References of "Marique, Anne-Françoise"
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See detailSpatial Planning as a Driver for Change in Both Mobility and Residential Energy Consumptions
Dujardin, Sébastien ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Proceedings of the International Conference CISBAT 2011 - Clean Tech for sustainable buildings - From Nano to urban scale (2011) (2011, September)

This paper presents the results of the first part of an important two-year research dedicated to analysing the impact of territorial structures upon GHG emissions in the Walloon Region (Belgium). The ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of the first part of an important two-year research dedicated to analysing the impact of territorial structures upon GHG emissions in the Walloon Region (Belgium). The rationale of the research is to provide regional authorities with up-to-date figures about the long-term influence of land planning decisions upon energy consumptions and GHG emissions, both in the residential building stock as well as for home-to-work commuting. The analysis has been conducted at the regional scale (16.844 km2) and includes both urban, periurban and rural settlements. It appears that those sectors that perform well on mobility also tend to perform well in terms of building consumption. This opens an avenue towards a much more progressive approach in terms of spatial planning, where compact cities may be viewed as part of the solution, still not the whole solution. This is especially true when one considers the entire territorial structure of a region and its strong inertia over time. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy requirements and solar availability in suburban areas: the influence of built density in an existing district
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; De Meester, Tatiana; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings of the International Conference CISBAT 2011 - Clean Tech for sustainable buildings - From Nano to urban scale (2011) (2011, September)

Although the environmental impacts of urban sprawl and their associated energy consumptions are now well documented, it remains a concern in many regions. In the current context of growing interest in ... [more ▼]

Although the environmental impacts of urban sprawl and their associated energy consumptions are now well documented, it remains a concern in many regions. In the current context of growing interest in environmental issues, local authorities become aware of this concern and are now trying to limit the development of new low-density suburban districts while households still continue to promote dispersed individual housing types located outside city centres. In this context, the paper proposes to investigate the influence of an increase in built density, in existing suburban neighbourhoods. The idea is to favour a higher built density in existing neighbourhoods instead of building new low-density neighbourhoods on unbuilt areas. The impacts of four renewal strategies dealing with the density are assessed, at the neighbourhood scale, for three indicators: (1) the potential energy savings for heating houses, (2) the solar energy received by the facades and roofs, as dispersed individual housing types are known to be those that receive most solar gains and (3) the potential area of land savings. [less ▲]

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See detailUrban Sprawl and Travel Energy Consumption: the Case of the Walloon Region of Belgium
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Dujardin, Sébastien ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg et al

in Irish Transport Research Network Conference, Energy & Transport, Programme and Proceedings (2011, August)

In the actual context of growing interests in environmental issues, reducing energy consumption in the transport sector, which represents 27% of final energy in the Walloon region of Belgium, appears as ... [more ▼]

In the actual context of growing interests in environmental issues, reducing energy consumption in the transport sector, which represents 27% of final energy in the Walloon region of Belgium, appears as an important policy target. Although it is often argued that more compact urban forms would significantly reduce transport energy consumption, urban sprawl is a concern in a large part of the regional territory. Moreover, assessment tools dedicated to transport energy consumption are lacking. In this context, the paper first presents a quantitative method developed to assess the transport system in the Walloon region of Belgium. Statistical data available at the neighbourhood scale and characteristics of cars and public vehicles are used to predict transport needs and assess energy consumption as far as home-to-work and home-to-school travels are concerned. Three index are presented and mapped (the energy performance index, the modal share and the mean distance travelled) to investigate the interdependences between spatial planning, urban sprawl and travel energy consumption in the Walloon region of Belgium. Three complementary scales are used: the “municipality” scale allows to highlight the general structure of the territory whereas the “former municipality” and the “census block” scales (the smallest geographical unit in which data are available in Belgium) highlight more detailed phenomenon. The evolution of the performance index between 1991 and 2001 and the difference in energy performance between home-to-work and home-to-school travels are also presented. Our main findings are presented and highlight that urban planning acts upon travel energy consumption. We show particularly that main cities present low energy consumption. However, a local scale approach is useful to highlight the existence of secondary suburban and rural cores presenting low transport energy consumption. In this respect, distance from home to destination is paramount while the mode of transport used has a lower impact. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of occupation modes on building heating loads: the case of a detached house located in a suburban area
de Meester, Tatiana; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Evrard Arnaud, Bodard Magali (Ed.) PLEA 2011 Architecture & Sustainable Development, Proceedings (2011, July)

Occupants’ behaviour is known to have a great influence on energetic demand, management and consumptions of a building. However, parameters related to inhabitants’ lifestyle are often neglected in ... [more ▼]

Occupants’ behaviour is known to have a great influence on energetic demand, management and consumptions of a building. However, parameters related to inhabitants’ lifestyle are often neglected in energetic studies and researches that often focus on insulation, ventilation or climate. In this context, the aim of the paper is to investigate the influence of three parameters related to human behaviour (the family size and the modes of occupations, the management of the heating system and the management of the heated area) on the housing heating loads of a standard dwelling. The case study chosen for this analysis is a detached house located in a suburban area. Five levels of insulation are tested (no insulation, an intermediate level corresponding to 3 cm of insulation, the current standard for new buildings in the Walloon region of Belgium, the low energy standard and the passive house standard) in order to highlight the impact and the interactions between occupation modes and insulation levels. The relevance of the adaptation of the living area of the house according to the evolution of the family size is finally discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an urban typology to assess residential environmental performance at the city scale
Wallemacq, Véronique; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Evrard Arnaud, Bodard Magali (Ed.) Proceedings of International Conference PLEA 2011 : Architecture & Sustainable Development (2011, July)

