References of "Rauw, Grégor"
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See detailAn XMM-Newton observation of the very young open cluster NGC 6383
Rauw, Grégor ULg; De Becker, Michaël ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 407(3), 925-15

We report the detection of a number of X-ray sources associated with the very young open cluster NGC6383. About two thirds of these objects are correlated with a rather faint optical source and all but ... [more ▼]

We report the detection of a number of X-ray sources associated with the very young open cluster NGC6383. About two thirds of these objects are correlated with a rather faint optical source and all but one have at least one infrared counterpart within a correlation radius of 8 arcsec. Although NGC6383 is not associated with a prominent star forming region, the overall properties of many of the X-ray sources suggest that they may be candidates for low-mass pre-main sequence stars. The number of X-ray sources increases towards the cluster center suggesting that there exists a close relation between the massive O-star binary system HD159176 in the cluster core and the population of X-ray bright low-mass objects in NGC 6383. [less ▲]

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See detailThe massive binary CPD-41°7742 - I. High-resolution optical spectroscopy
Sana, H.; Hensberge, H.; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 405(3), 1063-1074

We present the results of a spectroscopic campaign on the early-type binary CPD-41degrees 7742. For the first time, we unambiguously detect the secondary's spectral signature and derive an accurate ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a spectroscopic campaign on the early-type binary CPD-41degrees 7742. For the first time, we unambiguously detect the secondary's spectral signature and derive an accurate orbital solution for both components of the system. We confirm that the orbit displays a slight but definite eccentricity (e=0.027+/-0.006) despite the short period (P=2.44070+/-0.00043 days). Previous radial velocity measurements available in the literature constitute together with our new observations a data set that spans more than 30 years. The combined primary orbital solution inferred is in excellent agreement with our solution and gives a period P=2.44062+/-0.00005 days. Based on spectroscopic criteria, we derive a spectral and luminosity classification of O9 III + B1 III. However, the luminosities and radii inferred from the membership of NGC6231 rather indicate lower luminosity classes. We show that the equivalent widths of well isolated primary lines display variations that suggest that CPD-41degrees 7742 is an eclipsing binary. This makes CPD-41degrees 7742 the second known SB2 eclipsing early-type binary of the NGC 6231 cluster. We approximately constrain the inclination of the system i(min) approximate to 60degrees. This may indicate that the system does not offer enough room for two stars with radii typical of giant stars and lends further support to a less evolved luminosity classification for at least one of the objects. [less ▲]

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See detailXMM-Newton high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet object WR 25 in the Carina OB1 association
Raassen, A. J. J.; van der Hucht, K. A.; Mewe, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 402(2), 653-666

We report the analysis of the first high-resolution X-ray spectra of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) object WR25 (HD 93162, WN6ha+O4f) obtained with the reflection Grating spectrometers (RGS) and the European photon ... [more ▼]

We report the analysis of the first high-resolution X-ray spectra of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) object WR25 (HD 93162, WN6ha+O4f) obtained with the reflection Grating spectrometers (RGS) and the European photon imaging cameras (EPIC-MOS and PN) CCD spectrometers on board the XMM-Newton satellite. The spectrum exhibits bright emission lines of the H- and He-like ions of Ne, Mg, Si and S, as well as Fe XVIII to Fe XX and Fe XXV lines. Line fluxes have been measured. The RGS and e pi c spectra have been simultaneously fitted to obtain self-consistent temperatures, emission measures, and elemental abundances. Strong absorption by the dense WR stellar wind and the interstellar medium (ISM) is observed equivalent to N-H = 7x10(21) cm(-2). Multi-temperature (DEM) fitting yields two dominant components around temperatures of 7.0 and 32 MK, respectively. The XMM intrinsic (i.e. unabsorbed, corrected for the stellar wind absorption and the absorption of ISM) X-ray luminosity of WR25 is L-x(0.5-10 keV) = 1.3x10(34) erg s(-1), and L-x(0.5-10 keV) = 0.85 x 10(34) erg s(-1), (when correcting for the ISM only) assuming d = 3.24 kpc. The obtained chemical abundances are subsolar, except for S. This may be real, but could equally well be due to a weak coupling to the continuum, which is strongly influenced by the absorption column density and the subtracted background. The expected high N-abundance, as observed in the optical wavelength region, could not be confirmed due to the strong wind absorption, blocking out its spectral signature. The presence of the Fe XXV emission-line complex at similar to6.7 keV is argued as being indicative for colliding winds inside a WR+O binary system. [less ▲]

