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See detailLe site du Trou Al'Wesse (comm. de Modave) : Campagne de Fouille 2004
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Notae Praehistoricae (2004), 24

We present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds from stratum 4 (attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The spatial distribution of the archaeological materials, as well as ... [more ▼]

We present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds from stratum 4 (attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The spatial distribution of the archaeological materials, as well as stratigraphic data, demonstrate that these sherds are not associated with the Mesolithic assemblage. Thestratigraphy also shows that, near the cliff face, there is no mixing between the two occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic susceptibility applied as an age-depth-climate relative dating technique using sediments from Scladina Cave, a Late Pleistocene cave site in Belgium
Ellwood, B. B.; Harrold, F. B.; Benoist, S. L. et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science (2004), 31(3), 283-293

Here we demonstrate that magnetic susceptibility (MS) data from Scladina Cave, Belgium, provide a time-depth-climate relationship that is correlated to the marine oxygen isotopic record and thus yields a ... [more ▼]

Here we demonstrate that magnetic susceptibility (MS) data from Scladina Cave, Belgium, provide a time-depth-climate relationship that is correlated to the marine oxygen isotopic record and thus yields a high-resolution relative dating method for sediments recovered from many archaeological sites. This methodology will help resolve one of the major problems facing archaeologists, namely the difficulty of acquiring absolute dates with reasonable precision for the period from 40,000 to 400,000 years or so. The problem is that dating techniques applicable to most materials within this age range are subject to significant errors. Relative dating techniques.. such as magnetic secular variation or stable isotope methods, offer the potential to improve this precision. but both methods suffer from problems that make broad application to many sites impossible. However, for most archaeoloaical cave sites, MS measurements of cave sediments offers the potential for intra-site correlation and paleoclimate estimation. This is possible in protected cave environments because the MS of cave sediments results from climate processes active outside caves. which cause variations in magnetic properties of the sediments that ultimately accumulate inside caves. Once deposited, these materials are often preserved and their stratigraphy provides a time-depth-climate signal that can be identified. Therefore MS data can be used as an independent methodology, alongside conventional methods such as sedimentology and palynology, for relative age dates, and correlation within and between sites by tracing evidence of paleoclimatic change. This correlation has been used to infer an age of 90,000 +/- 7000 years for Neanderthal skeletal remains recovered from Scladina Cave, an important Middle Paleolithic archaeological site in Belgium. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvolution du Gravettien au Moyen Danube
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Svoboda, Jirí; Sedlácková, Lenka (Eds.) The Gravettian along the Danube (2004)

Radiometric dates, typology and sedimentology suggest an autochthonous origin for the Gravettian culture in the Middle Danube. Its complex development is marked by tool specialisation, a demographic ... [more ▼]

Radiometric dates, typology and sedimentology suggest an autochthonous origin for the Gravettian culture in the Middle Danube. Its complex development is marked by tool specialisation, a demographic increase and an apparent sedentism. Subsequently, this key region spread to the east or the west by autonomous migratory movements during each phase (Bayacian, Kostenkian). The form of religiosity that is finally associated with this culture constitutes the first artistic creation evidencing a matriarchal system. Through the artistic forms, this belief system is also modified through time and across space: it is characterised as well by recognisable artistic “styles”. The broad Gravettian entity, in its distribution and the finesse of its adaptation, was a product of continental Europe, for which it constitutes the origin of later cultures and populations. At the same time, its plastic expressions seem to result in an Aurignacian acculturation, and its anatomy a blend of Neandertals with incoming modern humans. Curiously, recent phases are limited to the eastern Danube Basin. The Pleniglacial B seems to have interrupted western contacts, where the Magdalenians would soon appear, until Moravia. From then on, Europe as a whole would no longer be unified. In consequence, new approaches to the study of the Danubian Gravettian should be oriented towards the eastern plains, Moldavia and The Crimea. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire de l'art et archéologie de l'époque préhistorique
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Art&Fact (2004), 23

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See detailMons/Maisières : les occupations paléolithiques de "l'Atelier de Taille de la Berge Nord-Est" à Maisières-Canal
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Guillaume, Alain; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2003), 11

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See detailAnalyses technologiques d’un atelier de taille aurignacien à Maisières-Canal (Province du Hainaut, Belgique)
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Flas, Damien ULg; Guillaume, Alain et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2003), 23

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See detailTrou Al'Wesse : Rapport préliminaire des fouilles 2003
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Notae Praehistoricae (2003), 23

This article presents a summary of the first field season of the second phase of excavations at the site of Trou Al'Wesse as well as proposing a series of hypotheses concerning possible contacts between ... [more ▼]

This article presents a summary of the first field season of the second phase of excavations at the site of Trou Al'Wesse as well as proposing a series of hypotheses concerning possible contacts between Mesolithic and Neolithics populations. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyses technologiques d'un atelier de taille aurignacien à Maisières - Canal (Province du Hainaut, Belgique)
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Flas, Damien; Guillaume, Alain et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2003), 23

This articles presents the results of the spatial distribution of lithic refits and a dynamic technological analysis of the Aurignacian assemblage from the site of Maisières-Canal.

