References of "Nicks, Baudouin"
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See detailLe logement des vaches laitières
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142(6), 413-416

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See detailComparison of feeding behaviour and performance of weaned piglets fed with two types of dry feeders with integrated Drinkers
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Desiron, Alain et al

in Proceedings of the 32nd International congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (1998)

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See detailComparaison de l'utilisation de sciure ou d'un mélange paille-sciure comme substrat de litière accumulée pour porcs charcutiers
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, A.; Canart, B.

in Annales de Zootechnie (1998), 47(2), 107-116

Two similar rooms were used to keep pigs on deep litter, one room with pigs on sawdust (litter S) and the other with pigs on a mixture of straw and sawdust with 50% dry matter (DM) of each material ... [more ▼]

Two similar rooms were used to keep pigs on deep litter, one room with pigs on sawdust (litter S) and the other with pigs on a mixture of straw and sawdust with 50% dry matter (DM) of each material (litter PS). Three batches of 17 pigs were reared in each room over the 14-month period of experiment. The deep litters were started with a bedding of about 30 cm. Afterwards the amounts of litters used were adjusted to keep the pigs clean. Each week the litter S was manually aerated and manure incorporated in the litter. This work was not per formed with the litter PS. Both temperatures, relative humidities and ventilation rates were similar in the two rooms. The temperatures in the litters were continuously recorded. Ammonia concentrations were measured once a week using 8-h diffusion tubes. Electrochemical probes were occasionally used to measure the NH3 concentrations continuously, at l-h intervals, during 1-week periods. NO concentrations were measured dul-ing all the experimental period with electrochemical probes. At the end of the experiment the amounts of litter DM used per pig were of 32 kg with the litter S and 40 kg with the litter PS. The litter temperatures measured at 20 cm depth varied between 30 and 37 degrees C. Heat evaporated the dung water and the DM content of the composts produced staid above 50%. The amounts of compost produced per fattening pig were of 127 kg with the litter S and of 157 kg with the litter PS. Corresponding amounts of N in the composts were of 1.38 and 1.92 kg/pig, respectively. NH3 emission was lower from litter S than from litter PS but small increases of NH3 concentration until 50 ppm were observed during the work of aeration. Adding new litter decreased the emissions. NO emissions were only observed with the litter S, during the aeration period. Pig performance and carcass qualities were not affected by the litter mate. [less ▲]

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See detailComportement des porcs engraissés sur litière biomaîtrisée: quantification des comportements d'interaction avec la litière et localisation par rapport aux zones de repos et d'élimination
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Parent, I.; Desiron, Alain et al

in Proceedings du XXXème Colloque de la SFECA (Société Française d'Etude du Comportement Animal) (1998)

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See detailRelations entre les conditions d'habitat et la pathologie en production de viande bovine
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Aspects de la conception des bâtiments pour les bovins à viande (1997)

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See detailProduction bovine et bien-être animal
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Dufrasne, M.

Article for general public (1997)

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See detailAirborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations in different sources of feed and bedding for horses
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg et al

in Veterinary Quarterly (The) (1997), 19(4), 154-158

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using ... [more ▼]

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using a Rion particle counter, and levels of major aeroallergens implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were measured by using an Andersen sampler. Laboratory conditions allowed comparison of the different sources of forage, supplements, and bedding without external influences such as ventilation, external temperature and horse activity affecting the result. Grass silages of approximately 50% dry matter and alfalfa pellets appeared to be very good sources of forage with low levels of dust and aeroallergens. The studied good quality straw was significantly less dusty with fewer allergens than the wood shavings. Supplements, such as whole grains and molassed concentrates, contained many respirable particles and aeroallergens. Rolled grains were significantly more dusty than good hay. [less ▲]

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See detailSubacute effects of feed flour dust inhalation on the respiratory tract in pigs
Urbain, B.; Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Mast, J. et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Congress in Animal Hygiene (1997)

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See detailDeep letter materials and ammonia emissions in fattening pig houses
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, Alain; Canart, Bernard

in Proceedings of the International Symposium "Ammonia and Odour Control from Animal Production Facilities" (1997)

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See detailChronic Exposure of Pigs to Airborne Dust and Endotoxins in an Environmental Chamber: Technical Note
Urbain, B.; Prouvost, J. F.; Beerens, Dominique ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (1996), 27(6), 569-578

