References of "Munaut, Carine"
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See detailDoes vascular endothelial growth factor improve ovarian tissue recovery after cryopreservation?
Henry, Laurie ULg; Fransolet, Maïté ULg; Labied, Soraya ULg et al

in Giornale italiano di obstetricia e gynecologia (2012)

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See detailThe proteolytic activity of MT4-MMP is required for its proangiogenic and pro-metastatic promoting effects
Host, Lorin; Paye, Alexandra ULg; Detry, Benoît ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2012), 131(7), 1537-1548

MT4-MMP expression in breast adenocarcinoma stimulates tumor growth and metastatic spreading to the lung. However whether these pro-tumorigenic and pro-metastatic effects of MT4-MMP are related to a ... [more ▼]

MT4-MMP expression in breast adenocarcinoma stimulates tumor growth and metastatic spreading to the lung. However whether these pro-tumorigenic and pro-metastatic effects of MT4-MMP are related to a proteolytic action is not known yet. Through site directed mutagenesis MT4-MMP has been inactivated in cancer cells through Glutamic acid 249 substitution by Alanine in the active site. Active MT4-MMP triggered an angiogenic switch at day 7 after tumor implantation and drastically accelerated subcutaneous tumor growth as well as lung colonization in RAG -/- mice. All these effects were abrogated upon MT4-MMP inactivation. In sharp contrast to most MMPs being primarily of stromal origin, we provide evidence that tumor-derived MT4-MMP, but not host-derived MT4-MMP contributes to angiogenesis. A genetic approach using MT4-MMP-deficient mice revealed that the status of MT4-MMP produced by host cells did not affect the angiogenic response. Despite of this tumor intrinsic feature, to exert its tumor promoting effect, MT4-MMP requires a permissive microenvironment. Indeed, tumor-derived MT4-MMP failed to circumvent the lack of an host angio-promoting factor such as lasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). Overall, our study demonstrates the key contribution of MT4-MMP catalytic activity in the tumor compartment, at the interface with host cells. It identifies MT4-MMP as a key intrinsic tumor cell determinant that contributes to the elaboration of a permissive microenvironment for metastatic dissemination [less ▲]

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See detailAbnormal vascular architecture at the placental-maternal interface in placenta increta
CHANTRAINE, Frédéric ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Berndt, Sarah et al

in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2012), 207(3), 1881-9

Objective The objective of the study was to characterize the vascular architecture at the placental-maternal interface in pregnancies complicated by placenta increta and normal pregnancies. Study Design ... [more ▼]

Objective The objective of the study was to characterize the vascular architecture at the placental-maternal interface in pregnancies complicated by placenta increta and normal pregnancies. Study Design Vessel numbers and cross-section area density and spatial and area distributions in 13 placenta-increta placental beds were compared with 9 normal placental beds using computer-assisted image analysis of whole-slide CD31 immunolabeled sections. Results The total areas occupied by vessels in normal and placenta-increta placental beds were comparable, but vessels were significantly sparser and larger in the latter. Moreover, placenta-increta–vessel distributions (area and distance from the placental–myometrial junction) were more heterogeneous. Conclusion Size and spatial organization of the placenta-increta vascular architecture at the placental-maternal interface differed from normal and might partially explain the severe hemorrhage observed during placenta-increta deliveries. [less ▲]

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See detailTGFbeta-receptor-dependent angiostimulation through the hyperglycosylated isoform of human chorionic gonadotropin.
Berndt, Sarah; Detilleux, Julien; Blacher, Silvia et al

in Placenta (2011), 32(9), 44

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See detailTransient reduction of placental angiogenesis in PAI-1 deficient mice
Labied, Soraya ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Carmeliet, P. et al

in Physiological Genomics (2011), 43(4), 188-98

Murine placentation is associated with the invasion of maternal endometrium by trophoblasts and an extensive maternal and foetal angiogenesis. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is transiently ... [more ▼]

