References of "Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille"
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See detailLes associations de fait : quel poids économique ?
Marée, Michel ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Les dossiers d'ASBL Actualités (2012), 14

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See detailLa performance de l'entreprise sociale : définitions et limites d'une évaluation monétaire
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

in Revue Internationale P.M.E. (2012), 25(3-4), 91-122

In a social enterprise, the notion of "performance" must be understood in a broader sense than the sole financial profitability. Because enterprises of this type pursue a social mission, whose completion ... [more ▼]

In a social enterprise, the notion of "performance" must be understood in a broader sense than the sole financial profitability. Because enterprises of this type pursue a social mission, whose completion generates collective impacts, one has to go beyond what is made possible by the sole market-based indicators. This requires to revise not only the very notion of production, but also the way in which the value of what is produced by the enterprise is measured. This is the task that the authors of the present article tackle, through building a definition of performance understood as "enlarged production" – a notion which they nevertheless define with accuracy. Whenever the notion of production is enlarged so as to take into account the impacts of the latter, the question of whether this approach is also operational unavoidably arises. In particular, one must ask oneself whether the impacts that one wants to include in an enlarged conception of production are measurable. By nature, these impacts are not taken into account by the market and measuring them sends back to the classical question of the evaluation of non-market goods. The authors draw up an inventory of the various techniques of monetary evaluation of the value of non-market goods and indicate whether these techniques are likely to lead to values that are relevant to evaluate the performance of a social enterprise. They illustrate their analysis by applying this grid of analysis to the methodology of social return on investment (SROI). Because of the theoretical limits of monetary evaluation, the authors conclude that works on performance evaluation based on multi-criteria analyses must be further pursued. [less ▲]

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See detailLe financement des associations en Belgique francophone
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

E-print/Working paper (2012)

En raison de la nature de leurs activités et de leur finalité non lucrative, les associations rencontrent des problèmes spécifiques de financement, que ce soit au niveau de leurs opérations courantes ou ... [more ▼]

En raison de la nature de leurs activités et de leur finalité non lucrative, les associations rencontrent des problèmes spécifiques de financement, que ce soit au niveau de leurs opérations courantes ou de leurs dépenses d'investissements. Toutefois, Il existe encore peu d'études empiriques sur cette question dans les pays francophones, de sorte que nombre d'a priori - comme par exemple le fait que les associations auraient peu de garanties à offrir aux banques - sont communément admis sans qu'ils soient validés par des données de terrain. Pour mieux cerner la problématique du financement de l'associatif dans ses dimensions concrètes, on a réalisé un premier "état des lieux" du financement du secteur associatif en Belgique francophone (Wallonie et Bruxelles) en procédant à une enquête auprès d'un échantillon représentatif. Un des enseignements de cette recherche concerne précisément les relations avec les institutions bancaires. En cas de difficultés de trésorerie, la moitié à peine des associations recourent au crédit de caisse, les autres préférant se tourner vers leurs membres, vers les pouvoirs publics ou encore vers une autre association. Moins nombreuses encore sont les associations qui s'adressent aux banques pour financer leurs investissements. Mais contrairement à l'opinion courante, la principale raison ne réside ni dans les difficultés d'obtention d'un crédit, ni dans la lourdeur des formalités nécessaires : si les associations n'empruntent guère aux banques, c'est essentiellement pour des raisons de principe (ne pas s'endetter auprès des institutions bancaires). Ces raisons sont vraisemblablement liées, d'une part, à une aversion plus marquée du risque que les PME et, d'autre part, à une prise de distance à l'égard des principes de l'économie marchande. [less ▲]

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See detailEntrepreneuriat social
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Defourny, Jacques ULg

E-print/Working paper (2012)

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See detailComment se finance le secteur associatif? Résultats d'une enquête de terrain en Belgique francophone
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Ce rapport expose les résultats d'une enquête de terrain menée en Belgique francophone fin 2010 auprès d 'environ 500 associations employeurs. Les thèmes de l'enquête concernent la situation bilantaire ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport expose les résultats d'une enquête de terrain menée en Belgique francophone fin 2010 auprès d 'environ 500 associations employeurs. Les thèmes de l'enquête concernent la situation bilantaire des associations, le financement des dépenses courantes, le financement des dépenses d'investissement, la situation de trésorerie et les apports non monétaires. [less ▲]

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See detailAtouts et limites des entreprises sociales
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailManagers’ competences in social enterprises: what specificities?
Moreau, Charlotte ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference (2011, July 04)

In any enterprise, the manager keeps a determining and real leeway which is susceptible to stimulate, give directions to the organization (Pichault, 2009), and is determining in the capability to innovate ... [more ▼]

