References of "Polis, Stéphane"
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See detailLa vie terminologique de l’énonciation
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Dufaye, Lionel; Gournay, Lucie (Eds.) Benveniste après un demi-siècle, regards sur l'énonciation aujourd'hui (2013)

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See detailRéviser le codage de l’égyptien ancien. Vers un répertoire partagé des signes hiéroglyphiques
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Document Numérique (2013), 16(3), 45-67

Based on an analysis of the 60 000 spellings found in the Ramses corpus, we show that the encoding scheme that is used for hieroglyphic texts, known as the Manuel de Codage (1988), is problematic for the ... [more ▼]

Based on an analysis of the 60 000 spellings found in the Ramses corpus, we show that the encoding scheme that is used for hieroglyphic texts, known as the Manuel de Codage (1988), is problematic for the development of text corpora in general. We consequently (1) argue in favour of basic principles that should be followed when encoding hieroglyphic texts in the framework of corpus projects, and (2) suggest guidelines for a new encoding scheme, especially with respect to the structure of the sign-list. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Ramses project : Methodology and practices in the annotation of Late Egyptian Texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Hafemann, Ingelore (Ed.) Perspektiven einer corpusbasierten historischen Linguistik und Philologie : Internationale Tagung des Akademienvorhabens „Altägyptisches Wörterbuch“ an der BBAW, 12.-13. Dezember 2011 (2013)

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the general architecture of Ramses software. The second part describes the encoding procedures and reviews the current state of the annotation. In the third section, some changes brought about by the use of large-scale corpora are discussed from an epistemological viewpoint. The paper ends with the presentation of some new avenues for research that will ensue from the use of a complex multilevel corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailLa subjectivité : Lectures critiques entre grammaire et texte
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Revista de Estudos Linguísticos = Linguistic Studies (2013), 8

In this paper, we examine how subjectivity helps to bridge the gap between grammatical description and textual analysis. Since Benveniste, subjectivity has become a central issue in linguistic ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we examine how subjectivity helps to bridge the gap between grammatical description and textual analysis. Since Benveniste, subjectivity has become a central issue in linguistic investigation: while the French linguist set the ground from which subjectivity could emerge as a linguistic issue, he also opened a wide and non-systematic range of terminological possibilities, between philosophy and grammar. From this ground, followers such as Kerbrat-Orecchioni, Coquet, Langacker and Traugott have designed peculiar approaches and — significantly divergent — avenues for future research. The present study investigates these five theoretical frameworks in which, between text and grammar, the term subjectivity holds a place of paramount significance. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding an Annotated Corpus of Late Egyptian. The Ramses Project: Review and Perspectives
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Honnay, Anne-Claude ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper reviews the experience of the Ramses Project in constructing a richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian that consists of 300 000 words in 2011 (and is expected to grow up to more than 1 million ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the experience of the Ramses Project in constructing a richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian that consists of 300 000 words in 2011 (and is expected to grow up to more than 1 million words in coming years). During the first five years of the project, this corpus has been encoded in hieroglyphic script, translated in French or English and received annotations for part-of-speech information, lemmatization, and morphological analysis. The methodology and working tools that have been developed in order to build this corpus are here discussed and future developments are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding a Construction-Based Treebank of Late Egyptian. The Syntactic Layer in Ramsès
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper reports on the construction-based Treebank currently under development in the frame-work of the Ramses Project, which aims at building a multifaceted annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts. We ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the construction-based Treebank currently under development in the frame-work of the Ramses Project, which aims at building a multifaceted annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts. We describe the specifications that have been implemented and we introduce the syntactic formalism and the related representation format that are used for the syntactic annotation. Further-more, the annotation scheme is discussed with particular attention paid to its evolutionary nature. Finally, we explain the methods as well as the annotating tool, called SyntaxEditor; we conclude by addressing the question of forthcoming developments, especially the search engine and a context-sensitive parser. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated text categorization in a dead language. The detection of genres in Late Egyptian
Gohy, Stéphanie ULg; Martin Leon, Benjamin ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either ... [more ▼]

