References of "Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette"
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See detailIndustrie, artisanat et tertiaire lourd en milieu urbain
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Van Ermen, R. (Ed.) Demain les villes? Essai de réflexion prospective (1982)

Causes and consequences of economic activities exurbanisation

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See detailPerceptions spatiales et localisations
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Actes de la Table Ronde 1981 (1982)

Review of research on the role of perceptions in the behavior of industrial decision-makers when choosing location

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See detailA la découverte du charbonnage de Blégny-Trembleur et de l'Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

Book - Livret guide du Complexe touristique du charbonnage de Blégny-Trembleur (1982)

Livret-guide d'un charbonnage transformé en complexe touristique ; 5 parties : Blégny-Trembleur et sa région, le charbon : considérations géologiques, l'exploitation du charbon, l'histoire du charbonnage ... [more ▼]

Livret-guide d'un charbonnage transformé en complexe touristique ; 5 parties : Blégny-Trembleur et sa région, le charbon : considérations géologiques, l'exploitation du charbon, l'histoire du charbonnage et les mineurs [less ▲]

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See detailDélimitation, intensité et spécialisation des entités commerciales. Considérations méthodologiques
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1982), (18), 77-89

The aim of this article is to confront various methods that are used to delimit commercial entities, to mesure the intensity of commercial activity of the various business spaces and sub-spaces and to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to confront various methods that are used to delimit commercial entities, to mesure the intensity of commercial activity of the various business spaces and sub-spaces and to translate their specialisation. By showing the limits and performances of the various index numbers and processes, it tries to propose adequate methodological tools for a more precise analysis of the commercial function. [less ▲]

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See detailLes immeubles industriels communs à étages : une solution d'intégration industrielle en milieu urbain ?
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in L'usine dans la ville (1982)

Comparative study in different countries of this new formula in industrial location

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See detailMéthodes d'analyse des localisations commerciales : les apports de l'enquête de terrain
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Annales de Géographie (1982), (506), 417-424

An analysis of methods of commercial locations. The results of a ground survey. This article presents a survey and an outlook on commercial location in three differents sectors whereby the results are ... [more ▼]

An analysis of methods of commercial locations. The results of a ground survey. This article presents a survey and an outlook on commercial location in three differents sectors whereby the results are particularly interesting: spatial organization of equipments, dynamism of evolutions and motivations of differents locations. In every case, we have tried to demonstrate the methods to use and the primary possible methods that can be investigated. All methodolo¬gical problems are not yet resolved, but we can observe how the development of marketing geography of retailing depends on collecting technics and the modality of methods. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de la localisation des garages et des sociétés de transport dans la région liégeoise
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Wallonie 81 (1981), (3-4), 269-290

Based on a survey of all firms employing 10 workers, the study attempts to identify the characteristics of locations and expectations for future developments

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See detailEléments d'une nouvelle géographie industrielle de la Communauté Européenne
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

Book published by Cahier pédagogique du Ministère de l'Education nationale et de la Culture française (1981)

Folder organized around four themes: importance and evolution of industry, spatial distribution, new trends in localization and Europe facing international changes

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See detailStructures commerciales des rues et centres piétonniers. Essai de comparaison de quelques cas français et belges
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Etudes Géographiques = Tijdschrift van de Belgische Vereniging voor Aardrijkskundige Studies (1981), L(n° spécial), 135-144

This article tends to compare several sectors for pedestrians in the cities of Belgium as well as France. In general, their businesses structures differ in function of the neighborhoods or sites selected ... [more ▼]

This article tends to compare several sectors for pedestrians in the cities of Belgium as well as France. In general, their businesses structures differ in function of the neighborhoods or sites selected for the landmark of a pedestrian. Thus, three types of sectors for pedestrians can be characterized : businessman's site, the old neighborhoord in process of destruction (historical entity) and the neighborhood with attractions and restaurants. In fact, the presence of pedestrian in a street or a neighborhood may precipitate a decline in business flourishment by a combination in a reduction of access in the premises (elimination of small businesses selling heavy materials and/or those occupy a large place and those which are involved in frequent deliveries) and an uprising in rents (minimization of businesses selling certain products which are not essential and/or at a fix price). [less ▲]

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See detailLe commerce de gros à Liège. Permanence et renouveau des localisations
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1981), (16-17), 49-64

This article attempts to discern the problems of location encountered by wholesalers in the urban environment. Based on a survey of the 129 largest wholesale trades of the city of Liège, this study ... [more ▼]

This article attempts to discern the problems of location encountered by wholesalers in the urban environment. Based on a survey of the 129 largest wholesale trades of the city of Liège, this study describes these businesses as well as their spatial distribution. Through the analysis of the motivations and judgments of the locations, it attempts to explain the principal components of an optimal location in the context of today's economy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa sidérurgie liégeoise face aux mutations structurelles de la sidérurgie mondiale. Euregio Maas-Rhein
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Euregio Maas-Rhein, Informationen und Materialen zur Geographie (1981), (9), 42-58