Murine placentation is associated with the invasion of maternal endometrium by trophoblasts and an extensive maternal and foetal angiogenesis. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is transiently produced by spongiotrophoblasts and trophoblast giant cells at 10.5-11.5 day post-coitum (dpc). Knowing the key contribution of PAI-1 in the regulation of angiogenesis, we have now analyzed the consequence of PAI-1 deficiency on murine placentation. Morphological and quantitative computer-assisted image analysis revealed abnormal placental morphology in PAI-1 (-/-) mice at 10.5 and 12.5 dpc. At 10.5 dpc, the genetic ablation of PAI-1 resulted in a transient reduction of both maternal and foetal vascularizations in the placenta and increased trophoblast cell density. This was associated with a poorer development of the labyrinth and an extension of the decidua. A larger spongiotrophoblast layer appeared at 12.5 dpc in PAI-1 deficient mice. Placental morphology was normalized at 14,5 dpc. Microarray analyses performed on laser capture microdissected labyrinths revealed that 46 genes were differentially expressed at 10.5 dpc between the two genotypes. However, only 11 genes were still differently modulated at 14.5 dpc when normalization of placental morphology had take place. This transcriptomic profiling highlighted a dysregulation in the expression of placenta-related cathepsin family members. All together our data provide evidence for a transient impaired placental morphology in PAI-1-deficient mice which is then normalized leading to normal embryonic development. [less ▲]

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See detailWhole Slide Quantification of Stromal Lymphatic Vessel Distribution and Peritumoral Lymphatic Vessel Density in Early Invasive Cervical Cancer: A Method Description
Balsat, Cédric ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Signolle, Nicolas et al

in ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology (2011), 2011

Peritumoral Lymphatic Vessel Density (LVD) is considered to be a predictive marker for the presence of lymph node metastases in cervical cancer. However, when LVD quantification relies on conventional ... [more ▼]

Peritumoral Lymphatic Vessel Density (LVD) is considered to be a predictive marker for the presence of lymph node metastases in cervical cancer. However, when LVD quantification relies on conventional optical microscopy and the hot spot technique, interobserver variability is significant and yields inconsistent conclusions. In this work, we describe an original method that applies computed image analysis to whole slide scanned tissue sections following immunohistochemical lymphatic vessel staining. This procedure allows to determine an objective LVD quantification as well as the lymphatic vessel distribution and its heterogeneity within the stroma surrounding the invasive tumor bundles. The proposed technique can be useful to better characterize lymphatic vessel interactions with tumor cells and could potentially impact on prognosis and therapeutic decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailBone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells and MMP13 contribute to experimental choroidal neovascularization.
Lecomte, Julie ULg; Louis, Krystel; Detry, Benoît ULg et al

in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS (2011), 68

In this study, we evaluate the potential involvement of collagenase-3 (MMP13), a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family member, in the exudative form of age-related macular degeneration characterized by a ... [more ▼]

In this study, we evaluate the potential involvement of collagenase-3 (MMP13), a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family member, in the exudative form of age-related macular degeneration characterized by a neovascularisation into the choroid. RT-PCR analysis revealed that human neovascular membranes issued from patients with AMD expressed high levels of Mmp13. The contribution of MMP13 in choroidal neovascularization (CNV) formation was explored by using a murine model of laser-induced CNV and applying it to wild-type mice (WT) and Mmp13-deficient mice (Mmp13 ( -/- ) mice). Angiogenic and inflammatory reactions were explored by immunohistochemistry. The implication of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells was determined by BM engraftment into irradiated mice and by injecting mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) isolated from WT BM. The deficiency of Mmp13 impaired CNV formation which was fully restored by WT BM engraftment and partially rescued by several injections of WT MSC. The present study sheds light on a novel function of MMP13 during BM-dependent choroidal vascularization and provides evidence for a role for MSC in the pathogenesis of CNV. [less ▲]

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See detailNew pre-conception immune biomarkers for clinical practice: interleukin-18, interleukin-15 and TWEAK on the endometrial side, G-CSF on the follicular side.
Lédée, Nathalie; Petitbarat, M.; Rahmati, M. et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2011), 88(2), 118-123

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology ... [more ▼]

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Expression of IL-15 and IL-18 has been shown to be different in patients with failed implantation after IVF/ICSI compared with fertile controls and both correlate with local uNK (CD56+) recruitment and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) has been described in mice as a potent early immune regulator able to protect the conceptus. The results of our studies in human suggest that TWEAK modulates the IL-18 related cytotoxicity of uNK cells. Quantification of IL-18, TWEAK and IL-15 mRNA expression by real-time PCR in endometrial tissue collected in mid-luteal phase of non-conception cycles allowed documentation of physiological events that occur at the time of uterine receptivity. Such information may be useful for the physician especially in patients where embryos fail to implant. Cytokine quantification may assist in understanding the mechanisms leading to repeated IVF/ICSI failure: either depletion of cytokines necessary for the apposition-adhesion, or an excess of cytokines leading to local cytotoxicity, may impair the implantation of the embryo. Other new data suggest that a pre-conception dialogue mediated by the oocyte and the follicular fluid and the oocyte may contribute to later implantation success. Follicular concentration of G-CSF appears as a useful biomarker of oocyte competence before fertilization. Moreover both in human and animal models, evidence of a role of the endometrium as a biosensor of the embryo is emerging. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific and extensive endometrial deregulation is present before conception in IVF/ICSI repeated implantation failures (IF) or recurrent miscarriages.
Lédée, Nathalie; Munaut, Carine ULg; Aubert, Julie et al

