References of "MORIMONT, Philippe"
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See detailMathematical modeling of extracorporeal CO2 removal
Habran, Simon ULiege; Dauby, Pierre ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege et al

Poster (2015, August)

Extra¬cor¬poreal CO2 removal devices (ECCO2R) can be used in clinics to decarboxylate blood externally for patients suffering from pulmonary insufficiencies like acute respiratory distress syndrome. In ... [more ▼]

Extra¬cor¬poreal CO2 removal devices (ECCO2R) can be used in clinics to decarboxylate blood externally for patients suffering from pulmonary insufficiencies like acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this work, a model of the respiratory system coupled with such a device is proposed to analyze the decrease of CO2 partial pressure in blood as a function of blood flow through the device. This model provides a mathematical tool which could help clinicians to choose the optimal settings of ECCO2R. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-based computation of total stressed blood volume from a preload reduction manoeuvre
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege; Chase, J. Geoffrey et al

in Mathematical Biosciences (2015), 265(0), 28-39

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid therapy, a primary treatment ... [more ▼]

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid therapy, a primary treatment to manage acute circulatory failure. From an engineering point of view, it dictates the cardiovascular system’s behavior in changing physiological situations. Current methods to determine this parameter involve repeated phases of circulatory arrests followed by fluid administration. In this work, a more straightforward method is developed using data from a preload reduction manoeuvre. A simple six-chamber cardiovascular system model is used and its parameters are adjusted to pig experimental data. The parameter adjustment process has three steps: (1) compute nominal values for all model parameters; (2) determine the five most sensitive parameters; and (3) adjust only these five parameters. Stressed blood volume was selected by the algorithm, which emphasizes the importance of this parameter. The model was able to track experimental trends with a maximal root mean squared error of 29.2%. Computed stressed blood volume equals 486 ± 117 ml or 15.7 ± 3.6 ml/kg, which matches previous independent experiments on pigs, dogs and humans. The method proposed in this work thus provides a simple way to compute total stressed blood volume from usual hemodynamic data. [less ▲]

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See detailMolding thrombus of an ECMO cannula floating in the right atrium.
MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULiege; GARSPARD, Valérie ULiege et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2015)

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See detailThe relation between global end-diastolic volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; Kamoi, Shun et al

Poster (2015, March)

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See detailVeno-venous extracorporeal CO2 removal improves pulmonary hemodynamics in a porcine ARDS model
MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (2015)

BACKGROUND: Protective lung ventilation is recommended in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to minimize additional injuries to the lung. However, hypercapnic acidosis resulting from ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Protective lung ventilation is recommended in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to minimize additional injuries to the lung. However, hypercapnic acidosis resulting from ventilation at lower tidal volume enhances pulmonary hypertension and might induce right ventricular (RV) failure. We investigated if extracorporeal veno-venous CO2 removal therapy could have beneficial effects on pulmonary circulation and RV function. METHODS: This study was performed on an experimental model of ARDS obtained in eight anaesthetized pigs connected to a volume-cycled ventilator. A micromanometer-tipped catheter was inserted into the main pulmonary artery and an admittance micromanometer-tipped catheter was inserted into the right ventricle. RV-arterial coupling was derived from RV pressure-volume loops. ARDS was obtained by repeated bronchoalveolar lavage. Protective ventilation was then achieved, and the pigs were connected to a pump-driven extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (PALP, Maquet, Germany) in order to achieve CO2 removal. RESULTS: ARDS induced severe hypercapnic acidosis. Systolic pulmonary artery pressure significantly increased from 29.6 ± 1.8 to 43.9 ± 2.0 mmHg (P < 0.001). After the PALP was started, acidosis was corrected and normocarbia was maintained despite protective ventilation. Pulmonary artery pressure significantly decreased to 31.6 ± 3.2 mmHg (P < 0.001) and RV-arterial coupling significantly improved (RV-arterial coupling index = 1.03 ± 0.33 vs. 0.55 ± 0.41, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Veno-venous CO2 removal therapy enabled protective ventilation while maintaining normocarbia during ARDS. CO2 removal decreased pulmonary hypertension and improved RV function. This technique may be an effective lung- and RV-protective adjunct to mechanical ventilation. [less ▲]

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See detailUpdate on the Role of Extracorporeal CO2 Removal as An Adjunct to Mechanical Ventilation in ARDS.
MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; BATCHINSKY, Andriy; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULiege

in Vincent, Jean-Louis (Ed.) Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Médicine 2015 (2015)

Veno-venous CO2 removal therapy enabled protective ventilation while maintaining normocarbia during ARDS. CO2 removal decreased pulmonary hypertension and improved RV function. This technique may be an ... [more ▼]

Veno-venous CO2 removal therapy enabled protective ventilation while maintaining normocarbia during ARDS. CO2 removal decreased pulmonary hypertension and improved RV function. This technique may be an effective lung- and RV- protective adjunct to mechanical ventilation. [less ▲]

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See detailRelation between global end-diastolic volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; Kamoi, S. et al

in Critical Care (2015), 19(Suppl 1), 175

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See detailUpdate on the role of extracorporeal CO2 removal
MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; BATCHINSKY, Andriy; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULiege

in Critical Care (2015)

