References of "Morsomme, Dominique"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDescription of patients consulting the voice clinic regarding gender, age, occupational status, and diagnosis
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Petitfils, Cloé; FINCK, Camille ULg et al

in European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) (in press)

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the ... [more ▼]

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the University hospital of Liège in French-speaking Belgium. Results. Overall, seven out of 10 patients who attended the voice clinic for dysphonia were females. The patients’ ages ranged from 4 to 93 (mean=43.5). Females predominantly consulted at the age of 54 and males at the age of 9. Regarding the occupational status, workers represented more than half of our patients (53%), while 11.2% were unemployed, 15.4% were students, and 19.9% were retired. Regarding the diagnoses of the 1079 patients, nodules were the most common pathologies (n=182, 16.9% of the patients), prevailing in females (n=142, 18.8% of the females), encountered in 16.8% of the workers and 42.8% of the students consulting the voice clinic. Following nodules, laryngeal mobility disorders were diagnosed in 16.4% of the patients (n=177), mainly females (n=115), and was the most frequent diagnosis in retirees (n=75, 34.9%). Conclusions. The majority of the patients consulting the voice clinic for dysphonia were adult females, in their workforce, diagnosed with vocal nodules. The identification of the patients’ characteristics and diagnoses is important to develop treatments and prevention of dysphonia, estimate their costs, and allow comparisons across referral centers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (12 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL’apport du biofeedback dans le traitement des troubles de la voix
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Boughabi, Loubna; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in Actes des XVIèmes Rencontres internationales d’orthophonie (in press)

It has recently become possible to monitor patients’ voices outside the speech therapist’s office with a portable, easy-to-use tool: the voice dosimeter. This tool measures voice frequency and sound ... [more ▼]

It has recently become possible to monitor patients’ voices outside the speech therapist’s office with a portable, easy-to-use tool: the voice dosimeter. This tool measures voice frequency and sound pressure level, as well as the duration of phonation, during a full day of regular activities. In addition to voice accumulation in an ecological context, the dosimeter used in this study (VoxLog, Sonvox) gives patients feedback on their voice use. In practice, the clinician configures the device so that it provides a vibratory signal in real time when the patient speaks above or below a predetermined frequency or sound pressure threshold. The feedback is intended to make patients aware of inappropriate vocal behavior and encourage them to change it. In this case study, we used biofeedback with the aim of reducing sound pressure level for a teacher suffering from vocal fold nodules. Our goal was to determine whether vibrotactile biofeedback applied in an ecological context for three consecutive weeks could reduce excess sound pressure. The feedback was activated every time the teacher spoke too loudly; its purpose was to help her avoid vocal abuse and (re)learn healthy vocal behaviors. This preliminary study generated encouraging results regarding the use of biofeedback in voice treatment. Nevertheless, it is important to investigate how this tool can best be implemented for patient management in speech language pathology. In addition, the method should be validated with randomized studies using a larger sample. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFéminiser la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

in De la voix parlée au chant: Bilans, rééducations, pathologies de la voix parlée et chantée (2016)

Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes ... [more ▼]

Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes transidentitaires, en processus de changement de genre. Ces personnes ne s’identifiant pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance, elles éprouvent un désir profond de vivre comme une personne du sexe opposé à leur sexe biologique. Lors du processus de transition où ont lieu les transformations nécessaires au changement de genre, l'orthophonie a pour but d’améliorer la cohérence entre l’apparence de la personne et sa voix. Ainsi, notre recherche se focalise sur ce qui distingue la voix féminine de la voix masculine. Nous visons à développer des stratégies de féminisation vocale, portant sur des paramètres tels que la fréquence fondamentale de la voix, les formants, les contours intonatifs, le débit de parole, le rythme, ou encore le vocabulaire choisi. Féminiser une voix, c’est chercher à comprendre ce qui permet d’en identifier le genre, mais également participer à la construction de l’identité de la personne à part entière. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (15 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe repos vocal : Pourquoi, comment, et dans quelles circonstances ?
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in De la voix parlée au chant: Bilans, rééducations, pathologies de la voix parlée et chantée (2016)

