References of "Mathy, Marianne"
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See detailComparative effects of IL-1beta and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on catabolic and anabolic gene expression in juvenile bovine chondrocytes.
Martin, G.; Andriamanalijaona, R.; Mathy, Marianne ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2005), 13(10), 915-24

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to those of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on gene expression in juvenile bovine articular chondrocytes (BAC). The study analyses the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to those of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on gene expression in juvenile bovine articular chondrocytes (BAC). The study analyses the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors, and the mRNA steady-state levels of the type II collagen, aggrecan core protein matrix, metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -3), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) genes. METHODS: Confluent BAC cultures were treated for 3 and 24h with IL-1beta and/or different concentrations of H(2)O(2) (Protocol 1). Following initial treatment, a part of the cells was further subjected to another 24h with medium, in the presence of IL-1beta, to determine the effect of the cytokine on H(2)O(2) pre-treated cells (Protocol 2). Total RNA and nuclear protein extractions were performed to study mRNA steady-state levels (real-time polymerase chain reaction) and AP-1/NF-kappaB DNA binding (Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assays), respectively. RESULTS: IL-1beta enhanced both AP-1 and NF-kappaB binding, whereas H(2)O(2) only activated AP-1. H(2)O(2) pre-treatment decreased the IL-1beta activation of NF-kappaB. Both H(2)O(2) and IL-1beta down-regulated type II collagen and aggrecan expression and increased that of MMP-1 and -3. When cells were pre-treated with H(2)O(2), followed by IL-1beta, the effects were the same as those observed with H(2)O(2) alone. However, although H(2)O(2) and IL-1beta were capable of increasing TGF-beta1 expression separately, subsequent incubation with both factors led to a partial or total abolition of TGF-beta1 up-regulation. CONCLUSION: The different regulation of NF-kappaB and AP-1 by H(2)O(2) and IL-1beta underlines the distinct roles played by the two transcription factors in the regulation of gene expression. H(2)O(2) and IL-1beta exert similar effects on matrix, MMPs and TGF-beta1 gene expression. However, the association of H(2)O(2) and IL-1beta does not cause synergic effect, and rather leads, in some cases, to an opposite effect. These data provide further insights into the respective roles of reactive oxygen species and cytokine in the pathophysiology of joint diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of oxygen tension on nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 synthesis by bovine chondrocytes.
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Burton, Sandrine; Deby, Ginette ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2005), 13(1), 74-9

OBJECTIVES: To determine the in vitro effects of oxygen tension on interleukin (IL)-1beta induced nitric oxide (*NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production by bovine chondrocytes. DESIGN ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To determine the in vitro effects of oxygen tension on interleukin (IL)-1beta induced nitric oxide (*NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production by bovine chondrocytes. DESIGN: Enzymatically isolated bovine chondrocytes were cultured for different periods in suspension in 21 (atmospheric), 5 or 1% (low) oxygen tension and in the absence or in the presence of increased amounts (0.01 to 1nM) of IL-1beta. Nitrite and nitrate concentrations in the culture supernatants were determined by a spectrophotometric method based upon the Griess reaction. PGE(2) production was quantified by a specific radioimmunoassay (RIA). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA steady state levels were also quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: In the absence of IL-1beta, ()NO production remained stable whatever the oxygen tension used. IL-1beta dose-dependently increased *NO production in both atmospheric and low oxygen conditions but the effect was more pronounced in low (1 and 5%) than in atmospheric (21%) oxygen tension (P<0.001). Under low and atmospheric oxygen tension, iNOS gene expression was increased by IL-1beta, but to a lesser extent in 21% than in 1 or 5% oxygen (P<0.01). In the basal condition, bovine chondrocytes spontaneously produced PGE(2) whatever the oxygen tension used. At 21% oxygen, IL-1beta dose-dependently increased PGE(2) production while no significant effect was observed at 1 or 5% oxygen. COX-2 gene expression was significantly upregulated by IL-1beta in both low and atmospheric oxygen tension. No significant difference between oxygen tension conditions was observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that a hypoxic environment fully blocks COX-2 activity but favours iNOS gene expression in chondrocytes culture. These findings indicate that O(2) tension modulates cellular behaviour in culture and supports the concept of chondrocyte culture in low oxygen tension to reproduce in vitro the life conditions of chondrocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailNitric oxide-related products and myeloperoxidase in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids from patients with ALI activate NF-kappa B in alveolar cells and monocytes.
Nys, Monique ULg; Preiser, Jean-Charles ULg; Deby, Ginette ULg et al

