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See detailFrom Neural Stem Cells to Myelinating Oligodendrocytes
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Ben Hur, Tamir; Dubois-Dalcq, Monique

in Molecular & Cellular Neuroscience [=MCN] (1999), 14

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See detailCultured Oligodendrocyte Progenitors Derived from Cerebral Cortex Express a Glycine Receptor Which Is Pharmacologically Distinct from the Neuronal Isoform
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg; Rigo, Jean-Michel et al

in European Journal of Neuroscience (1998), 10(11), 3556-64

Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we demonstrate glycine-induced currents in oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitors cultured from newborn rats. Similar inward currents are also ... [more ▼]

Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we demonstrate glycine-induced currents in oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitors cultured from newborn rats. Similar inward currents are also triggered by beta-alanine and taurine, two established glycine receptor agonists. In our recording conditions, glycine-gated currents in oligodendrocyte progenitors reverse about 0 mV and are reversibly inhibited by the glycine competitive antagonist strychnine, the Cl- channel blocker picrotoxinin and the non-competitive antagonist cyanotriphenylborate. The oligodendrocyte progenitors glycine receptor (GlyR) differs from the corresponding neuronal receptor: [3H]strychnine binding data and the strychnine inhibition curve of glycine-induced currents in oligodendrocyte progenitor cultures suggest the existence of two strychnine binding sites on the oligodendroglial GlyR. Using total RNA isolated from oligodendrocyte progenitors cultures, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of glycine receptor subunit expression shows the presence of alpha2 and beta subunits and immunocytochemical stainings confirm that this GlyR contains an alpha subunit which is not alpha1. The molecular structure of the oligodendroglial GlyR could be either homopentameric alpha2 or heteromeric alpha2beta but in both cases, the sequence of the alpha2 or beta subunits have to be different from the known neuronal sequences in order to explain, respectively, the cyanotriphenylborate (alpha2) and picrotoxinin (beta) sensitivities. This work thus demonstrates that GlyR are expressed by oligodendrocytes obtained not only from spinal cord but also from supraspinal structures. The pharmacological properties and presumably the molecular structure of oligodendroglial GlyR are original. The physiological meaning of the presence of such receptors on developing and mature oligodendrocytes remains unknown. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of Growth Factors and Their Receptors in the Postnatal Rat Cochlea
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg; LEFEBVRE, Philippe ULg et al

in Neurochemical Research (1998), 23(8), 1133-8

RT-PCR was used to assay for growth factors and receptors from seven different protein families in cochlea tissues of the juvenile rat. There was a broad representation of the growth factor families in ... [more ▼]

RT-PCR was used to assay for growth factors and receptors from seven different protein families in cochlea tissues of the juvenile rat. There was a broad representation of the growth factor families in all the cochlea tissues examined, though the organ of Corti and stria vascularis expressed a greater variety than the spiral ganglion. This broad expression suggests that a variety of known growth factors play significant roles in the development, maintenance, and repair of the inner ear. The results of this survey serve as a basis for the design of future in vitro experiments that will address the ability of growth factors to protect hair cells from damage and to evoke a repair-regeneration response by injured hair cells. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopmental Regulation of Neuroligand-Induced Responses in Cultured Oligodendroglia
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean-Michel et al

in Neuroreport (1998), 9(6), 973-80

Using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, we show that oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OP) display GABA-, glutamate-, 5-HT-, glycine- and acetylcholine-gated inward currents. When OP ... [more ▼]

Using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, we show that oligosphere-derived oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OP) display GABA-, glutamate-, 5-HT-, glycine- and acetylcholine-gated inward currents. When OP differentiate into oligodendrocytes (ODC), the amplitude of peak currents elicited by saturating concentrations of these transmitters decreases except for 5-HT. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration changes induced by microperfusion of glutamate, 5-HT, TRH, met-enkephalin and substance P were monitored using a fluo-3-based calcium imaging system. When OP cells differentiate into ODC, a global decrease of the proportion of responding cells is observed. During type-2 astrocytes commitment, this proportion decreases for 5-HT, TRH- and metenkephalin stimulations whereas it remains constant for substance P and glutamate. These data demonstrate a development regulation of neurotransmitter- and neuropeptide-induced responses within the oligodendroglial lineage. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth and fate of PSA-NCAM+ precursors of the postnatal brain
Ben Hur, Tamir; Rogister, Bernard ULg; Murray, Kerren et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (1998), 18

