References of "Philippart, Jean-Claude"
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See detailBiodiversité et caractéristiques physiques des cours d'eau
Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

in Lambot, Françis; et collaborateurs (Eds.) Actes du Colloque de Namur "La gestion physique des cours d'eau: bilan d'une décennie d'ingénierie écologique" (2008)

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See detailSexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the first-generation hybrids of Blicca bjoerkna L. x Abramis brama L.
Matondo, Billy Nzau; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Cybium (2008), 32(2), 286-289

Sexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the artificial first-generation hybrids of silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream, Abramis brama, were investigated in this study. The ... [more ▼]

Sexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the artificial first-generation hybrids of silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream, Abramis brama, were investigated in this study. The results revealed that the females and males of hybrids attained their first sexual maturity at the same age. Maturity in F, hybrids was observed at the same moment as maturity in the common bream, the latter being the parental species. Sizes of male hybrids at maturity were intermediate to their parents but female hybrids were closer to the highest parental species, the common bream. As for reproductive behaviour, the numbers of spawning and mating behaviours observed were highly similar. Female hybrids mated simultaneously and successively with all types of males, except the common bream male. resulting in fertilised eggs. Male hybrids exhibited aggressiveness and territorial activities as in parental species common bream. Successful survival was observed in all post-F-1 (F-2 and backcross) generations at each developmental stage, proving that these hybrids are fertile. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological recognition of artificial F1 hybrids between three common European cyprinid species: Rutilus rutilus, Blicca bjoerkna and Abramis brama.
Matondo, B. N.; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg et al

in Dong Wu Xue Bao = Acta Zoologica Sinica (2008), 54(1),

The F1 hybrids of roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream Abramis brama from experimental reciprocal cross-breedings were identified at 18 months of age in relation to the ... [more ▼]

The F1 hybrids of roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream Abramis brama from experimental reciprocal cross-breedings were identified at 18 months of age in relation to the parental species. The morphological analysis, including quantitative (plastic and meristic) and nonmetric features differing in the roach, the silver bream and the common bream, revealed that roach * common bream and roach * silver bream hybrids were easier to distinguish from their parents than silver bream * common bream hybrids. These roach hybrids had many morphological similarities such as the upper iris coloured in red as in the roach, and they were morphologically intermediate to the two parents. This contrasted with the silver bream * common bream hybrids, in which intermediate characteristics were also observed, but with some parental variants. Roach * silver bream hybrids were distinguishable from roach * common bream hybrids by its large eye, its lower scale numbers along the lateral line and its two rows of pharyngeal teeth. Silver bream * common bream hybrids, compared to the two other types of hybrids studied, had higher anal fin soft ray numbers and a clear eye iris with a median black line. In all interspecific crosses of these three cyprinid species fish, the reciprocal hybrids were generally indistinguishable. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulated discharge produces substantial demographic changes on four typical fish species of a small salmonid stream
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Capra, Hervé; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

in Hydrobiologia (2008), 609

A hydroelectric power plant (HPP) started operation in December 2002 on the River Lhomme, (mean annual flow: 1.78 m(3) s(-1)supercript stop; mean annual water temperature: 9.9 degrees C). The new HPP ... [more ▼]

A hydroelectric power plant (HPP) started operation in December 2002 on the River Lhomme, (mean annual flow: 1.78 m(3) s(-1)supercript stop; mean annual water temperature: 9.9 degrees C). The new HPP bypasses the river over a length of 1.2 km. The minimum flow allowed in the bypassed section is currently fixed at 0.220 m(3) s(-1)supercript stop. Before the construction of the HPP, two contrasted 150-m-long reaches of the Lhomme were selected to estimate their total fish population abundance and to analyse their fish population dynamics. Electrofishing was carried out in each of these two reaches on 23 April 2002 in a natural flow situation to remove the fish. Other inventories were carried out in late April or early May in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006 in minimum flow conditions. The results revealed a prompt and severe decrease in the total fish biomass (up to 81% for grayling from 2002 to 2006) combined with severe changes in the fish community structure that were not observed in a reference site. The effects of the flow reduction varied considerably depending on the size of the individuals, the species concerned and their habitat availability, which was modelled using a classical physical habitat simulation (EVHA method). [less ▲]