in Vascular Pharmacology (2005), 43(6), 425-33

An increased production of NO* and peroxynitrite in lungs has been suspected during acute lung injury (ALI) in humans, and recent studies provided evidence for an alveolar production of nitrated compounds ... [more ▼]

An increased production of NO* and peroxynitrite in lungs has been suspected during acute lung injury (ALI) in humans, and recent studies provided evidence for an alveolar production of nitrated compounds. We observed increased concentrations of nitrites/nitrates, nitrated proteins and markers of neutrophil degranulation (myeloperoxidase, elastase and lactoferrine) in the fluids recovered from bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) of patients with ALI and correlated these changes to the number of neutrophils and the severity of the ALI. We also observed that BALFs stimulated the DNA-binding activity of the nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) as detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay in human alveolar cells (A549) and monocytes (THP1). The level of activation of the NF-kappaB-binding activity was correlated to the concentration of nitrated proteins and myeloperoxidase. Furthermore, in vitro studies confirmed that NO*-derived species (peroxynitrite and nitrites) and the neutrophil enzyme myeloperoxidase by themselves increased the activation of NF-kappaB, thereby arguing for an in vivo pathogenetic role of NO*-related products and neutrophil enzymes to human ALI. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of glucocorticoids on the respiratory burst of Chlamydia-primed THP-1 cells.
Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Deby, Ginette ULg; Mathy, Marianne ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2004), 318(4), 941-8

We previously observed that the respiratory burst of human monocytes (THP-1 cell line) triggered by phorbol myristate acetate was strongly enhanced by a priming of the cells by Chlamydia pneumoniae ... [more ▼]

We previously observed that the respiratory burst of human monocytes (THP-1 cell line) triggered by phorbol myristate acetate was strongly enhanced by a priming of the cells by Chlamydia pneumoniae [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 287 (2001) 781]. We describe here the modifications of the responses of Chlamydia-primed THP-1 cells to hydrocortisone (HCT) and methylprednisolone (MPL). HCT and MPL inhibited the production of the cytokines TNFalpha and IL-8. But HCT, which inhibited the respiratory burst in LPS-primed monocytes, paradoxically stimulated the phenomenon in Chlamydia-primed cells; MPL exerted no significant effect. Both glucocorticoids did not significantly modify the triggering effect of Chlamydia on NF-kappaB binding activity. On the expression of p22(phox), a protein subunit of the NADPH oxidase, HCT had an increasing and MPL a decreasing effect. Glucocorticoids thus had unexpected effects on the inflammatory response of Chlamydia-primed monocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of hypoxia and reoxygenation on gene expression and response to interleukin-1 in cultured articular chondrocytes.
Martin, G.; Andriamanalijaona, R.; Grassel, S. et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004), 50(11), 3549-60