Régulièrement recommandé à des fins préventives ou curatives, le repos vocal favorise la récupération dans différentes circonstances. Bon nombre de phonochirurgiens l’incluent dans les soins ... [more ▼]

Régulièrement recommandé à des fins préventives ou curatives, le repos vocal favorise la récupération dans différentes circonstances. Bon nombre de phonochirurgiens l’incluent dans les soins postopératoires, avant une éventuelle prise en charge orthophonique. Le repos vocal permet également de résorber une simple fatigue ressentie suite à un usage intensif ou inhabituel de la voix, ou peut faire l’objet d’une indication thérapeutique dans le cadre de lésions consécutives aux phonotraumatismes. Compte tenu du manque de données scientifiques et de la diversité des pratiques sur le sujet, il n’est pas toujours aisé de donner des indications claires aux patients, souvent réticents à l’idée de ne pas pouvoir utiliser leur voix pendant une durée prolongée. Basé sur des recherches récentes et sur des expériences cliniques, ce chapitre permet de mieux comprendre l’intérêt du repos vocal et suggère des lignes de conduites quant à la manière de l’organiser [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 254 (12 ULg)
See detailRééducation orthophonique des troubles de la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2016, September 29)

La rééducation orthophonique des troubles de la voix est un vaste sujet. Mon intention n’est pas de vous exposer des séries d’exercices consacrées à la coordination pneumo-phonique, à la qualité de ... [more ▼]

La rééducation orthophonique des troubles de la voix est un vaste sujet. Mon intention n’est pas de vous exposer des séries d’exercices consacrées à la coordination pneumo-phonique, à la qualité de l’accolement cordal, au placement de la voix dans les résonateurs ou encore à la posture. De nombreux ouvrages orthophoniques expliquent ces pratiques et peuvent aisément enrichir vos connaissances sur le sujet. Après une brève introduction, j’ai choisi de vous présenter une démarche thérapeutique concrète qui repose sur une pratique basée sur les preuves (Evidence Based Practice, EBP). Autrement dit, comment un thérapeute de la voix peut-il implémenter dans sa pratique les bases de l’EBP afin d’assurer le meilleur traitement à son patient. Aussi, pour illustrer mon propos, j’ai opté pour une technique très discutée : la thérapie manuelle. Nous débattrons donc de l’efficacité thérapeutique sachant que les études de niveau 1A ou 1B sur le classement des niveaux de preuves sont rares dans le domaine de la vocologie. Ensuite, je ferai entendre une série de voix pré et post traitements. Cette étape, je l’espère, vous réconciliera avec le concept d’efficacité parfois si compliqué à démontrer. Je clôturerai la séance par une capsule vidéo illustrant des morceaux choisis de la thérapie vocale de trois patientes. Ces patientes et leur thérapeute, Catherine Jansen, ont aimablement accepté de livrer leur voix face caméra. Et enfin, si le temps nous le permet, je vous inviterai à pratiquer deux ou trois exercices vus dans la vidéo. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNormative data on teachers’ voice use in real-life situations
Schiller, Isabel ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Alcoulombre, Anaëlle et al

Conference (2016, August 25)

Background As part of their working routine, teachers use their voice for extended periods of time. To compensate for adverse acoustic conditions and background noise, they are also required to speak at ... [more ▼]

