References of "Mainil, Jacques"
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See detailGenotypical and phenotypical characterization of potential virulence of intestinal avian Escherichia coli strains isolated in Algeria
Mellata, M.; Bakour, R.; Jacquemin, E. et al

in Avian Diseases (2001), 45

In order to characterize potential pathogenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrheic hens and chickens originating from intensive battery rearing in North Algeria, the presence of a large range ... [more ▼]

In order to characterize potential pathogenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrheic hens and chickens originating from intensive battery rearing in North Algeria, the presence of a large range of virulence factors and markers was studied in 50 strains by DNA-DNA hybridization on colonies and phenotypic tests. The sequences we focused on were those coding for adhesins F5, F41, F17, Pap, Afa, and Sfa; intimin Eae; and toxins STa, STb, LT1, Stx1, Stx2, CNF1, and CNF2. The phenotypes explored were the colicins, aerobactin, hemolysins, and hemagglutinin production and serum resistance. The genotypic and phenotypic tests enabled us to categorize the isolates into two distinct groups: those with a potential to invade the host (27 strains were serum resistant and/or produced aerobactin), among which three strains were also potentially diarrheagenic, one strain was LT1 + F17+ Afa+ Pap+ (enterotoxigenic E. coli) and the two others were Stx1 (verotoxigenic E. coli). Twenty-three strains were colicinogenic, including 19 strains producing colicin V. This latter factor was also detected in isolates negative for the other virulence factors. On the basis of the type of erythrocytes agglutinated, we established 14 mannose-resistant hemagglutination patterns among the 37 strains tested, including 22 serum-resistant and/or aerobactin producing strains and 15 strains negative for these two characters. None of the strains produced alpha hemolysin, whereas two strains produced beta hemolysin and enterohemolysin, respectively. Congo red fixation was observed in 25 strains. No relationship could be detected between Congo red fixation and the presence of other virulence markers, such as serum resistance and aerobactin production. This study shows that among isolates originating from the feces of diarrheic chickens, the proportion of potentially diarrheagenic E. coli strains is low. [less ▲]

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See detailBacterial Intestinal Flora Associated with Enterotoxaemia in Belgian Blue Calves
Manteca, Christophe; Daube, Georges ULg; Pirson, Vincianne et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 81(1), 1-12

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of ... [more ▼]

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of other clinical signs but its cause has not been yet identified. As a first step in this identification, the aerobic and anaerobic intestinal flora of a population of 78 calves, originating from farms located in southern Belgium and that died in circumstances defined as "calf enterotoxaemia" (study population) and of 64 calves that died in other circumstances (control population) were studied qualitatively and quantitatively. The colonies were identified after subcultures with appropriate API sugar sets. Anaerobically Clostridium perfringens was isolated in higher numbers (mean values of 10(7)-10(7.5) colony forming units (CFU) versus 10(4)-10(5) CFU per ml of intestinal content) and from more animals (79 versus 19%) in the study population than in the control population, although individual results from both populations could overlap. Other clostridial species, i.e. mainly urease-negative C. sordellii and C. bifermentans, were isolated in high numbers (>10(6) CFU per ml of intestinal content) from a few animals in the study population only. All but one of the 705 C. perfringens isolates from both populations belonged to the A toxin type and none of the urease-negative C. sordellii was toxigenic. Gram-negative anaerobes were not isolated in high numbers from any of the samples. Aerobically beta-haemolytic E. coli were significantly more frequent among the study population, but were isolated from only 25% of the animals. Salmonella Typhimurium was isolated from only two animals in the study population. Less than 1% of the E. coli isolated were verotoxigenic and one-third were necrotoxigenic. At this stage only non-enterotoxigenic type A C. perfringens are thus statistically associated with the enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves and fulfil the first of the Koch's postulates. [less ▲]

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See detailGenotypic Characterization of Enteropathogenic Escherichia Coli (Epec) Isolated in Belgium from Dogs and Cats
Goffaux, F.; China, B.; Janssen, L. et al

in Research in Microbiology (2000), 151(10), 865-71

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are isolated from man and farm animals but also from dogs and cats. They produce typical histological lesions called 'attaching and effacing' lesions. Both plasmid ... [more ▼]

