References of "Mainil, Jacques"
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See detailRésistances aux fluoroquinolones: la situation actuelle
Muylaert, Adeline ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2013), 157

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See detailEscherichia coli virulence factors
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2013), 152

Escherichia coli was described in 1885 by a German pediatrician, Theodor Escherich, in the faeces of a child suffering diarrhoea. In 1893, a Danish veterinarian postulated that the E. coli species ... [more ▼]

Escherichia coli was described in 1885 by a German pediatrician, Theodor Escherich, in the faeces of a child suffering diarrhoea. In 1893, a Danish veterinarian postulated that the E. coli species comprises different strains, some being pathogens, others not. Today the E. coli species is subdivided into several pathogenic strains causing different intestinal, urinary tract or internal infections and pathologies, in animal species and in humans. Since this congress topic is the interaction between E. coli and the mucosal immune system, the purpose of this manuscript is to present different classes of adhesins (fimbrial adhesins, afimbrial adhesins and outer membrane proteins), the type 3 secretion system, and some toxins (oligopeptide, AB, and RTX pore-forming toxins) produced by E. coli, that can directly interact with the epithelial cells of the intestinal, respiratory and urinary tracts. [less ▲]

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See detailPyrosequencing of epizootic rabbit enteropathy inocula and rabbit caecal samples.
Huybens, N.; Houeix, J.; Licois, D. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2013), 196

The aetiological agent of epizootic rabbit enteropathy (ERE) is still unknown although a bacterial infection seems the most likely hypothesis. In this study, amplification of the V5 and V6 regions of ... [more ▼]

The aetiological agent of epizootic rabbit enteropathy (ERE) is still unknown although a bacterial infection seems the most likely hypothesis. In this study, amplification of the V5 and V6 regions of 16SrDNA from four virulent and two non-virulent caecal samples was performed using a pyrosequencing platform. The virulent samples did not group in the same cluster. The bacterial flora identified was both different and richer than the cultivable bacterial flora. These findings highlight the need for biomolecular techniques to identify the aetiological agent of ERE. [less ▲]

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See detailZoonoses in Pet 1 birds: review and perspectives
Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2013)

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See detailIdentification and typing of Salmonella serotypes isolated from guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) farms in Benin during four laying seasons (2007-2010)
Boko, C; Kpodekon, T; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A (2013), 42

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See detailWATER-BORNE EMERGING ZOONOSE? CASE REPORT ON ERYSIPELAS (ERYSIPELOTHRIX RHUSIOPATHIAE) IN HARBOUR PORPOISES (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) AND HARBOUR SEAL (PHOCA VITULINA).
Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

Poster (2012, March 26)

An adult female harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and a juvenile male harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) have been found stranded dead on the Belgian coast in late 2001. As the two bodies were in good ... [more ▼]

An adult female harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and a juvenile male harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) have been found stranded dead on the Belgian coast in late 2001. As the two bodies were in good condition (CC = 2), necropsy and bacteriological analyses were performed as well as other postmortem investigations. Blood heart and organs (liver, digestive and respiratory tract, lungs, spleen, brain, kidneys) samples have been collected and analyzed. The porpoise showed evidence of septicaemia, and the seal presented lesions of acute enteritis. Pure and abundant growth of a small rod-shaped, Gram-labile bacterium was obtained aerobically and anaerobically on Columbia blood agar from heart blood, mouth, pharynx, lungs, intestine and anus of the porpoise, and from intestine, pharynx, mouth, nose and anus of the seal. The colonies were surrounded by a narrow zone of alpha-hemolysis. Catalase- and peroxydase-tests gave negative results. Rapid ID 32 Strepto (Biomérieux, France) sugar tests identified this isolate as Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. E. rhusiopathiae could be therefore considered as the cause of septicaemia on the porpoise as it was present in heart blood and internal organs, and could be associated primary or secondary with the enteritis reported on the seal as the bacterium was isolated in pure culture in the digestive tract. E. rhusiopathiae infections have been reported in captive dolphins and sea lions. This zoonotic pathogen is also involved in human local infections, like the “seal finger”, resulting from captive pinnipeds bites. However, it has not been so far described as systemic pathogens of wild cetaceans and pinnipeds. E. rhusiopathiae could be therefore considered as a potentially emergent pathogen which could have important repercussions on human health, particularly veterinarians, marine mammals rescue teams and zoos. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical significance of Escherichia albertii
Ooka, Tadasuke; Seto, Kazuko; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Emerging Infectious Diseases (2012), 18(3), 488-492

Discriminating Escherichia albertii from other Enterobacteriaceae is diffi cult. Systematic analyses showed that E. albertii represents a substantial portion of strains currently identifi ed as eae ... [more ▼]

Discriminating Escherichia albertii from other Enterobacteriaceae is diffi cult. Systematic analyses showed that E. albertii represents a substantial portion of strains currently identifi ed as eae-positive Escherichia coli and includes Shiga toxin 2f–producing strains. Because E. albertii possesses the eae gene, many strains might have been misidentifi ed as enterohemorrhagic or enteropathogenic E. coli. [less ▲]

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See detailContraintes techniques et sanitaires de la production traditionnelle de pintade en Afrique subsaharienne
Boko, C; Kpodekon, T; Dahouda, M et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2012), 156

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See detailO157:H7 and O104:H4 Vero/Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli outbreaks: respective role of cattle and humans
Piérard, D; De Greve, H; Haesebrouck, F et al

in Veterinary Research (2012), 43

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See detailDiagnostic strategy for identifying avian pathogenic Escherichia coli based on four patterns of virulence genes
Schouler, C; Schaeffer, B; Brée, A et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2012), 50(5), 1673-1678

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See detailPrevalence of Salmonella serotypes in male mule ducks in Belgium
Flament, Aline; Soubbotina, Alexandra; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2012)

Salmonella species infections of male mule ducks were studied for 32 months in 100 flocks on nine duck farms in Belgium. The prevalence of Salmonella species infections changed significantly over time (P ... [more ▼]

Salmonella species infections of male mule ducks were studied for 32 months in 100 flocks on nine duck farms in Belgium. The prevalence of Salmonella species infections changed significantly over time (P<0.001) with infection rates of 50, 13.4, 6.7, 2.6 and 2.9 per cent, respectively, at the time of arrival on the farm, at three, six and nine weeks of age, and when the ducks left the breeding unit to enter the force-feeding rooms (at 11 or 12 weeks of age). During the study period, 95 strains of Salmonella were isolated, belonging to 11 serotypes. S Indiana (42.1 per cent) and S Regent (36.8 per cent) were the two most common serotypes, whereas S Typhimurium and S Enteritidis were found only once (1.1 per cent). All isolated strains were resistant to at least two antimicrobials, but resistance to more than five antimicrobials was observed in 21.6 per cent of the strains. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of bovine and human O26 EHEC strains by the Whole Genome PCR Scanning
Bardiau, Marjorie ULg; Ogura, Y.; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2011, December)

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See detailEpidemiology of Q fever in animals and humans in the 21st century
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Porter, S.; Czaplicky, G. et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailE.coli virulence factors
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Conference (2011)

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