Background As part of their working routine, teachers use their voice for extended periods of time. To compensate for adverse acoustic conditions and background noise, they are also required to speak at high intensities. Since teaching is acknowledged to be vocally demanding, several studies have investigated teachers’ vocal load, that is, the stress inflicted on the larynx during vocalization, which is thought to be influenced by duration, intensity and frequency of phonation. A promising method for analyzing teachers’ phonatory behavior in real-life situations is the use of a portable voice dosimeter that objectively documents vocal parameters. Depending on several factors, those parameters may vary within the teaching profession (Masuda et al., 1993; Morrow and Connor, 2011; Remacle, Morsomme, and Finck, 2014). With the aim of quantifying their vocal parameters and identifying the most at-risk teaching conditions, we have established a large database of French-speaking teachers. Based on this database, this study analyzed vocal loading differences with regard to gender, teaching level, and environment (professional versus extra-professional). Methods Seventy-six French-speaking teachers (15 males and 61 females) were monitored during one workweek using the Ambulatory Phonation Monitor voice dosimeter (KayPENTAX). The subjects included 21 kindergarten, 20 primary and 35 secondary school teachers. All male subjects were in the latter group. The vocal parameters analyzed were phonation time, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0). Results The statistical analysis revealed that, irrespective of gender, phonation time, F0 and intensity level were significantly higher in the professional environment than the extra-professional environment (p<.01). Among female subjects, the F0 of kindergarten teachers was significantly higher than that of primary school teachers, which in turn was higher than that of secondary school teachers (p<.01). The phonation time and intensity were also higher in female kindergarten teachers than other female teachers, but this difference did not reach significance. As expected, regarding gender differences, we found that female secondary school teachers spoke with significantly higher F0 than their male colleagues (p<.001). In the extra-professional setting, they also spoke with a significantly higher intensity (p<.05), but no such effect was found in the professional environment. Conclusion Overall, our subjects showed an increase in vocal loading parameters when they were at work compared to their free time. This confirms the results of earlier studies and demonstrates that teaching is an occupation with remarkably high vocal demands. The analysis of mean frequency showed that lower school levels were associated with higher-pitched voice. It can be assumed that kindergarten teachers adapt to the higher F0 of their young pupils and that their effort to maintain the pupils’ attention results in greater frequency variations. References Masuda, T., Ikeda, Y., Manako, H., & Komiyama, S. (1993). Analysis of vocal abuse: Fluctuations in phonation time and intensity in 4 groups of speakers. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 113(3), 547–552. Morrow, S. L., & Connor, N. P. (2011). Comparison of voice-use profiles between elementary classroom and music teachers. Journal of Voice, 25(3), 367–372. Remacle, A., Morsomme, D., & Finck, C. (2014). Comparison of vocal loading parameters in kindergarten and elementary school teachers. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 57(2), 406–415. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of background noise on vocal loading parameters in music theory teachers
Schiller, Isabel ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Sfez, Lou et al

Poster (2016, August 23)

Background: Music theory teachers, who teach rhythm, singing and other music-related skills and topics, depend greatly on a well-functioning voice. Unlike other schoolteachers, who primarily use their ... [more ▼]

Background: Music theory teachers, who teach rhythm, singing and other music-related skills and topics, depend greatly on a well-functioning voice. Unlike other schoolteachers, who primarily use their voice as a pedagogic tool, music theory teachers also use it as an instrument. Furthermore, they often engage in vocally demanding free-time activities requiring a singing voice. To date, few studies have specifically looked at the voice use of music theory teachers. This study aims (1) to measure the background noise level and the amount of vocal loading affecting this specific population, and (2) to describe the influence of background noise on vocal loading parameters. Methods: Thirteen French-speaking music theory teachers (9 females and 4 males) working in a music school were monitored for one workweek, using the VoxLog voice dosimeter (Sonvox). To investigate the professional and extra-professional environments, all subjects wore the dosimeter from early morning until the end of the day. The parameters analysed were background noise level, duration of phonation, sound pressure level (SPL) and fundamental frequency (F0) of voice. Results: Overall, the mean background noise level was 75.2 dB (SD=5.4). We measured higher background noise level at work (mean=78.2 dB, SD=5.8) than in the extra-professional environment (mean=72.2 dB, SD=5.2). As expected, a rise in background noise was accompanied by a significant rise in voice SPL in both males and females (r=.61, p<.001). A significant correlation between background noise and F0 was found in females (r=.41, p=.002), but not in males (r=.39, p=.055). Furthermore, our data exhibit a significant correlation between background noise and duration of phonation (r=.05, p<.001). Conclusion: Our data suggest, that in class, music theory teachers must cope with background noise levels that dramatically exceed the limit of 35 dB recommended by the WHO (Inserm, 2006). High background noise levels lead to an increase in voice SPL, a phenomenon known as the Lombard effect (Inserm, 2006). In female subjects, we also observed a rise in F0 further to high background noise. Like Ternström, Södersten, and Bohman’s (2002) study, our data indicate that high background noise levels increase the duration of phonation. In a noisy environment, subjects seem to prolong the voiced segments of speech to make themselves understood. In other words, high background noise levels result in higher vocal loading. In the long run, this may increase the risk of voice disorders such as hyperfunctional dysphonia or vocal fold pathologies consecutive to repeated microtrauma in music theory teachers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 ULg)
See detailFéminiser la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2016, April 19)