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See detailEffect of neuropeptides on cultured postnatal auditory neurons.
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; LEFEBVRE, Philippe ULg; Rigo, J.M. et al

Conference (1997)

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See detailMicroexplant cultures of the cerebellum
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Moonen, Gustave ULg

in Fedoroff, Serguei; Richardson, Anne (Eds.) Protocols for Neural Cell Culture (1997)

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See detailBeta-Carbolines Induce Apoptotic Death of Cerebellar Granule Neurones in Culture
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean-Marie ULg; Coucke, Paul et al

in Neuroreport (1996), 7(18), 3041-5

Apart from its role in fast inhibitory transmission, only neurotrophic effects have been reported following activation of the GABAA receptor. Here, we show that n-butyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate and n ... [more ▼]

Apart from its role in fast inhibitory transmission, only neurotrophic effects have been reported following activation of the GABAA receptor. Here, we show that n-butyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate and n-methyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxamide, which are negative allosteric modulators of the GABAA receptor acting at the benzodiazepine site, are neurotoxic for cerebellar granule neurones in culture. The beta-carboline-induced neuronal death is apoptotic since DNA internucleosomal fragmentation was induced and the neurotoxicity could be prevented by inhibitors of mRNA or protein synthesis. As GABA and benzodiazepine ligands (diazepam and Ro 15-1788) protect cerebellar granule cells against beta-carboline-induced toxicity, these data raise the possibility that the interaction between the beta-carbolines and the GABAA receptor is the triggering event leading to neuronal apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein Kinase- and Staurosporine-Dependent Induction of Neurite Outgrowth and Plasminogen Activator Activity in Pc12 Cells
Leprince, Pierre ULg; Bonvoisin, Catherine ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1996), 52(9), 1399-405

We analysed how interactions between protein kinase-dependent intracellular signalling pathways were implicated in the control of the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and the ... [more ▼]

We analysed how interactions between protein kinase-dependent intracellular signalling pathways were implicated in the control of the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and the generation of neurite outgrowth by PC12 cells. To that aim, cells were treated with agents that interact with the trk receptor and with protein kinases A and C. Nerve growth factor induced only the formation of large neurites. The release of the protease and the production of short neurite outgrowth were found to be protein-kinase-A-dependent events that could be enhanced by simultaneous activation of protein kinase C with phorbol ester. At high concentration, staurosporine, a nonselective inhibitor of protein kinases, induced the production of short neurites and mimicked the protein-kinase-A-dependent effect on tPA release. Such a response was not observed with K-252a, an analogue of staurosporine devoid of neurite-outgrowth-promoting activity. The responses to protein kinase A stimulation and the addition of staurosporine, although similar, seemed to occur through an activation of distinct, yet interacting, signalling pathways. In conclusion, tPA release and large neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells are controlled by parallel, albeit interacting, pathways, suggesting that these two potentially antagonistic events in PC12 cell differentiation can be modulated in a concerted way or independently of each other, depending on the activity of several protein kinases. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurotrophic Factors: Past and Future
Moonen, Gustave ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(3), 203-18

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See detailIdentification of antigens recognized in the developing mouse brain by the RC2 antibody, a marker of radial glia
Leprince, Pierre ULg; Chanas-Sacre, G.; Wattiez, R. et al

in International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience (1996), 14(Sup. 1), 84

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See detailAstroglia-released factor with negative allosteric modulatory properties at the GABA A receptor.
Rigo, Jean-Michel; Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Coucke, Paul et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1996), 52(3), 465-473