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See detailVLT observations of the highly ionized nebula around Brey2
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 401(2), 13-16

We present the first high resolution He II lambda4686 images of the high excitation nebula around the WR star Brey2 in the LMC. This nebula presents a striking morphology: a small arc-like feature some 3 ... [more ▼]

We present the first high resolution He II lambda4686 images of the high excitation nebula around the WR star Brey2 in the LMC. This nebula presents a striking morphology: a small arc-like feature some 3.6 pc in radius is particularly prominent in the He II lambda4686 line. We further discover a previously unknown faint He II emission that extends over an area of 22 x 17 pc(2). An even fainter He II emission is apparently associated with the interstellar bubble blown by the progenitor of Brey2. The total He II flux corresponds to an ionizing flux of 4 x 10(47) photons s(-1). Halpha, [O III], and He I lambda5876 images and long-slit spectra are also examined in this letter, enabling us to investigate the detailed physical properties at various locations of the nebula. [less ▲]

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See detailLine profile variability in the spectra of Oef stars. I. BD + 60deg 2522
Rauw, Grégor ULg; De Becker, Michaël ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 399

We report the analysis of a long term observing campaign designed to monitor the spectroscopic variability of the Oef star BD +60deg 2522. We find that the double-peaked He {II} lambda 4686 emission line ... [more ▼]

We report the analysis of a long term observing campaign designed to monitor the spectroscopic variability of the Oef star BD +60deg 2522. We find that the double-peaked He {II} lambda 4686 emission line undergoes strong profile variability on time scales of 2-3 day. However, the time scale as well as the pattern of these variations turn out to be epoch dependent and the phenomenon is thus most likely not ruled by a single stable clock. On the other hand, the absorption lines in the spectrum of BD +60deg 2522 display line profile variability on time scales of a few hours that might be related to non-radial pulsations. We tentatively propose that the beating of several non-radial pulsation modes triggers transient large-scale density perturbations in a confined stellar wind that produce the 2-3 day time scale variability. [less ▲]

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See detailSearch for X-ray Variability in Early-type Stars in the Carina OB1 Association with XMM-Newton
Antokhin, I. I.; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2003)

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See detailRadio continuum observations of massive stars in open cluster NGC 6231 and the Sco OB1 association
Setia Gunawan, Diah Y A; Chapman, Jessica M; Stevens, Ian R et al

in A Massive Star Odyssey: From Main Sequence to Supernova (2003)

We present results of the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) radio continuum observations of massive stars in the Sco OB1 association. Most stars detected in the program show spectral indices lower ... [more ▼]

We present results of the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) radio continuum observations of massive stars in the Sco OB1 association. Most stars detected in the program show spectral indices lower than value expected from thermal free-free emission. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary results from XMM-Newton observations of the massive Wolf-Rayet binary WR 22 (WN7h+O9III-V)
Gosset, Eric ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in A Massive Star Odyssey: From Main Sequence to Supernova (2003)

We present preliminary results from observations of the massive WR+O binary WR 22 performed with the XMM observatory. The star is brighter in the X-ray domain near apastron and fainter at periastron. The ... [more ▼]

We present preliminary results from observations of the massive WR+O binary WR 22 performed with the XMM observatory. The star is brighter in the X-ray domain near apastron and fainter at periastron. The change in brightness is very progressive and mainly corresponds to a lowering of the soft part of the spectrum. [less ▲]

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See detailXMM-Newton high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet object WR25 (WN6ha+O4f)
Raassen, A. J. J.; van der Hucht, K. A.; Mewe, R. et al

in Advances in Space Research (2003), 32(6), 1161-1165

We report the analysis of the X-ray spectrum of the Wolf-Rayet star WR 25, observed by RGS and EPIC-MOS on board XMM-Newton. Temperatures up to 40 MK have been determined. Strong absorption, exceeding the ... [more ▼]

We report the analysis of the X-ray spectrum of the Wolf-Rayet star WR 25, observed by RGS and EPIC-MOS on board XMM-Newton. Temperatures up to 40 MK have been determined. Strong absorption, exceeding the value due to the Inter Stellar Medium (ISM) has been detected and assigned to the dense stellar wind. (C) 2003 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of X-Mega targets - IV. CPD-59 degrees 2636: a new O-type multiple system in the Carina Nebula
Albacete Colombo, J. F.; Morrell, N. I.; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2002), 336(4), 1099-1108