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either hieroglyphic or hieratic scripts that is found in documents from Ancient Egypt dating from ca. 1350-700 BCE. The study is divided into three parts. After a general intro¬duction on AGI (§1), we introduce the levels of annotation that are integrated in the Ramses corpus and can be used when performing AGI on Late Egyptian (§2). In the following section (§3) we offer a brief survey of the types of features that have been discussed in the literature on AGI, before proceeding with three case studies where we apply supervised machine learning methods — namely the naïve Bayes classifier (§4.1), the Support Vector Machine (§4.2), and the Segment and Combine approach (§4.3) — to a selection of texts in the corpus. Their respective performances are tested using lexical, part-of-speech and inflectional features. [less ▲]

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See detailTexts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Introduction
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

A short introduction to the volume "Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of ... [more ▼]

A short introduction to the volume "Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010". [less ▲]

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See detailTexts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg; Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2013)

This volume represents the outcome of the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the Interna-tional Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie) held in Liège in 2010 (6-8 July) under the ... [more ▼]

This volume represents the outcome of the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the Interna-tional Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie) held in Liège in 2010 (6-8 July) under the auspices of the Ramses Project. The papers are based on presentations given during this meeting and have been selected in order to cover three main thematic areas of research at the intersection of Egyptology and Information Technology: (1) the construction, management and use of Ancient Egyptian annotated corpora; (2) the problems linked to hieroglyphic encoding; (3) the development of databases in the fields of art history, philology and prosopography. The contributions offer an up-to-date state of the art, they discuss the most promising avenues for future research, developments and implementation, and they suggest solutions to longstanding issues in the field. Two general trends characterize the projects laid out here: the desire for online accessibility made available to the widest possible audience; and the search for standardization and interoperability. The efforts in these directions are admittedly of paramount importance for the future of Egyptological research in general. Indeed, for the present and increasingly for the future, one cannot overemphasize the (empirical and methodological) impact of a generalized access to structured data of the highest possible quality that can be browsed and/or exchanged without loss of information. [less ▲]

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See detailBenveniste serait-il aujourd’hui un linguiste de l’énonciation ?
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Arts et savoirs (2012, July 24), 2

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See detailStudies van de van de Belgische Kring voor Linguïstiek - Travaux du du Cercle Belge de Linguistique - Papers of the Linguistic Society of Belgium
Polis, Stéphane ULg; De Brabanter, Philippe; Cougnon, Louise-Amélie et al

in Studies van de BKL - Travaux du CBL - Papers of the LSB (2012), 7

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See detailLexical semantics in Ancient Egyptian. An introduction
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian (2012)

This paper is an introduction to the volume "Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian". The aim of this volume is to address methodological issues touching upon several domains of Ancient Egyptian lexical ... [more ▼]

This paper is an introduction to the volume "Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian". The aim of this volume is to address methodological issues touching upon several domains of Ancient Egyptian lexical semantics that are likely to enhance and enrich future lexicographical studies. The orientation of this volume is primarily lexicological and not lexicographical. [less ▲]

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See detailLexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

Book published by Lingua Aegyptia (2012)

This volume is the first to be devoted specifically to the study of lexical semantics in Ancient Egyptian. While much research has been dedicated to a wide range of grammatical issues in past decades ... [more ▼]

This volume is the first to be devoted specifically to the study of lexical semantics in Ancient Egyptian. While much research has been dedicated to a wide range of grammatical issues in past decades, lexical semantics has rarely been treated in a systematic fashion. The papers collected here treat a range of semantic phenomena, from the lexical semantics of spatial expressions, to the problems of analyzing polyfunctionality and even to the semantics of the Egyptian writing system. The scope of these issues goes well beyond the individual 'word' or lexical item, as a number of papers address the semantics of syntactic constructions. Some authors call into question the distinction between lexicon and grammar, or analyze the lexical semantics of items usually considered 'grammatical' or 'function' words, such as discourse particles. This volume also spans a number of theoretical frameworks and methodologies that have not been prominent in Egyptian linguistics and philology, such as typologically-oriented semantic maps and other visual tools. The papers in this volume do not aim to define the 'state of the art,' but rather seek to stimulate the study of meaning in Ancient Egyptian, to point to innovative avenues for future research, and to engage in a broader dialogue between Egyptian linguistics and philology, on the one hand, and the research frameworks and agendas of general linguistics, on the other. [less ▲]