We have previously shown, using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, that astrocytes release a negative allosteric modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAA receptor) with beta ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown, using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, that astrocytes release a negative allosteric modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAA receptor) with beta-carboline-like properties, thus, likely to act at the benzodiazepine site. Here, using patch-clamp and binding techniques, we confirm that the low-molecular-weight fraction of astroglia-conditioned medium (ACM lmf) contains a factor(s) that negatively modulates GABAA-receptor function. This factor, like beta-carbolines, enhances the specific binding of [35S]t-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) to adult rat cortical membranes in the presence of GABA. However, it fails to interact with various ligands of the benzodiazepine (BZD) site of the GABAA receptor ([3H]flunitrazepam, [3H]Ro 15-1788 and [3H]Ro 15-4513). The question of the actual binding site of the astroglia-derived factor on the GABAA receptor, thus, remains open and can be addressed only after the purification of the active molecule(s) of ACM Imf has been completed, and a labeled form of the endogenous ligand becomes available. Taken together, however, the data suggest that type 1 astrocytes are able to modulate the effects of the main inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. [less ▲]

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See detailAstroglia-Released Factor Shows Similar Effects as Benzodiazepine Inverse Agonists
Rigo, Jean-Michel; Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; LEFEBVRE, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience Research (1994), 39(4), 364-76

Media conditioned by cultured neonatal cerebral cortex microexplants (CCM) or astrocytes (ACM) contain low molecular weight (< 1,000 Da) substance(s) which inhibits the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA ... [more ▼]

Media conditioned by cultured neonatal cerebral cortex microexplants (CCM) or astrocytes (ACM) contain low molecular weight (< 1,000 Da) substance(s) which inhibits the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced inward current recorded in cerebellar granule cells and hippocampal neurons in culture using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. This effect is specific for CCM and ACM, as medium conditioned by PC12 cells (PC12CM) does not affect the GABA response of these cells. It is also specific for GABA-induced currents because glutamate-induced currents do not change either in amplitude or in shape in the presence of CCM or ACM. The inhibitory effect on the GABA response in cerebellar granule cells of both ACM and CCM could be suppressed by flumazenil, a specific benzodiazepine (BZD) antagonist and could be mimicked by two BZD inverse agonists. These data thus demonstrate the presence of a BZD inverse agonist-like activity in CCM and ACM. This effect of ACM on different neuronal cell types was heterogenous since no detectable effect could be observed on the GABA-induced current in GABA-responsive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, presumably reflecting a functional heterogeneity of the GABAA receptors present in these different neuronal subsets. By the release of such an endogenous BZD inverse agonist-like activity, glia cells could possibly modulate GABAA receptor-mediated responses. [less ▲]

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See detailTransforming growth factor ß as a neuronoglial signal during peripheral nervous sytem response to injury.
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Delrée, P.; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience Research (1993), 34

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See detailPlasticity of Developing and Adult Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons as Revealed in Vitro
Delree, P.; Ribbens, Clio ULg; Martin, Didier ULg et al

in Brain Research Bulletin (1993), 30(3-4), 231-7

We review recent data on the plasticity of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons as revealed during cultivation in vitro. Some experiments on cultured developing DRG neurons and on adult DRG neurons in vivo ... [more ▼]

We review recent data on the plasticity of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons as revealed during cultivation in vitro. Some experiments on cultured developing DRG neurons and on adult DRG neurons in vivo are also mentioned. Cultured developing and adult DRG neurons can be switched from an apolar to a multipolar phenotype by fetal calf serum or fibronectin. The effect is concentration dependent and occurs through an early modification of cell-substratum interaction. Adult DRG neurons synthesize and release within hours after injury TGF beta-1, which is a mitogen and a differentiation factor for Schwann cells. Finally, adult DRG neurons express in vitro neurotransmitters that are not expressed in vivo. This neurotransmitter plasticity can be modulated in vitro by some growth factors and in vivo by distal or proximal axotomy. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuronal Control of Astrocytes Proliferation
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Martin, Didier ULg et al

in Fedoroff, S.; Juurlink, B. H. J.; Doucette, R. (Eds.) Biology and pathology of astrocyte-neuron interactions (1993)

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