in Journal of Pathology (The) (2011), 225(4), 554-64

The objective was to examine if IVF/ICSI repeated implantation failures (IF) or recurrent miscarriages (RM) could be related to preconceptional endometrial deregulations. IF was defined as the absence of ... [more ▼]

The objective was to examine if IVF/ICSI repeated implantation failures (IF) or recurrent miscarriages (RM) could be related to preconceptional endometrial deregulations. IF was defined as the absence of pregnancy despite the transfer of at least ten IVF/ICSI good quality embryos, and RM as having at least three unexplained miscarriages. Fertile controls (FC) were women who had given birth at least once. Endometrial biopsy was performed in the mild luteal phase of a non-conceptual cycle (five women were selected in each group). Affymetrix chips (GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus2.0 Array) were used for hybridization. Data were normalized by the gcRMA method, and raw p values adjusted by the Bonferroni procedure (1%). Differential expression of selected genes was analysed using real-time PCR. Gene networks and biological functions were explored using the Ingenuity Pathways Analysis software. Endometrial gene expression profiles at the time of uterine receptivity differ dramatically in the endometrium among FC, RM, and IF patients. Compared to FC, 2126 and 2477 genes are differentially expressed in IF and RM groups, respectively, and 2363 between IF and RM. In both conditions, differential gene expression referred mainly to DNA transcription and expression. Other main cellular functions deregulated in IF conditions correspond to cell morphology, cellular development, cell cycle, and cellular assembly, while in RM conditions, deregulated cellular functions relate to cell signalling (degradation of cyclic AMP and calcium metabolism) and cellular maintenance. In both conditions, there is an over-representation of deregulations related to the haematological system. In the IF condition, cell-mediated immune response and nervous system development and function are highly deregulated, while in RM patients, main deregulations are in organ and tissue development, humoral immune response, and muscular system development and function. Extensive endometrial deregulations are present before conception in patients who experienced IF or RM with both distinct and common deregulation. [less ▲]

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See detailAn insight into normal and pathological pregnancies using large-scale microarrays: lessons from microarrays
Chaouat, G. R.; Rodde, N.; Petitbarat, M. et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2011), 89(2), 163-72

In the introduction, we briefly recall old but classic evidence that there is no tolerance to paternal alloantigens in a first pregnancy. Therefore, we performed small- and large-scale microarrays in CBA ... [more ▼]

In the introduction, we briefly recall old but classic evidence that there is no tolerance to paternal alloantigens in a first pregnancy. Therefore, we performed small- and large-scale microarrays in CBA × DBA/2 and CBA × BALB/c combinations, recently described as a murine model for preeclampsia. Our results are in line with other data suggesting a very early deregulation of local immune vascular events rather than a break of immune tolerance. Other data presented at the Tioman 2010 Preeclampsia Workshop supporting this hypothesis are briefly summarised, as well as indications and caveats from a recent human microarray on implantation failure and recurrent pregnancy loss. [less ▲]

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See detailTWEAK Appears as a Modulator of Endometrial IL-18 Related Cytotoxic Activity of Uterine Natural Killers
Petitbarat, M.; Rahmati, M.; Sérazin, V. et al

