References of "Polis, Stéphane"
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See detailThe Verb ib and the Construction ib=f r sDm. On modal semantics, graphemic contrast, and gradience in grammar
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Stauder, Andréas

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

Based on graphemic, morphological, syntactic, and semantic evidence, the paper shows that a clear-cut distinction can be made between a verb ib expressing an epistemic judgment (“to think”) and a non ... [more ▼]

Based on graphemic, morphological, syntactic, and semantic evidence, the paper shows that a clear-cut distinction can be made between a verb ib expressing an epistemic judgment (“to think”) and a non-verbal predicative construction ib=f r sDm (literally “his heart is towards hearing”), expressing volition (“to want”). In a second step, the volitional construction ib=f r sDm is shown to occasionally display features of syntactic gradience, reflecting its quasi-verbal semantics (“volitive agent-oriented moda-lity”): in particular, this construction can combine with a marker of passive voice, a verbal category that is otherwise alien to non-verbal constructions. Problematic late occurrences of the construction ib=f r sDm are discussed in turn: in some of these, ib=f may have been subjected to alternative construals as a verb. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg; Stauder, Andréas et al

Book published by Widmaier Verlag (2014)

This volume is the outcome of a workshop on ancient Egyptian syntax held in Liège in 2011. The contributions deal with several central topics in syntactic analyses – like coordination, raising, gradience ... [more ▼]

This volume is the outcome of a workshop on ancient Egyptian syntax held in Liège in 2011. The contributions deal with several central topics in syntactic analyses – like coordination, raising, gradience or non-expression of participants –, but also investigate the relationship between syntax stricto sensu and other fields, from morphology to pragmatics (with a special attention to construction types and grammaticalization processes). The studies cover the whole Ancient Egyptian corpus, from Old Egyptian down to Coptic, with a striking common concern, which is to relate systematically the formal dimension to the functional one. Thereby, the papers go beyond the descriptive level and address numerous stimulating ‘why?’ questions. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the pragmatics of subjectification: The grammaticalization of verbless allative futures (with a case study in Ancient Egyptian)
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Acta Linguistica Hafniensia : International Journal of Linguistics (2014), 46(1), 25-63

In this paper, we argue that an expanded conception of the distinction between speaker-oriented and subject-oriented inferences is crucial for understanding the motivations and mechanisms of semantic ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we argue that an expanded conception of the distinction between speaker-oriented and subject-oriented inferences is crucial for understanding the motivations and mechanisms of semantic change in grammaticalization and subjectification, on the one hand, and for clarifying the links between semantic change and reductive formal changes, on the other. Speaker-oriented inferences have significant consequences, leading to the relaxation of selectional restrictions on a construction. In turn, the relaxation of selectional restrictions can create conditions in which the type and token frequency of a construction can rise considerably. Furthermore, changes in the selectional restrictions on a construction can themselves catalyze semantic change by coercing listeners into new form–function pairings. This framework is applied to allative futures, a typological comparative concept developed in order to compare structurally diverse future tenses. Following the typological discussion, a diachronic case study of the emergence and grammaticalization of a verbless allative future in Ancient Egyptian is presented. Such verbless allative futures provide evidence against assumptions that purpose constructions as such are not grammaticalized as future tense constructions (Schmidtke-Bode 2009). Rather, they corroborate earlier hypotheses that it is the allative component of source constructions that crucially leads to intention meanings, and from intention to prediction (see, e.g., Bybee, Pagliuca, and Perkins 1994). [less ▲]

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See detailPolysemy in Language Contact. Borrowing of the Greek-origin adposition κατά in Coptic
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2013, September 20)

Adpositions tend to be highly polyfunctional. While some approaches to lexical semantics search for abstract basic meanings, recent research indicates that polysemy is probably a more insightful analysis ... [more ▼]