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are isolated from man and farm animals but also from dogs and cats. They produce typical histological lesions called 'attaching and effacing' lesions. Both plasmid and chromosomal elements are involved in the pathogenesis of EPEC infection. The presence of these genetic elements was investigated in 14 dog and three cat EPEC isolates. A bfpA-related gene was detected in five of the 17 isolates in association with high molecular weight plasmids, and a locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) was present in all isolates. The LEE was inserted in the selC region in only 12% of the isolates. The eae, tir, espA and espB genes were analyzed by multiplex PCR. The results indicated the presence of those genes in the tested isolates with heterogeneity in the gene subtypes present: eae gamma-tir alpha-espA alpha-espB alpha (65%), eae beta-tir beta-espA beta-espB beta (29%), eae alpha-tir alpha-espA alpha-espB alpha (6%). Moreover, the espD gene was also present in dog and cat EPEC. The DEPEC and CEPEC form a heterogeneous group and five of them are closely related to human EPEC. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical Signs, Reproduction of Attaching/Effacing Lesions, and Enterocyte Invasion after Oral Inoculation of an O118 Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia Coli in Neonatal Calves
Stordeur, P.; China, B.; Charlier, G. et al

in Microbes & Infection (2000), 2(1), 17-24

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins ... [more ▼]

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins active on various cell cultures, the verocytotoxins, or shigacytotoxins. EHEC are associated with diarrhoea and dysentery in humans and in ruminants, mainly calves from two to eight weeks of age. Clinical signs and/or lesions have been reproduced experimentally with EHEC strains belonging to serotypes O5:K4/Nm, O26:K-:H11, O111:Nm, and O157:H7 which are isolated from cattle and/or humans. The purpose of this work was to develop an experimental model of infection in newborn calves with a bovine EHEC strain isolated from a calf which of died of diarrhoea, and belonging to the O118:H16 serotype, which is also common to both cattle and humans. The bovine O118:H16 EHEC strain was able to colonize the gut of three newborn calves, and to induce diarrhoea twenty-four hours after challenge and to produce AE lesions in the small and/or large intestines. AE lesions were detected microscopically and ultrastructurally in the small intestine of one calf and in the whole intestinal track of two calves. Internalization of bacteria and also of pedestal-bacteria complex inside of the enterocyte was observed in two of the three calves. The significance of this stage is unknown but may be related to the invasion of the calf by the bacteria. The challenge strain was isolated from the mesenteric lymph nodes of the same two calves but not from other organs or from heart blood. No blood was observed in the faeces of any of the three calves, nor were any lesions in the internal organs, which may have been related to the production of a verotoxin whose role is still unknown in cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailTyping of the pathogenicity islands type III (Locus LEE) of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli
Goffaux, F.; Janssen, L.; Jacquemin, E. et al

Conference (2000)

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See detailNekrotoxikus Escherichia coli (NTEC) törzsek magyarorszagi elöfordulasa és jellemzése
Nagy, B.; Toth, I.; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja = Hungarian Veterinary Journal (2000), 122

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See detailLes souches pathogènes d'Escherichia coli chez les chiens et chats : II) Données cliniques et bactériologiques sur les souches entéropathogènes
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Janssen, L.; Charlier, G. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

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See detailBactériologie comparée des liquides de lavage pulmonaire obtenus par voie transtrachéale ou par voie nasotrachéale chez le veau
Schreiber, P.; Thomas, A.; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

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See detailL'entérotoxémie bovine en Belgique. II. Epizootiologie élémentaire et pathologie descriptive.
Manteca, Christophe; Daube, Georges ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 145

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See detailLe point des connaissances sur les entérites à Escherichia coli chez le veau
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

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See detailWegwijs in de vele benamingen van de veelvormige pathogeen Escherichia coli
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (2000), 69

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See detailRole of Tir and Intimin in the Virulence of Rabbit Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (REPEC) Serotype O103:H2
Marchès, O.; Nougayrede, J. P.; Boullier, S. et al

in Infection and Immunity (2000), 68

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See detailCharacterization of intestinal cnf1+ Escherichia coli from weaned pigs
Toth, I.; Oswald, E.; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in International Journal of Medical Microbiology (2000), 290

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See detailStudy of the Virulence of Five Strains of Amyxomatous Myxoma Virus in Crossbred New Zealand White/Californian Conventional Rabbits, with Evidence of Long-Term Testicular Infection in Recovered Animals
Marlier, Didier ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (2000), 122(2-3, Feb-Apr), 101-13