in PLoS ONE (2011), 6(1), 14497

BACKGROUND: TWEAK (Tumor necrosis factor like WEAK inducer of apoptosis) is highly expressed by different immune cells and triggers multiple cellular responses, including control of angiogenesis. Our ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: TWEAK (Tumor necrosis factor like WEAK inducer of apoptosis) is highly expressed by different immune cells and triggers multiple cellular responses, including control of angiogenesis. Our objective was to investigate its role in the human endometrium during the implantation window, using an ex-vivo endometrial microhistoculture model. Indeed, previous results suggested that basic TWEAK expression influences the IL-18 related uNK recruitment and local cytotoxicity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Endometrial biopsies were performed 7 to 9 days after the ovulation surge of women in monitored natural cycles. Biopsies were cut in micro-pieces and cultured on collagen sponge with appropriate medium. Morphology, functionality and cell death were analysed at different time of the culture. We used this ex vivo model to study mRNA expressions of NKp46 (a uNK cytotoxic receptor) and TGF-beta1 (protein which regulates uNK cytokine production) after adjunction of excess of recombinant IL-18 and either recombinant TWEAK or its antibody. NKp46 protein expression was also detailed by immunohistochemistry in selected patients with high basic mRNA level of IL-18 and either low or high mRNA level of TWEAK. The NKp46 immunostaining was stronger in patients with an IL-18 over-expression and a low TWEAK expression, when compared with patients with both IL-18 and TWEAK high expressions. We did not observe any difference for TWEAK expression when recombinant protein IL-18 or its antibody was added, or conversely, for IL-18 expression when TWEAK or its antibody was added in the culture medium. In a pro-inflammatory environment (obtained by an excess of IL-18), inhibition of TWEAK was able to increase significantly NKp46 and TGF-beta1 mRNA expressions. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: TWEAK doesn't act on IL-18 expression but seems to control IL-18 related cytotoxicity on uNK cells when IL-18 is over-expressed. Thus, TWEAK appears as a crucial physiological modulator to prevent endometrial uNK cytotoxicity in human. [less ▲]

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See detailAetiology and physiopathology of preeclampsia and related forms.
Lorquet, Sophie ULg; Pequeux, Christel ULg; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65(4), 237-41

Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and oedema, resolves on placental delivery. Its pathogenesis is thought to be associated to a hypoxic placenta ... [more ▼]

Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and oedema, resolves on placental delivery. Its pathogenesis is thought to be associated to a hypoxic placenta. Placental hypoxia is responsible for the maternal vascular dysfunction via the increased placental release of anti-angiogenic factors such as soluble flt1 and endoglin. These soluble receptors bind VEGF, PLGF and TGFbeta1 and 3 in the maternal circulation, causing endothelial dysfunction in many maternal tissues. Despite these recent and important new molecular findings, it is important to consider that normal pregnancy is also characterized by systemic inflammation, oxidative stress and alterations in levels of angiogenic factors and vascular reactivity. Both the placenta and maternal vasculatures are major sources of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species which can produce powerful pro-oxidants that covalently modify proteins and alter vascular function in preeclampsia. Finally, the recent demonstration of activating auto-antibodies to the Angiotensin 1 receptor that experimentally play a major pathogenic role in preeclampsia further indicates the pleiotropism of aetiologies of this condition. [less ▲]

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See detailMaternal plasma soluble endoglin at 11-13 weeks's gestation in pre-eclampsia
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Munaut, Carine ULg; Chantraine, Frédéric ULg et al

in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology (2010), 35(6), 680-7

Objectives: To examine the performance of screening for preeclampsia (PE) by a combination of maternal factors, soluble endoglin (sEng), pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), placental growth ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To examine the performance of screening for preeclampsia (PE) by a combination of maternal factors, soluble endoglin (sEng), pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), placental growth factor (PlGF) and uterine artery lowest pulsatibility index (L-PI) at 11-13 weeks of gestation. Methods: Uterine artery L-PI, sEng, PAPP-A and PlGF were measured at 11-13 weeks in 90 singleton pregnancies that subsequently developed PE, including 30 that required delivery before 34 weeks (early-PE) and 60 with late-PE, and 180 unaffected controls. Screening performance for PE by maternal factors, sEng, PAPP-A, PlGF and uterine artery L-PI and their combinations was determined. Results: In early-PE, compared to controls, plasma sEng and uterine L-PI were significantly increased and serum PAPP-A and PlGF were decreased. In late-PE, compared to controls, serum PlGF was decreased and uterine L-PI was increased but plasma sEng and serum PAPP-A were not significantly different. In screening for early-PE, the detection rate at a 10% false positive rate was 46.7% for sEng alone and 96.3% for a combination of maternal factors, sEng, PlGF and uterine artery L-PI. Conclusions: Effective screening for early-PE can be provided by a combination of maternal factors, sEng, PlGF and uterine artery L-PI at 11-13 weeks. [less ▲]

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See detailAlternative splicing: a promising target for pharmaceutical inhibition of pathological angiogenesis?
Munaut, Carine ULg; Colige, Alain ULg; Lambert, Charles ULg

