References of "Rentier, Bernard"
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See detailVaricelle et zona: Virus VZV, étiologie, complications et traitement
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Piette, Jacques ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg

in Patient Care (1994), 17

La varicelle est une affection très fréquente et très contagieuse. Presque toujours bénigne chez l'enfant, elle peut être plus grave chez l'adulte. Quant au zona, il frappe essentiellement les adultes. C ... [more ▼]

La varicelle est une affection très fréquente et très contagieuse. Presque toujours bénigne chez l'enfant, elle peut être plus grave chez l'adulte. Quant au zona, il frappe essentiellement les adultes. C'est le seul et même virus de la varicelle et du zona (Varicella-Zoster Virus, VZV) qui constitue le lien commun entre les 2 maladies. Sa particularité est de fonctionner par disparition-réactivation. Le VZV appartient à la famille des Herpesviridae. Proche des autres Herpès-virus comme les virus de l'Herpes simplex (HSV-1 et HSV-2), le cytomégalovirus (CMV), le virus d'Epstein-Barr (EBV) et les Herpèsvirus humains 6 et 7 (HHV-6 et HHV-7) nouvellement décrits, il possède néanmoins certaines caractéristiques propres. [less ▲]

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See detailViral glycoproteins in herpesviridae granulomas
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Debrus, S.; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in American Journal of Dermatopathology (1994), 16(6), 588-592

Granulomatous reactions after varicella zoster virus (VZV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are rare, and their pathogenesis remains unclear. We studied by immunohistochemistry and in situ ... [more ▼]

Granulomatous reactions after varicella zoster virus (VZV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are rare, and their pathogenesis remains unclear. We studied by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization early granulomatous reactions after VZV and HSV infections. In the five cases studied, the VZV glycoproteins gp I and gp II were present in cells abutted to altered vessels, but the corresponding genome sequences were disclosed in similar locations in only one of these cases. In an immunocompromised patient with diffuse HSV eruption, HSV I antigens were present in cells of the reticular dermis, while viral nucleic acids were not evident. Immunophenotyping of the granulomas showed strong Mac 387 and CD68 positive labelings of macrophages/monocytes, without any involvement of Factor XIIIa-positive cells. These findings suggest that the major viral envelope glycoproteins, rather than complete viral particles could trigger granuloma formation following HSV and VZV skin infections. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic: L'apport du laboratoire
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Virologics (1994), 1

Chez le sujet immunodéprimé (SIDA, greffe, cancer, médicaments), la femme enceinte et le nouveau-né, la gravité potentielle des infections herpétiques exige l'instauration rapide d'un traitement efficace ... [more ▼]

Chez le sujet immunodéprimé (SIDA, greffe, cancer, médicaments), la femme enceinte et le nouveau-né, la gravité potentielle des infections herpétiques exige l'instauration rapide d'un traitement efficace. Etant donné que, chez ces sujets, des formes atypiques rendent le tableau clinique souvent déroutant, il est indispensable de pouvoir disposer de techniques diagnostiques rapides et précises. [less ▲]

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See detailVZV ORF 4 encoded protein is an effective transactivor of gene expression and possesses distinct regulatory properties
Defechereux, Patricia; Baudoux, Laurence; Lambert, Chantal ULg et al

Conference (1994)

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See detailRegulation of Varicella-Zoster virus gene expression by the IE62 protein and mutational dissection of the IE62 protein
Baudoux, Laurence; Defechereux, Patricia; Rentier, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (1994)

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See detailMeningoradiculoneuritis due to acyclovir-resistant varicella zoster virus in an acquired immune deficiency syndrome patient
Snoeck, R.; Gérard, M.; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Medical Virology (1994), 42(4), 338-347

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is recognized as one of the major viral pathogens reactivated in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report the case of meningoradiculoneuritis in ... [more ▼]

