References of "Plenevaux, Alain"
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See detailRobot-assisted synthesis of [18F]altanserin, 4-[18F]fluorotropapride, 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa and 2-[18F]fluoro-L-tyrosine.
Brihaye, C.; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, Ph. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1994), 35

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See detailEnantioselective synhteses of n.c.a. L-2-[18F]fluoro-4-chlorophenylalanine and of L-(a-methyl)-2-[18F]fluoro-4-chlorophenylalanine.
Al-Darwich, M. J.; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1994), 35

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See detailAl2O3/KF in radiochemistry: fast preparation of L-[11C-methyl]methionine without HPLC.
Schmitz, F.; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Del Fiore, G. et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1994), 35

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See detailENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESES OF NCA (S)-L-[BETA-C-11]-4-CHLOROPHENYLALANINE AND (S)-L-(ALPHA-METHYL)-[BETA-C-11]-4-CHLOROPHENYLALANINE
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Al-Darwich, M. J.; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Applied Radiation & Isotopes (1994), 45(3), 361-369

The radiolabeling of (S)-L-4-chlorophenylalanine and (S)-L-(alpha-methyl)-4-chlorophenylalanine were realized with carbon-11 at position beta through a radiochemical synthesis relying on the highly ... [more ▼]

The radiolabeling of (S)-L-4-chlorophenylalanine and (S)-L-(alpha-methyl)-4-chlorophenylalanine were realized with carbon-11 at position beta through a radiochemical synthesis relying on the highly enantioselective reaction between 4-chloro[alpha-C-11]benzyl bromide and the lithium enolate of (S)-1-(t-butyloxycarbonyl)-2-(t-butyl)-3-methyl-1,3-imidazolidine-4-one for (S)-L-[beta-C-11]-4-chlorophenylalanine and of (2S,5S)-1-(t-butyloxycarbonyl)-2-(t-butyl)-3,5-dimethyl-1,3-imidazolidin e-4-one for (S)-L-(alpha-methyl)-[beta-C-11]-4-chlorophenylalanine. Quantities of about 25-35 mCi were obtained at the end of synthesis, ready for injection, after hydrolysis and HPLC purification with a radiochemical yield of 19% corrected to EOB within 45 min. The enantiomeric excesses were shown to be greater than or equal to 97% for both molecules without chiral separation. The radiochemical and the chemical purities of the final compounds were greater than or equal to 98% and the specific activity at the end of synthesis ranged between 250-800 mCi/mu mol. [less ▲]

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See detailENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF NCA (S)-L-([ALPHA-C-11]METHYL)-TRYPTOPHAN
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Delfiore, Guy et al

in Applied Radiation & Isotopes (1994), 45(6), 651-653

N.c.a. (S)-L-([alpha-C-11]methyl)-tryptophan was prepared by treatment at -78-degrees-C of (2S,3aR,8aS)-1,2-bis(-methoxycarbonyl)-1,2,3,3a,8,8a-hexahydropyrrolo[2, 3-b]-indole with lithium ... [more ▼]

N.c.a. (S)-L-([alpha-C-11]methyl)-tryptophan was prepared by treatment at -78-degrees-C of (2S,3aR,8aS)-1,2-bis(-methoxycarbonyl)-1,2,3,3a,8,8a-hexahydropyrrolo[2, 3-b]-indole with lithium diisopropylamide and [C-11]CH3I. After hydrolysis with HI and HPLC purification, the title compound was isolated with a radiochemical yield of 36% (EOB corrected) within 22 min; e.e. was shown > 97% (n = 20); specific activity was ranging between 0.8 and 1.2 Ci (30-45 GBq)/mu mol EOB. [less ▲]

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See detailEnantioselective synthesis of 6-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-L-dopa from no-carrier-added fluorine-18-fluoride.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, Philippe; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1994), 35(12), 1996-2002

METHODS: A trimethylammonium veratraldehyde triflate was synthesized and used as a precursor for the asymmetric synthesis of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa. RESULTS: Its nucleophilic fluorination with 18F-fluoride ... [more ▼]

METHODS: A trimethylammonium veratraldehyde triflate was synthesized and used as a precursor for the asymmetric synthesis of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa. RESULTS: Its nucleophilic fluorination with 18F-fluoride produced by the 18O(p,n)18F nuclear reaction on enriched 18O-water led to the corresponding no-carrier-added [18F]fluoroveratraldehyde (45 +/- 5% EOB). Diiodosilane was used to prepare the corresponding [18F]fluorobenzyl iodide (36.5 +/- 5.3% EOB). Akylation of (S)-1-tert-boc-2-tert-butyl-3-methyl-4-imidazolidinone with this electrophilic agent, hydrolysis and purification by preparative high-pressure liquid chromatography made 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa ready for human injection, in a 23% +/- 6% decay-corrected radiochemical yield. The enantiomeric purity and the specific activity were above 96% and 1 Ci/mumole respectively. CONCLUSION: Through this procedure, starting from 250 mCi of 18F-fluoride, multimillicurie amounts (32 +/- 8.5 mCi) of no-carrier-added 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa are now available at the end of synthesis (90 min) with a good radiochemical purity (more than 98%). [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and biodistribution of [5-131I]iodotropapride: a potential D2 dopamine receptor imaging agent.
Cantineau, Robert; Guillaume, Marcel; Damhaut, Philippe et al