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2010), 16(35), 3864-76

In eukaryotes, genes consist in coding sequences (exons) interspersed with non-coding ones (introns). The regulation of alternative inclusion/exclusion of exons, or part of exons, during the maturation of ... [more ▼]

In eukaryotes, genes consist in coding sequences (exons) interspersed with non-coding ones (introns). The regulation of alternative inclusion/exclusion of exons, or part of exons, during the maturation of the pre-mRNA into mRNA (alternative splicing) allows a dramatic increase of the protein versus the gene repertoire. In a number of cases, alternative splicing decision generates proteins with distinct, sometimes opposite, functions from a given gene. Angiogenesis is the process of vascularisation in physiological conditions and a series of pathologies, including cancer where it favours tumour progression and dissemination of metastasis. In this issue, we discuss some key examples showing how alternative splicing may induce a switch from anti-angiogenic to pro-angiogenic functions and reciprocally. For some of these splicing events, the molecular mechanisms that trigger alternative splicing toward one or the other direction start to be elucidated. The emergence of strategies enabling to regulate alternative splicing opens new routes for anti-angiogenic therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailSoluble forms of VEGF receptor-1 and -2 promote vascular maturation via mural cell recruitment.
LORQUET, Sophie ULg; Berndt, Sarah; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2010), 24(10), 3782-95

Two soluble forms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, sVEGFR-1 and sVEGFR-2, are physiologically released and overproduced in some pathologies. They are known to act as anti-VEGF ... [more ▼]

Two soluble forms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, sVEGFR-1 and sVEGFR-2, are physiologically released and overproduced in some pathologies. They are known to act as anti-VEGF agents. Here, we report that these soluble receptors contribute to vessel maturation by mediating a dialogue between endothelial cells (EC) and mural cells that leads to blood vessel stabilization. Through a multidisciplinary approach, we provide evidences that these soluble VEGF receptors promote mural cell migration through a paracrine mechanism involving interplay in EC between VEGF/VEGFR-2 and sphingosine-1- phosphate type-1 (S1P)/S1P1 pathways that leads to endothelial nitric oxyde synthase (eNOS) activation. This new paradigm is supported by the finding that sVEGFR-1 and -2: 1) induce an eNOS-dependent outgrowth of a mural cell network in an ex vivo model of angiogenesis, 2) increase the mural cell coverage of neovessels in vitro and in vivo, 3) promote mural cell migration towards EC, 4) stimulate endothelial S1P1 overproduction and eNOS activation that promote the migration and the recruitment of neighboring mural cells. These findings provide new insights into mechanisms regulating physiological and pathological angiogenesis and vessel stabilization. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance evaluation of microbead and ELISA assays for follicular G-CSF: a non-invasive biomarker of oocyte developmental competence for embryo implantation.
Lédée, N.; Munaut, Carine ULg; Serazin, Valerie et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2010), 86(2), 126-32

G-CSF in individual follicular fluids correlates with the potential of the corresponding embryo to result in a live birth after transfer in IVF. To evaluate the requirements for routine follicular fluid G ... [more ▼]

G-CSF in individual follicular fluids correlates with the potential of the corresponding embryo to result in a live birth after transfer in IVF. To evaluate the requirements for routine follicular fluid G-CSF quantification, we compared follicular fluid G-CSF measurements made with two multiplexed microbead assays purchased from Bio-Rad Laboratories and R&D Systems, and a commercial G-CSF ELISA (R&D Systems). Individual follicular fluids (n=139) associated with transferred embryos were analysed to determine cytokine profile and the fate of each transferred embryo was recorded. The effect of multiplexing as well as comparison of the respective performances of the microbead assay with a flow cytometry assay was explored. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the performance and sensitivity/specificity of each method for individual follicular fluids. Covariate factors known to influence IVF outcome such as age, serum oestradiol and embryo score were systematically integrated in each analysis. The quantification of follicular fluid G-CSF using microbead assay methodologies, but not ELISA, yielded results showing the utility of follicular fluid G-CSF as a biomarker predictive of a successful delivery (Au(roc): 0.77 [0.68-0.84] (p=0.003) and 0.75 [0.66-0.82] (p=0.004) for Bio-Rad and R&D Systems microbead assays respectively), whereas follicular fluid G-CSF values quantified by ELISA were not predictive (Au(roc):0.61 [0.52-0.70] p=0.84). Microbead assay and flow cytometry appeared similarly efficient for quantifying follicular fluid G-CSF and multiplex versus single-plex assays did not influence the reliability of quantification. [less ▲]

