References of "Pastoret, Paul-Pierre"
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See detailLe portage asymptomatique des Pestivirus chez les ruminants
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Boulanger, D.; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics) (1992), 11(4), 1087-1096

Pestiviruses are enveloped single-chain ribonucleic acid viruses with a positive polarity. Pestiviruses include the viruses of classical swine fever (hog cholera), Border disease of sheep, mucosal disease ... [more ▼]

Pestiviruses are enveloped single-chain ribonucleic acid viruses with a positive polarity. Pestiviruses include the viruses of classical swine fever (hog cholera), Border disease of sheep, mucosal disease of cattle, and isolates obtained from wild animals, such as red deer (Cervus elaphus). Among ruminants, pestiviruses have developed a remarkable strategy for assuring their persistence. Through epigenetic transmission, they lead to the birth of asymptomatic carrier animals harbouring non-cytopathic variants, which become immunotolerant to the strain of virus present. The presence of a small number of asymptomatic carriers enables the virus to circulate within a herd by horizontal transmission, leading to the birth of a new generation of asymptomatic carriers. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1992), 33(1-4), 79-92

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats called polyrepetitive DNA (prDNA or H-DNA). The overall arrangement of genes has been obtained by the analysis of homologies between short BHV-4 DNA sequences and corresponding genes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). The gene expression is temporally regulated. Glycoprotein precursor p (gp10/gp17) is expressed as gamma 1 polypeptide. Glycoproteins gp1, gp8, gp11 and their precursors are gamma 2 proteins. The analysis of strain variations allows the definition of two types of strains, based on the DNA patterns: the Movar 33/63-like and the DN 599-like strains. Only the M40 strain, isolated in India, fails to fit this classification. The genomic variations have been compiled to build a dendrogram showing three levels of divergence between BHV-4 strains or isolates. The available molecular data indicate that the BHV-4 genome shares much similarity with the DNA of EBV and HVS, two representative members of the gammaherpesvirinae. BHV-4 may therefore be classified in the subfamily gammaherpesvirinae. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological Evaluation of a Monoclonal Elisa Detecting Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Pestivirus Antigens in Field Blood Samples of Persistently Infected Cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Waxweiler, Sophie; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (1992), 40(1), 85-93

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was ... [more ▼]

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was evaluated using 761 field samples of known status (viraemic or not). When an appropriate cut-off value was chosen, the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the assay were 100%, higher than the values obtained by classical virus isolation. Correlation with the latter technique exceeded 90%. The ELISA is a good candidate for replacing virus isolation as a reference method for BVDV antigen detection in persistently infected carriers. A method based on the mean of the standard deviation ratio can be used to choose the cut-off value in order to optimise reproducibility. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic Relationships between Bovine Herpesvirus 4 and the Gammaherpesviruses Epstein-Barr Virus and Herpesvirus Saimiri
Bublot, M.; Lomonte, P.; Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

in Virology (1992), 190(2), 654-65

The overall arrangement of genes in the unique central part of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) genome has been deduced by analysis of short DNA sequences. Twenty-three genes conserved in at least ... [more ▼]

The overall arrangement of genes in the unique central part of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) genome has been deduced by analysis of short DNA sequences. Twenty-three genes conserved in at least one of the completely sequenced herpesviruses have been identified and localized. All of these genes encoded amino acid sequences with higher similarity to proteins of the gammaherpesviruses Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) than to the homologous products of the alphaherpesviruses varicella-zoster virus and herpes simplex virus type 1 or the betaherpesvirus human cytomegalovirus. The genome organization of BHV-4 had also an overall colinearity with that of the gammaherpesviruses EBV and HVS. Furthermore, the BHV-4 genes content and arrangement were more similar to those of HVS than to those of EBV, suggesting that BHV-4 and HVS are evolutionarily more closely related to each other than either are to EBV. BHV-4 DNA sequences were generally deficient in CpG dinucleotide. This CpG deficiency is characteristic of gammaherpesvirus genomes and suggests that the BHV-4 latent genome is extensively methylated. Despite several biological features similar to those of betaherpesviruses, BHV-4 displays the molecular characteristics of the representative members of the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification and Characterization of Glycoprotein Gp1 of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Dubuisson, J.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1992), 73((Pt 5)), 1293-6