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of hypoxia and reoxygenation on the metabolism of chondrocytes and their response to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). The study included activation of hypoxia-inducible ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of hypoxia and reoxygenation on the metabolism of chondrocytes and their response to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). The study included activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), NF-kappaB, and activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factors, expression of matrix components and metalloproteases and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and TGFbeta receptors, and production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). METHODS: Bovine articular chondrocytes (BACs) were cultured to confluency in either 5% O(2) (hypoxia) or 21% O(2) (normoxia) in media supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). BACs were preincubated for 18 hours in media with 1% FCS only and then incubated for 24 hours in the presence of IL-1beta. For reoxygenation experiments, cells were treated in the same way in 5% O(2), except that cultures were transferred to normal atmospheric conditions and used after 4 hours for RNA extraction or after 30 minutes for cytoplasmic or nuclear protein extraction. RESULTS: In hypoxic and reoxygenated chondrocytes, we observed strong DNA binding of HIF-1. IL-1beta-induced DNA binding of NF-kappaB and AP-1 was significantly higher in hypoxic and reoxygenated cultures than in normoxia. Greater activation of the MAPKs was also observed with IL-1beta treatment in hypoxia compared with normoxia. Steady-state levels of type II collagen and aggrecan core protein messenger RNA (mRNA) were decreased by IL-1beta in all instances. Matrix metalloprotease 1 (MMP-1) and MMP-3 mRNA were increased by IL-1beta in normoxia and hypoxia, whereas only MMP-3 mRNA was enhanced in reoxygenated cultures. The MMP-2 mRNA level was not significantly affected by IL-1beta in normoxia or hypoxia, whereas it was enhanced in reoxygenated cultures. MMP-9 mRNA was dramatically decreased by IL-1beta only in low oxygen tension. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) message was significantly enhanced by the cytokine in most instances, whereas TIMP-2 message was markedly decreased by IL-1beta in reoxygenated cultures. Stimulation of TGFbeta1 expression by IL-1beta was observed only in normal atmospheric conditions. One of the more striking findings of the study was the greater stimulating effect of IL-1beta on NO production observed in hypoxia, which was much higher than in normoxia, whereas the reverse was observed for IL-1beta-induced PGE(2) production. CONCLUSION: Oxygen level and reoxygenation stress significantly modulate gene expression and the response of articular chondrocytes to cytokines such as IL-1beta. In hypoxic conditions, which mimic the in vivo condition of cartilage, the effects of IL-1beta on both synthesis and degradative processes are significantly different from those in normoxia, conditions that are unlikely encountered by chondrocytes in a normal state. In low oxygen tension, high IL-1beta-induced NO production is associated with a significant decrease in PGE(2) synthesis. These data should influence our concept of the role of oxygen in the pathophysiology of joint disease and may help define the best conditions in which to develop bioartificial cartilage. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of interleukin-1 beta and dexamethasone on the expression by chondrocytes of antioxidant enzymes
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Devel, Philippe; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2004), 12(Suppl. B), 51-52

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See detailAvocado/soybean unsaponifiables reverse H2O2 decoupling effect on aggrecan, type II collagen and metalloproteases gene expression in human chondrocytes
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Devel, P.; Piccardi, Nathalie et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003, October), 11(Suppl.1), 99

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See detailAdvocado/soybean unsaponifiables decrease the expression of pro-inflammatory genes in human chondrocytes
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Devel, P.; Piccardi, Nathalie et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003, October), 11(Suppl.1), 97-98

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See detailInfluence of oxygen tension on nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 production by bovine chondrocytes
Burton, Sandrine; Mathy, Marianne ULg; Deby-Dupont, Ginette et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003, October), 11(Suppl.1), 58

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See detailReactive oxygen species downregulate the expression of pro-inflammatory genes by human chondrocytes.
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Martin, G.; Devel, P. et al

in Inflammation Research (2003), 52(3), 111-8

OBJECTIVES: To determine the regulatory effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the expression by human osteoarthritic chondrocytes of interleukin (IL)-1beta, -6 and -8, inducible nitric oxide ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To determine the regulatory effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the expression by human osteoarthritic chondrocytes of interleukin (IL)-1beta, -6 and -8, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene in response to interleukin (IL)-1beta or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: Human chondrocytes in monolayer culture were incubated for 3 h with ROS generating molecules such as S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine (SNAP, 100 microM), 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, 100 microM), with chemically synthesised peroxynitrite (ONOO-, 10 microM) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 100 microM). After treatment by ROS, chondrocytes were washed and then cultured for the next 24 h with or without lipopolysaccharide LPS (10 microg/ml) or IL-1beta (1.10(-11) M). IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, iNOS and COX-2 gene expression was analysed by real time and quantitative RT PCR. IL-6, IL-8 and prostaglandin (PG) E2 productions were assayed by specific immunoassays. Nitrite was measured in the culture supernatants by the Griess procedure. RESULTS: LPS and IL-1beta stimulated IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, iNOS and COX-2 gene expression. SNAP significantly downregulated LPS induced overall gene expressions, whereas SIN-1 had no effect. ONOO- inhibited iNOS and COX-2 gene expression but not that of the cytokine genes. When chondrocytes were incubated with IL-1beta, SIN-1 and ONOO dramatically decreased all gene expressions while SNAP was inefficient. H2O2 treatment inhibited both LPS and IL-1beta induced gene expressions. CONCLUSIONS: These data provide an evidence that ROS may have anti-inflammatory properties by depressing inflammatory gene expression. Further, we demonstrate that ROS effects are dependent on the nature of radical species and the signalling pathway that is activated. These findings should be taken into consideration for the management of antioxidant therapy in treatment of inflammatory joint diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of the Metabolism of Osteoarthritic Chondrocytes Cultured in Alginate Beads
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Mathy, Marianne ULg; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2002), 10(SA), 34

