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See detailEffect of different contraceptive methods on the oxidative stress status in women aged 40-48 years from the ELAN study in the province of Liege, Belgium
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Vanbelle, Sophie ULg; Gaspard, Ulysse ULg et al

in Human Reproduction (2007), 22(8), 2335-2343

Oxidative stress is associated with the development of several disorders including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Among conditions known to influence oxidative stress, the use of oral contraception ... [more ▼]

Oxidative stress is associated with the development of several disorders including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Among conditions known to influence oxidative stress, the use of oral contraception (OC) in women has been a matter of ongoing discussion. METHODS: A total of 897 eligible and healthy volunteers were recruited from among the patients of 50 general practitioners participating in the ELAN study (Etude Liegeoise sur les ANtioxydants). A subsample consisting of 209 women aged 40-48 years was studied for a comprehensive oxidative stress status (OSS), including the analysis of antioxidants, trace elements and three markers of oxidative damage to lipids. Among 209 subsample, 49 (23%) were OC users (OCU), 119 (57%) non-contraception users (NCU) and 41 (20%) were intrauterine (hormonal and copper) devices users (IUD). RESULTS: After adjustment for smoking, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and BMI (or waist circumference), a marked and significant increase in lipid peroxides was observed among OCU women when compared with NCU and IUD users. A cut-off value of 660 mu M in lipid peroxides allowed the discrimination of OCU from the two other groups. In contrast, no difference was observed in the plasma concentration of both oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and their related antibodies. The increased level in lipid peroxides was strongly related to higher concentrations of copper (r < 0.84; P < 0.0001, cut-off value 1.2 mg/1). When compared with NCU and IUD users, plasma antioxidant defences were significantly altered in OCU women as shown by lower levels of beta-carotene (decrease of 39%; P < 0.01) andytocopherol (decrease by 22%; P < 0.01). In contrast, higher concentrations of selenium (increased by 11.8%; P < 0.01) were observed in OCU women. Blood concentrations of vitamin C, alpha-tocopherol and zinc were unaffected by OC use. CONCLUSIONS: The intake of OC significantly increases the lipid peroxidation in women aged 40-48 years. This may represent a potential cardiovascular risk factor for these women. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of exercise and oral antioxidant supplementation enriched in (n-3) fatty acids on blood oxidant markers and erythrocyte membrane fluidity in horses
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Portier, Karine; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Veterinary Journal (2007), 174(1), 113-121

The aim of this study was to investigate in a placebo-controlled field study the effect of a (n - 3)-vitamin supplementation on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (ENIF), oxidant/antioxidant markers and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to investigate in a placebo-controlled field study the effect of a (n - 3)-vitamin supplementation on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (ENIF), oxidant/antioxidant markers and plasmatic omega 3/omega 6 fatty acid ratio (FAR) in 12 eventing horses. Venous blood was sampled at rest before (PRE) and after (POST) a three week treatment period with either the supplement (group S, n = 6) or a placebo (group P, n = 6) as well as after 15 min (POST E15') and 24 h (POST E24h) after a standardised exercise test. The following markers were analysed: EMF, plasma antioxidant capacity of water and lipid soluble components, ascorbic acid, uric acid (UA), glutathione (reduced: GSH, oxidised: GSSG), vitamin E (Vit E), beta-carotene, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, selenium, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), oxidised proteins (Protox), lipid peroxides (Pool) and FAR. EMF did not differ between group S and P after treatment, but GPx remained unchanged in group S whereas it decreased in group P and plasma Cu/Zn ratio remained unchanged whereas it increased in group P. FAR were significantly increased in group S. Exercise induced a significant decrease of EMF (POST vs. E24h) in both groups, but which was significantly lower at E15' in group S than in group P. Exercise induced a significant increase of UA and ACW (POST vs. E15') and Protox (POST vs. E24h) in both groups. An exercise-related decrease in GSH and Pool (POST vs. E15') was found in group P, whereas Vit E and FAR (POST vs. E24h) significantly decreased in both groups. The study showed that exercise induced a decrease in ENIF in horses associated with changes of blood oxidative balance. The (omega-3)vitamin supplementation tested improved the oxidative balance poorly but delayed the exercise-induced decrease of EMF and increased the FAR. [less ▲]