Notre exposé sur la féminisation se centre principalement sur l’acquisition de patterns féminins dans le cadre d’une prise en charge chez les personnes souffrant de dysphorie de genre. Nous discutons de ... [more ▼]

Notre exposé sur la féminisation se centre principalement sur l’acquisition de patterns féminins dans le cadre d’une prise en charge chez les personnes souffrant de dysphorie de genre. Nous discutons de la voix en tant qu’identité de genre et de l’importance pour certaines personnes d’être perçue comme femme. Féminiser la voix est un défi tant les contraintes anatomo- physiologiques peuvent mener la vie dure à nos techniques de prises en charge. La recherche s’attèle à enrichir nos outils techniques pour une rééducation efficace et satisfaisante. A la lumière de la littérature scientifique, nous faisons le point sur les traitements chirurgicaux et orthophoniques, et proposons une prise en charge en 9 étapes. Celle-ci aborde les points suivants:
 Geste vocal sain, soutien respiratoire, hauteur tonale, résonance, courbes intonatives, contrastes intonatifs, volume, débit, articulation, langage et comportements non verbaux. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
See detailJe suis un professionnel de la voix, je suis un enseignant.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFaire preuve de réflexion éthique pour poser un acte professionnel : une compétence transversale développée tout au long du Master en logopédie
Martinez Perez, Trecy ULg; Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg; Leroy, Sandrine ULg et al

Poster (2016)

Le code éthique de la profession constitue un point de départ pour guider les actes mais le professionnel de la santé doit régulièrement aller au-delà de celui-ci et faire preuve de réflexion pour ... [more ▼]

Le code éthique de la profession constitue un point de départ pour guider les actes mais le professionnel de la santé doit régulièrement aller au-delà de celui-ci et faire preuve de réflexion pour analyser les situations complexes au niveau moral qui peuvent survenir (Purtilo & Doherty., 2011). L’équipe enseignante du Master en Logopédie de l’Université de Liège (Belgique) a souhaité travailler cette compétence transversale chez les étudiants au cours des cinq années du Master en Logopédie à travers plusieurs dispositifs d’apprentissage complémentaires. Tout d’abord, au cours du Bachelier, l’étudiant est amené à découvrir le code éthique et déontologique de la profession, à identifier les principes de ce code dans une situation professionnelle ciblée puis dans une variété de situations professionnelles. Ensuite, au cours du Master, l’étudiant est amené à inclure une réflexion éthique dans les actes qu’il pose durant ses stages sur le terrain (en contexte monodisciplinaire puis en contexte multidisciplinaire), à discuter des principes dans un contexte d’intervision/supervision avec d’autres étudiants et un tuteur (pour un dispositif similaire en Sciences infirmières, voir Blomberg & Bisholt, 2015) et, finalement, à susciter une réflexion critique chez ses pairs sur une question éthique et déontologique. Ces dispositifs d’apprentissage et leur complémentarité, ainsi que les perspectives d’évaluation seront développés dans le poster. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
See detailFéminiser la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2015, December 04)

Dans cet Atelier, nous présenterons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes ... [more ▼]

Dans cet Atelier, nous présenterons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes transidentitaires, en processus de changement de genre. Ces personnes ne s’identifiant pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance, elles éprouvent un désir profond de vivre comme une personne du sexe opposé à leur sexe biologique. Lors du processus de transition où ont lieu les transformations nécessaires au changement de genre, l'orthophonie a pour but d’améliorer la cohérence entre l’apparence de la personne et sa voix. Ainsi, notre recherche se focalise sur ce qui distingue la voix féminine de la voix masculine. Nous visons à développer des stratégies de féminisation vocale, portant sur des paramètres tels que la fréquence fondamentale de la voix, les formants, les contours intonatifs, le débit de parole, le rythme, ou encore le vocabulaire choisi. Féminiser une voix, c’est chercher à comprendre ce qui permet d’en identifier le genre, mais également participer à la construction de l’identité de la personne à part entière. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMesures de la voix en contexte écologique et techniques de biofeedback
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in Rééducation Orthophonique (2015), 264