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is recognized as one of the major viral pathogens reactivated in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report the case of meningoradiculoneuritis in an AIDS patient, associated with the isolation in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of a thymidine kinase (TK)-deficient, acyclovir (ACV)-resistant strain of VZV. Although the virus was sensitive in vitro to phosphonoformate (PFA), the patient did not improve during PFA therapy and finally died. Several VZV strains isolated from this patient (including two isolates from the patient's CSF) were analyzed for their TK activity and subsequently the viral TK gene was sequenced showing a major deletion leading to a truncated protein. Their susceptibility to several antiviral agents including ACV, PFA, (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU), 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine (vidarabine), (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl) cytosine (HPMPC), and (S)-9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine (HPMPA) was evaluated. All the virus strains isolated from this patient remained sensitive to HPMPA and HPMPC, pointing to the potential usefulness of these acyclic nucleoside phosphonates for the treatment of ACV-resistant VZV infections in immunocompromised patients. (C) 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailVaricelle létale. Etude immunohistochimique et par hybridation in situ
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (1994), 121(2), 113-117

We report a case of lethal varicella developed in an immunocompromised man in his seventies. A study by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization was conducted revealing the presence of the ... [more ▼]

We report a case of lethal varicella developed in an immunocompromised man in his seventies. A study by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization was conducted revealing the presence of the glycoprotein gpI specific for VZV and its corresponding nucleic acids found in multiple foci of most tissues and organs, except in the brain and paravertebral sympathetic ganglia. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of VZV gene expression by the IE62 protein and mutational dissection of the IE62 protein
Baudoux, Laurence; Defechereux, Patricia; Rentier, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (1994)

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See detailAssessment of the new immunological test Hemoblot for detecting occult blood in faeces
Jeanson, Antoinette; Jamart, J.; Maisin, J. M. et al

in European Journal of Cancer Prevention (1994), 3(5), 407-412

Hemoblot, a new immunological faecal occult blood test, produced by Gamma, Angleur, Belgium, was characterized and compared with another immunological test (HemeSelect, SmithKline Diagnostics, USA) and ... [more ▼]

Hemoblot, a new immunological faecal occult blood test, produced by Gamma, Angleur, Belgium, was characterized and compared with another immunological test (HemeSelect, SmithKline Diagnostics, USA) and with a guaiac test (Hemoccult II, SmithKline Diagnostics). The analytical sensitivity of Hemoblot is 0.15 mg haemoglobin/g faeces and the test is specific for human haemoglobin. In addition, 135 symptomatic patients who had to undergo a colonoscopy were tested using the three tests. Two criteria were considered for the analysis: (1) the blood criterion: any pathology likely to cause colorectal or other bleeding; and (2) the precancerous-cancerous criterion: the pathology being either a colorectal polyp > 0.5 cm or a colorectal cancer. Considering both criteria, the sensitivity of Hemoblot was significantly higher than the sensitivity of Hemoccult: 38% and 23%, respectively, for the blood criterion; and 54% and 29% for the precancerous-cancerous criterion. Sensitivity and specificity did not differ statistically between Hemoblot and HemeSelect but Hemoblot was faster and simpler to perform. It could be widely used in mass screening. [less ▲]

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See detailStimulation of glutatione-peroxidase activity decreases HIV type-1 activation after oxidative stress
Sappey, C.; Legrand, Sylvie ULg; Best-Belopmme, M. et al

in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses (1994), 10(11), 1451-1461

Am important aspect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection is the regulation of its expression by nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) by redox-controlled signal transduction pathways. In this ... [more ▼]

Am important aspect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection is the regulation of its expression by nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) by redox-controlled signal transduction pathways. In this study, we demonstrate that selenium supplementation can effectively increase glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity in latently infected T lymphocytes. The Se-supplemented cells exhibited an important protection against the cytotoxic and reactivating effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Concomitantly, NF-kappa B activation by H2O2 was also decreased in Se-supplemented cells. Selenium stimulation of GPx activity also induces a protective effect against cell activation by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) but less significantly by phorbol esters such as PMA. These Se-mediated effects were specific because they were not found when AP-1 DNA-binding activity was studied after H2O2-induced stress. Hyperthermia was also studied because it could promote intracellular electron leakage in electron transport chains. Elevating the temperature to 42 degrees C did not induce NF-kappa B directly. Rather, it sensitized infected cells to subsequent oxidative stress by H2O2, demonstrating the importance of hyperthermia, often associated with opportunistic infections in the development of immunodeficiency. In this case, Se induced partial protection against the sensitizing effect of hyperthermia. [less ▲]