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2015 and co-published as a series in Critical Care. Other articles in the series can be found ... [more ▼]

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2015 and co-published as a series in Critical Care. Other articles in the series can be found online at http://ccforum.com/series/annualupdate2015. Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901. [less ▲]

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See detailTracking stressed blood volume during vascular filling experiments
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; Dauby, Pierre ULiege; Chase, J. Geoffrey et al

Poster (2014, November 28)

A three-chamber cardiovascular system model is used to compute stressed blood volume from filling experiments. As previously observed, stressed blood volume is a good predictor of the change in cardiac ... [more ▼]

A three-chamber cardiovascular system model is used to compute stressed blood volume from filling experiments. As previously observed, stressed blood volume is a good predictor of the change in cardiac output after fluid infusion. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling of the cardio-pulmonary system assisted by ECMO
Habran, Simon ULiege; Dauby, Pierre ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege et al

in National Day on Biomedical Engineering 2014 (2014, October)

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See detailModel-Based Computation of Total Stressed Blood Volume from a Preload Reduction Experiment
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege; Chase, J. Geoffrey et al

Conference (2014, August)

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid resuscitation therapy, which ... [more ▼]

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid resuscitation therapy, which is a treatment for cardiac failure. From an engineering point of view, this parameter dictates the cardiovascular system's dynamic behavior. Current methods to determine this parameter involve repeated phases of circulatory arrests followed by fluid administration. In this work, a method is developed to compute stressed blood volume from preload reduction experiments. A simple six-chamber cardiovascular system model is used and its parameters are adjusted to pig experimental data. The parameter adjustment process has three steps: (1) compute nominal values for all model parameters; (2) determine the most sensitive parameters; and (3) adjust only these sensitive parameters. Stressed blood volume was determined sensitive for all datasets, which emphasizes the importance of this parameter. The model was able to track experimental trends with a maximal mean squared error of 11.77 %. Stressed blood volume has been computed to range between 450 and 963 ml, or 15 to 28 ml/kg, which matches previous independent experiments on pigs, dogs and humans. Consequently, the method proposed in this work provides a simple way to compute total stressed blood volume from usual hemodynamic data. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-Based Computation of Total Stressed Blood Volume from a Preload Reduction Experiment
Pironet, Antoine ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege; Chase, J. Geofrrey et al

in Preprints of the 19th World Congress (2014, August)

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid resuscitation therapy, which ... [more ▼]

Total stressed blood volume is an important parameter for both doctors and engineers. From a medical point of view, it has been associated with the success or failure of fluid resuscitation therapy, which is a treatment for cardiac failure. From an engineering point of view, this parameter dictates the cardiovascular system’s dynamic behavior. Current methods to determine this parameter involve repeated phases of circulatory arrests followed by fluid administration. In this work, a method is developed to compute stressed blood volume from preload reduction experiments. A simple six-chamber cardiovascular system model is used and its parameters are adjusted to pig experimental data. The parameter adjustment process has three steps: (1) compute nominal values for all model parameters; (2) determine the most sensitive parameters; and (3) adjust only these sensitive parameters. Stressed blood volume was determined sensitive for all datasets, which emphasizes the importance of this parameter. The model was able to track experimental trends with a maximal mean squared error of 11.77 %. Stressed blood volume has been computed to range between 450 and 963 ml, or 15 to 28 ml/kg, which matches previous independent experiments on pigs, dogs and humans. Consequently, the method proposed in this work provides a simple way to compute total stressed blood volume from usual hemodynamic data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (12 ULiège)
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See detailEarly detection of abnormal left ventricular relaxation in acute myocardial ischemia with a quadratic model.
MORIMONT, Philippe ULiege; Pironet, Antoine ULiege; Desaive, Thomas ULiege et al

in Medical engineering & physics (2014)

AIMS: The time constant of left ventricular (LV) relaxation derived from a monoexponential model is widely used as an index of LV relaxation rate, although this model does not reflect the non-uniformity ... [more ▼]

AIMS: The time constant of left ventricular (LV) relaxation derived from a monoexponential model is widely used as an index of LV relaxation rate, although this model does not reflect the non-uniformity of ventricular relaxation. This study investigates whether the relaxation curve can be better fitted with a "quadratic" model than with the "conventional" monoexponential model and if changes in the LV relaxation waveform due to acute myocardial ischemia could be better detected with the quadratic model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isovolumic relaxation was assessed with quadratic and conventional models during acute myocardial ischemia performed in 6 anesthetized pigs. Mathematical development indicates that one parameter (Tq) of the quadratic model reflects the rate of LV relaxation, while the second parameter (K) modifies the shape of the relaxation curve. Analysis of experimental data obtained in anesthetized pigs showed that the shape of LV relaxation consistently deviates from the conventional monoexponential decay. During the early phase of acute myocardial ischemia, the rate and non-uniformity of LV relaxation, assessed with the quadratic function, were significantly enhanced. Tq increased by 16% (p<0.001) and K increased by 12% (p<0.001) within 30 and 60min, respectively, after left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery occlusion. However, no significant changes were observed with the conventional monoexponential decay within 60min of ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: The quadratic model better fits LV isovolumic relaxation than the monoexponential model and can detect early changes in relaxation due to acute myocardial ischemia that are not detectable with conventional methods. [less ▲]

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