References of "Melo de Sousa, Noelita"
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See detailNative and recombinant bovine placental lactogens.
Alvarez Oxiley, Andrea Vivian ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg

in Reproductive Biology (2008), 8(2), 85-106

The bovine placenta produces a wide variety of proteins that are structurally and functionally similar to the pituitary proteins from the GH/PRL gene family. Bovine placental lactogen (bPL) is a 200-amino ... [more ▼]

The bovine placenta produces a wide variety of proteins that are structurally and functionally similar to the pituitary proteins from the GH/PRL gene family. Bovine placental lactogen (bPL) is a 200-amino acid long glycoprotein hormone that exhibits both lactogenic and somatogenic properties. The apparent molecular masses of purified native (n) bPL molecules (31-33 kDa) exceed 23 041 Da, which is the theoretical molecular mass of the protein core. At least six isoelectric variants (pI: 4.85-6.3) of bPL were described in cotyledonary extracts and three different bPL isoforms (pI: 4.85-5.25) were found in fetal sera. The bPL molecules that are detected in higher concentrations in peripheral circulation exhibit a more acidic pI than those present in placental homogenates. This may reflect an important glycosylation process occurring just prior to the bPL secretion. The bPL mRNA is transcribed in trophectoderm binucleate cells starting from Day 30 of pregnancy until the end of gestation. In mothers, bPL is involved in the regulation of ovarian function, mammogenesis, lactogenesis, and pregnancy stage-dependent adaptation of nutrient supplies to the fetus. Due to the higher fetal, compared to maternal concentrations of circulating hormone, it has been suggested that bPL primarily targets fetal tissues. [less ▲]

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See detailConcentration of bovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein in plasma and milk: its application for pregnancy diagnosis in cows
Gajewski, Z.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology : an Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society (2008), 59(Suppl 9), 55-64

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. The aim of the study was to use a new method for evaluating the bPAG and cPAG in milk and blood bPAG and compare this ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. The aim of the study was to use a new method for evaluating the bPAG and cPAG in milk and blood bPAG and compare this results with the other method for pregnancy diagnosis in the cows. The study was carried out in 220 Holstein Frisian cows. Heparinised blood samples were taken from the jugular vein and stored at -20 degrees C until PAG assay by RIA. For bPAG and cPAG, RIA test, milk samples were homogenized. Pure bPAG was used as a standard tracer described by Zoli et al. (1992). The cows were diagnosed as pregnant by means of USG (Aloka SSD 210) and by rectal palpation. bPAG and cPAG concentration in milk increased after 28 day of pregnancy and showed the rapid increase near the parturition. The same results of bPAG concentration we obtained in the blood samples. The decline of bPAG concentration was faster in the milk than in the blood. The data showed that the RIA method is precise enough to measure PAG concentrations in the maternal blood and milk of cows. The data indicate that milk samples can be used for pregnancy diagnosis in cows. The sensitivity and specificity of RIA measurement of PAG are very high. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of multiple pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) purified from the European bison (Eb; Bison bonasus L.) placentas.
Kiewisz, J.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Animal Reproduction Science (2008), 112

This paper describes the first identified chorionic PAGs in the European bison (Eb), named EbPAGs, predominantly expressed during early and mid-pregnancy (45-120 day post-coitum; dpc). Many EbPAGs were ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the first identified chorionic PAGs in the European bison (Eb), named EbPAGs, predominantly expressed during early and mid-pregnancy (45-120 day post-coitum; dpc). Many EbPAGs were extracted from various cotyledonary tissues, precipitated, chromatographed (DEAE and VVA: Vicia villosa agglutinin), electrophoresed (1D- and 2D-PAGE), analysed by heterologous (cross-species) Western blotting and then micro-sequenced by Edman degradation. Finally, twelve selected VVA-purified isoforms (Ip 3.7-7.4) were entirely characterised. Nine identified NH(2)-terminal micro-sequences were found to be PAGs. On 45dpc, three identified forms were named: EbPAG(67AkDa) (RGSNLTHPLRNIGDLFYVGN), EbPAG(55BkDa) (RGSNLTHPL) and EbPAG(50CkDa) (SQISLRGSNLTI). On 60dpc, the next three forms were named: EbPAG(71DkDa) (RGSNLTIHPLRNIIDLFYVG), EbPAG(55EkDa) (RGSNLTHPLRNI) and EbPAG(50FkDa) (SQISLRGS). On 120dpc, three other forms were named: EbPAG(71GkDa) (RGSNLTHPLRNIRDLFYVG), EbPAG(60HkDa) (RGSNLTTHPLRNIKDLVVYM) and EbPAG(50IkDa) (SGSNLTTV). These EbPAG ((A-I)) sequences are unique, as they are not identical to any other PAGs purified previously in related species of the Bovidae family. However, the EbPAGs (A-I forms) have some sequence resemblance to internal sequences of various full-length polypeptide PAG precursors (in silico translated from cloned cDNAs) identified in domestic cattle. Three other novel native isoforms (J1, J2 and K): EbUPG(45kDa) J1 (SKDNYKNYIPLIVPFAT), EbUPG(45kDa) J2 (SKDNQKNYIPLIVPFAT) and EbUPG(76kDa) K (SPEFTV), were temporarily named 'unknown placental glycoproteins' (UPGs), due to their efficient VVA-purification (specific for glycoproteins only) and a lack of considerable consensus to previously sequenced placental glycoproteins in the Bovidae family. This is the first study identifying NH(2)-terminals of multiple/diverse EbPAGs and some EbUPGs purified from the synepitheliochorial cotyledonary placenta of the endangered Bison bonasus (Red list) [less ▲]

