References of "Pastoret, Paul-Pierre"
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See detailSusceptibility of Bovine Antigen-Presenting Cells to Infection by Bovine Herpesvirus 1 and In Vitro Presentation to T Cells: Two Independent Events
Renjifo, Xiména; Letellier, Carine; Keil, Günther M. et al

in Journal of Virology (1999), 73

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See detailEpidémiosurveillance de la rage animale en Belgique : un seul cas détecté en 1998
Brochier, B.; Dechamps, P.; Costy, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailBovine herpesvirus 1-induced apoptotic cell death: role of glycoprotein D
Hanon, Emmanuel; Keil, Günther; Van Drunen Littel-Van Den Hurk, Sylvia et al

in Virology (1999), 257

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in bovine B lymphoma (BL-3) cells. Attachment but not penetration of BHV-1 is necessary to induce ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in bovine B lymphoma (BL-3) cells. Attachment but not penetration of BHV-1 is necessary to induce apoptosis in target cells, suggesting that one or more BHV-1 envelope glycoproteins could be involved in the activation of the apoptotic process. In the present study, we demonstrate that, although BHV-1 virions devoid of glycoprotein D (BHV-1 gD-/-) still bind to BL-3 cells, they are no longer able to induce apoptosis. In contrast, virions that contain glycoprotein D (gD) in the viral envelope but do not genetically encode gD (BHV-1 gD-/+) induce a level of apoptosis comparable to that produced by wild-type (wt) BHV-1. In addition, monoclonal antibodies directed against gD, but not against gB or gC, strongly reduced the high levels of apoptosis induced by BHV-1. These observations demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis is directly due to BHV-1 viral particles harboring gD in the viral envelope. Interestingly, binding of affinity-purified gD to BL-3 cells did not induce apoptosis but inhibited the ability of wt BHV-1 to induce apoptosis. Altogether, these results provide evidence for the direct or indirect involvement of gD in the mechanism by which BHV-1 induces apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailLa vaccination contre le virus respiratoire syncytial bovin
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Valarcher, J. F. et al

in Bulletin des Groupements Techniques Vétérinaires (1999), 5

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See detailEpidémiosurveillance de l'encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine en Belgique : bilan de l'année 1998
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Dechamps, P.; Vanopdenbosch, E. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailAttachment but Not Penetration of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Is Necessary to Induce Apoptosis in Target Cells
Hanon, Emmanuel; Meyer, Gilles; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Virology (1998), 72(9), 7638-41

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and B-lymphoma cells. Using a BHV-1 glycoprotein H null mutant, we have demonstrated that although ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and B-lymphoma cells. Using a BHV-1 glycoprotein H null mutant, we have demonstrated that although penetration of BHV-1 is not required, attachment of BHV-1 viral particles is essential for the induction of apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Glycoprotein H Is Essential for Penetration and Propagation in Cell Culture
Meyer, G.; Hanon, E.; Georlette, D. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1998), 79((Pt 8)), 1983-7

Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein H (gH) is a structural component of the virion which forms a complex with glycoprotein gL. To study the role of BHV-1 gH in the virus infectious cycle, a gH ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein H (gH) is a structural component of the virion which forms a complex with glycoprotein gL. To study the role of BHV-1 gH in the virus infectious cycle, a gH null mutant was constructed in which the gH coding sequences were deleted and replaced by the Escherichia coli lacZ cassette. The BHV-1 gH null mutant was propagated in trans-complementing MDBK cells, stably transfected with plasmid pMEP4 containing the BHV-1 gH gene under the control of the inducible mouse metallothionein promoter. Experiments with the BHV-1 gH null mutant showed that gH is essential in the infectious cycle of the virus and is specifically involved in virus entry and cell-to-cell spread. The lack of infectivity of virions devoid of gH is not due to a defect in attachment. Moreover, PEG-induced fusion of virions to target cells provides evidence that BHV-1 gH is required for virion penetration. [less ▲]

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See detailHumoral and Cell-Mediated Immune Responses of Beef and Dairy Cattle Experimentally Infested with Psoroptes Ovis
Lonneux, J. F.; Nguyen, T. Q.; Hollanders, W. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1998), 59(5), 583-7

OBJECTIVE: To compare cellular and humoral immune responses of beef (Belgian White and Blue [BWB]) and dairy (Friesian-Holstein [FH]) cattle to Psoroptes ovis infestation and to determine whether P ovis ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare cellular and humoral immune responses of beef (Belgian White and Blue [BWB]) and dairy (Friesian-Holstein [FH]) cattle to Psoroptes ovis infestation and to determine whether P ovis infestation impaired immune responses to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBR) vaccine or an immunogenic protein (keyhole-limpet hemocyanin [KLH]). ANIMALS: 19 BWB and 6 FH 1-year-old calves. PROCEDURE: 2 trials were performed. In each trial, 7 (trial 1) or 6 (trial 2) BWB calves and 3 FH calves were experimentally infested with P ovis and 3 BWB calves were maintained as uninfested controls. Animals were inoculated with KLH and IBR virus vaccine twice; 3 BWB calves in each trial were treated with ivermectin. Serum antibody responses to KLH, IBR virus, and P ovis were measured by use of ELISA. A lymphocyte transformation assay was used to determine nonspecific responses to 3 mitogens and specific lymphocyte reactivity to P ovis antigen. RESULTS: In each trial, 3 BWB and 3 FH calves developed clinical signs of psoroptic mange and mites could be recovered. Infested and control animals developed similar antibody titers to KLH and IBR virus. Antibodies to P ovis were detected early in some infested calves, and this was correlated with a marked cell-mediated immune response. Lymphocyte responsiveness to the 3 mitogens was not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSIONS: In these calves, infestation with P ovis induced a marked humoral and cell-mediated immune response. Immunosuppression was not evident. [less ▲]