The virulence of five amyxomatous myxoma virus (MV) strains, the clinical and pathogenetic effects of which had been studied previously in specific pathogen-free (SPF) rabbits, was determined by ... [more ▼]

The virulence of five amyxomatous myxoma virus (MV) strains, the clinical and pathogenetic effects of which had been studied previously in specific pathogen-free (SPF) rabbits, was determined by inoculation of five groups of 10 crossbred New Zealand White/Californian conventional rabbits. A much more acute myxomatosis syndrome was produced in conventional rabbits than that reproduced previously in SPF animals. However, the main clinical signs were of the respiratory type. The MV strains MYX 254/95 and 801 appeared very virulent, killing all the inoculated animals. The strains MYX 217/95, MYX 555/94 and Saint Benoist were somewhat attenuated, killing only seven, six and six rabbits, respectively. Extensive lung lesions due to supervening bacterial infections were observed in 36 of the 39 rabbits that died. Lethality was found to be a better estimate of virulence than mean survival time. By 98 days after viral inoculation, all the surviving animals had completely recovered. At that time, they were immunosuppressed by treatment with adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) for 10 days to determine whether they still harboured the virus. After the ACTH treatment, eight of the 11 surviving rabbits showed clinical signs that resembled amyxomatous myxomatosis. All the virological examinations performed on naso-conjunctival exudate, on mononuclear cells, on eyelids and on ovaries remained negative but infectious virus was isolated from the testes of three of six surviving male rabbits. [less ▲]

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See detailInfectious Agents Associated with Rabbit Pneumonia: Isolation of Amyxomatous Myxoma Virus Strains
Marlier, Didier ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2000), 159(2), 171-8

Sixty-six rabbits, with no history of vaccination against myxomatosis and which had died of pulmonary lesions, were submitted for virological and serological tests for Myxoma virus (MV) infection and for ... [more ▼]

Sixty-six rabbits, with no history of vaccination against myxomatosis and which had died of pulmonary lesions, were submitted for virological and serological tests for Myxoma virus (MV) infection and for bacteriological examinations. At post mortem, the diagnoses based on observed lesions were as follows: acute haemorrhagic pneumonia (38%); acute suppurative bronchopneumonia (35%); and fibrinohaemorrhagic bronchopneumonia with fibrinous pleuritis (27%). MV was isolated from 10% of the rabbits, mainly from those with acute haemorrhagic pneumonia. Serological evidence of MV infection was demonstrated in 44% of rabbits. Pathogenic bacteria species isolated from lungs were Pasteurella (spp. and multocida), Escherichia coli, Bordetella bronchiseptica and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively, from 41, 11, 7 and 6% of samples. No relationship could be established between the presence of specific antibodies to MV and the observed pulmonary lesions or the results of the bacteriological examinations. A significant trend was established between the severity of the lesions and the results of the bacteriological examinations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Efficacy of Two Vaccination Schemes against Experimental Infection with a Virulent Amyxomatous or a Virulent Nodular Myxoma Virus Strain
Marlier, Didier ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg; Boucraut-Baralon, C. et al

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (2000), 122(2-3, Feb-Apr), 115-22

Two types of myxomatosis vaccine are available commercially, namely, vaccine prepared from the Shope fibroma virus (SFV) and that prepared from an attenuated myxoma virus (MV) strain, e.gSG33. An ... [more ▼]

Two types of myxomatosis vaccine are available commercially, namely, vaccine prepared from the Shope fibroma virus (SFV) and that prepared from an attenuated myxoma virus (MV) strain, e.gSG33. An experiment was designed to compare two vaccination schemes for their ability to protect rabbits against challenge with either a virulent amyxomatous MV strain or a virulent nodular MV strain. Apart from a difference in the cutaneous expression of the disease, the two challenge strains resembled each other in respect of mortality rate, naso-conjunctival shedding of virus, and tissue infection. Vaccination with SFV alone failed to prevent clinical signs, naso-conjunctival shedding or tissue infection. Vaccination with SFV followed by a booster inoculation with SG33 protected rabbits against the development of clinical signs and significantly reduced both viral shedding in naso-conjunctival exudates and viral infection of eyelids, lungs and testes; virus was, however, isolated from testes of some surviving animals. [less ▲]

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See detailThe afa-related gene cluster in necrotoxigenic and other Escherichia coli from animals belongs to the afa-8 variant
Gérardin, J.; Lalioui, L.; Jacquemin, E. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2000), 76

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