High-resolution optical spectroscopy of CPD -59degrees2636, one of the O-type stars in the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina Nebula, reveals this object to be a multiple system displaying triple ... [more ▼]

High-resolution optical spectroscopy of CPD -59degrees2636, one of the O-type stars in the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina Nebula, reveals this object to be a multiple system displaying triple lines which we label as components A, B and C of spectral types O7 V, O8 V and O9 V, respectively. From our radial velocity measurements we find that the components A and B form a close binary with a period of 3.6284 d, and we obtain the first circular radial velocity orbit for this system with semi-amplitudes of 184 and 192 km s(-1), leading to minimum masses of 10.1 and 9.7 M-.. We find that the component C is a single lined binary with a period of 5.034 d and semi-amplitude of 48 km s(-1). We also analyse the X-ray radiation from CPD -59degrees2636, finding neither appreciable overluminosity nor phase-related X-ray flux variations. [less ▲]

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See detailAn XMM-Newton observation of the Lagoon Nebula and the very young open cluster NGC 6530
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 395(2), 499-513

We report the results of an XMM-Newton observation of the Lagoon Nebula (M8). Our EPIC images of this region reveal a cluster of point sources, most of which have optical counterparts inside the very ... [more ▼]

We report the results of an XMM-Newton observation of the Lagoon Nebula (M8). Our EPIC images of this region reveal a cluster of point sources, most of which have optical counterparts inside the very young open cluster NGC6530. The bulk of these X-ray sources are probably associated with low and intermediate mass pre-main sequence stars. One of the sources experienced a flare-like increase of its X-ray flux making it the second brightest source in M8 after the O4 star 9 Sgr. The X-ray spectra of most of the brightest sources can be fitted with thermal plasma models with temperatures of kT similar to a few keV. Only a few of the X-ray selected PMS candidates are known to display Halpha emission and were previously classified as classical T Tauri stars. This suggests that most of the X-ray emitting PMS stars in NGC6530 are weak-line T Tauri stars. In addition to 9 Sgr, our EPIC field of view contains also a few early-type stars. The X-ray emission from HD 164816 is found to be typical for an O9.5 III-IV star. At least one of the known Herbig Be stars in NGC6530 ( LkHalpha 115) exhibits a relatively strong X-ray emission, while most of the main sequence stars of spectral type B1 and later are not detected. We also detect ( probably) diffuse X-ray emission from the Hourglass Region that might reveal a hot bubble blown by the stellar wind of Herschel 36, the ionizing star of the Hourglass Region. [less ▲]

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See detailA multi-wavelength investigation of the non-thermal radio emitting O-star 9 Sgr
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Blomme, R.; Waldron, W. L. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 394(3), 993-1008

We report the results of a multi-wavelength investigation of the O4 V star 9 Sgr (= HD164794). Our data include observations in the X-ray domain with XMM-Newton, in the radio domain with the VLA as well ... [more ▼]

We report the results of a multi-wavelength investigation of the O4 V star 9 Sgr (= HD164794). Our data include observations in the X-ray domain with XMM-Newton, in the radio domain with the VLA as well as optical spectroscopy. 9 Sgr is one of a few presumably single OB stars that display non-thermal radio emission. This phenomenon is attributed to synchrotron emission by relativistic electrons accelerated in strong hydrodynamic shocks in the stellar wind. Given the enormous supply of photospheric UV photons in the wind of 9 Sgr, inverse Compton scattering by these relativistic electrons is a priori expected to generate a non-thermal power law tail in the X-ray spectrum. Our EPIC and RGS spectra of 9 Sgr reveal a more complex situation than expected from this simple theoretical picture. While the bulk of the thermal X-ray emission from 9 Sgr arises most probably in a plasma at temperature similar to3 x 10(6) K distributed throughout the wind, the nature of the hard emission in the X-ray spectrum is less clear. Assuming a non-thermal origin, our best fitting model yields a photon index of greater than or equal to2.9 for the power law component which would imply a low compression ratio of less than or equal to1.79 for the shocks responsible for the electron acceleration. However, the hard emission can also be explained by a thermal plasma at a temperature greater than or equal to2 x 10(7) K. Our VLA data indicate that the radio emission of 9 Sgr was clearly non-thermal at the time of the XMM-Newton observation. Again, we derive a low compression ratio (1.7) for the shocks that accelerate the electrons responsible for the synchrotron radio emission. Finally, our optical spectra reveal long-term radial velocity variations suggesting that 9 Sgr could be a long-period spectroscopic binary. [less ▲]