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See detailMovement patterns and spawning activity of individual nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) in flow-regulated and weir-fragmented rivers
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Applied Ichthyology (2008), 24(3), 256-262

Eighteen adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) (37.6-48.2 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters and manually tracked from the banks of ... [more ▼]

Eighteen adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) (37.6-48.2 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters and manually tracked from the banks of the rivers for 3-34 weeks. Their movements were mainly recorded during the circum reproduction period in 2001, 2002 and 2006 in river stretches delimited by physical barriers and/or minimum flow conditions. To reach the spawning grounds, nase displayed different patterns of movements that were mainly influenced by the configuration of the study site, the date of observation and the associated environmental conditions. Nase never cleared any physical obstacle but were able to spawn in minimum flow conditions or just downstream from physical obstacles. Nase were present on spawning grounds in late March in the warmest spring (2001) and from mid-April to early May in the coldest spring (2006). After spawning, a major proportion of C. nasus migrated a substantial distance downstream, whereas others remained near their capture site and showed frequent movements, sometimes corresponding to group displacements from one river to another. [less ▲]

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See detailMating patterns of first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus (L.), and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L.)
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Journal of Ethology (2008), 26(1), 179-183

Mating patterns among first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus, and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, between hybrids or with parent-species males, have been investigated under experimental ... [more ▼]

Mating patterns among first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus, and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, between hybrids or with parent-species males, have been investigated under experimental reproduction conditions. The results reveal that the level of sexual activity of these hybrids is high. Hybrid females mated simultaneously and successively with all types of male, resulting in fertilised eggs. Individual participation of roach males in mating was never observed, however. [less ▲]

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See detailLa migration de remontée de l’anguille dans le bassin de la Meuse
Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg; Ovidio, Michaël ULg

Scientific conference (2007, November 07)

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See detailHybridization success of three common European cyprinid species, Rutilus rutilus, Blicca bjoerkna and Abramis brama and larval resistance to stress tests
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg et al

in Fisheries Science (2007), 73(5), 1137-1146

Hybridization success at early developmental stages and larval resistance to osmotic, thermal and fasting tests in roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, common bream Abramis brama and their ... [more ▼]

Hybridization success at early developmental stages and larval resistance to osmotic, thermal and fasting tests in roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, common bream Abramis brama and their F1 hybrids were investigated. Results revealed that hybrid survival rates were similar to parents. At the eyed embryo stage, however, a maternal effect was observed as a general trend during hatchling and larval stages. After these stages, hybrids displayed a higher survival rate than their parents. Under stress tests, no survival was observed after 40 min for osmotic and thermal shocks and after 24 days for the prolonged fasting test in these species and their F1 hybrids. The median survivals of hybrids were intermediate between the two parents. For total mortality, hybrids were also affected by a maternal effect but to the advantage of the hybrids. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiyear homing and fidelity to residence areas by individual barbel (Barbus barbus)
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Parkinson, Denis; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2007), 137(2), 183-190

Nine barbels (Barbus barbus) from the River Ourthe (River Meuse basin) were equipped with transmitters programmed to switch ON during two consecutive spawning seasons in 1998 and 1999 (April to July). Six ... [more ▼]

