References of "Morsomme, Dominique"
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See detailÉtude de l’impact du trac sur la voix de 26 étudiants en situation d’examen de solfège.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Ficarrotta, Eva

Conference (2010, October 18)

Les manifestations du trac sont physiques, cognitives et comportementales. Elles varient selon le genre, la tâche et le public. Notre étude tente de les mettre en évidence chez 26 étudiants produisant un ... [more ▼]

Les manifestations du trac sont physiques, cognitives et comportementales. Elles varient selon le genre, la tâche et le public. Notre étude tente de les mettre en évidence chez 26 étudiants produisant un morceau « a capella » pendant leur examen de solfège. 4 mois avant l’examen (T1), le jour avant (T2) et le jour de l’examen (T3), chaque étudiant a évalué son degré de nervosité, complété les échelles de Cungi et expliqué sa stratégie de coping. Des mesures objectives ont été relevées. Au T3, 3 experts dont une logopède les ont notés. Tous les sujets obtiennent des résultats significativement plus élevés au T3 pour leurs degrés de nervosité et l’intensité. Les notes des juges sont corrélées à celle de la logopède (rho: 0,71/0,79). Au T3, plus les femmes évaluent hautement leur nervosité, plus le juge 2 l’évalue hautement également (rho: 0,84). Plus les scores aux échelles de Cungi sont élevés plus le degré de perfectionnisme l’est aussi (rho: 0,87; 0,81; 0,57). Plus le temps d’exécution du morceau est long, plus les notes attribuées par les juges sont faibles (rho: -0,69). Au T3, plus les hommes ont un degré de nervosité élevé plus les juges perçoivent du trac, plus les scores à l’échelle de Cungi et leur degré de perfectionnisme sont élevés (rho:0,69/ 0,65/ 0,72/ 0,68). Plus le Jitter augmente, plus la perception du trac par le juge 2 est élevé (rho: 0,68). Plus le HNR augmente, plus le degré de trac attribué par les juges est important (rho: 0,71) et plus la note de la logopède est faible (rho : -0,71). Plus le Jitter est élevé, plus les notes des 3 juges sont faibles (rho:-0,78/-0,79). 73 % des étudiants utilisent un coping cognitivo comportemental et 16 % une stratégie médicamenteuse. Le trac se manifeste mais différemment en fonction du genre. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of vocal load during a prolonged reading task with specific emphasis on the output level
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Roche, Anne ULg; Finck, Camille ULg et al

Conference (2010, October 18)

La charge vocale se définit comme la quantité d'utilisation vocale en termes de durée et d'intensité vocale. Dans cette étude, nous tentons d'étudier la charge vocale selon ces deux aspects. Pour ce faire ... [more ▼]

La charge vocale se définit comme la quantité d'utilisation vocale en termes de durée et d'intensité vocale. Dans cette étude, nous tentons d'étudier la charge vocale selon ces deux aspects. Pour ce faire, nous avons proposé une tâche de lecture à 50 femmes non fumeuses, âgées de 22 à 47 ans, chez qui l'examen phoniatrique a exclu la présence de toute pathologie vocale. L'impact de la durée de l'utilisation vocale a été étudié à l'aide de récoltes de mesures toutes les 30 minutes, au cours d'une lecture de deux heures. Nous avons réalisé des mesures objectives (Fréquence fondamentale, Jitter %, Shimmer %, Noise-to-Harmonic Ratio, étendue fréquentielle, dynamique d'intensité, temps maximum de phonation) ainsi qu'une auto évaluation sur une échelle visuelle analogique (qualité vocale, sensation d'effort, de fatigue et d'inconfort laryngé au cours de la lecture). Afin de mettre en évidence l'effet de l'intensité, chaque participante a réalisé deux fois la tâche de deux heures de lecture, à minimum trois jours d'intervalle afin de permettre la récupération entre les deux conditions de test. Une première fois à intensité conversationnelle (entre 60 et 65 dB), une seconde fois à intensité élevée (entre 70 et 75 dB). L'objectif était d'étudier les modifications liées à la durée et à l'intensité de l'utilisation vocale ainsi que l'impact de l'échauffement et de la fatigue vocale sur les paramètres étudiés. [less ▲]

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See detailNerves’ impact on voice of 26 students in a music exam situation.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Ficarrotta, Eva

Conference (2010, July 17)

The manifestations of the nerves are physical, cognitive and behavioural. They vary according to the genre, the task and the public. According to the literature, many vocal parameters are influenced by ... [more ▼]