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See detailThe evolved early-type binary HDE 228766 revisited
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Crowther, P. A.; Eenens, P. R. J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 392(2), 563-574

We use an extensive set of spectroscopic observations to reinvestigate the properties of the massive binary HDE 228766. Conventional classification criteria suggest that HDE 228766 consists of an O7 ... [more ▼]

We use an extensive set of spectroscopic observations to reinvestigate the properties of the massive binary HDE 228766. Conventional classification criteria suggest that HDE 228766 consists of an O7 primary and an Of(+) secondary. However, several spectral features of the secondary, such as the simultaneous presence of N III, N IV and N V emissions, make it a rather unusual object. We find that the orbital motion of the secondary is probably best described by the radial velocities of the narrow N III emission lines. Our orbital solution yields m(1) sin(3) i = 31:7 and m(2) sin(3) i = 25:5 M. for the primary and secondary respectively. The He II lambda 4542 absorption in the secondary's spectrum appears considerably blue-shifted with respect to the narrow emission lines, indicating that the absorption is probably formed in the accelerating part of the secondary's wind. We use a tomographic technique to investigate the profile variability of the broader emission lines. In addition to a strong emission from the secondary, the Halpha line displays a weak emission feature that is probably associated with a wind interaction region located near the surface of the primary star. Finally, our analysis of the spectrum with a non-LTE code indicates that the secondary is an evolved object that exhibits some CNO processed material in its atmosphere and has a large mass loss rate. Assuming a distance of 3.5 kpc (which follows from adopting M-V,M-s = -6 for the secondary) we infer (M) over dot similar or equal to 10(5) M. yr(-1) for the secondary. Our results suggest that HDE 228766 could be in a post-Roche lobe overflow stage. The secondary may be classified as WN8ha and is currently in a transition stage between a "normal" Of staranda WNL-type Wolf-Rayet star. [less ▲]

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See detailPhase-resolved X-ray and optical spectroscopy of the massive binary HD 93403
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Stevens, I. R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 388(2), 552-562

We report the first results of a campaign aimed at the study of early-type binaries with the XMM-Newton observatory. Phase-resolved EPIC spectroscopy of the eccentric binary HD93403 reveals a clear ... [more ▼]

We report the first results of a campaign aimed at the study of early-type binaries with the XMM-Newton observatory. Phase-resolved EPIC spectroscopy of the eccentric binary HD93403 reveals a clear orbital modulation of the X-ray luminosity as a function of the orbital phase. Below 1.0 keV, the observed X-ray flux is modulated by the opacity of the primary wind. Above 1.0 keV, the observed variation of the X-ray flux is roughly consistent with a 1/r dependence expected for an adiabatic colliding wind interaction. HD93403 appears less overluminuous in X-rays than previously thought and a significant fraction of the total X-ray emission arises probably within the winds of the individual components of the binary. Optical monitoring of the system reveals strong variability of the He II lambda 4686 and Halpha line profiles. The He II lambda 4686 line displays a broad asymmetrical emission component which is found to be significantly stronger between phases 0.80 and 0.15 than around apastron. This suggests that part of the emission arises in the interaction region and most probably in the trailing arm of a shock cone wrapped around the secondary. Some absorption lines of the secondary's spectrum display equivalent width variations reminiscent of the so-called Struve-Sahade effect. The differences in behaviour between individual lines suggest that the temperature may not be the only relevant parameter that controls this effect. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical Spectroscopy of Colliding-Wind Systems to be Observed with XMM
Sana, H.; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Interacting Winds from Massive Stars (2002)

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See detailSearching for Colliding-Wind Signatures in a Sample of O-Star Binaries
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Sana, H.; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Interacting Winds from Massive Stars (2002)

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See detailLine-Profile Variability in the Massive Binary System HD 149404
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Carrier, Fabien; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Interacting Winds from Massive Stars (2002)

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See detailA first detailed study of the colliding wind WR+O binary WR 30a
Gosset, Eric ULg; Royer, P.; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 327

We present a detailed, extensive investigation of the photometric and spectroscopic behaviour of WR 30a. This star is definitely a binary system with a period around 4.6d. We propose the value P=4.619d ... [more ▼]