in Nuclear Medicine & Biology (1994), 21(2), 255-62

[5-131I]Iodotropapride is a benzamidic compound which displays high affinity and selectivity for dopaminergic receptors. It was prepared from the corresponding brominated compound by a nucleophilic ... [more ▼]

[5-131I]Iodotropapride is a benzamidic compound which displays high affinity and selectivity for dopaminergic receptors. It was prepared from the corresponding brominated compound by a nucleophilic substitution with [131I]iodine (t1/2 = 8.02 days, E gamma = 364 keV) based on the use of Cu(I) as catalyst and high specific activity of [131I]NaI. After i.v. injection in rats the tracer crosses the blood-brain barrier (0.42 +/- 0.06% of injected dose in the total brain) and demonstrates a high affinity binding to the striatum. The striatum-to-cerebellum ratio increases with time and reaches values of 9 and 22 at 30 and 120 min after injection, respectively. This specific uptake in the striatum is saturable and can be blocked by pretreatment with different D2 antagonists. When labeled with 123I (t1/2 = 13 h, E1 = 159 keV), the corresponding [123I]iodotropapride may be useful for the investigation of the D2 dopamine receptors in humans with single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT). [less ▲]

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See detailLabeling of amino acids with carbon-11 and fluorine-18 for PET.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg

in Journal of Nuclear Biology and Medicine (Turin, Italy : 1991) (1993), 37

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See detailNCA asymmetric synthesis of 2-[18F]fluoro-L-tyrosine.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Damhaut, Ph. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1993), 32

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See detailAsymmetric synthesis of n.c.a. L-[2-11C]-4-chlorophenylalanine.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Al-Darwich, M. J.; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1993), 32

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See detailNon-activated 18F-fluorinated aromatic compounds through nucleophilic substitution and decarbonylation reactions using RhCl[P(C6H5)3]3.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Palmer, A. J. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1993), 32

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See detailNUCLEOPHILIC ENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF 6-[F-18]FLUORO-L-DOPA VIA 2 CHIRAL AUXILIARIES
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Cantineau, Robert et al

in Applied Radiation & Isotopes (1993), 44(4), 737-744

Asymmetric nucleophilic synthesis of 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-dopa was investigated in order to reach an enantiomeric excess of close to 100% of the L form of this amino acid. The radiochemical synthesis required ... [more ▼]

Asymmetric nucleophilic synthesis of 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-dopa was investigated in order to reach an enantiomeric excess of close to 100% of the L form of this amino acid. The radiochemical synthesis required [F-18]fluoride as fluorinating agent and regioselective nucleophilic substitution of commercially available 6-nitroveratraldehyde. The [F-18]fluorobenzaldehyde thus obtained was easily converted to the corresponding 2-[F-18]fluoro-4,5-dimethoxybenzyl bromide. This alkylating agent was added to the lithium enolates of 1-(S)-(-)camphor imine of t-butyl glycinate (1) and (S)-(-)- 1 -Boc-2-t-butyl-3-methyl-4-imidazolidinone [(S)- Boc-BMI] (2) in order to compare the enantiomeric excess of the L form obtained in each case with these two chiral inductors. The L-isomer of fluorodopa was isolated after H1 hydrolysis and HPLC purification in 5-10% radiochemical yield (decay corrected). The overall synthesis time was of 110 min. Through this synthetic pathway, the L-isomer of fluorodopa was obtained in 83% e.e with 1 and 96% e.e with 2 respectively, as determined by chiral HPLC. A practical three step preparative scale synthesis of 6-[F-19]fluoro-D,L-dopa is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailSYNTHESIS OF F-18 SUBSTITUTED AROMATIC-ALDEHYDES AND BENZYL BROMIDES, NEW INTERMEDIATES FOR NCA [F-18] FLUORINATION
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, Philippe; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Applied Radiation & Isotopes (1992), 43(4), 485-494

The synthesis of various [F-18]fluoroaromatic aldehydes using activated nitro precursors and aminopolyether supported nucleophilic substitution with F-18(-) is reported. These radiolabelled fluorinated ... [more ▼]