The manifestations of the nerves are physical, cognitive and behavioural. They vary according to the genre, the task and the public. According to the literature, many vocal parameters are influenced by the exam nerves. Our goal is to study the manifestations of the nerves in 26 students (10 men and 16 women, mean age: 33.3 y) during their musical examination. They sang a score “a cappella”. We recorded the musical performance 4 months before examination (T1), the day before (T2) and the examination's day (T3). Each student evaluated his global degree of nervousness, filled in the Cungi’s scales (stress scale) and explained his strategy of coping. 2 expert judges noted the students at the T3. A speech therapist also evaluated them on the basis of 4 objective criteria. Moreover, we measured the frequency parameters, jitter, intensity, duration and HNR with Praat. The comparison of the results at each time shows that the men and the women obtain results significantly higher at T3 for their degrees of nervousness and their level of intensity. In the same way, the note evaluated by the judges for the whole of the subjects is correlated with that of the speech therapist (rho: 0.71; 0.79). For the women at T3, we observe five positive correlations and one negative. The more the women evaluate their degree of stress strongly, the more judge n°2 evaluates it strongly (rho: 0.84). The more the scores on the scales of Cungi are high, the higher are the degrees of perfectionism (rho: 0.87; 0.81; 0.57). Both judges evaluated the exam nerves in the same way (rho: 0.59). The longer the execution time of the musical score, the more the evaluations by the speech therapist and both judges are weak (rho: -0.69). For the men at T3, we observe six positive correlations and two negative. The more the men have a high degree of nervousness, the higher the judges evaluated exam nerves, the higher level of Cungi scores the more the degree of perfectionism is high (rho: 0.69; 0.65; 0.72; 0.68). The more the jitter increases, the more the perception of the exam nerves by judge n°2 is high (rho: 0.68). The more the HNR increased, the more the degree of exam nerves evaluated by the judges is important (rho: 0.71) and the more the note of the speech pathologist is weak (rho: -0.71). The higher the jitter is, the weaker are the notes of the judges and of the speech pathologist (rho: -0.78; -0.79). 17 students, including only one man, employed strategies of coping to decrease their nerves: 73% a coping cognitive behavioural and 16% a medical strategy. In our study, the nerves affect the men and the women differently. The management of the nerves is an interesting topic to study in order to contribute to the development of coping strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECTIVENESS OF VOICE THERAPY RELYING ON THE USE OF EUTONY IN THE TRAITEMENT OF DYSPHONIC PATIENTS.
Martinot, Gisèle; Caner, Jessie; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Poster (2010, July 15)

Twenty six patients with dysphonia (different etiologies) were submitted to a voice therapy program involving the use of Eutony. In order to assess its efficacy, pre and post-treatment audio recordings ... [more ▼]

Twenty six patients with dysphonia (different etiologies) were submitted to a voice therapy program involving the use of Eutony. In order to assess its efficacy, pre and post-treatment audio recordings were analysed and submitted to perceptual rating using GRBAS-I scale and acoustical analysis of fundamental frequency, jitter and shimmer. Aerodynamic data (Maximum Phonation Time & Estimated Subglottic Pressure) were also included in the voice quality assessment protocol. In addition , a questionnaire was sent to all patients to collect self-evaluation of voice quality and therapy outcomes. The study revealed a significant improvement lasting in time for two acoustic parameters : Jitter and Shimmer and five perceptual parameters : Grade, Roughness, Breath, Asthenia and Strain. Aerodynamic data showed slight improvements but no significant changes. Self evaluation questionnaires also tend to strengthen positive effects of therapy. Thus, this study supports the use of Eutony in vocal therapy for dysphonia. Its effects were shown to be measurable with both acoustical analysis and perceptual rating of voice quality. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Pharyngo laryngeal Reflux on voice quality by using the RFS and RSI on 96 subjects.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Sugameli, Mélanie; Verduyckt, Ingrid

Conference (2010, June 05)

Pharyngo Laryngeal Reflux (PLR) influences the voice quality : hoarseness, vocal fatigue and hypertonia (Shaw et al, Hopkins et al). Our goal is to measure the influence of the PLR on the voice of 96 ... [more ▼]

