References of "Pestieau, Pierre"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailFaut-il un ou plusieurs indicateurs d'exclusion sociale?
Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Revue Belge de Sécurité Sociale (2005), (1), 59-76

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPourquoi SHARE?
Perelman, Sergio ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in 16ème Congrès des Economistes Belges de Langue Française, Commission 2, CIFOP (2005)

SHARE, l’acronyme de Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, est sans nul doute une des plus grandes enquêtes jamais réalisées au niveau européen. Elle s'adresse à la population de 50 ans et ... [more ▼]

SHARE, l’acronyme de Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, est sans nul doute une des plus grandes enquêtes jamais réalisées au niveau européen. Elle s'adresse à la population de 50 ans et plus, et a l'originalité d'être internationale, multidisciplinaire et longitudinale. Ces caractéristiques font de SHARE l'instrument indispensable pour mieux comprendre la réalité du vieillissement, ses implications sociales et économiques. Il devrait à terme permettre développer des politiques économiques à la fois plus efficaces et équitables tant à l’échelon national qu’européen. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 131 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial security, retirement age and optimal income taxation
Cremer, H.; Lozachmeur, J. M.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Public Economics (2004), 88(11), 2259-2281

It is often argued that implicit taxation on continued activity of elderly workers is responsible for the widely observed trend towards early retirement. In a world of laissez-faire or of first-best ... [more ▼]

It is often argued that implicit taxation on continued activity of elderly workers is responsible for the widely observed trend towards early retirement. In a world of laissez-faire or of first-best efficiency, there would be no such implicit taxation. The point of this paper is that, when first-best redistributive instruments are not available, because some variables are not observable, the optimal policy does imply a distortion of the retirement decision. Consequently, the inducement of early retirement may be part of the optimal tax-transfer policy. We consider a model in which individuals differ in their productivity and their capacity to work long and choose both their weekly labor supply and their age of retirement. We characterize the optimal non-linear tax-transfer that maximizes a utilitarian welfare function when weekly earnings and the length of active life are observable while individuals' productivity and health status are not observable. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFiscal policy in an ovrelapping generations model with bequest-as-consumption
Michel, Philippe; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (2004)

This paper analyzes an overlapping generation (OLG) growth model wherein saving finances second period consumption and bequest-as-consumption. First, it looks at the market equilibrium and at the optimal ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes an overlapping generation (OLG) growth model wherein saving finances second period consumption and bequest-as-consumption. First, it looks at the market equilibrium and at the optimal solution; then it turns to the issue of decentralizing the optimal solution with various taxes and transfers. Depending on the available instruments, either a first-best or a second-best optimum can be achieved. Throughout the paper, the results are contrasted with those obtained in the standard OLG model without intergenerationel transfers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFactor Mobility and Redistribution
Cremer, Helmuth; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Henderson, J. V.; Thisse, J. F. (Eds.) Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics. Volume 4 (2004)

This chapter reviews recent theoretical work on the effect of factor mobility and the ensuing tax competition on the capacity of governments to raise revenue and redistribute income. It focuses on three ... [more ▼]

This chapter reviews recent theoretical work on the effect of factor mobility and the ensuing tax competition on the capacity of governments to raise revenue and redistribute income. It focuses on three issues: the relevance and limitations of the "race to the bottom" result, the benefits and pitfalls of partial coordination and the incidence of factors mobility on social security systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCapital income taxation when inherited wealth is not observable
Cremer, H.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Rochet, J. C.

in Journal of Public Economics (2003), 87(11), 2475-2490

This paper extends the Atkinson-Stiglitz model of direct and indirect taxation to a dynamic setting with two unobservable characteristics: productive ability and inherited wealth. Bequests are motivated ... [more ▼]

This paper extends the Atkinson-Stiglitz model of direct and indirect taxation to a dynamic setting with two unobservable characteristics: productive ability and inherited wealth. Bequests are motivated by the 'joy of giving'. A child's inheritance is a random variable with a probability distribution that depends on his parent's investment in a 'bequest technology'. Public borrowing is assumed and implies the modified golden rule. We study the optimal tax policy when two instruments are available: a non-linear (wage) income tax and a proportional tax on capital income. We show that the second instrument ought, in general, to be used but that the tax rate is not necessarily positive. However, a positive tax rate is more likely when there is a positive correlation between inherited wealth and innate ability. (C) 2002 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe double dividend of postponing retirement
Cremer, H.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in International Tax and Public Finance (2003), 10(4), 419-434

Early retirement seems to plague social security systems in a number of European countries. In this paper we argue that delaying retirement may have two positive effects: it is likely to partially restore ... [more ▼]