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See detailFactors affecting plasma progesterone in the early fetal period in high producing dairy cows.
Bech-Sabat, G.; Lopez-Gatius, F.; Yaniz, J. L. et al

in Theriogenology (2008), 69(4), 426-32

The aim of the present study was to determine whether certain animal- or management related factors could affect plasma progesterone concentrations on Day 42 of gestation in high producing dairy cows ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to determine whether certain animal- or management related factors could affect plasma progesterone concentrations on Day 42 of gestation in high producing dairy cows. Factors affecting early fetal loss were also analyzed. The study population was comprised of 199 pregnant cows classified as having high (> or =9 ng/ml) or low (<9 ng/ml) plasma progesterone concentrations. Through logistic regression procedures it was determined that, based on the odds ratio, cows with two or more corpora lutea were three times more likely to have high progesterone concentrations than cows with a single corpus luteum. Low producing cows during the warm season were 2.86 times more likely to have high progesterone concentrations than the remaining cows. Primiparous cows with high concentrations (>4 ng/ml) of pregnancy associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) were 2.73 times more likely to have high progesterone concentrations than the remaining cows. Of the 199 pregnancies, 25 (12.6%) suffered early fetal loss: 22/136 (16.2%) during the warm season and 3/63 (4.8%) during the cool season, all in cows without additional corpora lutea. Based upon the odds ratio, cows without an additional corpus luteum were 3.67 times more likely to suffer fetal loss during the warm season than during the cool season. Our results indicate that milk production, the presence of two or more corpora lutea and plasma PAG-1 concentrations can affect plasma progesterone concentrations at the onset of the fetal period. The presence of an additional corpus luteum strongly diminished the risk of early fetal loss during the warm period. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of new pregnancy-associated glycoproteins from water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) placenta by Vicia villosa affinity chromatography.
Barbato, O.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Klisch, K. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2008), 85(3), 457-66

The present study describes the isolation and characterization of new pregnancy-associated glycoprotein molecules (PAG) from midpregnancy and late-pregnancy placentas in the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis ... [more ▼]

The present study describes the isolation and characterization of new pregnancy-associated glycoprotein molecules (PAG) from midpregnancy and late-pregnancy placentas in the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). After extraction, the homogenates are subjected to acid and ammonium sulfate precipitations followed by DEAE chromatography. Subsequently, the water buffalo PAG (wbPAG) from these solutions are enriched by Vicia villosa agarose (VVA) affinity chromatography. As determined by western blotting with anti-PAG sera, the apparent molecular masses of the immunoreactive bands from the VVA peaks range from 59.5 to 75.8kDa and from 57.8 to 73.3kDa in the midpregnancy and late-pregnancy placentas, respectively. Amino-terminal microsequencing of the immunoreactive proteins has allowed the identification of three distinct wbPAG sequences, which have been deposited in the SwissProt database: RGSXLTIHPLRNIRDFFYVG (acc. no. P85048), RGSXLTILPLRNIID (acc. no. P85049), and RGSXLTHLPLRNI (acc. no. P85050). Their comparison to previously identified proteins has shown that two of them are new because they have not been described before. Our results confirm the suitability of VVA chromatography for the enrichment of the multiple PAG molecules expressed in buffalo placenta. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent trends in follow-up of trophoblastic function in ruminant species
Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Gajewski, Z.

in Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology : an Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society (2008), 59 Suppl 9

During the pregnancy of ruminants, different hormones and proteins are secreted by placenta or corpus luteum allowing the follow up of gestation. Among them, progesterone (P4) and pregnancy-associated ... [more ▼]

During the pregnancy of ruminants, different hormones and proteins are secreted by placenta or corpus luteum allowing the follow up of gestation. Among them, progesterone (P4) and pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) were proposed as laboratory tools to establish or to confirm pregnancy diagnosis. In last years, PAG assay also provided useful information for researchers working in programs focused on the follow up of trophoblastic function. Concentrations of PAG appeared as altered after the use of embryo biotechnology (in vitro fertilization, cloning by nuclear transfer, inter-specific pregnancies), according to nutritional status of pregnant females (overnourished or undernourished), or consecutive to infectious diseases leading to pathologies affecting the pregnancy in cows (Actynomyces pyogenes and Neospora caninum) and goats (Toxoplasma gondii, Listeria monocytogenes and Trypanosoma congolense). As well, in numerous studies, the association of repeated ultrasound examinations with P4 and PAG determinations allowed a better understanding of mechanisms related to embryonic and fetal mortalities: failure after artificial insemination or embryo transfer techniques, large offspring syndrome after in vitro fecundation and cloning. [less ▲]

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See detailLes glycoproteines placentaires chez les mammiferes
Clerget, E.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Bella, Amina ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2008), 69

Placental tissue exhibits a typical glycosylation pattern, which differs from that observed in the pituitary gland. Depending to the species and pregnancy period, the placenta synthesizes diverse ... [more ▼]

Placental tissue exhibits a typical glycosylation pattern, which differs from that observed in the pituitary gland. Depending to the species and pregnancy period, the placenta synthesizes diverse glycoproteins, some of which have significant hormonal activity, others being detected in maternal circulation. Thus, these molecules are of interest both from a fundamental and clinical point of view. Among the mammalian placental glycoproteins currently recognized, chorionic gonadotrophins from primates and Equidae, placental lactogen from bovines and the pregnancy-associated glycoproteins from ruminant species are particularly noteworthy. The diversity of saccharidic structures leads to multiple forms of placental glycoproteins exhibiting distinct structural and biological properties. For instance, concerning the chorionic gonadotrophins, the association of both alpha and beta subunits is essential for the binding of the hormone to specific receptors. Moreover, the N-linked oligossacharides are required for the activation of effectors systems. Bovine placental lactogen is a glycosylated hormone, exhibiting somatotropin- and prolactin-like activities. Several N-glycosylation sites confer to pregnancy-associated glycoproteins a long half-life (8-10 days) in maternal circulation. Assay of these molecules can be used for routine early pregnancy diagnosis and the follow-up of embryonic and fetal mortalities. [less ▲]

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See detailAccuracy of ultrasonography and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein test for pregnancy diagnosis in buffaloes
Karen, A.; Darwish, S.; Ramoun, A. et al

in theriogenology (2007), 68(8), 1150-1155

The aims of the present study were to evaluate and compare the accuracy of transrectal ultrasonography and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein radioimmunoassay (PAG-RIA) test for diagnosis of pregnancy in ... [more ▼]

The aims of the present study were to evaluate and compare the accuracy of transrectal ultrasonography and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein radioimmunoassay (PAG-RIA) test for diagnosis of pregnancy in buffaloes. Two hundred and seventy-five buffalo cows and heifers were examined once for pregnancy diagnosis by transrectal ultrasonography using a 5 MHz linear-array transducer between Days 19 and 55 after mating. After ultrasound scanning, a blood sample was withdrawn from jugular vein of each animal for measuring pregnancy-associated glycoprotein using a heterologous double-antibody RIA. Based on palpation of the uterus per rectum at Days 75-90, 87 animals were designated pregnant and 188 as non-pregnant. The sensitivity of transrectal ultrasonography at Days 19-24 was 44.4%, reaching 100% from Day 31 after mating. The specificity of transrectal ultrasonography ranged between 92.5 and 100% from Days 19 to 55 after mating. The sensitivity of PAG-RIA test was 11.1 % at Days 19-24 and reached 100% from Day 31 after mating. The specificity of PAG-RIA test ranged from 90 to 100% from Days 19 to 55 after mating. There were no significant differences between the sensitivity and specificity of the two tests in all examined periods. In conclusion, transrectal ultrasonography and PAG-RIA test are highly accurate tests for detecting pregnant buffaloes from Day 31 after mating onwards. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurement of ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) during early pregnancy in Lacaune sheep
El Amiri, B.; Karen, A.; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2007), 42(3), 257-262