Three major bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) glycoproteins have been described previously. By using monoclonal antibodies produced against BHV-4 envelope proteins from which the three major antigens had ... [more ▼]

Three major bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) glycoproteins have been described previously. By using monoclonal antibodies produced against BHV-4 envelope proteins from which the three major antigens had been removed by immunoaffinity, a fourth glycoprotein was identified. This protein (gp1) has a high Mr (greater than 300K), is detected about 8 h post-inoculation of infected cells and is strictly expressed as a gamma protein. Moreover, gp1 was identified by a polyclonal antiserum from an infected animal, indicating that this glycoprotein is an antigen recognized by the immune system of infected animals. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Repeated Intradermal Injections of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Antigen on Seronegative Cattle
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Wellemans, G.; Limbourg, B. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1992), 130(17), 372-5

Forty-three cattle seronegative to bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) were given from one to five intradermal injections of BHV-1 inactivated antigen at four-week intervals. This delayed hypersensitivity test ... [more ▼]

Forty-three cattle seronegative to bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) were given from one to five intradermal injections of BHV-1 inactivated antigen at four-week intervals. This delayed hypersensitivity test was assessed by the increase in skin thickness. The activity of the antigen was assessed in five animals which had a previous natural BHV-1 infection with clinical signs and seroconversion. Anti-BHV-1 antibodies were detected by seroneutralisation and an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Only one animal showed a significant but slight increase in skin thickness after the first test, but it was negative after a second test. The animals remained seronegative after the first test. Seroconversion was identified in 11 of the 43 animals (25 per cent) submitted to repeated delayed hypersensitivity tests. Five of 37 animals seroconverted after only two tests. The serological response was transient in seven of 11 seroconverted calves. Repeated hypersensitivity tests were therefore able to induce a serological response in seronegative calves but the response was weak and often transient. The test must therefore be applied cautiously to seronegative animals. [less ▲]

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See detailProteins of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4 Released into the Culture Medium of Productively Infected Cells: Identification of a 135k Glycoprotein Involved in Viral Attachment
Dubuisson, J.; Koromyslov, I.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1992), 73((Pt 1)), 189-94

Three bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) proteins released into the culture medium of infected cells were identified, with Mr values of 135K, 16K and 14.5K. Among these three proteins, two were ... [more ▼]

Three bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) proteins released into the culture medium of infected cells were identified, with Mr values of 135K, 16K and 14.5K. Among these three proteins, two were precipitated by the monoclonal antibodies characterized in this work. One is a glycoprotein of 135K (gp8) which does not seem to be involved in BHV-4 neutralization. Moreover, this 135K glycoprotein adsorbed onto uninfected susceptible cells. The attachment of gp8 to cells was totally inhibited by the prior adsorption of unlabelled viral proteins. Moreover, anti-gp8 monoclonal antibodies were effective in inhibiting the adsorption of gp8. These results indicate that gp8 could be involved in BHV-4 attachment. [less ▲]

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See detailLutte contre la rage en Belgique: bilan épidémiologique 1991 et stratégie future
Coppens, P.; Brochier, Bernard; Costy, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

Two fox vaccination campaigns against rabies were carried out during spring and autumn 1991 in the Belgian contaminated area (10,000 km²). Vaccine-baits containing the vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus ... [more ▼]

Two fox vaccination campaigns against rabies were carried out during spring and autumn 1991 in the Belgian contaminated area (10,000 km²). Vaccine-baits containing the vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus were dropped by air at a mean density of 15 baits/km². In 1991, a drastic decrease in animal rabies cases was observed, as only 29 cases were reported in Belgium. The disease has disappeared from the largest part of the initially contaminated area and, since the beggining of the 2nd trimester 1991, all fox cases were reported exclusively along the French border. If the current epidemiological situation remains the same, the vaccination strategy for 1992 need to be geographically redefined; an immune belt 30 km wide should be created along our borders with France, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg and Germany. [less ▲]

