References of "Marchot, Pierre"
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See detailArchitecture of a Grid-Enabled Lattice-Boltzmann Middleware
Dethier, Gérard ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre-Arnoul ULg

Poster (2008, May)

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) simulation methods constitute a family of computational fluid dynamics methods that can deal with complex multiphysics models and are easily parallelizable. They are based on ... [more ▼]

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) simulation methods constitute a family of computational fluid dynamics methods that can deal with complex multiphysics models and are easily parallelizable. They are based on modified lattice-gas automata. The algorithm of LB simulations is quite simple. Space is discretized into a lattice. Each node of this lattice has a state. This state indicates the proportion of particules moving along fixed directions (these proportions are generally called “fields”). At each time step, the state of all lattice nodes is updated. Each node first receives fields coming from its neighbors and then “collides” them by applying a collision operator which generates the new state. Grid computing can be defined as “coordinated resource sharing and problem solving in dynamic, multi-institutional collaborations”. In practice, a Grid user (which can be a software component) submits a job composed of tasks to the Grid. The tasks are automatically run on available computational resources across organizational boundaries (i.e. clusters of multiple departments). LaBoGrid is an application combining the concepts of LB modelling and Grid computing. It is able to run LB simulations on an arbitrary number of computational resources from a Grid. It deals with operating system and hardware performance heterogeneity. The former because LaBoGrid is written in Java. The latter thanks to load-balancing. This is essential because all LaBoGrid tasks are inter- connected and depend on information from one another. A slow LaBoGrid task will slow down the overall process. LaBoGrid is based on asynchronous agents exchanging messages. The two main agents are the Controller agent (CA) and the distributed agent (DA). In a deployed LaBoGrid system, the CA exists in only one instance. It keeps track of the DAs and their topology. A task agent running some arbitrary code can be attached to the CA (CAT) and the DAs (DAT). In LaBoGrid, LB-specialized task agents are used (this system could be adapted to other problems). A configuration file parsed by the LB CAT gives the parameters of an LB simulation. The LB CAT configures automatically the LB DATs which handle the simulation code. Currently, LB simulations are done on 3D fluids with 19 fields per state. However, the code can be adapted very easily to other fluid dimensions and different state definitions, storage and computation precisions and collision types. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Back Mixing on the Convective Drying of Residual Sludges in a Fixed Bed
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Meneses, Eustedio; Le Trong, Emmanuel et al

in Water Research (2008), 42(10-11), 2671-2677

The influence of a backmixing operation on the convective belt drying of two wastewater sludges was studied. The expansion of the sludge extrudates bed due to increasing additions of dry product was ... [more ▼]

The influence of a backmixing operation on the convective belt drying of two wastewater sludges was studied. The expansion of the sludge extrudates bed due to increasing additions of dry product was quantified by using X-ray tomography. This non-invasive technique was used to determine the bed porosity and the total exchange area available for heat and mass transfers, for increasing levels of backmixing. For a same drying flux, the expansion of the drying bed leads to higher drying rates, allowing a reduction of the total drying time. In this context, rheological properties of the sludges are key properties. [less ▲]

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See detailIn situ observation of wall effects in activated carbon filters by X-ray microtomography
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Wullens, Hilda; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Separation & Purification Technology (2008), 64(1), 127-130

X-ray microtomography is a powerful non-invasive visualisation technique which can be advantageously used to get a better understanding or dynamic adsorption processes. In the present work, this technique ... [more ▼]

X-ray microtomography is a powerful non-invasive visualisation technique which can be advantageously used to get a better understanding or dynamic adsorption processes. In the present work, this technique is shown to be able to detect wall effects during the dynamic adsorption of methyl iodide on activated carbon filters. The analysis of transversal cross-sections along the filter height clearly shows the existence of radial concentration profiles. These radial adsorption profiles are directly linked to velocity profiles due to a higher permeability at the wall. Obtaining Such in situ information constitutes a real progress in order to validate simulation models allowing predicting reliable breakthrough times. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailApplications de la microtomographie à rayons X en génie des procédés
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

Scientific conference (2007, November)

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See detailIntérêt de la microtomographie à rayons X pour la formulation de produits agroalimentaires
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in SFGP (Ed.) Récents progrès en génie des procédés N° 96 2007 : actes du 11° Congrès de la Société Française de Génie des Procédés 9-10-11 Octobre 2007, Saint-Étienne, France (2007, October)