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See detailLes encéphalopathies spongiformes et leurs répercussions réglementaires
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Falize, Françoise; Brochier, Bernard et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

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See detailVirulence, immunogenicity and reactivation of bovine herpesvirus 1 mutants with a deletion in the gC, gG, gI, gE, or in both the gI and gE gene.
Kaashoek, M. J.; Rijsewijk, F. A.; Ruuls, R. C. et al

in Vaccine (1998), 16(8), 802-9

Within the framework of developing a marker vaccine against bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1), several mutants with deletions in non-essential glycoprotein genes were constructed. Glycoprotein gC, gG, gI and gE ... [more ▼]

Within the framework of developing a marker vaccine against bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1), several mutants with deletions in non-essential glycoprotein genes were constructed. Glycoprotein gC, gG, gI and gE single deletion mutants, a gI/gE double deletion mutant and a gE frame-shift mutant were made. The virulence and immunogenicity of these mutants were evaluated in specific-pathogen-free calves. Except for the gC deletion mutant, all mutants were significantly less virulent than the parental wild-type (wt) BHV1 strain Lam. The virulence of the gI and the gI-/gE- mutants was almost completely reduced. Upon challenge infection, the calves of the control group became severely ill, whereas all other calves remained healthy. The reduction of the virus shedding after challenge infection was related to the virulence of the strain of primary inoculation. Virus shedding was almost completely reduced in calves first inoculated with Lam-wt or with gC- and the least reduced in calves inoculated with gI- or gI-/gE-. Six weeks after challenge, all calves were treated with dexamethasone to study whether mutant or challenge virus or both could be reactivated. The gC- and the gG- mutants were reactivated, whereas none of the other mutants were reisolated. Reactivation of challenge virus was reduced in all calves inoculated with mutant viruses. The gC deletion mutant was too virulent and the gI and the gI/gE deletion mutants were the least immunogenic, but based on residual virulence and immunogenicity, both the gG and the gE deletion mutants are candidates for incorporation in live BHV1 vaccines. However, it also depends on the kinetics of the anti-gG and anti-gE antibody response after wild-type virus infection, whether these deletion mutants are really suitable to be incorporated in a marker vaccine. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of inflammation in experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Van de Weerdt, M. L.; Hanon, E. et al

in Bovine Practitioner (1998), 31(1), 5-13

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See detailLe premier cas d’encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine diagnostiqué en Belgique
Vanopdenbosch, E.; Dechamps, P.; Dufey, J. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

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See detailAnalysis of the Biochemical Properties of, and Complex Formation between, Glycoproteins H and L of the Gamma2 Herpesvirus Bovine Herpesvirus-4
Lomonte, P.; Filée, Patrice ULg; Lyaku, J. R. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1997), 78((Pt 8)), 2015-23

Genes encoding glycoprotein gH and gL homologues were localized in the genome of the gamma-herpesvirus bovine herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4). Both genes were sequenced and glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins ... [more ▼]

Genes encoding glycoprotein gH and gL homologues were localized in the genome of the gamma-herpesvirus bovine herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4). Both genes were sequenced and glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins were produced and used to immunize rabbits against the translation products of the two genes. The anti-gH serum recognized a protein with an apparent molecular mass (MM) of 110 kDa both in infected cells and in virions. This protein was sensitive to endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminase-H (endoH) and endoglycosidase F-N-glycosidase F (endoF-PNGaseF) digestion. A protein with the same relative mobility was immunoprecipitated from infected cells radiolabelled with [3H]glucosamine which confirmed that this product (gp110), now designated BHV-4 gH, was glycosylated. Western blotting with the anti-gL serum detected in infected cells a product with an apparent MM ranging from 31-35 kDa and diffusely migrating protein species ranging from 45-65 kDa. Tunicamycin, monensin, endoH or endoF-PNGaseF treatments showed that both the 31-35 kDa and the 45-65 kDa proteins were glycosylated, gp31-35 being a precursor of the 45-65 kDa glycoprotein species. In radioimmunoprecipitation assays, the anti-gL serum immunoprecipitated from infected cells two glycosylated proteins with apparent MMs of 31-35 kDa (gp31-35) and 45-55 kDa (gp45-55). However a third glycoprotein, gp110, was also immunoprecipitated together with gp31-35 and gp45-55. gp110 and gp45-55 were subsequently confirmed to be virion glycoproteins corresponding to mature forms of BHV-4 gH and gL respectively. In addition, the present study clearly demonstrated complex formation between BHV-4 gH and gL both in virions and in infected cells. [less ▲]

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See detailGlycoprotein B of Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Is a Major Component of the Virion, Unlike That of Two Other Gammaherpesviruses, Epstein-Barr Virus and Murine Gammaherpesvirus 68
Lomonte, P.; Filée, Patrice ULg; Lyaku, J. R. et al

in Journal of Virology (1997), 71(4), 3332-5

This study reports that in bovine herpesvirus 4, glycoprotein B (gB) is a heterodimer and a major component of the virion, unlike gBs of Epstein-Barr virus (gp110) and murine gammaherpesvirus 68, two ... [more ▼]

This study reports that in bovine herpesvirus 4, glycoprotein B (gB) is a heterodimer and a major component of the virion, unlike gBs of Epstein-Barr virus (gp110) and murine gammaherpesvirus 68, two other gammaherpesviruses. These are new characteristics with regard to the general features of gB in the Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of murine CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses to pseudorabies virus
Depierreux, C.; Graff, I.; Lancelot, V. et al

in Journal of Immunological Methods (1997), 203

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