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See detailLe Zébu Azawak dans l'élevage bovin au Sahel
Issa Ibrahim, Abdoulkarim ULg; Bada-Alambedji, Rianatou; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Revue Africaine de Santé et de Productions Animales [=RASPA] (2014), 12

La contribution de l'élevage est essentielle pour l'amélioration de la production alimentaire et la réduction de la pauvreté dans le Sahel. Dans ce vaste ensemble, l’élevage repose sur l’exploitation des ... [more ▼]

La contribution de l'élevage est essentielle pour l'amélioration de la production alimentaire et la réduction de la pauvreté dans le Sahel. Dans ce vaste ensemble, l’élevage repose sur l’exploitation des parcours naturels avec différents système de production. Ainsi, on retrouve principalement trois types de système à savoir le type pastoral, le type nomade, le type transhumant auxquels s’ajoute le système de ranching. Les races bovines sahéliennes sont caractérisées par des faibles productions avec des paramètres de reproduction peu performants. Certains pays sahélien ont adopté plusieurs politiques d’amélioration des productions des races locales à travers notamment l’insémination artificielle ou encore la mise en place de programme de sélection de race locale performante. C’est ainsi que, le zébu azawak élevé dans un système de ranching à Toukounous (Niger) s’est révélé bien adapté dans un système de production aride avec des productions animales nettement supérieurs aux autres races rencontrées. Cet article décrit les modes d’élevage dans le Sahel, les principales races bovines rencontrées et enfin traite des avantages comparatifs qu’offre la race azawak par rapport aux autres races bovines locales et aux produits issus du croisement de l’insémination artificielle. [less ▲]

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See detailEscherichia coli in domestic mammals and birds.
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Fairbrother, John

in Morabito, Stefano (Ed.) Pathogenic Escherichia coli : Molecular and cellular microbiology (2014)

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See detailEscherichia coli de la fourche à la pipette : (mé)connaissances sur les souches pathogènes
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October)

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See detailStrepto, Staphylo, Coli... et les autres dans les mammites bovines
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2013, September)

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See detailPrevalence of Campylobacter spp infection in male mule ducks in Belgium
Flament, Aline; Soubbotina, Alexandra ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Abstracts of the XVIIIth World Veterinary Poultry Association Congress (2013, August)

Salmonella enterica and Campylobacter spp food poisoning are major public health burden. In Belgium, breeding of mule duck is well developed and “foie gras” consumption shows a yearly increase. Flament et ... [more ▼]

Salmonella enterica and Campylobacter spp food poisoning are major public health burden. In Belgium, breeding of mule duck is well developed and “foie gras” consumption shows a yearly increase. Flament et al. (2012) published a paper on the Belgian Salmonella spp infection in ducks but up to now there are no data about Campylobacter prevalence. The monitoring of Campylobacter spp infections was performed from March 2008 to April 2009 in 9 Belgian duck farms starting at the arrival of French ducklings up to the end of the force-feeding period. Cotton-tipped swabs of droppings were collected in duckling transportation boxes 24 to 48 h after the arrival of animals in the farm. Pools of bird droppings (10 to 50 g in 3 to 5 samples, representative of the housing area) were collected at 3, 6, 9 weeks of age and at time of introduction in the force-feeding rooms (at 11 or 12 weeks of age). A membrane filter method adapted from the original Steele and Mc Dermott (1984) method was used. After the filtering step, Campy blood free selective medium plates were incubated at 37°C, micro-aerobically ([O2] < à 10%) in anaerobic jars and colonies corresponding to putative Campylobacter spp were further identified with the API Campy® system. Campylobacter spp was isolated from all flocks, most of the time already at arrival of ducklings or at 3 weeks of age. Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (32/42) was the most frequent species isolated (Fig.1). Campylobacter coli (3/42), Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei (2/42) and Helicobacter fennelliae (3/42) were unfrequently isolated. Two isolates could not be identified to the species. Our results confirm those of Tsai et Hsiang (2005) who found a prevalence of 92% for Campylobacter in Taiwan. The isolations of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei and Helicobacter fennelliae were unexpected. Indeed man is considered the reservoir of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doyley and up to now the isolation of Helicobacter was never reported from ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) (Murphy et al., 2005). In conclusion the putative role of mule ducks in the transmission of Campylobacter food borne illness should not be underestimated [less ▲]