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See detailOral contraception and lipid peroxidation
De Groote, D.; Pincemail, Joël ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg et al

in Clinical Chemistry (2007, June), 53(6, Suppl. S), 30-30

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See detailPrimary graft nonfunction and Kupffer cell activation after liver transplantation from non-heart-beating donors in pigs
Monbaliu, D.; van Pelt, J.; De Vos, R. et al

in Liver Transplantation (2007), 13(2), 239-247

More extensive use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) could reduce mortality on liver transplantation waiting lists, but this is associated with more primary nonfunction (PNF). We assessed which ... [more ▼]

More extensive use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) could reduce mortality on liver transplantation waiting lists, but this is associated with more primary nonfunction (PNF). We assessed which parameters are involved in the development of PNF in livers from NHBD in a previously validated pig liver transplantation model, in which livers were transplanted after exposure to incremental periods of warm ischemia. The risk of PNF was unacceptably high (>50%) when livers were exposed to >30 minutes' warm ischemia before a short cold ischemic period. This study examined how PNF is affected by Kupffer cell activation (beta-galactosidase), the generation of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6, antioxidant mechanisms (ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, reduced glutathione), circulating redox-active iron, and sinusoidal endothelial cell function (hyaluronic acid clearance). Kupffer cells were more activated in PNF recipients, as suggested by higher beta-galactosidase levels (15 minutes after reperfusion), and secondarily, by higher production of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6 (180 minutes after reperfusion). In addition, a-tocopherol and reduced glutathione were lower, and ascorbic acid and redox-active iron higher in PNF recipients. Finally, PNF grafts displayed progressively decreasing hyaluronic acid clearance (suggesting sinusoidal endothelial cell dysfunction) and parenchymal edema. Consequently, a reduced-flow phenomenon was documented. In grafts from NHBD that are destined to fail, beta-galactosidase activity (a surrogate of Kupffer cell activation) is higher, proinflammatory cytokines are overproduced, some antioxidant mechanisms fail, and circulating redox-active iron is more rapidly released. A no-flow phenomenon is eventually observed in these failing grafts. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation of extraction of phenolics and antioxidants from black currant leaves and buds and of stability during storage
Tabart, Jessica ULg; Kevers, Claire ULg; Sipel, Arnaud ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2007), 105(3), 1268-1275

Health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables are attributed in part to their contents of phenolics and other antioxidant compounds. In this research, the extraction of phenolics and antioxidant ... [more ▼]

Health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables are attributed in part to their contents of phenolics and other antioxidant compounds. In this research, the extraction of phenolics and antioxidant compounds from black currant was optimised for different plant organs. The extraction solvent affected yield: aqueous acetone was better than methanol and acetate or glycine buffer. In aqueous buffer, maximum yields of total phenolics and antioxidant activities were obtained at pH 3. Extraction from lyophilised materials yielded extracts with higher phenolic contents and antioxidant activities. Stability of extracts made with acetate or glycine buffer was limited while the use of a mixture of acetone/acetic acid/water for extraction allowed a high phenolic content and antioxidant capacity in dry extract to be maintained for several months. This type of extract could be incorporated in functional food, beverage or dietary supplement. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailChange in blood antioxidant status of horses moved from a stable following diagnosis of equine motor neuron disease
Delguste, Catherine ULg; de Moffarts, B.; Kirschvink, N. et al

in Canadian Veterinary Journal = Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne (2007), 48(11), 1165-1167

The antioxidant status of 10 horses living in stable 1 where 2 cases of equine motor neuron disease had previously been diagnosed was assessed before and 9 weeks after moving to another stable. Duration ... [more ▼]

The antioxidant status of 10 horses living in stable 1 where 2 cases of equine motor neuron disease had previously been diagnosed was assessed before and 9 weeks after moving to another stable. Duration of residence in stable 1, subsequent moving, or both, significantly affected several parameters of the antioxidant status. [less ▲]

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See detailAntioxidant capacity of black currant varies with organ, season, and cultivar
Tabart, Jessica; Kevers, Claire ULg; Pincemail, Joël ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2006), 54(17), 6271-6276

Small berries such as black currant constitute one of the important sources of potential health-promoting phytochemicals because these fruits are rich sources of compounds with high antioxidant properties ... [more ▼]