Pharyngo Laryngeal Reflux (PLR) influences the voice quality : hoarseness, vocal fatigue and hypertonia (Shaw et al, Hopkins et al). Our goal is to measure the influence of the PLR on the voice of 96 subjects by using the Belafsky’s reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS). 46 dysphonic patients (26M/24F) constitute the experimental group (EG) and 50 subjects (13 M/33F) without vocal or gastric complaint the control group (CG). All are evaluated by subjective measures (RSI), D-type scale (DS-16, Denollet et al) and objective measures (Video Laryngo Stroboscopy, RFS). The EG shows a RSI score significantly higher on test than on the retest (p=0.002). The specificity of the RSI calculated on the CG amounts to 98 % (chi ²: p < 0,05, Cramer: 0,678). The EG scores are significantly higher than those of the CG (p=0,000) although the CG obtains scores significantly higher as for the eating risk habits (p=0,001). In the EG, we note a correlation between the coffee consumption, the item 9 (pyrosis) (rho: 0,32; p < 0,05 ) and the global RSI score (rho: 0,35; p < 0,05). In the CG, alcohol consumption influences significantly the item 9 (rho: 0,47). The correlations between RSI and RFS are not significant (p < 0.05). The ENT evaluation is severe and probably influences the result. We observe no influence of the gender and of the D-type scale on the RSI scores (p <0.05). The RSI scale is an interesting tool for the detection of RPL. [less ▲]

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See detailLe séminaire de développement professionnel : un dispositif réflexif et intégrateur
Sadzot, Agnès ULg; Deum, Mélanie ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg et al

in Ammar, Adil; Sbihi, Mohammed (Eds.) AIPU 2010 Réformes et changements pédagogiques dans l'enseignement supérieur (2010, May)

Le Séminaire de Développement Professionnel est un dispositif pédagogique, créé en 2009- 2010 pour les étudiants du Master 1 en logopédie de l'Université de Liège. Ce cours se veut professionnalisant ... [more ▼]

Le Séminaire de Développement Professionnel est un dispositif pédagogique, créé en 2009- 2010 pour les étudiants du Master 1 en logopédie de l'Université de Liège. Ce cours se veut professionnalisant, basé sur l'itinéraire de formation propre à chaque apprenant. Il a pour objectif de développer la réflexivité de l'étudiant, en l'invitant à faire des ponts entre les différentes disciplines. Le cours se centre sur deux compétences, l'une clinique ("l'évaluation logopédique"), l'autre transversale ("la relation professionnelle"). Il comporte d'une part six séances collectives, organisées et encadrées par un groupe interdisciplinaire d’enseignants, d'autre part la réalisation par chaque étudiant d'un portfolio de développement professionnel. La présente communication se propose de présenter le dispositif de formation mis en oeuvre, l’outil portfolio et son évaluation. Une analyse critique de ce dispositif basée sur les avis des apprenants apportera un éclairage réflexif à nos pratiques, au-delà de leur présentation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe bilan vocal chez l'adulte.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2010, April 21)

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See detailMa voix, c'est moi
Dispa, Marie-Françoise; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailTable d'écoute vocale: entraînement à la discrimination auditive.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailTable d'écoute: entraînement à la discrimination auditive
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailGlottoplasty for Male-to-Female Transsexualism: Voice Results
Remacle, Marc; Matar, Nayla; Morsomme, Dominique ULg et al

in Journal of Voice (2010), 25(1), 120-3

Summary: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results ofWendler’s glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. Method. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated ... [more ▼]

Summary: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results ofWendler’s glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. Method. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated with Wendler’s technique with minor modifications. Glottoplasty consisted in CO2-laser epithelial ablation of the anterior commissure and the two vocal folds in anterior third, suturing of the two vocal folds with two stitches of 3.0 resorbable thread, and application of fibrin sealant to strengthen the suture. Voice assessment was based mainly on fundamental frequency (F0), frequency range, jitter, maximum phonation time, phonation quotient, estimated subglottic pressure (ESGP) grade of dysphonia (G), and voice handicap index (VHI). These measures were taken before surgery and on the last follow-up visit. Results. Our series included 15 patients with a mean age of 36 years. The mean follow-up period was 7.2 months.We did not observe any early complications related to the technique. The comparison between the preoperative and the postoperative measurements, using Wilcoxon signed rank test, showed a significant improvement of median F0 from 139 to 191 Hz (P ¼ 0.006) with an increase in the grade of dysphonia (Gpre ¼ 0.2, Gpost ¼ 1, P ¼ 0.013) and ESGP (ESGPpre ¼ 8.1 ± 3.2, ESGPpost ¼ 12.0 ± 3.8, P ¼ 0.002). Other measurements, including VHI, did not show any significant differences pre- and postoperatively. Conclusion. Wendler’s glottoplasty can contribute to feminize the voice. [less ▲]