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See detailNavigating polyfunctionality in the lexicon. Semantic maps and Ancient Egyptian lexical semantics
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian (2012)

In lexical semantic descriptions of Ancient Egyptian, there is a tendency to search for a single basic meaning or Grundbedeutung, even if the element in question has a wide range of meanings or functions ... [more ▼]

In lexical semantic descriptions of Ancient Egyptian, there is a tendency to search for a single basic meaning or Grundbedeutung, even if the element in question has a wide range of meanings or functions. The actual functions of these elements — as they occur in texts — are usually explained as contextual or combinatory, derived from the interaction of the basic meaning with environmental cues or triggers. While there are certainly lexical items for which this is appropriate, there are nonetheless other ways of describing polyfunctionality, a generic term for situations in which multiple functions (or meanings or senses) are associated with a single signifier. The goal of the present article is to demonstrate that other kinds of analyses are possible, and can be equally interesting and useful for describing the facts of Ancient Egyptian and for relating them to cross-linguistic research. Moreover we show that Ancient Egyptian linguistic data allow us to test — corroborate, extend, or revise — hypotheses that have been proposed in the typological literature. The paper is structured as follows: Part 1 raises the problem of polyfunctionality and possible approaches to this pervasive linguistic phenomenon; Part 2 presents the (classical) semantic map model developed by typologists in order to account for the cross-linguistically recurrent relationships between two or more meanings of single linguistic forms; Part 3 examines the applicability and usefulness of this model in Ancient Egyptian with two small-scale case studies dealing with specific semantic areas ([a] instrument-companion and [b] allative). In each case, the semantic map provides a principled method for the analysis of polyfunctionality in both synchrony and diachrony. [less ▲]

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See detailProjet Ramsès. Manuel d'encodage
Honnay, Anne-Claude ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Report (2012)

Manuel décrivant les procédures d'encodage et d'annotation des textes néo-égyptiens dans la base de données "Ramsès". Mises à jour régulière.

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See detailLa subjectivité : lectures critiques entre grammaire et texte
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

Conference (2011, September 09)

Dans cette contribution, nous proposons une réflexion critique sur la notion de subjectivité qui constitue un « beau cas », voire un cas d’école, pour observer la manière dont la pensée linguistique opère ... [more ▼]

Dans cette contribution, nous proposons une réflexion critique sur la notion de subjectivité qui constitue un « beau cas », voire un cas d’école, pour observer la manière dont la pensée linguistique opère le réglage théorique entre l’analyse de faits de grammaire et l’étude de leurs textualisations. [less ▲]

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See detailLinguistic innovations and evolution of registers in the Deir el-Medineh community: Scribal networks and families during the 20th dynasty
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2011, April 05)

The aim of this lecture was to investigate the relation between scribal variation and language change in pre-Demotic Egyptian, focusing more specifically on “The best case scenario in the worst cultural ... [more ▼]

The aim of this lecture was to investigate the relation between scribal variation and language change in pre-Demotic Egyptian, focusing more specifically on “The best case scenario in the worst cultural environment”, i.e. the text community of Deir el-Medineh during the 20th Dynasty. The talk was methodologically oriented and several case-studies (related to the diaphasic and diachronic dimensions of variation) were presented in order to illustrate some principles and to suggest new ways of investigation in the description of Ancient Egyptian variation. Additionally, the possibility of a scribal network analysis of the written material found in Deir el-Medineh has been discussed. [less ▲]

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