Small berries such as black currant constitute one of the important sources of potential health-promoting phytochemicals because these fruits are rich sources of compounds with high antioxidant properties. In this work, antioxidant capacities of different parts (buds, leaves, fruits) of various black currant cultivars were compared throughout the growing season with the aim to prepare extracts with high antioxidant capacity. Buds (opened, at the end of March) and leaves (in June) had a higher content in phenolics and antioxidants than fully ripened berries (in July) and the best yield (per branch) was obtained with the leaves collected in June due to their higher biomass. The differences observed among the eight cultivars tested were small. Concerning flavonols, quercetin was dominant in all organs and cultivars, myricetin varied widely among the cultivars, and kampferol was very low. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of an apoE–deficient (apoE-/-) mice model to characterize the therapeutic benefits of original thromboxane modulators
Cherdon, Céline ULg; Rolin, stephanie; Hanson, Julien ULg et al

Poster (2006, May 17)

The aim of our study was to use an apoE–deficient mouse model to test drugs acting as thromboxane A2 antagonist. Presented here is the “en face” method 6 which allows the evaluation of atherosclerosis ... [more ▼]

The aim of our study was to use an apoE–deficient mouse model to test drugs acting as thromboxane A2 antagonist. Presented here is the “en face” method 6 which allows the evaluation of atherosclerosis lesions development in wild type and APO E-/- mice. This method involves pinning out the aorta and quantifying lesion area as a percentage of total surface area. The use of this mice model offers a unique opportunity to characterize the therapeutic benefits of pharmacologicals agents designed in our laboratory of which antioxidants and thromboxane modulators. The pharmacological characterization of BM-573 as potential antiatherosclerotic agent will also be discussed [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of exercise on blood oxidant/antioxidant markers in standardbred horses: comparison between treadmill and race track tests.
de Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2006), (36), 254-257

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Interest in establishing oxidant/ antioxidant profiles in competition horses is increasing. Earlier studies performed in horses have mainly been performed under laboratory ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Interest in establishing oxidant/ antioxidant profiles in competition horses is increasing. Earlier studies performed in horses have mainly been performed under laboratory conditions using a treadmill and it is not known to what extent laboratory results of oxidant/antioxidant studies might be transposed to field conditions. OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact on the blood oxidant/ antioxidant status of a standardised exercise test including a run up to fatigue performed on a treadmill (TM) and on a racetrack (RT) in healthy and trained Standardbred horses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During TM and RT tests the following blood antioxidant markers were analysed in jugular venous blood at rest and 15 mins (E15) after an intense bout of exercise: uric acid (UA), ascorbic acid (AA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (reduced: GSH and oxidised: GSSG), glutathione redox ratio (GRR) and protein thiol (PSH). Running time to fatigue (RTF), velocity during the last exercise stage (Vmax), final heart rate (HRfinal) and venous lactic acid (LA) were also recorded. RESULTS: Vmax was significantly (P<0.05) higher during the RT, whereas LA was significantly lower. HRfinal and RTF did not differ significantly between TM and RT. Exercise induced a significant increase (R vs. E15) of UA and AA in both tests, whereas GSH and PSH decreased significantly. GPx, SOD, GSSG and GRR remained unchanged. Differences between TM and RT were significant at E15 for UA, AA and PSH. CONCLUSIONS: Comparison of oxidant/antioxidant profiles from laboratory and field studies are difficult to standardise and should be interpreted with caution. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: For the same RTF and final HR, the TM induced stronger changes in blood lactate and in blood oxidant/antioxidant balance than did RT. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of blood oxidant/antioxidant markers in healthy competition horses of different breeds
Kirschvink, Nathalie; de Moffarts, Brieuc; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2006), 36