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See detailL'Europe gravettienne
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Desbrosse, René; Thévenin, André (Eds.) Préhistoire de l'Europe. Des origines à l'âge du Bronze (2003)

The Gravettian tradition appears to develop from local Mousterian and different cultures at the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic (Chatelperronian in the west, foliate points in the north and ... [more ▼]

The Gravettian tradition appears to develop from local Mousterian and different cultures at the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic (Chatelperronian in the west, foliate points in the north and the Streletskaian in the east). New technological characteristics proper to the Gravettian developed in different regions of middle Europe, apparently around the same time: thin, standardised blades, development of small backed armatures. The Gravettian is thus a pan-European phenomenon, extending across middle Europe, but developing locally. Development within the Gravettian is quite complex, with regional areas of expansion of processes varying according to the phase or facies considered. The Moldavian sequence is key to understanding the regional development of the Gravettian. It can be integrated with that of central and eastern Europe. General developmental tendencies appeared here, connecting regional patterns with traditional roots. The Gravettian culture can thus be considered a collection of technological processes probably adopted by diverse ethnic groups which nevertheless were in regular contact. During the Second Pleniglacial, important climatic changes provoked a division between central and western groups, leading to profound differences between south-eastern Europe (Ukraine, the Carpathian region, the Balkans) and western Europe (Solutrean-Magdalenian succession). [less ▲]

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See detailSedimentary deposition rates and carbon-14: The epi-paleolithic sequence of Okuzini Cave (southwest Turkey)
Otte, Marcel ULg; López Bayón, Ignacio; Noiret, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science (2003), 30(3), 325-341

A series of radiocarbon dates systematically obtained from bone and charcoal samples from the stratigraphic sequence of Okuzini Cave has been analyzed in conjunction with stratigraphic and archaeological ... [more ▼]

A series of radiocarbon dates systematically obtained from bone and charcoal samples from the stratigraphic sequence of Okuzini Cave has been analyzed in conjunction with stratigraphic and archaeological data to interpret the rates and processes of deposition and human occupation of the cave during the Epipaleolithic of southwest Turkey. AMS dates obtained on the charcoal series reveal the existence of three stratigraphic gaps. Sedimentation rates for the deposits are evaluated in relation to radiometric determinations, the nature and origin of sediment accumulation, the structure of the faunal and lithic assemblages and the changing nature of human occupation of the cave. A hypothesis is proposed to explain the processes and rates of sedimentation, including the three gaps revealed by the radiometric series. One of our aims is to caution against interpretations of cultural evolution directly linked to sedimentary rates for which the variation is not immediately evident during excavation, but which requires a more critical analysis, as we have had the opportunity to do at Okuzini. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMons/Maisières : nouvelle occupation paléolithique au site de Maisières-Canal
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Guillaume, Alain; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2002), 10

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See detailOrigine du Solutréen: le rôle de l'Espagne
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Zephyrus (2002), LV

The Solutrean "culture" of France should be separated in two clearly distinct elements. (1) The "Proto-Solutrean" and the "early" Solutrean are linked to the late phases of the Gravettian of the northern ... [more ▼]

The Solutrean "culture" of France should be separated in two clearly distinct elements. (1) The "Proto-Solutrean" and the "early" Solutrean are linked to the late phases of the Gravettian of the northern plains. (2) The "middle and late" Solutrean seem to have originated in Spain. A movement from North Africa, in the most arid phase, constitutes the most likely hypothesis to explain this expansion. [less ▲]

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See detailMons/Maisières : le site de plein air de Maisières-Canal
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg; Haesaerts, Paul

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2001), 9

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See detailLe Mésolithique du Bassin pannonien et la formation du Rubané
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Anthropologie (L') (2001), 105(3, JUL-SEP), 409-419

The LBK appears as the result of acculturation of local Mesolithic Populations, beginning in the Pannonian Basin following a trans-Balkan colonisation. Economy, architecture and ceramic proceed from an ... [more ▼]

The LBK appears as the result of acculturation of local Mesolithic Populations, beginning in the Pannonian Basin following a trans-Balkan colonisation. Economy, architecture and ceramic proceed from an adaptation to local means, which explains the chronological disjunction between acculturation and geographic expansion. The whole is placed within a context already Indo-European, since the Late Palaeolithic. (C) 2001 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS. [less ▲]

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See detailLes origines de la pensée
Otte, Marcel ULg

Book published by Mardaga (2001)

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See detailNouvelles découvertes archéologiques dans la région de Tanger (Maroc)
Bouzouggar, Abdeljalil; Otte, Marcel ULg; Atki, Habiba et al

Conference (2001)

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See detailLe Paléolithique supérieur en Belgique (1996-2001)
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg; Miller, Rebecca ULg

in Noiret, Pierre (Ed.) Le Paléolithique supérieur européen. Bilan quinquennal 1996-2001 (2001)

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See detailWanze/Huccorgne : la grotte du Docteur
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2000), 8

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See detailLa station de l'Hermitage à Huccorgne: un habitat gravettien de plein-air en Belgique
Straus, Lawrence; Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2000), 20

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See detailRégion-clef de la Préhistoire orientale: la Moldavie
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg; López Bayón, Ignacio et al

Article for general public (1999)

La région moldave, incluant aussi une partie de la Roumanie, illustre tous les stades du Paléolithique supérieur: elle débute par des industries archaïques, se poursuit à par l'Aurignacien local et ... [more ▼]

La région moldave, incluant aussi une partie de la Roumanie, illustre tous les stades du Paléolithique supérieur: elle débute par des industries archaïques, se poursuit à par l'Aurignacien local et surtout connaît un développement très intense durant les différents stades du Gravettien. Sa position géographique en fait une région-clef pour l'étude des rapports entre l'Europe des collines et celle des grandes plaines orientales. [less ▲]

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