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See detailMy story as a veterinarian, a bacteriologist and a molecular infectiologist
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2013, May)

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See detailMy story as a veterinarian, a bacteriologist and a molecular infectiologist
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2013, April)

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See detailStructural esuation models to estimate risk infection and tolerance to bovine mastitis
Detilleux, Johann ULg; Theron, Léonard ULg; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Genetics, Selection, Evolution (2013), 45

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See detailEffect of a fibrous diet on growth performance, carcass characteristics and gut health of fattening pigs
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Antoine, Nadine ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2013)

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See detailGenotypic and phenotypic charactérisation of methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from milk of bovine mastitis
Bardiau, M; Yamazaki, K; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Letters in Applied Microbiology (2013)

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See detailCharacterization of methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolated from dogs and cats
Bardiau, M; Yamazaki, K; Ote, I et al

in Microbiology and Immunology (2013), 57

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See detailBacterial mastitis in the Azawak zebu breed at the Sahelian experimental station in Toukounous (Niger) : Identification and typing of Staphylococcus aureus
Issa, Ibrahim Abdoulkarim; Bada-Alambedji, Rianatou; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in International Research Journal of Microbiology (2013), 4

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See detailRésistance bactériennes aux antibiotiques, les mécanismes et leur "contagiosité"
Muylaert, Adeline ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2013), 156

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See detailRésistances aux fluoroquinolones: la situation actuelle
Muylaert, Adeline ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2013), 157

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See detailEscherichia coli virulence factors
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2013), 152

Escherichia coli was described in 1885 by a German pediatrician, Theodor Escherich, in the faeces of a child suffering diarrhoea. In 1893, a Danish veterinarian postulated that the E. coli species ... [more ▼]

Escherichia coli was described in 1885 by a German pediatrician, Theodor Escherich, in the faeces of a child suffering diarrhoea. In 1893, a Danish veterinarian postulated that the E. coli species comprises different strains, some being pathogens, others not. Today the E. coli species is subdivided into several pathogenic strains causing different intestinal, urinary tract or internal infections and pathologies, in animal species and in humans. Since this congress topic is the interaction between E. coli and the mucosal immune system, the purpose of this manuscript is to present different classes of adhesins (fimbrial adhesins, afimbrial adhesins and outer membrane proteins), the type 3 secretion system, and some toxins (oligopeptide, AB, and RTX pore-forming toxins) produced by E. coli, that can directly interact with the epithelial cells of the intestinal, respiratory and urinary tracts. [less ▲]

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See detailPyrosequencing of epizootic rabbit enteropathy inocula and rabbit caecal samples.
Huybens, N.; Houeix, J.; Licois, D. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2013), 196

The aetiological agent of epizootic rabbit enteropathy (ERE) is still unknown although a bacterial infection seems the most likely hypothesis. In this study, amplification of the V5 and V6 regions of ... [more ▼]

The aetiological agent of epizootic rabbit enteropathy (ERE) is still unknown although a bacterial infection seems the most likely hypothesis. In this study, amplification of the V5 and V6 regions of 16SrDNA from four virulent and two non-virulent caecal samples was performed using a pyrosequencing platform. The virulent samples did not group in the same cluster. The bacterial flora identified was both different and richer than the cultivable bacterial flora. These findings highlight the need for biomolecular techniques to identify the aetiological agent of ERE. [less ▲]

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See detailZoonoses in Pet 1 birds: review and perspectives
Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (9 ULg)