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See detailExpression of TGF-betas and their receptors is differentially modulated by reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in human articular chondrocytes.
Ayache, N.; Boumediene, K.; Mathy, Marianne ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2002), 10(5), 344-52

OBJECTIVES: To study the effects exerted by two antioxidants, N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), as an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a reactive oxygen species (ROS ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To study the effects exerted by two antioxidants, N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), as an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, on the expression of the major growth factor involved in cartilage repair, TGF-beta, under the three isoforms beta1, beta2 and beta3, and the receptors I and II of this factor, using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated human chondrocytes in culture. METHODS: Suspension cultures of human chondrocytes derived from the knee of osteoarthritic patients were treated for 48 h with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (10 microg/ml), L-NMMA (0.5 mM) or NAC (1 mM). Nitrite levels were assayed on the culture media using the Griess spectrophotometric method. After total RNA extraction, the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, TGF-beta3, TGF-beta receptors I and II, was determined by semi-quantitative polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: LPS induced a dramatic increase of both NO production and iNOS mRNA level. The addition of L-NMMA (0.5 mM) abolished NO production without affecting iNOS mRNA levels. In contrast NAC (1 mM) strongly synergized with LPS to stimulate NO synthesis. LPS treatment did not significantly alter TGF-beta1 expression whereas L-NMMA inhibited its production. TGF-beta2 mRNA level was decreased by LPS and was not changed in the presence of L-NMMA. On the other hand, NAC was capable of counteracting the LPS-induced inhibition of TGF-beta2 expression. TGFbeta3 mRNA level was markedly reduced by LPS alone, or with both L-NMMA and NAC. Finally, the expression of TGF-betaRI was slightly increased in the presence of combined LPS and L-NMMA or NAC whereas that of TGFbeta-RII was reduced in the same conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The modulation of TGF-beta system was found to be differentially controlled by NO and ROS productions. Indeed, the control exerted on TGF-beta expression varied according to the isoform: TGF-beta1 mRNA level depends on NO whereas that of TGF-beta2 is regulated by ROS and TGF-beta3 seems to be unaffected by both of them. The expression of TGF-beta receptors appeared to be modulated by NO and ROS levels. The relevance of the present findings to osteoarthritis (OA) physiopathology and the potential use of antioxidant therapy to treat this disease are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation by reactive oxygen species of pro-inflammatory genes in chondrocytes
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Mathy, Marianne ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2002), 10(Suppl A), 34

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See detailRegulation by reactive oxygen species of interleukin-1beta, nitric oxide and prostaglandin E(2) production by human chondrocytes.
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Deby, Ginette ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2002), 10(7), 547-55