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See detailCausative role of VZV in two fatal disseminated infections
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Debrus, S.; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

Conference (1994)

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See detailCharacterization of an in vivo model of VZV latency in the nervous system
Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Debrus, S. et al

Conference (1994)

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See detailImmunohistochemical detection of immediate early and late phase proteins expressed during the varicella-zoster virus cycle
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Debrus, S.; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in British Journal of Dermatology. Supplement (1994), 131(44), 64

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See detailDiagnostic des infections cutanées par les herpes virus de types simplex et varicelle-zona
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Tassoudji, Nazli ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(7), 401-405

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See detailCharacterization of the regulatory functions of varicella-zoster virus open reading frame-4 gene-product
Defechereux, Patricia; Melen-Lamalle, Laurence ULg; Baudoux, Laurence et al

in Journal of Virology (1993), 67(7), 4379-4385

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 4 (ORF4) encodes a protein with a predicted molecular weight of 51,540 presenting amino acid sequence homology with the immediate-early regulatory protein ... [more ▼]

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 4 (ORF4) encodes a protein with a predicted molecular weight of 51,540 presenting amino acid sequence homology with the immediate-early regulatory protein ICP27 of herpes simplex virus type 1. To investigate the regulatory properties of the ORF4 gene product, we performed a series of transient expression assays in Vero cells, using a plasmid expressing ORF4 as effector and several VZV genes and heterologous genes as targets. The VZV target plasmids contained promoter/regulatory regions from genes belonging to the three putative VZV kinetic classes fused to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. The heterologous target plasmids consisted of promoter/regulatory regions of human cytomegalovirus, Rous sarcoma virus, and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 fused to the reporter gene. These experiments demonstrated that the ORF4 gene product activated expression of ORF62 in a dose-dependent fashion but had no effect on the expression of the three other putative immediate-early genes (ORF4, ORF61, and ORF63). When various amounts of ORF4 were transfected in the presence of early gene promoters, dose-dependent transactivation was evidenced with the thymidine kinase gene (ORF36) and the major DNA-binding protein gene (ORF29) promoters; interestingly, little activity was detected with the promoter of the DNA polymerase gene (ORF28). No activation of late gene expression, represented by the glycoprotein I and glycoprotein II genes, was seen even over a wide range of concentrations of input ORF4 plasmid. Expression of pCMVCAT, pRSVCAT, and pHIVCAT was also stimulated by the ORF4 gene product. CAT mRNA analysis showed that activation of VZV target promoters occurs at the transcriptional and/or posttranscriptional level. [less ▲]

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See detailHIV-1 promoter activation following an oxidative stress mediated by singlet oxygen
Legrand, Sylvie ULg; Hoebeke, Maryse ULg; Vaira, Dolorès ULg et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (1993), 17(3), 229-237

Various biological processes, such as photosensitization or inflammatory reactions, can generate singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) as one of the major oxidative species. Because this oxidant can be generated either ... [more ▼]

Various biological processes, such as photosensitization or inflammatory reactions, can generate singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) as one of the major oxidative species. Because this oxidant can be generated either extracellularly or intracellularly, it can cause severe damage to various biological macromolecules, even to those deeply embedded inside the cells such as DNA. Sublethal biological modifications induced by different DNA-damaging agents can promote various cellular responses initiated by the activation of various cellular genes and certain heterologous viruses. Since O-1(2) fulfils essential prerequisites for a genotoxic substance, we have examined the effects of an oxidative stress, mediated by this species, on cells harbouring a heterologous promoter-leader sequence derived from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Our results demonstrate that HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR), integrated into the cellular I)NA of epithelial cells, can be transactivated following an oxidative stress mediated by O-1(2). In addition, using HIV-1 latently infected promonocytes or lymphocytes, it can be shown that virus reactivation can be induced through a sublethal dose of O-1(2) generated intracellularly. An extracellular generation of O-1(2) can promote a substantial lethal effect without HIV-1 reactivation. These data may be relevant to the understanding of the events converting a latent infection into a productive one and to the appearance of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. [less ▲]

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