References of "Moula, Nassim"
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See detailMapping stakeholder viewpoints in biodiversity management: an application in Niger using Q methodology
Hamadou, Issa; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Siddo, Seyni et al

in Biodiversity and Conservation (2016), 25(10), 1973-1986

The purpose of this paper is to examine the viewpoints of stakeholders in the management and conservation of farm animal biodiversity in Niger. The research applies Q methodology in order to reveal ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the viewpoints of stakeholders in the management and conservation of farm animal biodiversity in Niger. The research applies Q methodology in order to reveal consensual and divergent discourses. After the development of the set of items on the topic of biodiversity (Q sample), the statements were sorted by the respondents through a 7-grade scale, from −3 to +3. The analysis of Q-sort data with the qmethod package under the R software highlighted three distinct stakeholder viewpoints on the importance of biodiversity in agriculture and animal husbandry, the balance between progress and preservation and the effectiveness of different methods of conservation. The study shows an apparent consensus on the importance of biodiversity that is obviously a promoted topic in the country. Behind the consensus, different discourses are defined that all appear divided by the same dilemma between conservation and economic development. Understanding the different answers and weight attributed to each of the components of the dilemma will guide awareness-raising campaigns and help to pinpoint divergent interests among stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailHo Chicken in Bac Ninh Province (Vietnam): From an Indigenous Chicken to Local Poultry Breed
Nguyen Van Duy, ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Do Duc, Luc et al

in International Journal of Poultry Sciences (2015), 14(9), 521-528

The objectives of this study were to determine the morpho-biometric characteristics of Vietnamese indigenous Ho chicken breed and to evaluate its production, reproduction performance and egg quality. The ... [more ▼]

The objectives of this study were to determine the morpho-biometric characteristics of Vietnamese indigenous Ho chicken breed and to evaluate its production, reproduction performance and egg quality. The study was carried out on 20 households raising purebred Ho chicken from September 2013 to April 2015 in Northern Vietnam. Morpho-biometric characterization was based on measurement of 128 adult individuals. The egg production was observed on 66 hens within 20 households. A total of 29 eggs were freshly collected from 8 hens at the 20th laying week for quality analysis. Ho chicken breed is a breed with a large dimension, a large diversity in the colors (black with gold hackle, black copper, wheat, tan and tricolor), a heavy weight 3.78 and 2.64 for adult males and females, respectively), a low egg production (12.73 eggs/clutch) and a relatively low rate of embryo eggs (72.81%). A research to improve the egg production and reproduction should be undertaken to obtain a better performance, economic efficiency while maintaining this genetic heritage and sustaining the biodiversity of the avian breeds in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics and typology of sheep herding systems in the suburban area of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)
Tindano, Kisito ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Traoré, A. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2015), 58

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban ... [more ▼]

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban area of Ouagadougou is a place for the setting up of an increasing number of breeders. Due to its importance in religious traditions, spurring its consumption in whole West Africa, mutton is a major part of this suburban production. In order to characterize sheep farming in the suburban zone of Ouagadougou, in terms of motives, practices, and economic performance, and to better understand the dynamic at play in the sheep sector, a survey has been conducted among 80 sheep farmers around Ouagadougou. The results show that suburban sheep keeping is a highly dual sector. Nearly half (42.5 %) of farms may be described as traditional livestock, while 50% are evolving towards intensification. These two groups essentially differ in terms of animal genetic and feeding management, farm infrastructure, and farmer education level. Economically, the whole sample tends to indicate a lack of profitability of the activity in terms of monetary income. Several factors contributing to this situation are pinpointed, namely feed and animal health constraints, flock and production management, and the market conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege; Leroy, Pascal ULiege et al

Poster (2015, October 16)

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailGreenhouse gas emissions from livestock production in rural area of Algeria, the case of Chemini (Kabylie)
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Salhi, A.; Touazi, L. et al

in Livestock Research for Rural Development (2015), 27(10),

The Algerian agricultural sector faces the challenge to meet the food needs of its population despite low agricultural capacity, resulting in increasing pressure on natural resources. This paper aims to ... [more ▼]