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See detailVisualisation d'effets de paroi dans des lits de charbon actif par microtomographie à rayons X
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Wullens, Hilda; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in SFGP (Ed.) Récents progrès en génie des procédés N° 96 2007 : actes du 11° Congrès de la Société Française de Génie des Procédés 9-10-11 Octobre 2007, Saint-Étienne, France (2007, October)

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See detailA Grid-enabled Lattice-Boltzmann-based modelling system
Dethier, Gérard ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre-Arnoul ULg et al

in Wyrzykowski, Roman; Dongarra, Jack; Karczewski, Konrad (Eds.) et al Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics (2007, September)

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) methods are a well-known technique in the context of computational fluid dynamics. By nature, they can eas- ily be parallelized but their adaptation to the Grid environment is not ... [more ▼]

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) methods are a well-known technique in the context of computational fluid dynamics. By nature, they can eas- ily be parallelized but their adaptation to the Grid environment is not trivial due to hardware heterogeneity (CPU, memory. . . ) in a Grid. A load balancing method to dynamically handle the differences in terms of CPU number and power among the machines of a Grid is presented. The CPU power is dynamically estimated using a benchmark. An estimation method of execution time is also given. [less ▲]

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See detailObservation of wall effects in activated carbon filters by x-ray µCT
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Wullens, Hilda; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Mc Cann, H.; Johansen, G. A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Bergen, Norway, September 6-9, 2007 (2007, September)

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See detailValidation of DigiPac Simulations of packed columns using x-ray microtomography
Jia, X.; Xu, C.; Caulkin, R. et al

in Mc Cann, H.; Johansen, G. A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Bergen, Norway, September 6-9, 2007 (2007, September)

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See detailMesure de la distribution des phases dans une mousse métallique par radiographie et micro-tomographie à rayons X
Toye, Dominique ULg; Aferka, Saïd ULg; Calvo, Sébastien ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés - N°95 - Actes des 5èmes Journées francophones sur les réacteurs gaz-liquide et gaz-liquide-solide, 12-15 juin 2007, Carry-le-Rouet, France (2007, June)

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See detailMesure de la distribution des phases dans une colonne de distillation réactive par tomographie à rayons X
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Saroha, A.; Toye, Dominique ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés - N°95 - Actes des 5èmes Journées francophones sur les réacteurs gaz-liquide et gaz-liquide-solide, 12-15 juin 2007, Carry-le-Rouet, France (2007)

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See detailModélisation d'un écoulement diphasique au sein d'un empilage structuré
Calvo, Sébastien ULg; Beugre, Djomice Antoine ULg; Aferka, Saïd ULg et al

in SFGP (Ed.) Récents Progrès en Génie des procédés - N°96 - Des réponses industrielles pour une société en mutation - Actes du 11ème Congrès de la Société française de Génie des procédés - 9-11 octobre 2007, Saint Etienne, France (2007)

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See detailSimple heuristic model of an aerosol filter
Lecocq, Raphaël; Calvo, Sébastien ULg; Saroha, A. et al

in SFGP (Ed.) Récents Progrès en Génie des procédés - N°96 - Des réponses industrielles pour une société en mutation - Actes du 11ème Congrès de la Société francophone de Génie des Procédés, 9-11 octobre 2007, Saint-Etienne, France (2007)

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See detailIn situ measurements of the static liquid holdup in Katapak-SP12 (TM) packed column using X-ray tomography
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Saroha, A. K. et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2007), 62(21), 6076-6080

Static liquid holdup was determined in situ, in a column packed with Katapak-SP12 (TM) elements, using a non-intrusive X-ray tomographic technique. Experiments were performed in a 10 cm diameter PVC ... [more ▼]

Static liquid holdup was determined in situ, in a column packed with Katapak-SP12 (TM) elements, using a non-intrusive X-ray tomographic technique. Experiments were performed in a 10 cm diameter PVC column with the air-water system. The technique allows a local determination of the various liquid holdup as well as of the capillary height, without dismantling the elements. Results are in good agreement with correlations proposed in the literature. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhase distribution measurements in metallic foam using x-ray radiography and micro-tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Aferka, Saïd ULg; Calvo, Sébastien ULg et al

in Johansen, G. A.; Mc Cann, H. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Bergen, Norway, September 6-9, 2007 (CD-ROM) (2007)

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See detailApplication des techniques tomographiques en génie des procédés
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

Scientific conference (2006, October 26)

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See detailStudy of organic and water vapours adsorption on carbon filters by X-ray microtomography
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Fourth International Symposium on Process Tomography in Poland, 2006, Varsóvia (2006, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)