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were ... [more ▼]

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were evaluated in a chamber containing two pigs of 10 kg body-weight: inhalable and respirable dust gravimetric concentrations were measured using area samplers and expressed as mg/m3. The respirable dust concentration was also measured using a "TM digital microP respirable dust-measuring instrument', which has been shown to give similar results to the gravimetric method. The endotoxin concentration was evaluated using the Limulus-assay and expressed as ng/m3 of air containing the inhalable or respirable dust or as ng/mg of inhalable and respirable dust. Feed flour dust was introduced into the chamber to obtain different concentrations of inhalable and respirable dust ranging from 3.62 to 76.66 mg/m3 and from 0.24 to 1.40 mg/m3, respectively. The endotoxin concentration was modulated by mixing the feed flour with Escherichia coli endotoxins before blowing it into the chamber. The endotoxin concentrations in the air containing inhalable or respirable dust ranged from 28.9 to 270.0 ng/m3 and from 2.22 to 36.38 ng/m3, respectively, depending on the amount of endotoxins added to the dust. Data were also obtained in a piggery. The experimental setup detailed in this paper could be used to study the significance of air contaminants in the development of pig respiratory diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailComparaison des performances de porcs élevés sur litières ou sur caillebotis
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, Alain; Canart, Bernard et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1996), 140

In a first experiment, performances and carcass quality of fattening pigs kept either on a litter with sawdust, on straw or on slatted floor were compared. Three batches of 17 pigs were kept on each floor ... [more ▼]

In a first experiment, performances and carcass quality of fattening pigs kept either on a litter with sawdust, on straw or on slatted floor were compared. Three batches of 17 pigs were kept on each floor type. Pens with litter were not cleaned until the end of the third fattening period. On average 100 kg of sawdust or 49 kg of straw were used per pig. The growth rate of pigs on litters was higher (P < 0,01) than that of pigs on slatted floor : 739 g/d on sawdust, 745 g/d on straw and 686 g/d on slatted floor. Carcass quality at slaughter was not different according to the floor type. The peak shear force of the M. Longissimus dorsi was higher for pigs kept on straw than for the 2 other groups. In a second experiment, 97 weaners, 4 weeks old, were divided in 3 groups on 3 floor types : a deep litter with sawdust, a deep litter with sawdust mixed with straw and a slatted floor. Between 4 and 10 weeks of age, the growth rates of pigs were different (P < 0,05) according to the 2 litters : 438 g/d on the deep litter with straw and sawdust, 397 g/d on sawdust and higher (P < 0,001) than that on slatted floor (273 g/d). Pigs on slatted floor were however disadvantaged by a lower health status in the breeding pig house. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental and technical results of keeping fattening pigs on deep litters
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, A.; Canart, B. et al

in Proceedings of the 14th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress (1996)

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See detailLe logement du cheval de trait ardenais
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Le cheval ardenais (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailEducation du poulain
Collard, A.; Laurant, P.; Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Le cheval ardenais (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
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See detailInfluence du type de sciure et d'un traitement des porcs aux antibiotiques sur l'évolution de la température dans les litières biomaîtrisées
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, Alain; Canart, Bernard et al

in 28èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine en France (1996)

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See detailLogement du troupeau laitier et santé de la mamelle
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in compte rendu de la Journée d'étude sur les mammites de la vache laitière (1996)

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See detailAirbone dust and aeroallergen concentration in different sources of forage for COPD horses
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Olaerts, J.; Van Calster, P. et al

in Proceedings of the XXVth Congress of the World Veterinary Association (1995)

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See detailLa prise en compte des contraintes environnementales en élevage: code de bonnes pratiques et aspects réglementaires
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139(5), 327-334

As all other activities, livestock production represents a risk of nuisances for the environment. The author describes the risks of causing water pollution from applying livestock wastes to land and the ... [more ▼]

As all other activities, livestock production represents a risk of nuisances for the environment. The author describes the risks of causing water pollution from applying livestock wastes to land and the risks of air pollution from odours and ammonia. The agricultural practices which minimise the nuisances and the Belgian environmental protection laws concerning the building of animal houses and the disposal of farm wastes are presented [less ▲]

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See detailAvantages environnementaux de l'élevage de porcs sur litière biomaîtrisée
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, Alain; Canart, Bernard

in Nouvelles de la Science et des Technologies (1995), 13

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