References of "Rentier, Bernard"
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See detailScience Ouverte: Va-t-on continuer à faire de la recherche comme avant ?
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2016, November 03)

Les techniques d'information et de communication permettent aujourd'hui de concevoir des façons de faire de la recherche beaucoup plus efficaces, plus rapides, plus fondamentalement généreuses et ... [more ▼]

Les techniques d'information et de communication permettent aujourd'hui de concevoir des façons de faire de la recherche beaucoup plus efficaces, plus rapides, plus fondamentalement généreuses et désintéressées qu'auparavant. Cependant, l'évolution s'avère beaucoup plus lente qu'on ne pourrait s'y attendre. Elle est même frileuse. La cause de ce quasi immobilisme réside dans le conservatisme des procédures d'évaluation de la recherche et des chercheurs. Tant que celles-ci en resteront aux principes qui prévalaient au siècle dernier, il ne faut pas s'attendre à de vrais progrès. Pourquoi tant d'immobilisme dans un univers qui se dit progressiste, inventif, créatif et ouvert ? Un dégel n'est-il pas inévitable ? souhaitable ? Les pratiques traditionnelles ne sont-elles pas devenues moralement indéfendables en regard des moyens disponibles ? Est-ce une fatalité que la Science se montre aussi progressiste dans sa recherche et conservatrice pour son évaluation ? La Science Ouverte crée une brèche dans cette muraille d'un autre temps. [less ▲]

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See detailOpen Science: a revolution in sight?
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Interlending & Document Supply (2016), 44(4),

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and ... [more ▼]

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and its progressive replacement by electronic publishing, a new paradigm implying radical changes in the whole mechanism. It aims also at warning the scientific community about the dangers of some new avenues and why, rather than subcontracting an essential part of its work, it must take back a full control of its production. • Design/methodology/approach The article reviews the emerging concepts in scholarly publication and aims to answer frequently asked questions concerning free access to scientific literature as well as to data, science and knowledge in general. • Findings The article provides new observations concerning the level of compliance to institutional open access mandates and the poor relevance of journal prestige for quality evaluation of research and researchers. The results of introducing an open access policy at the University of Liège are noted. • Social implications Open access is, for the first time in human history, an opportunity to provide free access to knowledge universally, regardless of either the wealth or the social status of the potentially interested readers. It is an essential breakthrough for developing countries. • Value Open access and Open Science in general must be considered as common values that should be shared freely. Free access to publicly generated knowledge should be explicitly included in universal human rights. There are still a number of obstacles hampering this goal, mostly the greed of intermediaries who persuade researchers to give their work for free, in exchange for prestige. The worldwide cause of Open Knowledge is thus a major universal issue for the 21st Century. [less ▲]

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See detailGood practices from Universities: University of Liège, Belgium - Impact of Open Archives on Research Communication Efficiency : The ORBi Experience
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 30)

ORBi, the institutional repository at the University of Liège (ULg), Belgium, is currently the most successful "green OA" tool, with a compliance rate close to 90%. This is due to a strongly enforced ... [more ▼]

ORBi, the institutional repository at the University of Liège (ULg), Belgium, is currently the most successful "green OA" tool, with a compliance rate close to 90%. This is due to a strongly enforced institutional mandate which has progressively but quickly led authors to realise all the benefits they could draw from it. A September 2015 survey has demonstrated the popularity of ORBi among the ULg research community. [less ▲]

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See detailOpen Access: where do we go from here: Bernard Rentier's personal reflexions on the future of OA
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 29)

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See detailGood OA practices from Funders: FRS/FNRS, Belgium
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 29)

The FRS/FNRS is the major funding agency for basic research in the French-speaking Community of Belgium. In 2013, it passed an internal regulation mandating, for researchers receiving salaries and/or ... [more ▼]

The FRS/FNRS is the major funding agency for basic research in the French-speaking Community of Belgium. In 2013, it passed an internal regulation mandating, for researchers receiving salaries and/or grant money fron the Fund, the deposit in their institutional OA repository of all their scientific production in full text. The FRS/FNRS supports APCs, up to 500 € per article, but not in "hybrid" journals. [less ▲]

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See detailInstitutional repositories: it’s a matter of sticks and carrots
Rentier, Bernard ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailDe quoi je me mêle ? Mais que vient faire l’Université dans l’effort de redéploiement économique et social ?
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Le débat sur l'implication de l'Université dans l'activité économique de sa région ne date pas d'hier. Cette implication a même aujourd'hui acquis droit de cité en raison de plusieurs facteurs, positifs ... [more ▼]