This article attempts to draw up a balance sheet of the steel industry in Liege at the end of 1981. It first describes the factories in Liege: their origin, their evolution since 1945 and their site and ... [more ▼]

This article attempts to draw up a balance sheet of the steel industry in Liege at the end of 1981. It first describes the factories in Liege: their origin, their evolution since 1945 and their site and condition. It then tries to define the difficulties and handicaps faced by Cockerill S.A. in the present crisis : a limited home market, international competition, the depreciation and scattered locations of the installations, the financial and managerial problems, the cost of salaries and wages and the social climate. It finally deals with the financial, technical and social changes in progress in order to make it understood how important the changes are for the future of the company and the region. [less ▲]

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See detailLes facteurs de localisation du commerce de détail
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Analyse, Organisation et Gestion de l'espace. Eventail de la spatiologie. Ouvrage d'hommage à J.E. Hermitte (1980)

The paper seeks to identify the location factors of retail distinguishing criteria for selection according to the spatial scale at which they occur (macrospatial or microspatial) and also taking into ... [more ▼]

The paper seeks to identify the location factors of retail distinguishing criteria for selection according to the spatial scale at which they occur (macrospatial or microspatial) and also taking into account the role played by the nature of businesses. It further emphasizes the specificity of these factors compared to those involved in the industry by example [less ▲]

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See detailPerception de certains quartiers liégeois par les enfants. Introduction à une nouvelle approche de l'étude du milieu
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in G.E.O. (1980), (8), 29-46

The first part of the article gives the main results of a survey carried out with 600 children in the 5th and 6th classes of primary schools in the region of Liege. The aim of the survey was to get a ... [more ▼]

The first part of the article gives the main results of a survey carried out with 600 children in the 5th and 6th classes of primary schools in the region of Liege. The aim of the survey was to get a better idea of how a child perceives his neighbourhood and how he would like to see it arranged. Due to the variety of questions put forward and to the choice of schools in areas of varied social and economic characteristics, it has been possible to come up with a precise conclusion as to the points considered pleasant or unpleasant as well as the main desires regarding planning and development and to examine these results by area. As we believe that there is much to be gained from a survey on the perception of space in relation to a course on the study of environment, in the second part of the article we propose a new methodology which covers, in succession, lived and perceived space, given and reasoned space, and volontary space. [less ▲]

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See detailMutations récentes de la structure et de la localisation de l'industrie en Belgique, 1970-1980
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Hommes et Terres du Nord (1980), (4), 41-51

The aim of this article is to distinguish the principal changes which have affected Belgian industry since 1970 - changes in structure, on one hand, and in localisation, on the other. When examining the ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to distinguish the principal changes which have affected Belgian industry since 1970 - changes in structure, on one hand, and in localisation, on the other. When examining the available data, four main facts seem to emerge : the distinct fall in employment in most branches, the difficulties in maintaining the fields most threatened by foreign competition, the problems in developing regions where declining industries are concentrated and the very dear impact of industrial zones in new localisations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes industries
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Sporck J. A. (Ed.) Liège prépare son avenir (1980)

Panorama industry Liege in 1980: structure and localization with emphasis on recent changes

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See detailLe commerce de détail à Namur. Situation actuelle et évolution 1967-1977
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

Book published by Namur 1980 - Dépôt légal : D/1979/2866/1 (1979)

Assessment on the situation of Namur in 1977 for commercial development and evolution based on two surveys (1967 and 1977)

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See detailLes structures commerciales des villes moyennes. Situation actuelle et mutations récentes
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Analyse de l'Espace (1979), (3-4), 10-24

Comparative study of the structure of centers of 9 middle-size towns in France and Belgium and development trends

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See detailBilan du Colloque L'Environnement dans les pays de la C.E. et des A.C.P
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Dussart Frans (Ed.) Séminaire de Géographie et Société géographique de Liège (1979)

Scientific Report Conference

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See detailLes images perçues du centre-ville liégeois
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1979), (15), 5-27

The aim of this article is to define the perception of the images of Liège town centre and to find the factors which explain the differences between these images. It is based on an extensive survey ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to define the perception of the images of Liège town centre and to find the factors which explain the differences between these images. It is based on an extensive survey carried out in 1978, in 7 different places, with 1 552 people, and continues research work done in 1974. The steps : the integration or rejection of the town centre of places situated in a marginal position in relation to the centre, the delimiting of this centre, the laying down of the advantages and drawbacks of the centre and the choice of a central point. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évolution des localisations industrielles
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in G.E.O. (1979), (5), 15-28

In the last twenty years there have been important modifi¬cations in the localisation of industries due to technical, economic and social mutations which have completely changed the world. In most ... [more ▼]

In the last twenty years there have been important modifi¬cations in the localisation of industries due to technical, economic and social mutations which have completely changed the world. In most indus¬trialised countries many old sites have been abandoned whereas new industrial zones are multiplying whether in city suburbs or in harbour regions. Furthermore, recent evolution is characterized by an industrial shift towards underdeveloped countries. This tendency would seem to be increasing and leading to reassessment of the traditional balance of world economy. What are the causes and consequences of these changes and how should this new geography be understood? [less ▲]

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