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See detailDissection de la Voix
Lambert, Philippe; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailTraitements orthophoniques des pathologies bénignes
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Estienne, Françoise

in Dulguerov, Pavel (Ed.) Précis d'audiophonologie et de déglutition - Tome 2 - Les voies aérodigestives supérieures (2009)

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See detailEvaluation subjective de l'efficacité à long terme du traitement logopédique chez 32 chanteurs
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Kievitch, Kievitch

Poster (2009, September 04)

Cette étude vise à déterminer l’efficacité à long terme du traitement logopédique de 32 chanteurs (amateurs et professionnels) via un protocole subjectif. Ces patients ont terminé leur thérapie depuis 6 ... [more ▼]

Cette étude vise à déterminer l’efficacité à long terme du traitement logopédique de 32 chanteurs (amateurs et professionnels) via un protocole subjectif. Ces patients ont terminé leur thérapie depuis 6 mois au moins. Le protocole administré comprend un questionnaire d’appréciation de leur traitement, une auto évaluation des paramètres de raucité et de souffle de leur voix (EVA), le V.H.I (Jacobson et al)1 et le V.H.I.C. (Morsomme et al)2. Dans l’ensemble, les chanteurs sont satisfaits du traitement. Ils jugent que les effets sont toujours présents et ce en particulier pour les professionnels. Ils notent une amélioration de la qualité de leur voix et une diminution du degré de handicap lié à la voix chantée. Les sujets non satisfaits requerraient un autre type de traitement et un soutien plus régulier pour entretenir leurs acquis et un geste vocal adéquat. [less ▲]

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See detailVoice Feminization in case of gender reassignment: effect of Wendler glottopasty
Remacle, Marc; Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Lawson, George

in Journal of Voice (2009, July 04)

Summary: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results ofWendler’s glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. Method. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated ... [more ▼]

Summary: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results ofWendler’s glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. Method. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated with Wendler’s technique with minor modifications. Glottoplasty consisted in CO2-laser epithelial ablation of the anterior commissure and the two vocal folds in anterior third, suturing of the two vocal folds with two stitches of 3.0 resorbable thread, and application of fibrin sealant to strengthen the suture. Voice assessment was based mainly on fundamental frequency (F0), frequency range, jitter, maximum phonation time, phonation quotient, estimated subglottic pressure (ESGP) grade of dysphonia (G), and voice handicap index (VHI). These measures were taken before surgery and on the last follow-up visit. Results. Our series included 15 patients with a mean age of 36 years. The mean follow-up period was 7.2 months.We did not observe any early complications related to the technique. The comparison between the preoperative and the postoperative measurements, using Wilcoxon signed rank test, showed a significant improvement of median F0 from 139 to 191 Hz (P ¼ 0.006) with an increase in the grade of dysphonia (Gpre ¼ 0.2, Gpost ¼ 1, P ¼ 0.013) and ESGP (ESGPpre ¼ 8.1 ± 3.2, ESGPpost ¼ 12.0 ± 3.8, P ¼ 0.002). Other measurements, including VHI, did not show any significant differences pre- and postoperatively. Conclusion. Wendler’s glottoplasty can contribute to feminize the voice. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of vocal therapy efficiency: Comparison of 2 methods
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Vliegen, Liz; MARTINOT, Gisèle ULg

Conference (2009, June 06)

Our objective is to compare the efficiency of 2 methods of vocal therapy. Method A consists of exercises centred on the breath, the vibration and the resonance. Method B associates the principles of the ... [more ▼]

Our objective is to compare the efficiency of 2 methods of vocal therapy. Method A consists of exercises centred on the breath, the vibration and the resonance. Method B associates the principles of the muscular chains (Struyf) and the motor coordination ( Piret-Béziers) with the eutonia of G. Alexander. 11 patients (mean age: 32.9) presenting a functional dysphonia or nodules of the vocal folds were distributed in both groups. We compared their results pre and post therapy (interval: 6 months) at subjective (GRB, VHI) and objective (acoustics and aerodynamics) measures. We observe an improvement of the post therapeutic measures in both groups (VHI p < 0.005; maximum intensity p < 0.05; intensity range p < 0.05; frequency range p<0.05 and maximum frequency p< 0.05). We observe an improvement of the post therapeutic measures for the group A for the grade and the roughness on a sustained [a] ( p < 0.05) and for the grade, the roughness and the breathiness on text reading (p < 0.05). Both methods are equivalent to improve the vocal quality of the dysphonic patients in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailLe bilan vocal chez l'adulte.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2009, April 20)

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See detailRevue de littérature - Travaux UCL sur l'efficacité - Illustrations des thérapies
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2009, March 20)

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