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See detailLa place de la vaccination en élevage bovin
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg; Baranowski, Eric

in Point Vétérinaire (1992), 24

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See detailL'évaluation des méthodes diagnostiques
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailEtude séro-épidémiologique des infections à herpèsvirus chez les ruminants sauvages en France
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Borrens, M.; Barrat, J. et al

in Gibier Faune Sauvage (1992), 9

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See detailThe Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus-4
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailDonnées récentes sur la biologie moléculaire du pestivirus responsable de la maladie des muqueuses (BVD/MD)
Boulanger, D.; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Waxweiler, S. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailEnquête sur l'infestation du renard roux (Vulpes vulpes) par Echinococcus multilocularis en province de Luxembourg (Belgique)
Brochier, B.; Coppens, P.; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailBilan de cinq années de détection des taurillons infectés de manière persistante par le virus BVD au centre de sélection bovine de Ciney
Waxweiler, S.; Karelle Bui-Thi, L.; Boulanger, D. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailLocation and Characterization of the Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4 Thymidine Kinase Gene; Comparison with Thymidine Kinase Genes of Other Herpesviruses
Lomonte, P.; Bublot, M.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg et al

in Archives of Virology (1992), 127(1-4), 327-37

The location and nucleotide sequence of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) thymidine kinase (TK) gene was determined. The coding region of the TK gene is 1335 nucleotides long and corresponds to a ... [more ▼]

The location and nucleotide sequence of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) thymidine kinase (TK) gene was determined. The coding region of the TK gene is 1335 nucleotides long and corresponds to a polypeptide of 445 amino acids. Comparison of TK amino acid sequences of BHV-4 and 16 herpesvirus TKs reveals a greater homology to those of the gammaherpesviruses EBV and specially HVS, than to those of alphaherpesviruses. The open reading frames detected in the vicinity of TK gene were homologous to the corresponding ones in other herpesviruses. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine Herpesvirus 4 Isolates: A Comparison of Three Major Glycoproteins
Dubuisson, J.; Bublot, M.; Wellemans, G. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1991), 29(3-4), 251-9

Twenty-four Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), together with four reference strains were compared by radio-immunoprecipitation and western blotting using a polyvalent antiserum and ... [more ▼]

Twenty-four Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), together with four reference strains were compared by radio-immunoprecipitation and western blotting using a polyvalent antiserum and monoclonal antibodies raised against major glycoproteins. Most of these strains showed the same protein profile as the European reference strain Movar 33/63. For two strains the molecular weight of gp 6, p (gp 10/gp 17) and gp 10 were the same as those of the American reference strain DN 599. No relationship could be established between the protein profiles and origin of the isolates or with the restriction patterns. This study provides a view of the molecular weight variations of the major BHV-4 glycoproteins among field isolates. [less ▲]

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See detailA Mathematical Model of Rinderpest Infection in Cattle Populations
Tille, A.; Lefèvre, Claude; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg et al

in Epidemiology & Infection (1991), 107(2), 441-52

A mathematical model for the epidemiology of rinderpest was developed, starting from a simplified descriptive analysis of the disease. A formula for the calculation of the probability of infection of a ... [more ▼]

A mathematical model for the epidemiology of rinderpest was developed, starting from a simplified descriptive analysis of the disease. A formula for the calculation of the probability of infection of a susceptible animal was first established. A deterministic failure threshold of the infection was then deduced. Deterministic and stochastic approaches were adopted using iterative methods on a computer. These allowed a description of the spread and the variability of an infection process in a population to be made. An illustration of the use of this model showed that, in some cases, variability effects due to stochastic factors were very important. In these particular conditions, the use of the deterministic model alone was not adequate for a good description of the infection. Consequently, improvements of the model were proposed in order to make it more realistic and to allow its use for the evaluation of the efficiency of field operations. [less ▲]

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See detailFailure to Infect Cats with Bovine Herpesvirus Type-4 Strain Movar 33/63
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Chappuis, G.; Bublot, M. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1991), 128(26), 614-5