In this research, a typology of urban blocks is drawn up for the urban area of Liege. This typology of urban blocks is organized into a set of themes according to various environmental parameters. This ... [more ▼]

In this research, a typology of urban blocks is drawn up for the urban area of Liege. This typology of urban blocks is organized into a set of themes according to various environmental parameters. This paper presents the energy part of this typology on the residential building stock of Liege, which includes four topics: residential buildings energy consumption; transport energy consumption of residents; development potentialities of public transport and development potentialities of energy networks. The proposed typology was elaborated through the use of GIS tools combined with a statistical treatment of several specific criteria at the urban block scale. For each class of this typology, a representative block is selected for further energy simulations in order to model residential energy use related to buildings, transport and energy networks at the city scale. The methodology developed in this paper is adapted to urban, suburban and rural zones. It can thus be adapted and/or reproduced on many other territories in Belgium but also in Europe or even further. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards more sustainable neighbourhoods: are good practices reproducible and extensible?
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Evrard Arnaud, Bodard Magali (Ed.) Proceedings of International Conference PLEA 2011 : Architecture & Sustainable Development (2011, July)

Several urban neighbourhoods built or retrofitted from the 1990s have become renowned for their sustainability and are often presented as good practices, as far as sustainable development and low energy ... [more ▼]

Several urban neighbourhoods built or retrofitted from the 1990s have become renowned for their sustainability and are often presented as good practices, as far as sustainable development and low energy architecture are concerned. Although these “sustainable neighbourhoods” receive a great deal of media coverage, they seem to stay “single” experiments and are rarely repeated in other territories or at larger scales. This paper first discusses the European context, which fostered the development of these pilot experiments. It then proposes a rereading of eight famous sustainable neighbourhoods in an analytic way that is more than descriptive to highlight good practices to repeat and weaknesses to avoid and question the reproducibility of these experiments. The settings grid, which describes the achievement conditions and some common characteristics of these urban projects, highlighted through this analysis, is compared with a Belgian dwelling project, and this comparison allows us to explain why it can be difficult to extend these concepts more widely. Finally, the paper proposes several guidelines to promote energy efficiency and sustainability at the urban scale in order to support the planning of more sustainable urban projects. [less ▲]

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See detailConcevoir des bâtiments économes en énergie
Reiter, Sigrid ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Nguyen, Ngoc Luan ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailUrban renewal through a location-specific way to streamline procedures: the walloon tool of "urban remembrement"
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg et al

in Tira, M.; van der Krabben, E.; Zanon, B. (Eds.) Land managment for urban dynamics. Innovative methods and practices in a changing Europe (2011)

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See detailA method to assess transport consumptions in suburban areas
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Conference (2010, October 21)

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See detailA method to assess global energy requirements of suburban areas at the neighbourhood scale
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in buildings (2010, August)

This article presents the method developed to assess existing suburban neighbourhoods in order to improve their energy efficiency. It combines the use of dynamic simulation tools to evaluate energy ... [more ▼]

This article presents the method developed to assess existing suburban neighbourhoods in order to improve their energy efficiency. It combines the use of dynamic simulation tools to evaluate energy requirements for heating and lighting residential buildings, a statistical approach to assess the transport system and a simplified calculation to take also into account public lighting. The method is completed by a life-cycle analysis of buildings. An application is presented concerning the comparison of three typical suburban structures in the Walloon region of Belgium. The influence of parameters which are often underestimated, like distribution of buildings or location, on the global energy performances of suburban fabrics is tested. The results of this exercise are presented and its limits are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailNotes de recherche n°12. Le remembrement urbain
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg et al

Report (2010)

Cette note de recherche se penche sur un nouvel outil wallon en faveur de la redynamisation des villes, le remembrement urbain. Cet outil qui trouve son origine dans la Déclaration de la Politique ... [more ▼]

Cette note de recherche se penche sur un nouvel outil wallon en faveur de la redynamisation des villes, le remembrement urbain. Cet outil qui trouve son origine dans la Déclaration de la Politique régionale 2004-2009, n’a été appliqué jusqu’à présent que dans cinq dossiers. L’approche prospective adoptée dans cette note de recherche se base sur ces cinq expériences et sur une série d’entretiens avec les acteurs-clés du remembrement urbain. Après une analyse historique et juridique de l’outil, la note aborde le RU sous un angle plus opérationnel. En conclusion, les auteurs établissent une série de recommandations dressent quelques perspectives de développement. [less ▲]

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See detailDes coûts de transaction et de développement incompressibles ? L’exemple du remembrement urbain en Wallonie
Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg et al

in Etudes Foncières (2010), 145

La Région wallonne (Belgique) souhaite simplifier et raccourcir les procédures administratives liées au renouvellement urbain à travers la mise en place d’une procédure d’exception pour les projets ... [more ▼]

La Région wallonne (Belgique) souhaite simplifier et raccourcir les procédures administratives liées au renouvellement urbain à travers la mise en place d’une procédure d’exception pour les projets d’envergure : le remembrement urbain. La prise en compte des modes d’appropriation de ce nouveau dispositif par les acteurs de l’aménagement et de la promotion immobilière en donnent un autre éclairage. [less ▲]

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See detailEco-conception : exemples d'écoquartiers
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Conference (2009, May 15)

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See detailLe remembrement urbain : requalifier les quartiers, recomposer le tissu urbain
Grabczan, Robert; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Meuris, Coralie et al

Poster (2009, March 24)

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See detailLes quartiers durables : processus de production et reproductibilité
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

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See detailApproche pratique pour un urbanisme durable
Castiau, Etienne; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Meuris, Coralie et al

Book (2008)

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See detailL'énergie de chauffage et de climatisation en ville
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Master's dissertation (2002)

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