We present a detailed, extensive investigation of the photometric and spectroscopic behaviour of WR 30a. This star is definitely a binary system with a period around 4.6d. We propose the value P=4.619d (sigma=0.002d). The identification of the components as WO4+O5((f)) indicates a massive evolved binary system; the O5 component is a main-sequence or, more likely, a giant star. The radial velocities of the O star yield a circular orbit with an amplitude K[SUB]O[/SUB]=29.9 (sigma=2.1)kms[SUP]-1[/SUP] and a mass function of 0.013 (sigma=0.003)M[SUB]solar[/SUB]. The spectrum of WR 30a exhibits strong profile variations of the broad emission lines that are phase-locked with the orbital period. We report the detection of the orbital motion of the WO component with K[SUB]WO[/SUB]=189kms[SUP]-1[/SUP], but this should be confirmed by further observations. If correct, it implies a mass ratio M[SUB]WO[/SUB] /M[SUB]O[/SUB]=0.16. The star exhibits sinusoidal light variations of amplitude 0.024mag peak-to-peak with the minimum of light occurring slightly after the conjunction with the O star in front. On the basis of the phase-locked profile variations of the Civ lambda4658 blend in the spectrum of the WO, we conclude that a wind-wind collision phenomenon is present in the system. We discuss some possibilities for the geometry of the interaction region. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of X-Mega targets - II. The massive double-lined O-type binary HD 93205
Morrell, N. I.; Barbá, R. H.; Niemela, V. S. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 326

A new high-quality set of orbital parameters for the O-type spectroscopic binary HD 93205 has been obtained combining échelle and coudé CCD observations. The radial velocity orbits derived from the Heii ... [more ▼]

A new high-quality set of orbital parameters for the O-type spectroscopic binary HD 93205 has been obtained combining échelle and coudé CCD observations. The radial velocity orbits derived from the Heii lambda4686Å (primary component) and Hei lambda4471Å (secondary component) absorption lines yield semi-amplitudes of 133+/-2 and 314+/-2kms[SUP]-1[/SUP] for each binary component, resulting in minimum masses of 31 and 13M[SUB]solar[/SUB] (q=0.42). We also confirm for the binary components the spectral classification of O3V+O8V previously assigned. Assuming for the O8V component a `normal' mass of 22-25M[SUB]solar[/SUB] we would derive for the primary O3V a mass of `only' 52-60M[SUB]solar[/SUB] and an inclination of about 55° for the orbital plane. We have also determined for the first time a period of apsidal motion for this system, namely 185+/-16yr using all available radial velocity data sets of HD 93205 (from 1975 to 1999). Phase-locked variations of the X-ray emission of HD 93205 consisting of a rise of the observed X-ray flux near periastron passage are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of XMEGA targets in the Carina Nebula - III. The multiple system Tr 16-104 (â ¡CPD -59° 2603)
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Sana, H.; Antokhin, I. I. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 326

We discuss the orbital elements of the multiple system Tr 16-104 which is usually believed to be a member of the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina complex. We show that Tr 16-104 could be a ... [more ▼]

We discuss the orbital elements of the multiple system Tr 16-104 which is usually believed to be a member of the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina complex. We show that Tr 16-104 could be a hierarchical triple system consisting of a short-period (2.15d) eclipsing O7V+O9.5V binary bound to a B0.2 IV star. Our preliminary orbital solution of the third body indicates that the B star most probably describes an eccentric orbit with a period of ~285 or ~1341d around the close binary. Folding photometric data from the literature with our new ephemerides, we find that the light curve of the close binary exhibits rather narrow eclipses indicating that the two O stars must be well inside their Roche lobes. Our analysis of the photometric data yields a lower limit on the inclination of the orbit of the close binary of i>=77°. The stellar radii and luminosities of the O7 V and O9.5 V stars are significantly smaller than expected for stars of this spectral type. Our results suggest that Tr 16-104 lies at a distance of the order of 2.5kpc and support a fainter absolute magnitude for zero-age main-sequence O stars than usually adopted. We find that the dynamical configuration of Tr 16-104 corresponds to a hierarchical system that should remain stable provided that it suffers no strong perturbation. Finally, we also report long-term temporal variations of high-velocity interstellar Caii absorptions in the line of sight towards Tr 16-104. [less ▲]

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