This study describes ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) concentrations in 20 Lacaune sheep during early pregnancy. Measurements were performed by using semi-purified ovPAG as standard, tracer ... [more ▼]

This study describes ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) concentrations in 20 Lacaune sheep during early pregnancy. Measurements were performed by using semi-purified ovPAG as standard, tracer and immunogens for antibody production in rabbits. Antisera R780 (against ovPAG(57+59kDa)) and R805 (against ovPAG5(58+61kDa)) were used respectively in RIA-780 and RIA-805. Blood samples were collected at days 0, 18, 20, 22 and 25 after artificial insemination. From day 18 after breeding onward, the mean ovPAG concentration was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in plasma samples from pregnant ewes (n = 17) than in non-pregnant ones (n = 3). The specific activity of the tracer was 11 760 Ci/mmol in RIA-780 and 14 900 Ci/mmol in RIA-805. The minimal detection limits for RIA-780 and RIA-805 were 0.2 ng/ml and 0.3 ng/ml, respectively. The intra-assay CV of samples with low (1.0 ng/ml), medium (2.5 ng/ml) and high (4.0 ng/ml) PAG concentrations were 3%, 6% and 9% for RIA-780 and 8%, 9% and 5% for RIA-805. The inter-assay CV in the same samples were 13%, 12% and 7% for RIA-780 and 13%, 11% and 5% for RIA-805. The recovery was higher than 95% in both assays. No cross-reaction was observed with members of aspartic proteinase family as well as with other tested proteins. In both RIA-780 and RIA-805, inhibition of the binding of the tracer by antisera was parallel between standard curve and serial dilutions of pregnant ewe samples. In conclusion, the two homologous RIA systems are suitable for early quantification of ovPAG concentrations in ewe plasma samples from day 18 after breeding. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma concentrations of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) in high producing dairy cows suffering early fetal loss during the warm season
Lopez-Gatius, F.; Hunter, R. H. F.; Garbayo, J. M. et al

in Theriogenology (2007), 67(8), 1324-1330

The present study was designed to establish whether plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) measurements during the early fetal period can be associated with early fetal loss. Blood samples ... [more ▼]

The present study was designed to establish whether plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) measurements during the early fetal period can be associated with early fetal loss. Blood samples were obtained and ultrasound controls performed on days 35, 42, 49, 56, and 63 of gestation or until pregnancy loss from 98 lactating dairy cows. Radioimmunoassay systems were used to determine PAG-1 and progesterone concentrations. Of the 98 pregnancies investigated 18 (18.4%) suffered early fetal loss: 15 (18.5%) in cows carrying singletons, and 3 (16.7%) in twin pregnancies. In cows suffering pregnancy loss, all living embryos registered on day 35 seemed normal in size and development in all weekly ultrasound controls before fetal expulsion. Using analysis of variance, plasma PAG-1 and progesterone values were not different between no loss and fetal loss groups for every gestation period. Based on the odds ratio, and considering only PAG-1 values obtained on day 35 of gestation, the risk of fetal loss was 10 and 6.8 times more likely in cows with low (< 2.5 ng/ml) and high (> 4 ng/ml) PAG-1 values, respectively, than in cows with medium PAG-1 values, used as reference. Of the 10 inseminating bulls included in the study, one was related to increased fetal loss by odds ratio of 21.7, whereas one bull was attributed fetal loss rate reduced by odds ratio of 12.5 (1/0.08) These findings can have a clear clinical application: PAG-1 measurements from one single sample taken on clay 35 of gestation provided more useful information than a series of values obtained from day 35 to 63 of gestation, and can be indicators of subsequent fetal loss. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMilk production correlates negatively with plasma levels of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) during the early fetal period in high producing dairy cows with live fetuses
Lopez-Gatius, F.; Garbayo, J. M.; Santolaria, P. et al

in Domestic Animal Endocrinology (2007), 32(1), 29-42

This study was designed to establish possible factors affecting plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during early pregnancy in high producing dairy cows with live fetuses. Blood ... [more ▼]