In any enterprise, the manager keeps a determining and real leeway which is susceptible to stimulate, give directions to the organization (Pichault, 2009), and is determining in the capability to innovate (King, 1990; Osborne, 1998; Schin & McClomb, 1998). That leadership style needs therefore to be adapted to the specific internal context of the organization (Schmid, 2006). The paper examines what are the specific competencies of the manager in social enterprises, by constructing a competencies model, the emblematic tool of the competence-based management, relevant to social enterprises (Collin & Grasser, 2007; Retour & Rapiaux, 2006; Oiry & Sulzer, 2002). Our hypothesis is standing that certain competencies mobilized by managers in social enterprises are specific, regarding to the particular internal and external context of social enterprises, etc. First of all, we propose a theoretical competencies model for the managers in social enterprises, based on a review of the literature and the conduction of 12 semi-structured interviews of experts and managers. Then, we propose a competencies model for the manager in social enterprises. Finally, group interviews with some managers of social enterprises are conducted in various European countries as this research takes place in a European research on long-life learnings. [less ▲]

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See detailRenewable Energy Source Cooperatives (REScoops): Assets, Obstacles and Diffusion Strategies
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference (2011, July)

While the ability of social enterprises to generate innovative solutions to social and environmental needs is increasingly documented (eg., Defourny 2001; Harrisson & Vézina 2006; Nicholls 2006), little ... [more ▼]

While the ability of social enterprises to generate innovative solutions to social and environmental needs is increasingly documented (eg., Defourny 2001; Harrisson & Vézina 2006; Nicholls 2006), little is known about the processes through with social enterprises diffuse and institutionalize their innovations. These processes are important not only to understand institutionalized fields of practice (eg. Bouchard 2006), but also –and even more– to inform the creation of new fields through the diffusion (or „scaling up‟) of social innovations (Maguire et al. 2004; Mulgan et al. 2007). Institutionalization dynamics are at the core of „institutional theory‟, more particularly its recent agency-based developments, commonly grouped under the banner of „institutional entrepreneurship‟ (Battilana et al. 2009) or „institutional work‟ (Lawrence & Suddaby 2006). This approach seems particularly adequate to understand the emergence of new fields through the development of interorganizational collaborations, which enable the diffusion and replication of structures and practices across the field (Lawrence et al. 2002; Phillips et al. 2000). Fields centered on social innovations offer good examples of these dynamics (Mair & Marti 2006), with collaborations observed both among social enterprises pioneering the innovation (Davies 2009) and between social enterprises, governments (eg. Young 2000) and businesses (eg. Di Domenico et al. 2009; Le Ber & Branzei 2010). This paper examines the role of social enterprises in creating and diffusing innovative institutional arrangements in the field of renewable energy sources (RES). While social (ecological) movements have been instrumental in shifting the public attention towards the need for alternative energies (Sine & Lee 2009), the sector has in most countries become dominated by corporate actors experienced in building large-scale RES projects. In an attempt to counter the corporate hegemony and to protect available lands, a range of citizen initiatives have emerged under the term of REScoops (Coen 2010). Although not very numerous, these initiatives seem particularly efficient in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and may reach a large scale at the local level. Moreover, they seem particularly innovative in terms of organizational models, conceived as multi-stakeholder and cooperative schemes involving citizens, municipalities and local economic players. In the contest around new field boundaries and dominance (Santos & Eisenhardt 2009), including recognition by the government, we examine the legitimating strategies of social enterprises in having their organizational arrangements (= social innovations) recognized as a superior avenue to the management of RES (= technological innovation), especially in terms of democracy and participation. [less ▲]

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See detailRôles et adaptations des entreprises sociales
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Scientific conference (2011, June 09)

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See detailFinalité "management des entreprises sociales" dans un master en sciences de gestion
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Scientific conference (2011, June 08)

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See detailEvaluation de la performance des entreprises sociales
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Scientific conference (2011, June 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailL'artiste entrepreneur est-il aussi - et à quelles conditions - un entrepreneur social?
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

in Bureau d'études SmartBe (Ed.) L'artiste, un entrepreneur? (2011)

Cet article apporte le regard de deux économistes sur l’activité des artistes. En réexpliquant certaines notions centrales du vocabulaire économique, ils posent explicitement trois questions : l’activité ... [more ▼]

Cet article apporte le regard de deux économistes sur l’activité des artistes. En réexpliquant certaines notions centrales du vocabulaire économique, ils posent explicitement trois questions : l’activité artistique est-elle une activité économique ? l’artiste est-il un entrepreneur ? et, dans ce cas, peut-on considérer qu’il est un entrepreneur social ? Si les auteurs reconnaissent que, à l’instar des entreprises sociales, de nombreux artistes ne poursuivent pas une finalité lucrative, ils recommandent toutefois de ne les considérer comme des entrepreneurs sociaux que si leurs pratiques révèlent leur souhait d’entreprendre une activité créatrice en adoptant des pratiques d’économie sociale : qualité des rapports aux publics, participation des travailleurs, choix éthique des fournisseurs, respect de l’environnement, etc [less ▲]

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See detailDe l'initiative citoyenne à l'entreprise d'économie sociale
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Collard marie-Caroline (Ed.) Initiatives citoyennes, l'économie sociale de demain ? (2010)

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See detailDirigeance des entreprises sociales
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Scientific conference (2010, October 12)

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See detailEconomie et gouvernance des associations
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailEconomie et gouvernance des associations
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)
See detailSoutenir l’entrepreneuriat social
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
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See detailMacroéconomie du secteur culturel : ce que disent les chiffres
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 ULg)