The synthesis of various [F-18]fluoroaromatic aldehydes using activated nitro precursors and aminopolyether supported nucleophilic substitution with F-18(-) is reported. These radiolabelled fluorinated aldehydes (radiochemical yields: 50-75%) are powerful key intermediates leading after treatment with NaBH4 and SOBr2 (SOCl2) to further active intermediates for example substituted [F-18]fluorobenzyl bromides (yields 30-50% EOB). These benzaldehydes and bromides are particularly useful for the preparation of new radiopharmaceuticals (e.g. fluorotroprapride, fluorodexetimide) either by reductive amination or by aromatic N-alkylation. The preparation of various amino acids in D, L (50:50) or enriched L form by asymmetric synthesis is also possible (e.g. L-6-[F-18]fluorodopa, L-4-[F-18]fluoro-m-tyrosine). It can be anticipated that the F-18-labelled fluoroaldehydes will find widespread application in radiopharmaceutical chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailFeasibility of multumillicurie preparation of L-6-[18F]fluorodopa by nucleophilic asymmetric synthesis.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Comar, D.

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1992), 19

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See detailSYNTHESIS OF NONACTIVATED F-18 FLUORINATED AROMATIC-COMPOUNDS THROUGH NUCLEOPHILIC-SUBSTITUTION AND DECARBOXYLATION REACTIONS
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Palmer, Anthtony J. et al

in Applied Radiation & Isotopes (1992), 43(8), 1035-1040

The synthesis of no-carrier-added 3-[F-18]fluoroanisole, 2-[F-18]fluoroanisole, [F-18]fluorobenzene and 4-[F-18]fluoroveratrole are reported. The strategy consists of amino-polyether supported ... [more ▼]

The synthesis of no-carrier-added 3-[F-18]fluoroanisole, 2-[F-18]fluoroanisole, [F-18]fluorobenzene and 4-[F-18]fluoroveratrole are reported. The strategy consists of amino-polyether supported nucleophilic substitution with [F-18]F- on activated nitro aromatic aldehyde precursors followed by decarbonylation using Tris(triphenylphosphine) rhodium (I) chloride. The experimental parameters for this reaction have been studied and optimized with 2-[F-18]fluoro-4-methoxybenzaldehyde and then successfully applied to four other F-18-fluorinated aromatic aldehydes. The decarbonylation yields obtained were 84 +/- 5% (corrected for decay) within 15 min at 150-degrees-C in 1,4-dioxan. [less ▲]

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See detail2- and 4-[18F]fluorotropapride, two specific D2 receptor ligands for positron emission tomography: N.C.A. syntheses and animal studies.
Damhaut, Philippe; Cantineau, Robert; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part A : Applied Radiation and Isotopes (1992), 43(10), 1265-74

Tropapride, (exo)-2,3-dimethoxy-N-[8-(phenylmethyl)-8- azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]benzamide hydrochloride, has been labeled with fluorine-18 at the 2- and 4-positions of its benzylic group. Two synthetic ... [more ▼]

Tropapride, (exo)-2,3-dimethoxy-N-[8-(phenylmethyl)-8- azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]benzamide hydrochloride, has been labeled with fluorine-18 at the 2- and 4-positions of its benzylic group. Two synthetic pathways were investigated: the first one required the alkylation of the norbenzyl precursor with 2- or 4-[18F]fluorobenzyl bromide (radiochemical yield of 5% EOB, 180 min); the second method consisted of a reductive amination of norbenzyl tropapride with 2- or 4-[18F]fluorobenzaldehyde (20% EOB, 110 min). In both cases, the specific activity was found to be greater than 1 Ci/mumol (EOS). Animal studies in rats showed the percentage of the injected dose localizing in the whole brain to be 0.6 +/- 0.09 and 0.2 +/- 0.03 at 2 h post injection for the para- and the ortho-[18F]fluoro analogs of tropapride respectively. Cerebral biodistribution studies showed at 4 h a striatum uptake of 5 +/- 0.7% of the injected dose per gram of striatum for the para derivative with a low fixation into the frontal cortex and the cerebellum (% ID/g FC < 0.4 and % ID/g Cb < 0.3). The selectivity of 4-[18F]fluorotropapride for D2 dopaminergic sites was demonstrated through blocking experiments with ketanserin, spiperone and halopemide. The saturability was confirmed by the use of variable specific activities. These preliminary results showed that 4-[18F]fluorotropapride can be considered as a potent radiopharmaceutical for the study of the dopaminergic system with PET. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical processing for the production of carrier free selenium-73 from germanium and arsenic targets and synthesis of L-[73Se]selenomethionine.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Guillaume, M.; Brihaye, C. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1991), 30

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See detailNCA synthesis of an N-w-[18F]fluoroethyl analog of altanserine, a serotonine S2 receptor ligand.
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, Ph.; Cantineau, R. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1991), 30

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See detailRoutine production and improvement in the purification of 3-N-(2'-[18F]fluoroethyl)spiperone for clinical use.
Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Cantineau, R.; Labar, D. et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (1991), 30

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