Adpositions tend to be highly polyfunctional. While some approaches to lexical semantics search for abstract basic meanings, recent research indicates that polysemy is probably a more insightful analysis of the one-to-many form-function mappings associated with adpositions (e.g. Hagège 2008, Koptjevskaja-Tamm 2008, Grossman and Polis 2012). The recent burst of work on semantic maps (see e.g. the special number of Linguistic Discovery 8/1, 2010) has provided a useful tool for evaluating the empirical validity of polysemy. The aim of the present paper is to examine an aspect of the semantics of adposition borrowing, focusing on the extent to which polysemy networks associated with a source-language adposition are borrowed. Taking the Greek-origin adposition κατά (Luraghi 2003, Bortone 2010) in Coptic as a test-case, I show that adpositions are usually not borrowed with their entire polysemy networks. In order to demonstrate this point, I build a semantic map of the spatial (motion from, downwards, towards, etc.), temporal (extension, duration) and conceptual senses (conformity, comparison, cause, distributive, iterative) covered by the preposition κατά in Greek, based on existing semantic maps and additional typological evidence. Thanks to this map, it is possible to ground a contrastive analysis of the senses associated with the preposition κατά in Greek, on the one hand, and with kata in two Coptic dialects, on the other. In terms of adposition borrowing, the semantic maps method allows one to show (1) that a small part of the polysemy network associated with the preposition in Greek is borrowed, (2) that spatial meanings are hardly borrowed, while conceptual ones can easily be, (3) that the polysemy network of kata in Coptic is fairly different from one dialect to another. This, in turns leads to an interesting question, which can be evaluated empirically: do the ways in which adpositions are borrowed shed light on the Connectivity Hypothesis associated with semantic maps? [less ▲]

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See detailCensure de l'écrit et tabous en Égypte pharaonique
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailDénommer. Regards rhétoriques sur la terminologie linguistique
[ Lttr 13 ]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2013)

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See detailLa vie terminologique de l’énonciation
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Dufaye, Lionel; Gournay, Lucie (Eds.) Benveniste après un demi-siècle, regards sur l'énonciation aujourd'hui (2013)

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See detailRéviser le codage de l’égyptien ancien. Vers un répertoire partagé des signes hiéroglyphiques
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Document Numérique (2013), 16(3), 45-67

Based on an analysis of the 60 000 spellings found in the Ramses corpus, we show that the encoding scheme that is used for hieroglyphic texts, known as the Manuel de Codage (1988), is problematic for the ... [more ▼]

Based on an analysis of the 60 000 spellings found in the Ramses corpus, we show that the encoding scheme that is used for hieroglyphic texts, known as the Manuel de Codage (1988), is problematic for the development of text corpora in general. We consequently (1) argue in favour of basic principles that should be followed when encoding hieroglyphic texts in the framework of corpus projects, and (2) suggest guidelines for a new encoding scheme, especially with respect to the structure of the sign-list. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Ramses project : Methodology and practices in the annotation of Late Egyptian Texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Hafemann, Ingelore (Ed.) Perspektiven einer corpusbasierten historischen Linguistik und Philologie : Internationale Tagung des Akademienvorhabens „Altägyptisches Wörterbuch“ an der BBAW, 12.-13. Dezember 2011 (2013)

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the general architecture of Ramses software. The second part describes the encoding procedures and reviews the current state of the annotation. In the third section, some changes brought about by the use of large-scale corpora are discussed from an epistemological viewpoint. The paper ends with the presentation of some new avenues for research that will ensue from the use of a complex multilevel corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailLa subjectivité : Lectures critiques entre grammaire et texte
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Revista de Estudos Linguísticos = Linguistic Studies (2013), 8