The Algerian agricultural sector faces the challenge to meet the food needs of its population despite low agricultural capacity, resulting in increasing pressure on natural resources. This paper aims to inventory the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to livestock sector in the rural area of Chemini (province of Bejaia), taking into account the emissions due to enteric fermentation, in the form of methane, and manure management, in the form of methane and nitrous oxide. Emissions intensity, expressed in CO2- equivalents (CO2-eq) per kg of edible protein, was included in the study. Ruminants contribute to 94% of livestock GHG emissions and to 53% of protein production, with a large share due to cattle. The main part of emissions is related to enteric fermentation. High-producing cattle present the lowest emission intensity of the ruminant category with 24 kg CO2-eq per kg protein. Chickens produce 2.7% of livestock related emissions but provide 47% of animal protein. It results in low emission intensities whereas important difference is noticed between backyard and industrialized systems (around 21 versus 1 kg CO2-eq per kg protein, respectively). Improvement of animal performance should contribute to mitigate the environmental impact of livestock production in Algeria. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of storage and cooking on the fatty acid profile of omega-3 enriched eggs and pork meat marketed in Belgium
Douny, Caroline ULiege; El Khoury, Rawad; Delmelle, Julien et al

in Food Science & Nutrition (2015), 3(2), 140-152

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See detailEfficacy of Antisepsis Measures during Manual Milking on the Prevalence of Bacterial Mastitis at the Sahelian Experimental Station of Toukounous (Niger).
Issa Ibrahim, Abdoulkarim ULiege; Bada-Alambedji, Rianatou; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULiege et al

in African Journal of Microbiology Research (2015), 9(6), 348-354

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See detailContribution à l’étude des caractéristiques du cycle oestral chez la brebis et les caractéristiques spermatiques chez le bélier de race Koundoum, au Niger
Hamadou, Issa ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege; MANI, Mamman et al

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (2015), 166

RÉSUMÉ L’étude a été conduite pour déterminer les caractéristiques du cycle oestral de la brebis et les caractéristiques spermatiques du bélier de la race à laine Koundoum du Niger. Seize brebis et huit ... [more ▼]

RÉSUMÉ L’étude a été conduite pour déterminer les caractéristiques du cycle oestral de la brebis et les caractéristiques spermatiques du bélier de la race à laine Koundoum du Niger. Seize brebis et huit béliers Koundoum ont été utilisés pour cette étude. Les brebis ont été soumises à une observation biquotidienne de leur comportement sexuel en vue de détecter les oestrus, à l’aide de béliers boute-en-train. Les échantillons de sperme ont été recueillis à l’aide d’un vagin artificiel chez les béliers pendant les périodes d’oestrus des brebis. La motilité du sperme a été déterminée à l’aide d’un microscope et sa concentration à l’aide d’un spectrophotomètre. Sur les 16 brebis, 13 ont manifesté au moins une fois des comportements d’oestrus ayant une durée moyenne de 37,8±5,8 heures avec une durée de cycle oestral de 18,1±1,1 jours. La collecte de semence a été réalisée sur 4 béliers sur les 8 inclus dans le protocole. Les éjaculats collectés ont présenté un volume moyen de 1,03±0,3 ml, une motilité de 3,4, et une concentration de 1322±544 millions/ ml. La connaissance de la durée du cycle et de l’oestrus est un élément de base pour la maîtrise de la fonction sexuelle des brebis. La difficulté de collecte de la semence de béliers Koundoum devra être prise en compte dans les plans de conservation par cryogénisation de paillettes. Les informations obtenues à travers cette étude sont une base permettant de poser les premiers jalons du programme de conservation et d’amélioration de cette race. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of sugar beet pulp on feeding behavior, growth performance, carcass quality and gut health of fattening pigs.
Laitat, Martine ULiege; Antoine, Nadine ULiege; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULiege et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2015), 19(1), 20-31

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See detailExtended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli in broiler breeding roosters: Presence in the reproductive tract and effect on sperm motility.
Mezhoud, Halima; Boyen, Filip; Touazi, Leg-Hel et al

in Animal Reproduction Science (2015), 159

Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli have emerged worldwide in animal husbandry and they were reported from different ecosystems. The purpose of this study was firstly, to ... [more ▼]

Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli have emerged worldwide in animal husbandry and they were reported from different ecosystems. The purpose of this study was firstly, to investigate the presence of ESBL-producing E. coli in the gastrointestinal (GIT) and reproductive (RT) tracts of broiler breeding roosters, and secondly to study the impact of an ESBL-producing E. coli on artificially infected semen. A total of seventeen ESBL-producing E. coli strains were isolated from the gastrointestinal and reproductive tracts of nine broiler breeding roosters. All isolates were identified to the species level by API 20E system and MALDI-TOF, serotyped, and genetically characterized for ESBL production. Semen was artificially infected with E. coli ATCC25922 or with an ESBL-producing E. coli strain recovered from the reproductive tract. A computer aided semen analyzer (CASA) was used to compare different spermatozoa motility parameters in each sample. All ESBL-producing E. coli isolates could not be typed with the currently used sera and they were harboring a blaCTX-M gene alone or in combination with a blaTEM gene. The semen quality was notably less affected in samples infected with ESBL-producing E. coli strain compared to the control and sample infected with E. coli ATCC25922. The present study revealed that ESBL-producing E. coli can be isolated from both reproductive and digestive tracts of broiler breeding roosters. Contamination of the reproductive tract with ESBL-producing E. coli could lead to contamination of semen and could be an important factor in the dissemination of ESBL-producing E. coli in poultry. [less ▲]

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See detailEVALUATION OF THE CARDIOMYOTOXIC EFFECTS OF DOXYCYCLINE OVERDOSE IN CALVES USING 2-DIMENSIONAL SPECKLE TRACKING.
Lecoq, Laureline ULiege; Leroux, Aurélia ULiege; Brihoum, Mounir et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2015), 29(4), 1254

Doxycycline (DOXY) is associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in calves in accidental overdose but not in experimental models when evaluated with classical and Doppler echocardiography. Two ... [more ▼]

Doxycycline (DOXY) is associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in calves in accidental overdose but not in experimental models when evaluated with classical and Doppler echocardiography. Two-dimensional-speckle tracking (2DST) is used to evaluate LV dysfunction in numerous species but not in cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiotoxic effects of an experimental overdose of DOXY using 2DST in calves. Ten healthy male Holstein calves. Group 1: 5 calves (mean age 58.0 +/- 16.3 days; mean body weight 72.2 +/- 13.0 kg) received 25 mg/kg of DOXY orally for 5 days. Group 2: 5 calves (mean age 56.4 +/- 15.7 days; mean body weight 73.4 +/- 7.0 kg) received a placebo. Electrocardiography (ECG) and 2DST echocardiography were performed at day 0 and day 8. ECG tracings were analysed for occurrence of arrhythmias. 2DST measurements included global and segmental, peak values for radial and circumferential strains (SR, SC), strain rates (SrR, SrC), rotation (Rot), rotation rates (RotR) and radial displacement (DR). All calves completed the study. ECG recordings were unremarkable in both groups. Heart rate was neither significantly different between groups nor before and after treatment. LV systolic function was affected in calves receiving an overdose of DOXY as shown by a significant decrease of segmental SR (P < 0.05), SC (P < 0.05) and DR (P < 0.05) in treated calves compared to the placebo group in several segments. The SrC in early diastole was also significantly decreased in 1 segment (<0.05). In calves, DOXY overdose induces a LV dysfunction in systole, and to a lesser extent, in diastole. A better comprehension of the pathophysiology involved in the DOXY overdose will help in the treatment of accidental cases. [less ▲]

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See detailBreeding criteria and willingness-to-pay for improved Azawak zebu sires in Niger
Siddo, Seyni; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Hamadou, Issa et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2015), 58

In Niger, the growth in local demand for milk and meat makes it necessary to consider a genetic improvement of indigenous cattle. In Toukounous breeding station, the Azawak zebu has undergone over 50 ... [more ▼]

In Niger, the growth in local demand for milk and meat makes it necessary to consider a genetic improvement of indigenous cattle. In Toukounous breeding station, the Azawak zebu has undergone over 50 years of line breeding for milk and meat production traits. To understand the diffusion potential of improved Azawak sires in Niger, this study proposes to estimate the values that cattle keepers ascribe to different breeding criteria. In a first participatory stage, the breeding criteria used by cattle keepers were first listed and their relative importance was semi-quantified in three different production zones: agricultural, peri- urban and pastoral. The willingness-to-pay (WTP) for chosen breeding criteria have then been estimated through stated preference methods with 150 breeders. From participatory surveys, the most important attributes in sire choice were reproductive performance, feeding requirements, and docility. The criteria considered for conjoint analysis were feeding requirements, docility, meat or dairy type, reproductive performance, coat color, and tail length. The WTP was 149 € for low feed requirements, 139 € for docility, and 132 € for a long tail. The meat or dairy type of the sire showed a lesser importance in the decision-making. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of collagen fibrils after equine suspensory ligament injury: an ultrastructural and biochemical approach
Shikh Al Sook, Mohamad Khir ULiege; Gabriel, Annick ULiege; Salouci, Moustafa et al

in Veterinary Journal (2015)

