References of "Melard, François"
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See detailAn Ecology of Knowledges and Practices : The Salamanca Island Project (Colombia)
Melard, François ULg

Conference (2004, December 03)

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See detailConférence citoyenne sur les tests génétiques "Lire dans mes gènes" - Rapport d'évaluation
Mormont, Marc ULg; Melard, François ULg

Report (2003)

Rapport d'évaluation sur la première conférence citoyenne nationale en Belgique (FRB). Le rapport présente les implications méthodologiques liées au fonctionnement de la conférence citoyenne.

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See detailLa problématique de l'évènement : rencontre d'un sociologue avec des géographes
Melard, François ULg

Scientific conference (2003, June 26)

Ce texte a pour ambition – d’abord personnelle – de clarifier la place qu’occupe la dimension spatiale dans l’argument que je défends : celui des échanges de propriétés entre humains et non-humains au ... [more ▼]

Ce texte a pour ambition – d’abord personnelle – de clarifier la place qu’occupe la dimension spatiale dans l’argument que je défends : celui des échanges de propriétés entre humains et non-humains au sein de controverses scientifiques, technologiques et économiques . Pour ce faire, je partirai d’une étude de cas qui a servi à mettre en évidence l’argument en question qui fut mis en scène au travers de ma dissertation doctorale . La nouveauté de ce présent texte tient par la manifestation des enjeux que pose la dimension spatiale au sein de la discipline géographique et surtout du succès de cette dernière à me convaincre qu’elle pouvait l’être pour ma propre pratique de chercheur en sociologie. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Condition of Felicity of a Blind Instrument
Melard, François ULg

Conference (2001, November 03)

This paper deals with an historical and ethnographic case : the operation of field laboratories in the sugar industry and their use of an instrument to measure a vegetable - the sugar beet. An optical ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with an historical and ethnographic case : the operation of field laboratories in the sugar industry and their use of an instrument to measure a vegetable - the sugar beet. An optical instrument – the polariscope - gives voice to sugar beets in order to settle agreements on the vegetable's industrial definition and financial value. The polariscope gained its strange authority through a historical and technical capacity for mediation : a mediation between sugar beet growers and sugar manufacturers (and their social interests), but especially a mediation between these social actors and the vegetable itself. I focus on the idea that, in fact, this instrument is “blind” and describe the sociological “exchanges of properties” that take place between human and non-human actors in an industrial, public, and low-tech setting. My study shows that this is a challenging and alternative way - far from scientific laboratories - by which knowledge and coordination are produced. [less ▲]

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See detailLes ingénieurs chimistes et leurs instruments: Le cas de l'analyse polarimétrique dans l'industrie sucrière
Melard, François ULg

in Chimie Nouvelle (1999), 17(68), 3008-3011

This article put forward the complexe relations that exists between chemists ingeneers and the development of the Sugar industry in Belgium (in the 19s century). The argument is that the technical ... [more ▼]

This article put forward the complexe relations that exists between chemists ingeneers and the development of the Sugar industry in Belgium (in the 19s century). The argument is that the technical dimension of the implementation of a new chemical protocol for the delivery of sugar beets may be of some importance in order to understand the sociological dimension of contractual relations between actors and the role of scientific expertise in such a context. [less ▲]

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See detailThe field laboratory in the sugar industry
Melard, François ULg

Conference (1999, October 29)

Abstract for the thematic stream « Disciplines & Instruments » The aim of my intervention concern the implication of a scientific instrument inside an industrial context of usage. The latter takes the ... [more ▼]

Abstract for the thematic stream « Disciplines & Instruments » The aim of my intervention concern the implication of a scientific instrument inside an industrial context of usage. The latter takes the form of various little laboratories situated in the countryside. More precisely, those laboratories are generally situated in the area surronding fields and have the objective to evaluate the weight and the content of saccharose of the sugar beets deliveries ; and this for contractual purposes. The beet testing laboratories constitute a social and technical mediator by which a mode of coordination is temporarly crafted between two groups of actors : the growers and the sugar manufactuers. The instruments of measurment, and more specifically the polariscope, which compose this technological system have the interesting particularities to be submited to the contradictory supervision of both parties. Instead of just being a private place for secret industrial practices, the beet testing laboratory is widely open to public scrutiny. The perpetual negociations that take place inside the laboratories are done according to the « correct » application of a chemical protocol. In that respect, modes of visualisation are produced in order to give form to general values like efficacity, soundness or equity inside concrete procedures. The contradictory control that make the testing of sugar beets operational is conceived here as a dynamic pattern through which the reality of both a natural resource and the commited economical actors, is produced. Measurement as form of coordination is one of the central subjects in the field of the sociology of metrological practices. I will treat some aspects of industrial practices inside those beet testing laboratories in the light of the many ethnographical works done about scientific laboratories. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Experts & their roles in the Belgian Sugar Industry
Melard, François ULg

Conference (1998, November 25)

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See detailLe processus d'innovation à l'INRA : le cas du sexage des embryons de bovins
Rabeharisoa, Vololona; Melard, François ULg

Report (1997)

Approche sociologique des techniques d'un processus d'innovation en matière agronomique (INRA).

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See detailF. Furet : Le communisme. L'histoire d'une illusion
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1997), 2

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See detailBessy & Chateauraynaud : Experts et faussaires
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1996), 2

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See detailJ. Peneff : l'hôpital en urgence
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1995), 1

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See detailLes modèles culturels dans les métiers de la construction
Maroy, Christian; Melard, François ULg

Report (1993)

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See detailSeron & Wittezaele : Aide ou contrôle
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1992), 2

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See detailE. Goffman : Les cadres de l'expérience
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1992), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (10 ULg)