Le débat sur l'implication de l'Université dans l'activité économique de sa région ne date pas d'hier. Cette implication a même aujourd'hui acquis droit de cité en raison de plusieurs facteurs, positifs et négatifs. Toutefois, aujourd'hui, ce volet de l'activité universitaire a pris une telle prépondérance que d'aucuns commencent à s'interroger sur l'ampleur du phénomène et à se demander si un rééquilibrage ne s'avère pas indispensable... Par ses recherches fondamentales, l'université apporte un renouveau d'idées, de concepts et de méthodes. Pour autant qu'un mécanisme prévoie un juste retour de moyens aux concepteurs et qu'un processus de conversion des avancées fondamentales et de développement vers l'application soit mis en place, le chercheur universitaire devrait se consacrer très largement à sa recherche de base. Un financement public suffisant permettrait cette focalisation et, partant, une meilleure efficacité. A défaut, le chercheur consacre une partie croissante de son temps à des développements d'applications qui le distraient de sa mission première et celle-ci en pâtit, concourant ainsi à ralentir le processus général d'innovation. Certes, il faut sortir le chercheur fondamentaliste de sa bulle (ou "tour d'ivoire") et il importe qu'il comprenne l'ensemble des rouages auxquels conduit son travail, mais il doit se focaliser sur l'amont plus que sur l'aval, sans quoi on verra se tarir la source de l'innovation (dont chacun s'accorde à dire qu'elle est génératrice de progrès). Certains ont une vocation plus appliquée et conviennent mieux pour les processus inventifs. Il est rare qu'une réelle sélection en vue de chacun de ces rôles soit assurée. Et, en général, la pénurie de moyens entraîne une usurpation des rôles. Quelles peuvent être aujourd'hui les perspectives pour un repositionnement plus performant ? [less ▲]

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See detailUn savoir enfermé est un savoir stérile : Subir ou agir ?
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 22)

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See detailChercheurs, libérez l'accès: vous serez plus lus et mieux cités
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 13)

Availability of an article on the Internet without any barrier increases by a 20-fold factor its downloading songs as compared to those in restricted access requiring a reprint request. An article is ... [more ▼]

Availability of an article on the Internet without any barrier increases by a 20-fold factor its downloading songs as compared to those in restricted access requiring a reprint request. An article is being cited twice as much if immediately accessible. It is a fact. Hence it is crucial, if one wants to be read (why else would one one publish ?) to deposit one's manuscripts immediately after acceptance (i.e. before publication) and to make them freely accessible as soon as permitted. | L'accessibilité d'un article sur l'Internet sans aucune entrave technique augmente d'environ 20 fois ses téléchargements par rapport à l'accès restreint nécessitant une demande de tiré-à-part. Un article est cité environ 2 fois plus s'il est directement accessible. C'est une réalité. Il est donc crucial, si l'on veut être lu (sinon, pourquoi publie-t'on?) de déposer ses manuscrits immédiatement après acceptation (donc avant la publication) et de les rendre librement accessibles dès le moment où on y est autorisé. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmettre
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Speech/Talk (2014)

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See detailGIGA ANIMAL CARE : Mice & Zebrafish Animal Facility and Transgenesis
Remy, Benoît ULg; Ectors, Fabien ULg; Winandy, Marie ULg et al

Poster (2014, January 27)

In fundamental research, animal models allow to place molecular and cellular observations back into their physiological context. In applied research, these models still remain a mandatory step to evaluate ... [more ▼]

In fundamental research, animal models allow to place molecular and cellular observations back into their physiological context. In applied research, these models still remain a mandatory step to evaluate the efficiency and the toxicity of potential treatments, before going to clinical trials. Mouse and Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are two very interesting models because of a short live cycle and a high prolificacy. They require a limited space. Their genome is well known and shows a high homology with the human. Many tools are available to produce transgenic mice or zebrafishes. Many tests are validated using both these species. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere are we today ? The ORBi experience
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2013, November 19)

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See detailPerspectives of a Vice-Chancellor
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2013, November 01)

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See detailTransgresser les tabous
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Speech/Talk (2013)

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See detailPerspectives on OA Policy: The Institutional Perspective
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2013, February 06)

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See detailPrimary Versus Secondary Failure After Varicella Vaccination: Implications for Interval Between 2 Doses
Bonanni, Paolo; Gershon, Anne; Gershon, Michael et al

in Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal (2013), 32(7), 305-313

Background: Two-dose varicella vaccination is recommended for optimal control of varicella in populations with high (>90%) 1-dose coverage. Optimal timing of the second dose may depend on whether ... [more ▼]

Background: Two-dose varicella vaccination is recommended for optimal control of varicella in populations with high (>90%) 1-dose coverage. Optimal timing of the second dose may depend on whether breakthrough varicella results from primary vaccine failure (no protective immunity after vaccination) or secondary vaccine failure (waning protective immunity). Methods: Published literature (1995 to 2012) on vaccine failure after varicella vaccination cited in PubMed and other online sources was reviewed. Results: Nineteen publications detailed 21 varicella outbreaks with breakthrough varicella rates ranging from 0% to 42%; the publications showed no consistent trend between breakthrough varicella rate and time since vaccination. Conclusions: Literature to date indicates a relatively high rate of primary vaccine failure and limited evidence of secondary vaccine failure among 1-dose varicella vaccine recipients, suggesting that a short interval between 2 doses might be preferable in countries considering implementation of universal varicella vaccination to reduce breakthrough varicella. However, any potential disruption to well-established vaccination schedules should be considered. [less ▲]

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See detailOA à l’Université de Liège : le pari d’ORBi
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October 23)

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See detailOA at Liège University : the ORBi gamble
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (11 ULg)