This study was designed to establish possible factors affecting plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during early pregnancy in high producing dairy cows with live fetuses. Blood samples were obtained on days 35, 42, 49, 56 and 63 of gestation from 80 lactating cows in two herds carrying live fetuses. Radioimmunoassay systems were used to determine PAG (RIA-497 and RIA-706) and progesterone concentrations. We evaluated the effects on PAG concentrations of herd, lactation number, sire of fetus, day of gestation, fetus number, plasma progesterone and milk production at each time point established, along with possible paired interactions. Mean milk production per cow approached 41 kg during the study period. PAG concentrations were not affected by herd, lactation number or plasma progesterone concentration. Significant positive effects on PAG concentrations were shown by the gestation day, and the interaction between day of gestation and twin pregnancy. Significant differences between bulls and a significant negative correlation between milk production and PAG values on day 63 of pregnancy were also detected. Proportions of blood samples showing undetectable PAG levels and false negative diagnoses throughout the study period were significantly higher (P < 0.001) using the RIA-497 system (2.5% and 5.3%, respectively) compared to RIA-706 (0% and 0.8%, respectively). Our findings suggest that PAG concentrations during the early fetal period are related to the day of gestation, milk production, number of fetuses and sire of fetus in high producing dairy cows. Under our working conditions, the RIA-706 method was better at detecting plasma PAG molecules than the RIA-497 system. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRadioimmunoassay of bovine placental lactogen using recombinant and native preparations: determination of fetal concentrations across gestation
Alvarez-Oxiley, A. V.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Reproduction, Fertility and Development (2007), 19(7), 877-885

Concentrations of bovine placental lactogen ( bPL) were determined in fetal plasma samples by twelve double-antibody competitive radioimmunoassay systems ( RIA I - XII) based on either recombinant bPL ... [more ▼]

Concentrations of bovine placental lactogen ( bPL) were determined in fetal plasma samples by twelve double-antibody competitive radioimmunoassay systems ( RIA I - XII) based on either recombinant bPL ( non- glycosylated) or native bPL ( glycosylated). Both preparations were used as standard and tracer, and for primary antisera production. The minimum detection limit measured by these RIA varied from 0.02 to 0.6 ng bPLmL(-1). The coefficients of correlation of different bPL RIA systems were up to 90% ( P< 0.0001) when each RIA was tested against the average values of all twelve RIA systems. All developed RIA were used to investigate the incidence of different bPL isoforms in bovine fetal serum samples ( n= 71). Fetal concentrations ranged from 11.8 to 35.7 ng mL(-1) at the third month and from 1.1 to 13.5 ngmL(-1) at the ninth month of gestation. They tended to decrease with advancing gestation. In general, those RIA systems that used recombinant bPL as the standard measured higher values than those using the native bPL preparation. These differences decreased toward the end of gestation ( P< 0.05), suggesting a lower rate of glycosylation. Our results provide evidence of different glycosylated isoforms of bPL in fetal serum at different gestation periods. [less ▲]

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See detailEstrus synchronization, artificial insemination, and pregnancy diagnosis in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Hanh, NV; Huu, QX; Uoc, NT et al

in Reproduction, Fertility and Development (2007), 19(1), 198

One of the big obstacles in management of reproductive activity in water buffaloes is their silent estrus. This characteristic prevents the determination of time for artificial insemination (AI ... [more ▼]

One of the big obstacles in management of reproductive activity in water buffaloes is their silent estrus. This characteristic prevents the determination of time for artificial insemination (AI), resulting in lengthening of the calving interval (Nguyen et al. 1990 Proc. FAO Workshop, Bulgaria, 210–216). Pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) measurement in maternal blood is an effective method of early pregnancy diagnosis in ruminant species (Zoli et al. 1992 Biol. Reprod. 46, 83–92). The present study describes a preliminary attempt to improve buffalo reproductive performance by association of three different approaches: synchronization of estrus by hormonal treatment, followed by two AI, and finally pregnancy diagnosis based on PAG measurements. A total of 33 buffalo females (4 to 15 years old), with no apparent estrus during a period of 9 to 36 months after last calving, were used. Each female received 2 injections of 5 mL of PGF2α (Intervet, France) 10 days apart (Day -12 and Day -2), one injection of 500 IU of PMSG (SABC, Vietnam) at Day -5, and 1000 IU of hCG (Intervet, France) on the day of AI (Day 0). A second AI was performed 8 h after hCG injection. Blood samples (9 mL) were collected from each female at Days 20, 25, 40, and 45 after AI. Blood samples were withdrawn by jugular venipuncture (heparinized Vacutainer tubes) and kept in a cool box until centrifugation (500g, 10 min). Plasma samples were stored at -20°C until assayed for PAG. Pregnancy diagnosis was considered negative, doubtful, or positive according to the PAG concentrations (<0.6 ng mL-1, 0.6 to 0.8 ng mL-1, and >0.8 ng mL-1, respectively). Clinical observation of females after insemination showed that the total rate of animals that exhibited signs of estrus until Day 45 was 9.1% (3/33). These 3 females were not considered for pregnancy diagnosis. Table 1 shows the results of pregnancy diagnosis in 30 water buffalo females. These results show that fertilization is easily obtained after estrus synchronization in buffaloes and that measurement of PAG concentrations in maternal plasma can be used for pregnancy diagnosis from Day 40 after AI. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein 62 [Fragment] from Bubalus bubalis placenta - Access number P85050
Barbato, O.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Debenedetti, A. et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