In this paper, we examine how subjectivity helps to bridge the gap between grammatical description and textual analysis. Since Benveniste, subjectivity has become a central issue in linguistic ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we examine how subjectivity helps to bridge the gap between grammatical description and textual analysis. Since Benveniste, subjectivity has become a central issue in linguistic investigation: while the French linguist set the ground from which subjectivity could emerge as a linguistic issue, he also opened a wide and non-systematic range of terminological possibilities, between philosophy and grammar. From this ground, followers such as Kerbrat-Orecchioni, Coquet, Langacker and Traugott have designed peculiar approaches and — significantly divergent — avenues for future research. The present study investigates these five theoretical frameworks in which, between text and grammar, the term subjectivity holds a place of paramount significance. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding an Annotated Corpus of Late Egyptian. The Ramses Project: Review and Perspectives
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Honnay, Anne-Claude ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper reviews the experience of the Ramses Project in constructing a richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian that consists of 300 000 words in 2011 (and is expected to grow up to more than 1 million ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the experience of the Ramses Project in constructing a richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian that consists of 300 000 words in 2011 (and is expected to grow up to more than 1 million words in coming years). During the first five years of the project, this corpus has been encoded in hieroglyphic script, translated in French or English and received annotations for part-of-speech information, lemmatization, and morphological analysis. The methodology and working tools that have been developed in order to build this corpus are here discussed and future developments are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding a Construction-Based Treebank of Late Egyptian. The Syntactic Layer in Ramsès
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper reports on the construction-based Treebank currently under development in the frame-work of the Ramses Project, which aims at building a multifaceted annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts. We ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the construction-based Treebank currently under development in the frame-work of the Ramses Project, which aims at building a multifaceted annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts. We describe the specifications that have been implemented and we introduce the syntactic formalism and the related representation format that are used for the syntactic annotation. Further-more, the annotation scheme is discussed with particular attention paid to its evolutionary nature. Finally, we explain the methods as well as the annotating tool, called SyntaxEditor; we conclude by addressing the question of forthcoming developments, especially the search engine and a context-sensitive parser. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated text categorization in a dead language. The detection of genres in Late Egyptian
Gohy, Stéphanie ULg; Martin Leon, Benjamin ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either ... [more ▼]

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either hieroglyphic or hieratic scripts that is found in documents from Ancient Egypt dating from ca. 1350-700 BCE. The study is divided into three parts. After a general intro¬duction on AGI (§1), we introduce the levels of annotation that are integrated in the Ramses corpus and can be used when performing AGI on Late Egyptian (§2). In the following section (§3) we offer a brief survey of the types of features that have been discussed in the literature on AGI, before proceeding with three case studies where we apply supervised machine learning methods — namely the naïve Bayes classifier (§4.1), the Support Vector Machine (§4.2), and the Segment and Combine approach (§4.3) — to a selection of texts in the corpus. Their respective performances are tested using lexical, part-of-speech and inflectional features. [less ▲]

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See detailTexts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Introduction
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

A short introduction to the volume "Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of ... [more ▼]

A short introduction to the volume "Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010". [less ▲]

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See detailTexts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg; Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2013)

This volume represents the outcome of the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the Interna-tional Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie) held in Liège in 2010 (6-8 July) under the ... [more ▼]

This volume represents the outcome of the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the Interna-tional Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie) held in Liège in 2010 (6-8 July) under the auspices of the Ramses Project. The papers are based on presentations given during this meeting and have been selected in order to cover three main thematic areas of research at the intersection of Egyptology and Information Technology: (1) the construction, management and use of Ancient Egyptian annotated corpora; (2) the problems linked to hieroglyphic encoding; (3) the development of databases in the fields of art history, philology and prosopography. The contributions offer an up-to-date state of the art, they discuss the most promising avenues for future research, developments and implementation, and they suggest solutions to longstanding issues in the field. Two general trends characterize the projects laid out here: the desire for online accessibility made available to the widest possible audience; and the search for standardization and interoperability. The efforts in these directions are admittedly of paramount importance for the future of Egyptological research in general. Indeed, for the present and increasingly for the future, one cannot overemphasize the (empirical and methodological) impact of a generalized access to structured data of the highest possible quality that can be browsed and/or exchanged without loss of information. [less ▲]

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See detailBenveniste serait-il aujourd’hui un linguiste de l’énonciation ?
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Arts et savoirs (2012, July 24), 2

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See detailStudies van de van de Belgische Kring voor Linguïstiek - Travaux du du Cercle Belge de Linguistique - Papers of the Linguistic Society of Belgium
Polis, Stéphane ULg; De Brabanter, Philippe; Cougnon, Louise-Amélie et al

in Studies van de BKL - Travaux du CBL - Papers of the LSB (2012), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)