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See detailMaternal plasma soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 and free vascular endothelial growth factor at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation in preeclampsia.
Akolekar, R.; De Cruz, J.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Prenatal Diagnosis (2010), 30(3), 191-7

Objective To investigate the maternal plasma concentration of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and free vascular endothelial growth factor (free-VEGF) at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation in patients ... [more ▼]

Objective To investigate the maternal plasma concentration of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and free vascular endothelial growth factor (free-VEGF) at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation in patients destined to develop preeclampsia (PE) and to examine whether any possible differences in maternal plasma levels are related to uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF). Methods Plasma free-VEGF, plasma sFlt-1, serum PlGF and uterine artery PI were measured at 11 to 13 weeks in 90 cases that subsequently developed PE and in 180 unaffected controls. Results In the majority of cases of PE and controls the levels of free-VEGF were undetectable. In the pregnancies that developed PE, compared to unaffected controls, uterine artery PI was higher, serum PlGF was lower but there was no significant difference in levels of sFlt-1. Conclusion Measurement of free-VEGF and sFlt-1 in maternal blood at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation is not useful in the prediction of pregnancies destined to develop PE [less ▲]

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See detailChorionic Gonadotropin Stimulation of Angiogenesis and Pericyte Recruitment
Berndt, Sarah; Blacher, Silvia ULg; PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2009), 94(11), 4567-74

During the periimplantation period, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) plays a key role by increasing the uterine blood flow through uterine vessel vasodilatation but also through angiogenesis. Indeed, we ... [more ▼]

During the periimplantation period, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) plays a key role by increasing the uterine blood flow through uterine vessel vasodilatation but also through angiogenesis. Indeed, we previously demonstrated that hCG contributes to endothelial cell recruitment and vessel formation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, hCG was proposed as an arteriogenic factor that could promote perivascular cell recruitment and vessel stabilization. DESIGN: The aortic ring assay, a three-dimensional ex vivo angiogenesis system mimicking all the steps of the angiogenesis process was used to study the impact of hCG on pericyte recruitment and vessel maturation. SETTING: The study was conducted at a university hospital laboratory. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perivascular cell proliferation, migration, and apposition were quantified by computerized image analysis. RESULTS: Physiological concentrations of hCG (10-400 IU/ml) significantly enhanced pericyte sprouting and migration and gave rise to the maturation and coverage of endothelial capillaries. In a three-dimensional coculture model of endothelial and perivascular cells, hCG enhanced vessel tube formation and endothelial/mural cell adhesion. In addition, hCG stimulated the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells. The specificity of these effects was determined by using an anti-hCG blocking antibody. Signaling pathways implicated on this hCG effect is protein kinase A and phospholipase C/protein kinase C dependent for the proliferative effect but only phospholipase C/protein kinase C for the migrative process. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight a novel paracrine role of this early embryonic signal in vessel maturation by stimulating perivascular cell recruitment, migration, and proliferation. [less ▲]

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See detailSoluble HLA-G in IVF/ICSI embryo culture supernatants does not always predict implantation success: a multicentre study.
Tabiasco, J.; PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg; Thonon, Fabienne ULg et al

in Reproductive Biomedicine Online (2009), 18(3), 374-81

Several reports have described an association between the presence of soluble human leukocyte antigen G (sHLA-G) in human embryo culture supernatants (ES) and implantation success. However, not all ... [more ▼]

Several reports have described an association between the presence of soluble human leukocyte antigen G (sHLA-G) in human embryo culture supernatants (ES) and implantation success. However, not all studies agree with these findings. To further document this debate, a multicentre blinded study was performed to investigate, on a large number of IVF ES and ICSI ES, whether sHLA-G is a useful criterion for embryo selection before transfer. A total of 1405 ES from 355 patients were collected from three assisted reproductive technique (ART) centres and evaluated for their sHLA-G content in a single laboratory, using a chemiluminescence enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In only one centre was a significant association between sHLA-G-positive ES and successful implantation established (P = 0.0379), whereas no such association was observed in the other centres. It was found that the percentages and concentrations of sHLA-G-positive ES varied between centres, depending on culture media and ART conditions. The percentage of sHLA-G-positive ES was significantly higher in IVF ES than ICSI ES (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01 for two centres). These data demonstrate that substantial variations of sHLA-G content in ES occur between different ART centres, highlighting the influence of several technical parameters that differ from one centre to another. [less ▲]

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