Observer, analyser et améliorer la voix des patients dysphoniques dans leur quotidien relève-t-il encore de l’utopie? La dosimétrie ou accumulation vocale est une technique visant à quantifier la voix en ... [more ▼]

Observer, analyser et améliorer la voix des patients dysphoniques dans leur quotidien relève-t-il encore de l’utopie? La dosimétrie ou accumulation vocale est une technique visant à quantifier la voix en contexte écologique. Elle a d’abord fait l’apanage des laboratoires de recherche. Ensuite, publication après publication, les chercheurs ont mis en avant ses atouts et ses limites. Les dispositifs se sont modernisés, leur commercialisation a vu le jour il y a une dizaine d’années et leur utilisation est de plus en plus conviviale. Le biofeedback a été intégré à certains dosimètres. Cette option permet d’aller au-delà de la simple récolte d’informations sur l’usage vocal des patients. Elle peut, par exemple, avertir le sujet d’un comportement vocal inadéquat en temps réel, le but étant qu’il acquiert le bon geste vocal et l’intègre de manière automatique dans son quotidien. Ces outils participent donc aux quatre étapes de la thérapie, à savoir la conscientisation du dysfonctionnement, l’automatisation du geste vocal adéquat, son transfert, et son maintien dans le temps. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 248 (36 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailListeners’ tolerance when listening to melodic performances
Larrouy, Pauline ULg; Gosselin, Laura; Blanckaert, Ellen ULg et al

Conference (2015, August)

A melodic performance can be slightly out of tune (i.e., enlargement or compression of an interval of ~20 cents) and still be rated as “in tune” by layman listeners. In order to elucidate the concept of ... [more ▼]

A melodic performance can be slightly out of tune (i.e., enlargement or compression of an interval of ~20 cents) and still be rated as “in tune” by layman listeners. In order to elucidate the concept of pitch accuracy in melodies, this study aims (a) to clarify the effect of music expertise when listening to familiar vs. non-familiar melodies and (b) to quantify the perceptual thresholds of music experts when listening to melodic performances. For (a), familiar and non-familiar melodic sequences were manipulated, from “in tune” (deviation of 0 cent) to “out of tune” (10 to 60 cents, in 10 cent steps). The sequences were presented to 30 non-musicians and 30 musicians, matched in age and gender, using the method-of-limits procedure, in a test/retest paradigm. For each condition, participants were asked to specify whether the presented singing performances were “in tune” or “out of tune”. For (b), the same melodies, with smaller manipulations (0 to 30 cents, in 5 cent steps), were presented to 30 musicians using the same procedure. We observed a high test – retest reliability, independent of both familiarity of melody and musical training. As expected, there was an effect of expertise (p < .001) on the perceptual thresholds (experts’ tolerance of ~10 cents). In addition, we observed a specific profile for music experts, who were particularly sensitive to interval compressions. This study yields the opportunity to refine objective tools for the evaluation of singer pitch accuracy but also to provide pertinent material to investigate the music perception process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the professional profile of patients in phoniatrics?
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Petitfils, Cloé; LEJEUNE, LIONEL ULg et al

Conference (2015, April 10)

Objective. Research has paid increased attention to occupational voice disorders. This study describes the occupational status of patients examined in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Liège ... [more ▼]