Nine barbels (Barbus barbus) from the River Ourthe (River Meuse basin) were equipped with transmitters programmed to switch ON during two consecutive spawning seasons in 1998 and 1999 (April to July). Six of the nine barbels tracked in 1998 were also tracked in 1999 during the same period. The length of the spawning migration ranged from 200 to 22700m. After the spawning activity observed from 12-16 May 1998 and 4-6 May 1999, the barbels homed to the site occupied before spawning. Each barbel used the same spawning area in 1998 and 1999, despite the presence of other spawning sites on their migratory route. These observations revealed the existence of strict reproductive homing in the barbel and a long-term fidelity to particular resting places. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes turbulence affect the habitat choice of Atlantic salmon parr?
Enders, Eva C; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Roy, Mathieu L et al

Conference (2007, June)

Habitat preferences of Atlantic salmon parr are commonly described using mean flow velocity, water depth, and substrate as habitat variables, and a variety of habitat models have been developed using ... [more ▼]

Habitat preferences of Atlantic salmon parr are commonly described using mean flow velocity, water depth, and substrate as habitat variables, and a variety of habitat models have been developed using these variables to predict habitat quality. However, Atlantic salmon parr live in highly turbulent streams and rivers, in which intense fluctuations of flow velocity occur. Habitat preferences that consider the high variability of flow velocity have not been studied, and this although it has been shown in laboratory experiments that turbulence may affect the behavior and energetics of fish. Consequently, we studied the use of turbulent flow by Atlantic salmon parr in Patapédia River, Québec, Canada using radio-telemetry. We analyzed summer habitat preferences of individual parr in relation to several dynamic hydraulic variables such as standard deviation of flow velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, Froude number, and shear stress, and compared them with the habitat availability within the river reach. Our results revealed that in a natural flow environment, parr display a high individual variability in habitat preferences in relation to flow turbulence. Such heterogeneous habitat preferences suggest that individuals are not constrained to single habitat types and exhibit flexible habitat use. Furthermore, no differences were observed in habitat preferences between the four daily periods (dawn, day, dusk, and night) within individual parr. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioural tactics and spawning activity of rheophilic cyprinids radio-tracked in the transition zone between natural flow and minimum flow conditions
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Guillaume, Nicolas; Hallot, Eric ULg et al

Conference (2007, June)

Using water resources for hydro-electricity production influences and limits the quality and quantity of habitat available for use by resident fishes. Changes in the fish community structure after setting ... [more ▼]

Using water resources for hydro-electricity production influences and limits the quality and quantity of habitat available for use by resident fishes. Changes in the fish community structure after setting minimum flow conditions have been more frequently studied than the behavioural adaptations of fish living in the vicinity of the disturbed river section. In the River Amblève (River Meuse basin, Belgium), a hydraulic power plant bypasses the river over a length of 10 km. Adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (n=10) and barbel Barbus barbus (n=8) were captured in the restitution zone of the turbinated flow several weeks before their reproduction periods. They were equipped with implant radio transmitters and manually and intensively tracked over several months to more than 1 year. The environmental conditions (water temperature and flow) as well as the geomorphology of the river were compared in both natural and flow-regulated sections. Nase and barbel demonstrated the capacity to map their contrasted environment and adapted their space and habitat utilisation as well as the choice of their spawning sites in relation with their specific biological characteristics and the environmental variations. The results are discussed in the context of the management of fish movements in flow-regulated rivers. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility of individual roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) in three weir-fragmented Belgian rivers
Geeraerts, Caroline; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Verbiest, Hilde et al

in Hydrobiologia (2007), 582

Adult roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) (N = 24; 19.9-36.1 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters. Their seasonal movements were observed from ... [more ▼]

Adult roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) (N = 24; 19.9-36.1 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters. Their seasonal movements were observed from March to August 2004 (circum reproduction period) in river stretches delimited by two physical barriers. In the three rivers, roach displayed similar patterns of movements which were mainly influenced by the date of observation (movements increased in late April-May) and water temperature (travel distances were more important when water temperature ranged between 10 degrees C and 14 degrees C). Roach sometimes cleared physical obstacles. The mean distances travelled in each river were relatively short (max. 2.5 km) and mainly influenced by the length of the study reach, which was delimited by physical barriers. [less ▲]