Suspensory ligament (SL) injuries are an important cause of lameness in horses. The mechanical properties of connective tissue in normal and pathological ligaments are mainly related to the fibril ... [more ▼]

Suspensory ligament (SL) injuries are an important cause of lameness in horses. The mechanical properties of connective tissue in normal and pathological ligaments are mainly related to the fibril morphology, as well as the collagen content and types. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using biochemical and ultrastructural approaches, the alterations in collagen fibrils after injury. Eight Warmblood horses with visible signs of injury in only one forelimb SL were selected and specimens were examined by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Collagen types I, III and V were purified by differential salt precipitation after collagen extraction with acetic acid containing pepsin. TEM revealed abnormal organization as well as alterations in the diameter and shape of fibrils after SL injury. The bands corresponding to types I, III and V collagen were assessed by densitometry after sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Densitometric analysis indicated that the proportions of type III and type V collagen were significantly higher (P <0.001) in damaged tissues compared to normal tissues with a mean increase of 20.9 and 17.3% respectively. Concurrently, a significant decrease (P <0.001) in type I collagen within damaged tissues was recorded with a mean decrease of 15.2%. These alterations could be the hallmark of a decrease in the tissue quality and mechanical properties of the ligament. This provides new insight for subsequent research on tissue regeneration that may lead to the development of future treatment strategies for SL injury. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Koundoum sheep breed in Niger: morpho-biometric study and description of the production system
Hamadou, Issa; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Siddo, Seyni et al

in Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (2015), 116(1), 49-58

The diffusion of highly productive breeds across developing countries goes along with a neglect of indigenous breeds, which are well suited to their environment but often show low yields. Thus, in Niger ... [more ▼]

The diffusion of highly productive breeds across developing countries goes along with a neglect of indigenous breeds, which are well suited to their environment but often show low yields. Thus, in Niger, the flock of Koundoum sheep are rapidly decreasing. The Koundoum is one of the few wool sheep breeds of Africa and shows important adaptive feature to its native environment, i.e. the humid pastures on the banks of the Niger River. To characterise the breed and to understand its production context, a survey has been conducted in 104 herds in four communes along the Niger River (Kollo, Tillabery, Say and Tera). Nine body measurements, including live weight, were taken on 180 adult sheep (101 females and 79 males). The herds varied from 2 to 60 heads, with a median size of eight animals and two thirds of the herds having less than 10 animals. Mainly fed on natural pastures, 85.6% of the herds received crop residues. Only natural mating was practiced. Veterinary care was restricted to anti-helminthic and some indigenous treatments. The frequent affiliation of breeders to professional unions appeared as favourable to the implementation of a collective conservation program. The Koundoum sheep were white or black coated, with the black colour being most frequent (75.6%). Wattles were present in both sexes at similar frequencies of around 14%. All biometric variables were significantly and positively correlated between them. The thoracic perimeter showed the best correlation with live weight in both males and females. Three variables were selected for live weight prediction: thoracic perimeter, height at withers and rump length. From the present study, it is expected that the in situ conservation of the Koundoum sheep will be highly problematic, due to lack of market opportunities for wool and the willingness of smallholders to get involved in pure Koundoum rearing. [less ▲]

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See detailDairy farms typology and management of animal genetic resources in the peri-urban zone of Bamako (Mali)
Toure, Abdoulaye; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Kouriba, Ali et al

in Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (2015), 116(1), 37-47

Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali), this study establishes a typology of dairy ... [more ▼]

Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali), this study establishes a typology of dairy production systems with a special focus on animal genetic resources. The survey included 52 dairy cattle farms from six peri-urban sites. It was conducted in 2011 through two visits, in the dry and harvest seasons. The median cattle number per farm was 17 (range 5–118) and 42% of farmers owned cropland (8.3± 7.3 ha, minimum 1 ha, maximum 25 ha). Feeding strategy was a crucial variable in farm characterisation, accounting for about 85% of total expenses. The use of artificial insemination and a regular veterinary follow-up were other important parameters. According to breeders’ answers, thirty genetic profiles were identified, from local purebreds to different levels of crossbreds. Purebred animals raised were Fulani Zebu (45.8 %), Maure Zebu (9.2 %), Holstein (3.0 %), Azawak Zebu (1.3 %), Mere Zebu (0.5%) and Kuri taurine (0.1 %). Holstein crossbred represented 30.5% of the total number of animals (19.0% Fulani-Holstein, 11.2% Maure-Holstein and 0.3% Kuri-Holstein). Montbéliarde, Normande and Limousin crossbreds were also found (6.6 %, 0.7% and 0.3 %, respectively). A multivariate analysis helped disaggregate the diversity of management practices. The high diversity of situations shows the need for consideration of typological characteristics for an appropriate intervention. Although strongly anchored on local breeds, the peri-urban dairy systems included a diversity of exotic cattle, showing an uncoordinated quest of breeders for innovation. Without a public intervention, this dynamic will result in an irremediable erosion of indigenous animal genetic resources. [less ▲]

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See detailLes ressources génétiques caprines en Algérie
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Philippe, François-Xavier ULiege; Ait Kaki, Asma et al

Poster (2014, December 06)

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See detailPonte et qualité d'oeufs de cailles élevées en conditions semi intensives dans l'Est algérien
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Philippe, François-Xavier ULiege; Ait Kaki, Asma et al

in Archivos de Zootecnia (2014), 63(244), 693-696

This work investigates laying performances and egg quality of 200 quails during 266 laying days. The first collected 240 eggs, for the periods: 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44 weeks were used in this ... [more ▼]

This work investigates laying performances and egg quality of 200 quails during 266 laying days. The first collected 240 eggs, for the periods: 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44 weeks were used in this study. The average laying rate calculated over a period of 37 weeks is 74.44 %. All studied eggs quality parameters were significantly (p<0.001) influenced by the age of the quail. The average weight of the whole egg (13.66 g), yolk (3.99 g) and shell (2.28 g) reach their maximum value at the 40th week. The maximum albumen average weight (7.45 g) was observed at 32nd week. Albumen (12.02) and yolk (48.72) indices recorded their highest values at the 12th and the 16th weeks, respectively. The eggs freshness, expressed here by Haugh units decreased with age. They range from 89.56 at the 12th week to 83.71 at the 44th week of age. Yolk color registered values with irregular fluctuations (7.12 to 9.33) in a colorimetric scale of 15 ladders. Highly significant and positive correlations (p<0.001) and were recorded between the whole egg weight and the weight of albumen, yolk and shell. To conclude, the quail age affects significantly the various egg quality parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of collagen fibrils after equine suspensory ligament injury: an ultrastructural and biochemical approach
Shikh Al Sook, Mohamad Khir ULiege; Gabriel, Annick ULiege; Salouci, Moustafa et al

Poster (2014, October 19)

Suspensory ligament (SL) injuries are an important cause of lameness in horses. The mechanical properties of connective tissue in normal and pathological ligaments are mainly related to the fibril ... [more ▼]

Suspensory ligament (SL) injuries are an important cause of lameness in horses. The mechanical properties of connective tissue in normal and pathological ligaments are mainly related to the fibril morphology, as well as the collagen content and types. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using biochemical and ultrastructural approaches, the alterations in collagen fibrils after injury. Eight Warmblood horses with visible signs of injury in only one forelimb SL were selected and specimens were examined by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Collagen types I, III and V were purified by differential salt precipitation after collagen extraction with acetic acid containing pepsin. TEM revealed abnormal organization as well as alterations in the diameter and shape of fibrils after SL injury. The bands corresponding to types I, III and V collagen were assessed by densitometry after sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Densitometric analysis indicated that the proportions of type III and type V collagen were significantly higher (P <0.001) in damaged tissues compared to normal tissues with a mean increase of 20.9 and 17.3% respectively. Concurrently, a significant decrease (P <0.001) in type I collagen within damaged tissues was recorded with a mean decrease of 15.2%. These alterations could be the hallmark of a decrease in the tissue quality and mechanical properties of the ligament. This provides new insight for subsequent research on tissue regeneration that may lead to the development of future treatment strategies for SL injury. [less ▲]

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