Early retirement seems to plague social security systems in a number of European countries. In this paper we argue that delaying retirement may have two positive effects: it is likely to partially restore the financial balance of the system, and it may foster redistribution among retirees. To obtain such a double dividend, the benefit rule of the initial social security scheme must have the following two characteristics. First, it operates redistribution within generations. Second, it is "biased" and induces early retirement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial insurance competition between Bismarck and Beveridge
Cremer, H.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Urban Economics (2003), 54(1), 181-196

Social insurance schemes differ according to the relationship between contributions and benefits. Bismarckian systems provide earnings-related benefits, while Beveridgean systems offer flat payments. The ... [more ▼]

Social insurance schemes differ according to the relationship between contributions and benefits. Bismarckian systems provide earnings-related benefits, while Beveridgean systems offer flat payments. The conventional wisdom is that with factor mobility poor people have incentives to move towards Beveridgean countries. Consequently, Beveridgean regimes would not be sustainable under economic integration. This paper studies the validity of such a conjecture within a simple model. It is shown that mobility does have a significant impact on social protection. However, the equilibrium patterns that can emerge are more complex and diversified than the initial conjecture suggests. In some cases, the equilibrium may even imply that all the poor move to the Bismarckian country. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamily size and optimal income taxation
Cremer, Helmuth; Dellis, Arnaud; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Population Economics (2003), 16(1), 37-54

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents but not their productivity. With a linear tax schedule the marginal tax rate is shown to decrease with the number of children, while the relationship between the demogrant and family size appears to be ambiguous. With two ability levels, optimal non-linear income tax implies zero marginal tax rates for the higher ability parents; low ability parents have positive marginal tax rates that decrease with family size. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUn nouveau portrait social de la Wallonie
Delhausse, Bernard; Perelman, Sergio ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg et al

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2002), XLI(3), 7-22

Au cours de l’année 1998, la pauvreté monétaire relative touche plutôt des jeunes, <br />hommes et femmes, et des femmes dans la cinquantaine. Elle atteint particulièrement <br />les individus en ... [more ▼]

Au cours de l’année 1998, la pauvreté monétaire relative touche plutôt des jeunes, <br />hommes et femmes, et des femmes dans la cinquantaine. Elle atteint particulièrement <br />les individus en difficulté sur le marché du travail et ceux qui vivent dans des <br />familles nombreuses ou monoparentales. Les étrangers, les locataires, les individus <br />qui ont fait peu d’études et les petits indépendants connaissent généralement <br />un niveau de pauvreté plus élevé que les citoyens belges, ceux qui possèdent leur <br />logement, les diplômés du secondaire ou du supérieur et les actifs salariés. Le <br />seuil de pauvreté défini pour cette étude est voisin de 5000 € de 1998 par an et <br />par personne. Selon cette définition de la pauvreté, 4,4 % de la population est <br />pauvre. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (18 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLabor-mobility, Redistribution and Pension Reform in the European Union
Jousten, Alain ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Feldstein, M.; Siebert, H. (Eds.) Social Security Pension Reform in Europe (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe revenu des personnes âgées. La fin de l'âge d'or?
Desmet, Raphaël; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Report (2001)

Actuellement les personnes âgées vivent un véritable âge d’or relativement à un passé récent. Leurs revenus moyens sont à peine plus bas que ceux d’autres classes d’âge. Dans ce groupe d’âge, les ... [more ▼]

Actuellement les personnes âgées vivent un véritable âge d’or relativement à un passé récent. Leurs revenus moyens sont à peine plus bas que ceux d’autres classes d’âge. Dans ce groupe d’âge, les inégalités de revenus sont faibles. C’est aux systèmes de retraite que l’on doit cela. Cet article indique que si l’on prend en compte les di¤érences de longévité, le système de retraite apparaît moins redistributif. Ensuite, il s’interroge sur l’avenir de cet âge d’or. Il apparaît nettement qu’il disparaîtra rapidement si rien ne change : des taux de dépendance accrus — conséquence de la longévité croissante et des faibles taux de participation des travailleurs âgés — conduisent nécessairement à une réduction radicale des protections. En revanche, si l’âge de la retraite peut être relevé, les conséquences du vieillissement pourront être neutralisées. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
See detailFinances publiques, finances privées
Jurion, Bernard ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

Book published by Les éditions de l'Université de Liège (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)
See detailPortrait social de la Wallonie. Une mise à jour
Delhausse, Bernard; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Report (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailLa performance des entreprises publiques. Une question de propriété ou de concurrence?
Gathon, Henry-Jean ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Bouin, Olivier; Morrisson, Christian (Eds.) Les prvatisations: Un état des lieux (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
See detailEtat-providence et efficacité économique
Gathon, Henry-Jean ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Revue Française d'Economie (1996), XI, 2(Printemps), 29-44

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailEfficacité de l'enseignement dans les pays de l'OCDE
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Rapport préparatoire du 12è Congrès des économistes belges de langue française (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
See detailMarché du travail et enjeux inter-générationnels
Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Conference (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)