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See detailDéfinition de bases biologiques et éco-hydrauliques pour la libre circulation des poissons dans les cours d'eau non navigables de Wallonie. Volume 3: Identification des priorités d'action d'après les critères biologiques et piscicoles.
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

Report (2007)

Depuis 1988, le Ministère de la Région wallonne (MRW), Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l'Environnement (DGRNE), Direction des Cours d'Eau non navigables (DCENN) fait procéder à un ... [more ▼]

Depuis 1988, le Ministère de la Région wallonne (MRW), Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l'Environnement (DGRNE), Direction des Cours d'Eau non navigables (DCENN) fait procéder à un inventaire complet des obstacles physiques potentiels à la libre circulation des poissons dans les cours d'eau des bassins hydrographiques de la Meuse, du Rhin et partiellement de l'Escaut. Cette mission est assurée par une équipe de la Fédération des Sociétés de Pêche de l'Est et du Sud de la Belgique (FSPESB) qui a déjà couvert un vaste domaine hydrogéographique . Complémentairement à cet inventaire sur le terrain, la DCENN a chargé le LDPH-ULg de réaliser des études visant à caractériser, notamment par biotélémétrie, la franchissabilité effective de divers types d'obstacles, d'évaluer l'efficacité de certaines échelles à poissons construites sur des cours d'eau non navigables et, de manière générale, de rassembler un maximum d'informations sur l'évolution des connaissances et des techniques en matière de rétablissement de la libre circulation des poissons en rivière (Ovidio et al., 2005 & 2007). Ces différentes approches centrées sur les cours d'eau non navigables sont aussi développées par le LDPH sur les cours d'eau navigables à travers le suivi scientifique du programme Saumon Meuse (MRW, 2007) et l'exécution du volet ULg du programme Fédéral 2003-2006 FISHGUARD (Blust et De Boeck, 2003 ; De Boeck et al., 2006). L’approche du problème de la libre circulation des poissons en rivière se situe dans un contexte régional (Nouveau Code wallon de l'Eau),mais aussi international : Décision Benelux d'avril 1996 (Benelux, 1996-1999), Plans d'Action Meuse de la Commission Internationale de la Meuse-CIM (CIM, 2001 et 2002), Implications de la Directive Cadre sur l'Eau quant à la qualité écologique des eaux de surface (Guyon et al., 2006), Perspective de plans d’actions pour le sauvetage de l’anguille européenne (Belpaire, 2005). Vu l'état actuel d'avancement de toutes les études et actions menées en Région wallonne en cette matière, nous proposons dans le présent dossier de synthèse une analyse des options de gestion applicables aux espèces de poissons les plus concernées de notre ichtyofaune ainsi qu'une sélection des aménagements à évaluer en vue d’une amélioration et/ou à réaliser en priorité en fonction de différents critères. [less ▲]

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See detailField protocol for assessing small obstacles to migration of brown trout Salmo trutta, and European grayling Thymallus thymallus: a contribution to the management of free movement in rivers
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Capra, Hervé; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

in Fisheries Management and Ecology (2007), 14(1), 41-50

Between 1996 and 2004, adult brown trout, Salmo trutta L. (n = 40) and European grayling, Thymallus thymallus (L.) (n = 39) were radio-tracked in three southern Belgium rivers to assess their capabilities ... [more ▼]

Between 1996 and 2004, adult brown trout, Salmo trutta L. (n = 40) and European grayling, Thymallus thymallus (L.) (n = 39) were radio-tracked in three southern Belgium rivers to assess their capabilities to bypass various obstacles. During their upstream migrations individuals encountered different types of physical obstacles and successfully passed some under variable environmental conditions. The obstacles cleared by the fish were characterised based on a simple topographical description protocol and compared with tracking data. The ability of trout and grayling to pass different typologies of physical obstacles in natural river systems is discussed in the context of enabling their free movement in rivers. [less ▲]

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