsmoking status, and general anesthesia). History of migraine and type of surgery were mainly responsible for nausea but not for vomiting. The predictive effect of risk factors was controlled for postoperative pain and analgesic drugs. CONCLUSION: This study shows that differences exist in risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting. These could be explained by differences in the physiopathology of the two symptoms. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental comparison of cavity sealing ability of five dental adhesive systems after thermocycling
Cao, L.; Geerts, Sabine ULg; Gueders, Audrey ULg et al

in Journal of Adhesive Dentistry (2003), 5(2, Summer), 139-144

Purpose: To evaluate the cavity sealing obtained after thermocycling with five adhesive systems in which one all-in-one adhesive was compared to three one-bottle adhesives, and to observe the effect of a ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To evaluate the cavity sealing obtained after thermocycling with five adhesive systems in which one all-in-one adhesive was compared to three one-bottle adhesives, and to observe the effect of a low-charged resin layer added to a one-bottle adhesive. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five recently extracted teeth were randomly allocated to five experimental adhesive systems (n = 5 each): Optibond Solo (OS), Scotchbond 1 (SB1), PQ 1, Prompt-L-Pop (PLP), SB1+Revolution (R). On each tooth, two rectangular cavities at the cementoenamel junction were filled with a microhybrid composite (Z100) and the tested adhesives. Teeth were thermocycled and stained with AgNO3 + vitamin C. Leakage was evaluated on a 6-point (0-5) severity scale and the highest score was selected for each restoration. Results were treated by ordinal logistic regression and considered to be significant at p < 0.05. Results: No significant difference was found between leakage values for enamel and dentin interfaces. Leakage scores never exceeded 2 for OS, SB1 and SB1+R, while they reached a maximum of 5 in 20% of PLP cases. OS was significantly better than the other adhesive systems, which were statistically equivalent. The addition of a flowable composite layer on SB1 did not yield a significant difference, but tended to give better results mainly at the dentin interface. Conclusion: The all-in-one adhesive PLP because of quite variable results, seems less reliable than the one-bottle adhesives, of which OS provides significantly the best results. Addition of a flowable composite on SB1 appears to yield slightly better results. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor and phosphene thresholds to transcranial magnetic stimuli: a reproducibility study
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Bohotin, V.; Vandenheede, Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2002), 102(4), 171-175

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across time and whether the intensity determined on the first day can be used in subsequent sessions. METHODS: We studied MT and PT over 5 separate recordings in 10 healthy volunteers using a focal coil and a Magstim(Rapid stimulator. After the initial recording (session 1), the others (2 to 5) were performed respectively after 1 day, 7 days, 1 month and 4 months. RESULTS: Mean MT at rest were 65.30 +/- 5.54%, 65.7 +/- 7.18%, 60.4 +/- 4.27%, 61.8 +/- 4.34%, and 63 +/- 9.1% at sessions 1 to 5. Mean PT were 71.43 +/- 6.68%, 66.29 +/- 10.67%, 60.71 +/- 8.64%, 60.57 +/- 8.08%, and 68.71 +/- 15.48% at sessions 1 to 5. MT and PT were reproducible (ANOVA analysis), however, as shown by coefficients of variation, variability between the first 3 sessions exceeded 10% for MT in 3 subjects and in 4 subjects for PT. CONCLUSIONS: It seems preferable to determine thresholds and adapt output intensity of the stimulator at each rTMS session. [less ▲]

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