N-terminal microsequence obtained after purification and characterization of placental proteins in Bubalus bubalis. Proteins were submitted to SwissProt databank.

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein 70 [Fragment] from Bubalus bubalis placenta - Access number P85049
Barbato, O.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Debenedetti, A. et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

N-terminal microsequence obtained after purification and characterization of placental proteins in Bubalus bubalis. Proteins were submitted to SwissProt databank.

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein 75 [Fragment] from Bubalus bubalis placenta - Access number P85048
Barbato, O.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Debenedetti, A. et al

E-print/Working paper (2007)

N-terminal microsequence obtained after purification and characterization of placental proteins in Bubalus bubalis. Proteins were submitted to SwissProt databank.

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See detailPregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during the post partum period in four non-pregnant cows.
Ayad, A.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Bella, Amina ULg et al

in Proceedings of the The Life Science Summit (2007)

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See detailThe Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins: Biochemical Aspects and Clinical Application for Pregnancy Follow-up
Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Barbato, O.; Bella, Amina ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. In the last years, a large polymorphic family of placenta-expressed proteins has been discovered in ruminant species and ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. In the last years, a large polymorphic family of placenta-expressed proteins has been discovered in ruminant species and used for pregnancy diagnosis. Members of this family are named pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG), being synthesized in the mono- and binucleate cells of the ruminant’s trophectoderm. Part of them are released in the maternal blood circulation where they can be assayed by different laboratory techniques. Due to large variety of expressed molecules and to large variations in the post-translational processing of the PAG, different immuno-systems present different ability to quantify the PAG released in blood. The sensitivity (92 to 100%) and specificity of PAG radioimmunoassay when used for pregnancy diagnosis are very high. The assay of PAG can also bring very interesting information for researchers working in programs focused on the study of embryonic and fetal mortalities, as well as on embryo biotechnology (ET, FIV, clonage), animal nutrition, or infections diseases resulting in pathologies affecting the pregnancy. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between progesterone and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein concentrations in the maternal circulation during early pregnancy in dairy cows.
Barbato, O.; Merlo, M.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd Scientific Meeting of the European Embryo Transfer Association (2007)

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See detailWestern analyses of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein family (PAG) in placental extracts of various mammals
Bella, Amina ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Dehimi, M. L. et al

in theriogenology (2007), 68(7), 1055-1066

The present study was conducted in order to analyze the inummoreactivity, of placental extracts of several animal species and humans against the following three groups of PAG antisera: anti-boPAG-1 (R#497 ... [more ▼]

The present study was conducted in order to analyze the inummoreactivity, of placental extracts of several animal species and humans against the following three groups of PAG antisera: anti-boPAG-1 (R#497), -boPAG-II (R#435), and -caPAG (R#706). Placental proteins were obtained after extraction at neutral pH, followed by ammonium sulfate (A.S.) precipitation, dialysis, and lyophilization. The immunoreactivity of different placental extracts was revealed by the use of monodimensional SDS-PAGE, followed by blotting on nitrocellulose membrane and the identification of immunoreactive proteins after incubation with PAG antisera (Western blot technique). A strong immunoreactivity of proteins from synepitheliochorial placenta (cattle, sheep, goat, bison, buffalo, and deer) was demonstrated in both 20-50% and 50-80% A.S. fractions using the three antisera. Proteins from species with epitheliochorial placenta presented variable profiles of detected PAG-like proteins: in the sow, many inummoreactive forms were revealed by antisera boPAG-I and boPAG-II, whereas in the dromedary, only two forms were revealed by anti-boPAG-II. Concerning other species, our protocols showed for the first time a cross-reaction between PAG antisera with proteins extracted from dog, alpaca, dromedary, sea lion, and human placenta. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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