Objective. Research has paid increased attention to occupational voice disorders. This study describes the occupational status of patients examined in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Liège University Hospital (Belgium) from 2009 to 2013. Study design. Retrospective study. Methods. The sex, age, diagnosis and occupational status were identified for 1,079 patients who were examined for a voice problem (754 women and 325 men; ages 4 to 93). The diagnosis was established using videolaryngostroboscopy. For patients who were employed, we identified (1) the numerically most frequent professionals, and (2) the professionals most at risk of consulting for their voice, based on the distribution of these professions among all workers living in French-speaking Belgium. Results. 11% of patients were unemployed, 15% were students, 20% were retired, and 54% were workers. In decreasing order of frequency, the most commonly seen professionals were teachers, office workers, artists (singers, actors, and musicians), storekeepers and marketing representatives, managers, domestic workers, and laborers. Regarding their distribution in the working population, the workers at greatest risk of consulting were artists, music teachers, counselors, sports coaches, psychologists, switchboard operators, journalists, and teachers. Nodules are the most common pathologies, encountered in 16.8% of the workers and 42.8% of the students who consulted the Department of Otorhinolaryngology for dysphonia. Conclusion. Prevention is needed both for the professions that seek medical help in the largest numbers (teachers) and for those that are at highest risk of consulting (artistic professions). In addition, teachers must be informed of the need to seek help as soon as voice problems appear. Level of evidence: 2b [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 132 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstimated Subglottic Pressure Evaluation, Evolution in 152 Dysphonic Patients
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Finck, Camille ULg; Larrouy, Pauline ULg

Conference (2015, April 08)

Background: Estimated subglottic pressure (ESGP) is part of the aerodynamic measurements included in the vocal profile. It is an indication of vocal effort. Speyer reports an improvement of the ESGP score ... [more ▼]

Background: Estimated subglottic pressure (ESGP) is part of the aerodynamic measurements included in the vocal profile. It is an indication of vocal effort. Speyer reports an improvement of the ESGP score after voice treatment. Nevertheless, few studies used ESGP to evaluate voice efficiency treatment. Objectives: The purpose is to examine the ESGP twice, at the first (T1) and the last consultation (T2) . We observe the ESGP values according to voice pathology. We also examine the relationships between ESGP, SPL(Sound pressure level) and DSI (Discorder severity index) . Method: The study includes 130 patients (M:31/W:99), which suffer from 4 different pathologies as immobility (N: 54), oedema (N:23), nodules (N:24) and polyp (N:29). Each patient’s file consists of VLS, acoustic, aerodynamic and perceptual measures. The ESGP was collected through the Phonatory Aerodynamic System Model 6600 (KayPentax). Patients produced 3 sequences of / ipipi / at low (IL), conversational (IC) and high (IH) intensity. Patients were grouped according to the ENT’s diagnosis. We compare our values to those of Zraick et al (2012) which studied ESGP on a healthy group. Results: At T2, for the all patients, at minimum and conversational intensity the ESGP scores decrease singificantly, even if those scores were higher than for the healthy group. We observe a negative correlation between ESGP and SPL at low and conversational intensity. At T1, the higher is the ESGP score, the lower is the SPL score. At T2, the higher is the ESGP score, the higher is the SPL score. At T1, a negative correlation is observed between ESGP and DSI for 2 groups of patients (immobility and polyp) only at minimum intensity. The higher is the ESGP, the lower is SPL. At T2, only for the group immobility, the negative correlation persists. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of considering the ESGP as a parameter of efficiency. High ESGP is mainly connected with patients who suffer from pathology. The patient who suffer from immobility seems to present a specific profile which could help the clinician to better understand their vocal behavior. Recommendation: This study highlights the pertinence of considering the ESGP as a parameter of vocal treatment efficiency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFéminiser la voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Conference (2015, January 29)

Parlée ou chantée, notre voix révèle qui nous sommes. Elle participe à notre identité et véhicule nos émotions (ref. Revis. J). Dans cet exposé, nous présenterons la voix du point de vue du genre. En ... [more ▼]

Parlée ou chantée, notre voix révèle qui nous sommes. Elle participe à notre identité et véhicule nos émotions (ref. Revis. J). Dans cet exposé, nous présenterons la voix du point de vue du genre. En effet, l’Unité Logopédie de la Voix (www.logopedie-voix.be) s’intéresse entre autres à la féminisation vocale chez les personnes transidentitaires, en processus de changement de genre. Ces personnes ne s’identifiant pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance, elles éprouvent un désir profond de vivre comme une personne du sexe opposé à leur sexe biologique. Lors du processus de transition où ont lieu les transformations nécessaires au changement de genre, la logopédie a pour but d’améliorer la cohérence entre l’apparence de la personne et sa voix. Ainsi, notre recherche se focalise sur ce qui distingue la voix féminine de la voix masculine. Nous visons à développer des stratégies de féminisation vocale, portant sur des paramètres tels que la fréquence fondamentale de la voix (grave ou aigüe), les contours intonatifs, le niveau d’amplitude de certains formants, le débit de parole, son rythme, ou encore le vocabulaire choisi. Féminiser une voix, c’est chercher à comprendre ce qui permet d’en identifier le genre, mais également participer à la construction de l’identité de la personne à part entière. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (21 ULg)
See detailComprendre la voix et Comment optimaliser sa voix
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLayman versus Professional Musician: Who Makes the Better Judge?
Larrouy, Pauline ULg; Magis, David ULg; Grabenhorst, Matthias et al