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of two drugs, N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), on interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of two drugs, N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), on interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production by human chondrocytes. The effect of aceclofenac (ACECLO), a non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID), was also examined. METHODS: Human chondrocytes were enzymatically isolated from osteoarthritic knee cartilage and then maintained in culture in suspension for 48h in the absence or in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (10 microg/ml), L-NMMA (0.5mM), NAC (1mM) or ACECLO (6.10(-6)M). IL-1beta and PGE(2) productions were quantified by specific immunoassays. Nitrite was measured in the culture supernatants by a spectrophotometric method based upon the Griess reaction. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and IL-1beta gene expressions were quantified by transcription of mRNA followed by real time and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. COX-2 protein expression was analysed by Western blot. RESULTS: LPS markedly increased the expression of IL-1beta, iNOS and COX-2 genes. In parallel, NO(2) and PGE(2) amounts found in the culture supernatants were significantly enhanced whereas IL-1beta was immunologically undetectable. The addition of L-NMMA (0.5mM) fully blocked LPS-induced NO production but greatly increased PGE(2) production, suggesting a negative effect of NO on PGE(2) synthesis. Inversely, NO production was stimulated by NAC while PGE(2) production was not affected. Interestingly, NAC increased the IL-1beta and iNOS mRNA levels but did not significantly modify COX-2 mRNA expression. L-NMMA did not significantly affect the expression of IL-1beta, iNOS and COX-2. The amount of COX-2 protein did not change in the presence of the antioxidants. Finally, ACECLO fully blocked the production of PGE(2) by chondrocytes without affecting the levels of COX-2 mRNA. CONCLUSIONS: The stimulation of IL-1beta, NO and PGE(2) production by LPS is differentially controlled by reactive oxygen species (ROS). In fact, L-NMMA and NAC have different mechanisms of action on the regulation of NO and PGE(2) productions. L-NMMA fully inhibits NO but increases PGE(2) production whereas NAC up-regulates NO but does not modify PGE(2) synthesis. The stimulating effect of L-NMMA on PGE(2) production is not controlled at the transcriptional level. These findings suggest that antioxidant therapy could have different effects according to the oxygen radical species targeted. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Antioxidant properties of Aceclofenac and its Metabolites: Investigation on an in vitro model
Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Mathy, Marianne ULg; Deby, Carol et al

Poster (2001, June 22)

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that some steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could exert their actions by multifactorial processes. Among them, the potential antioxidant activity of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that some steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could exert their actions by multifactorial processes. Among them, the potential antioxidant activity of certain NSAIDs towards various reactive oxygen species (ROS) is often suggested and could have pharmacological relevance. Objective: This study was designed to assess the potential antioxidant properties (IC50 values) of aceclofenac and its metabolites (4’OH-aceclofenanc and diclofenac) on three different systems of ROS production, using chemiluminescence (CL) technique with luminal and electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping. Material and Methods: Isolated human PMNs (1x106 cells) were activated with 5x10-7 M PMA in the presence of luminal (CL assays) with or without drug addition. For spin trapping experiments, 100 mM DMPO, a radical trapping agent, was added to the reaction milieu containing 6x106 cells/ml. For free-cell experiments, the Fenton’s reagent was used for generation of ·OH and xanthine/xanthine-oxidase system for O2-radicals. The NaOCl-induced CL, amplified by luminal, was used to test the drug effects on HOCl. Results: On the model of PMA-activated PMNs, 4’OH-aceclofenac exhibited the best antioxidant profile (IC50 = 10 µM) while the effect of the parent drug was less pronounced (IC50 = 100 µM). Diclofenac did not inhibit CL response even at the high dose of 1 mM. Quite similar results were obtained on the NaOCl-induced chemiluminescence, where the efficacy of the drug was as follows: 4’HO-ACE (25 µM) > ACE (1 mM) > DICLO (no effect at 1 mM). By ESR technique, 4’HO-ACE also showed an inhibitory effect (501 µM) on the ROS production by PMA-activated PMN as well as on the ·OH production, while ACE (IC50 = 100 µM) was less efficient and DICLO (IC50 = 1 mM) without significant effect. These findings indicate that beside its anti-inflammatory effects, aceclofenac acts as an antioxidant, at least in part, by the way of its metabolite especially 4’HO-ACE. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro effects of aceclofenac and its metabolites on the production by chondrocytes of inflammatory mediators.
Henrotin, Yves ULg; de Leval, X.; Mathy, Marianne ULg et al