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is increasing evidence that the equine athlete is exposed to exercise-induced changes of its oxidant/antioxidant balance and antioxidant supplementation is frequently ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is increasing evidence that the equine athlete is exposed to exercise-induced changes of its oxidant/antioxidant balance and antioxidant supplementation is frequently recommended. However, it is unknown whether there is a specific need for antioxidants according to performance, breed, gender or age. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether breed-, gender- and age-related differences of blood oxidant/antioxidant markers occur in competition horses. METHODS: Healthy horses (n = 493) underwent oxidant/ antioxidant blood marker determination. Vitamin E, lipophilic antioxidant capacity (ACL), ascorbic acid (AA), glutathione (GSH, GSSG), gluthione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), lipid peroxides (Pool), oxidised proteins (Protox) were determined, as well as magnesium (Mg), creatine phosphokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), packed cell volume (PCV) and haemoglobin (Hb). A mixed linear model assessed the effect of breed, gender and age category. P<0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Thoroughbreds showed the highest values of vitamin E, ACL, GPx, PCV and Hb, whilst standardbreds had the highest values of AA and LDH. Jumping horses had the highest Protox values. Females had significantly higher SOD values, whereas most of the other markers were higher in stallions and geldings. Horses age 2-6 years had higher AA, SOD and LDH values than horses age >6 years. Correlation analyses were positive and significant between vitamin E and GPx, VitE and ACL, Se and GPx, Cu and Pool and negative between Pool and vitamin E, Pool and ACL, Protox and GPx, Protox and vitamin E. CONCLUSIONS: Blood oxidant/ antioxidant status of horses is influenced by breed, gender and age. The correlation analyses suggest synergistic relations between GPx, vitamin E and Se and an antagonistic relation between Protox-GPx, Protox-vitamin E, and Pool-vitamin E. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: The results of this investigation provide definition of the specific need for antioxidants and vitamins in competition horses. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of blood oxidant/antioxidant markers in healthy competition horses : effect of discipline and gender.
Kirschvink, N.; De Moffarts, Brieuc; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in 7th International Conference on Equine Exercise Physiology (2006)

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See detailImpact physiologique et pathologique du stress oxydant chez le cheval
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Pincemail, Joël ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2005), 149(1), 1-9

Oxidative stress has become of increasing interest in research and in equine and human medicine. If the pro-oxidant burden overwhelms the endogenous antioxidant defence of the organism, the arising ... [more ▼]

Oxidative stress has become of increasing interest in research and in equine and human medicine. If the pro-oxidant burden overwhelms the endogenous antioxidant defence of the organism, the arising imbalance between pro- and antioxidants is defined as oxidative stress. Different pathways might increase the generation of reactive oxygen species ( ROS) and results in oxidative stress. In physiological conditions, like during moderated exercise, the balance between ROS production and antioxidants allows to maintain an optimal organic function. In the light of the potentially deleterious role of excessive ROS production and the evidence that exercise-induced oxidative stress occurs in horses, the assessment of the antioxidant status should be considered in sport horses. Recent researches indicate that oxidative stress may play a role in physiopathology of several pathological syndromes in horses. Therefore, with classical treatment, the controlled administration of antioxidants appears interesting for the modulation of these processes, as well as in sport horses during intense exercise period. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of oral antioxidant supplementation on blood antioxidant status in trained thoroughbred horses
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2005), 169(1), 65-74

The oxidant/antioxidant equilibrium of trained thoroughbred horses (n = 40) was assessed on three occasions during a period of three months under field conditions by blood antioxidant markers analysis, i ... [more ▼]

The oxidant/antioxidant equilibrium of trained thoroughbred horses (n = 40) was assessed on three occasions during a period of three months under field conditions by blood antioxidant markers analysis, i.e. plasma ascorbic acid (AA), plasma antioxidant capacity of water-soluble components (ACW), whole blood (GSH) and oxidised (GSSG) glutathione, plasma alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene, plasma antioxidant capacity of lipid-soluble components (ACL), red blood cell superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-peroxidase activity (GPx) and plasma trace-elements, i.e. selenium (Se), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn). A control group of ten horses receiving a placebo and an antioxidant group of 30 horses orally supplemented with an antioxidant mixture were randomly formed. An antioxidant imbalance was observed after three months in the control group, reflected by a significant decrease in GSH, SOD, GPx, Se (P < 0.05) and a significant increase in GSSG (P < 0.05). The antioxidant supplement prevented GPx and Se decrease and significantly increased ACW, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and ACL (P < 0.05). Significant sex- or age-related differences were found for AA, ACW, alpha-tocopherol, SOD, GPx and Se, and there were significant correlations between ACW-AA, ACL-alpha-tocopherol, GPx-Se, CPK-Se, CPK-alpha-tocopherol and CPK-Cu. This field study has shown that trained thoroughbred horses undergo significant changes of several blood antioxidant markers and that oral antioxidant supplementation might partially counterbalance these changes by improving the hydrophilic, lipophilic and enzymatic antioxidant blood capacity. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of an oral antioxidant supplementation enriched in (n-3) fatty acids on erythrocyte membrane fluidity in horses.
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Portier, K.; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Proceedings: Congrès de médecine et de chirurgie équine, Genève 2005 (2005)