in PLoS ONE (2015)

The increasing number of casting shows and talent contests in the media over the past years suggests a public interest in rating the quality of vocal performances. In many of these formats, laymen ... [more ▼]

The increasing number of casting shows and talent contests in the media over the past years suggests a public interest in rating the quality of vocal performances. In many of these formats, laymen alongside music experts act as judges. Whereas experts' judgments are considered objective and reliable when it comes to evaluating singing voice, little is known about laymen’s ability to evaluate peers. On the one hand, layman listeners–who by definition did not have any formal training or regular musical practice–are known to have internalized the musical rules on which singing accuracy is based. On the other hand, lay- man listeners’ judgment of their own vocal skills is highly inaccurate. Also, when compared with that of music experts, their level of competence in pitch perception has proven limited. The present study investigates laypersons' ability to objectively evaluate melodies per- formed by untrained singers. For this purpose, laymen listeners were asked to judge sung melodies. The results were compared with those of music experts who had performed the same task in a previous study. Interestingly, the findings show a high objectivity and reliabil- ity in layman listeners. Whereas both the laymen's and experts' definition of pitch accuracy overlap, differences regarding the musical criteria employed in the rating task were evident. The findings suggest that the effect of expertise is circumscribed and limited and supports the view that laypersons make trustworthy judges when evaluating the pitch accuracy of untrained singers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the accuracy of adults’ auditory perception of normophonic and dysphonic children’s personality.
Verduyckt, Ingrid; Remacle, Marc; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology (2015), 40(3), 136-147

We investigated the accuracy of auditory inferences of personality of Belgian children with vocal fold nodules (VFN). External judges (N=57) were asked to infer the personality of normophonic (NP ... [more ▼]

We investigated the accuracy of auditory inferences of personality of Belgian children with vocal fold nodules (VFN). External judges (N=57) were asked to infer the personality of normophonic (NP) children and children with VFN (N=10) on the basis of vowels and sentences. The auditory inferred profiles were compared to the actual personality of NP and VFN children. Positive and partly accurate inferences of VFN children’s personality were made on the basis of connected speech, while sustained vowels yielded negative and inaccurate inferences of personality traits of children with VFN. Dysphonic voice quality, as defined by the overall severity of vocal abnormality, conveyed inaccurate and low degrees of Extraversion. This effect was counterbalanced in connected speech by faster speaking rate that accurately conveyed higher degrees of Extraversion, a characteristic trait of VFN children’s actual personality. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (7 ULg)
See detailLa voix transgenre
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Remacle, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2014, November 04)

Notre société admet deux sexes : féminin et masculin. Cependant, certaines personnes ne s’identifient pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance. La personne transsexuelle éprouve ... [more ▼]

Notre société admet deux sexes : féminin et masculin. Cependant, certaines personnes ne s’identifient pas au sexe et au genre qui leur ont été attribués à la naissance. La personne transsexuelle éprouve un désir profond de vivre comme une personne du sexe opposé à son sexe biologique. Lors du processus de transition où ont lieu les transformations nécessaires au changement de genre, la logopédie a pour but d’améliorer la cohérence entre l’apparence de la personne et sa voix. Dans cette conférence, nous présenterons des outils pour l’évaluation et la prise en charge permettant la féminisation vocale en cas de transsexualité homme vers femme. Une revue de la littérature scientifique récente nous amènera à discuter de l’efficacité des méthodes de féminisation vocale existantes. Ces techniques seront décrites et illustrées par des cas cliniques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 209 (17 ULg)