in Inflammation Research (2001), 50(8), 391-9

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of action underlying the anti-inflammatory action of aceclofenac in vivo, we studied in vitro the effect of aceclofenac and its main metabolite, 4 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of action underlying the anti-inflammatory action of aceclofenac in vivo, we studied in vitro the effect of aceclofenac and its main metabolite, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac, in comparison with diclofenac, another metabolite, on cyclooxygenases activity as well as interleukin-1beta, -6 and -8, nitric oxide, and prostaglandin E2 production by human osteoarthritic and normal articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Enzymatically isolated human chondrocytes were cultured for 72 h in the absence or presence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or lipopolysacharride (LPS) and with or without increased amounts (1 to 30 microM) of aceclofenac or metabolites. The production of different cytokines was measured by Enzyme Amplified Sensitivity Immunoassays (EASIA). Prostaglandin E2 was quantified by a specific radioimmunoassay. Nitrite and nitrate concentrations in the culture supernatants were determined by spectrophotometric method based upon the Griess reaction. Cyclooxygenase-2, inducible NO synthase and IL-1beta gene expression were quantified by reverse transcription of mRNA followed by real time and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Finally, cyclooxygenase inhibitory potency of the drugs was also tested in both a cell-free system using purified ovine cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 (COX-1 and COX-2) and at a cellular level using human whole blood assay. RESULTS: We have demonstrated that aceclofenac, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac and diclofenac significantly decreased interleukin-6 production at concentrations ranged among 1 to 30 microM and fully blocked prostaglandin E2 synthesis by IL-1beta- or LPS-stimulated human chondrocytes. Aceclofenac and diclofenac had no effect on interleukin-8 production while 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac slightly decreased this parameter at the highest dose (30 microM). Aceclofenac was without effect on IL-1beta- or LPS-stimulated nitric oxide production. At 30 microM, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac inhibited both IL-1beta or LPS-stimulated nitric oxide production while diclofenac inhibited only the LPS-stimulated production. Finally, at 30 microM, the three drugs significantly decreased IL-1beta mRNA. In the whole blood test, aceclofenac and 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac weakly inhibited COX-1 with IC50 values superior to 100 microM, but decreased by 50% COX-2 activity at the concentration of 0.77 and 36 microM, respectively. Diclofenac strongly inhibited both COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 values of 0.6 and 0.04 microM, respectively. On the other hand, aceclofenac and diclofenac weakly inhibited purified ovine cyclooxygenases with IC50 values superior to 100 microM, whereas 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac was without effect. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aceclofenac actions are multifactorial and that metabolites could contribute to its anti-inflammatory actions. [less ▲]

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See detailNitrated proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients at risk of ventilator-associated bronchopneumonia.
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg; Nys, Monique ULg et al

in European Respiratory Journal (2000), 16(2), 296-301

The study was designed to identify markers of oxidative injury, related to the nitric oxide derived cascade, in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from intensive care patients suspected of ventilator ... [more ▼]

The study was designed to identify markers of oxidative injury, related to the nitric oxide derived cascade, in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from intensive care patients suspected of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Thirty-eight patients developing VAP and/or ARDS (VAP/ARDS group) were compared to 20 ventilated patients without VAP/ARDS (control group). Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and elastase, taken as markers of neutrophil activation were measured by enzymatic techniques, and nitrated proteins (NTPs) by an immunological method. The cytotoxicity of the BAL fluid was tested using cultured human epithelial alveolar cells by the release of pre-incorporated 51Cr. Mean NTP concentration and, MPO and elastase activities were different between the VAP/ARDS and control groups (p<0.05 for NTPs; p<0.005 for MPO; p<0.005 for elastase). NTP concentration correlated with MPO and elastase activity and neutrophil number (r=0.93, 0.91 and 0.87, respectively), but not to protein concentration and arterial oxygen tension/inspiratory oxygen fraction. The cytotoxicity of BAL correlated with NTP concentration (r=0.92) and MPO activity (r=0.89). It was concluded that the concentrations of nitrated proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid correlated with the oxidant activity of neutrophils and that, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytotoxicity was correlated with the nitrated protein concentration and may be mediated by oxidants. [less ▲]

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