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See detailAssessment of the oxidant-antioxidant blood balance in a field exercise test in Standardbred and eventing horses
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, Nathalie; van Erck, Emmanuelle et al

in Equine & Comparative Exercise Physiology (2005), 2(4), 253-261

The aim of this study was to determüie which oxidant-antioxidant blood markers are of interest for a field exercise test (ET) performed on a racetrack. Healthy Standardbred herses (S: n = 12) and healthy ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determüie which oxidant-antioxidant blood markers are of interest for a field exercise test (ET) performed on a racetrack. Healthy Standardbred herses (S: n = 12) and healthy eventing horses (E: n = 12) were investigated. Exercice was monitored by measuring velocity (V), heart rate (HR), and plasma lactate (LA). Whilst maximal LA did sot Biffer (11.8 ± 0.88 mmoll-1), maximal V (S: 12.3 ± 0.17ms-1 versus E: 11.1 ±0.24ms-1, P < 0,05) and final HR (S: 222 ±1 versus E: 203 ± 8 beats min-1, P < 0.03) were significantly différent between groups. Venous was collected at rest (R) prior to ET and The following oxidant-antioxidant markers were detennitted: uric acid (UA), ascorbic acid (AA), alpha-tocopherol (Vit E). vitamin A (Vit A), superoxide cüsmutase (SOB), glutaYhione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (reduced: GSH and oxidized: GSS(r), glutathione redox ratio (GRR), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and sélénium (Se), uxidized proteins (Protox), lipid prrosides (Pool), antioxidant capacity of water-soluble comporteras (ACW) and antioxidant capacity of lipid-soluble components (ACW). The following markers were further determined 15 min (E15) after the ET:UA, ACW; AA, GSH, Proton, Pool, ACL. Standardbreds had significantly higher concentrations of ACW, GSH, ACL and Protox, whilst Se, Zn and SOI) were significantly lover than in eventing horses. Exercice induced a significant increase in ACW and UA. GSH decreaced in eventing horses and Pool significantly decreased in both horse groups. This study describes a field ET of high intensity for Standardbred and eventing horses, which could be performed by all animals tested. By sampling blond al rest and at E15, changes of thé hydrophilic antioxidant defence were partially assessed, whereas no interpretable changes of the lipophilic antioxidants and of oxidation markers (Protox, Pool) could be detected [less ▲]

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See detailOxidative stress in the liver and the brain of rats in fulminant hepatic failure
Detry, Olivier ULg; Gaspar, Yves; Cheramy-Bien, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2005), 37(6, Jul-Aug), 2883-2885

The etiological mechanisms of brain edema in fulminant hepatic failure are incompletely understood. In a surgical model of fulminant hepatic failure in the rat, we tested whether oxidative stress may be ... [more ▼]

The etiological mechanisms of brain edema in fulminant hepatic failure are incompletely understood. In a surgical model of fulminant hepatic failure in the rat, we tested whether oxidative stress may be involved in the early steps of brain edema. Moreover, we took advantage of this model to determine if oxidative stress may be involved in the hepatocyte dysfunction observed in the setting of fulminant hepatic failure. Oxidative stress was evaluated by measurement of tissue ascorbic acid in the brain and liver of rats at 6 hours after induction of fulminant hepatic failure versus in control or partially hepatectomized rats. After 6 hours, the level of ascorbic acid was not different in the brain tissue of the various groups, indicating no oxidative stress. The liver showed a significant decrease in ascorbic acid levels, both in ischemic and nonischemic liver tissue, suggesting that oxidative stress might be involved in the failure of liver regeneration in fulminant hepatic failure. In this rat model no oxidative stress was demonstrated in the brain during the early phase of fulminant liver failure. [less ▲]

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See detailGlutathione system deficiency in racehorses
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, N.; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Handbook of the 43rd Congress of the British Equine Veterinary Association (2004)

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See detailDéficience du système glutathion chez le cheval de course
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, N.; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in 30ème Journée de la Recherche Equine, Les Haras Nationaux (2004)

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See detailEffet de l’entraînement et de l’intensité de l’exercice sur les marqueurs sanguins du stress oxydant chez le trotteur
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Proceedings: Congrès de l'Association Vétérinaire Equine Française (AVEF) (2004)

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