References of "Lou, Xudong"
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See detailElectrografting of preformed aliphatic polyesters onto metallic surfaces
Lou, Xudong; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Langmuir (2002), 18(7), 2785-2788

Preformed aliphatic polyesters bearing pendent acrylate groups, poly(4-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone)co-epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL)], were grafted onto metallic surfaces by a cathodic ... [more ▼]

Preformed aliphatic polyesters bearing pendent acrylate groups, poly(4-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone)co-epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL)], were grafted onto metallic surfaces by a cathodic electrochemical process. Content of acrylates must exceed a lower limit for them to be adsorbed on the cathode with the proper orientation and for the grafting to be successful. The strongly adhering films were analyzed by IR reflection-absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the known miscibility of poly-e-caprolactone with poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), the pregrafting of poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL) imparts strong adhesion to PVC topcoats. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving cationic polymerization of delta-valerolactone and synthesis of high molecular weight homopolymer and asymmetric telechelic and block copolymer
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (2002), 35(4), 1190-1195

Poly(delta-valerolactone) [poly(deltaVL)] of high molecular weight (similar to40 000) and low polydispersity index (similar to1.05) was prepared by activated monomer cationic ring-opening polymerization ... [more ▼]

Poly(delta-valerolactone) [poly(deltaVL)] of high molecular weight (similar to40 000) and low polydispersity index (similar to1.05) was prepared by activated monomer cationic ring-opening polymerization of delta-VL initiated by the alcohol/HCl.Et2O system. A series of functional alcohols, e.g., 9-anthracenemethanol, 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, 3-buten-1-ol, 2-bromoethanol, and 5-norbornene-2-metbanol, were successfully used to prepare asymmetric telechelic poly(deltaVL), i.e., chains end-capped by the functional group of the alcohol in a-position and by an w-hydroxyl group. Ring-opening polymerization of delta-VL in the presence of alpha-methoxy-w-hydroxylpoly(ethylene oxide) and poly(ethylene glycol) led to amphiphilic di- and triblock copolymers, respectively. The polydispersity index of all these (co)polymers was low (similar to1.10). [less ▲]

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See detailTwo-step backbiting reaction in the ring-opening polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone initiated with aluminium isopropoxide
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2002), 23(2), 126-129

gamma-Acryloyloxyethyl-gamma-butyrolactone is formed as a byproduct when the polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone is initiated with aluminium isopropoxide in toluene. The extent of ... [more ▼]

gamma-Acryloyloxyethyl-gamma-butyrolactone is formed as a byproduct when the polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone is initiated with aluminium isopropoxide in toluene. The extent of this side reaction decreases with decreasing temperature and is dependent on whether the reaction is stopped as soon as monomer conversion is complete or not. A two-step backbiting mechanism is proposed for this intramolecular transesterification reaction. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving ring-opening (co)polymerization of 6,7-dihydro-2(5H)-oxepinone into unsaturated aliphatic polyesters
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2001), 34(17), 5806-5811

Homopolymerization of the unsaturated cyclic ester, 6,7-dihydro-2(5H)-oxepinone (DHO), and copolymerization with epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) are an easy way to produce unsaturated aliphatic ... [more ▼]

Homopolymerization of the unsaturated cyclic ester, 6,7-dihydro-2(5H)-oxepinone (DHO), and copolymerization with epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) are an easy way to produce unsaturated aliphatic polyesters in a controlled manner, Polymerization of DHO initiated by Al((OPr)-Pr-i)(3) in toluene at room temperature proceeds by a coordination-insertion mechanism and is living as certified by the agreement between the experimental molecular weight at total monomer conversion and the value predicted from the initial monomer to initiator molar ratio. The polydispersity is also low (Mw/Mn less than or equal to 1.2). Random copolymerization of DHO and epsilon-CL leads to the same conclusion. Beyond the complete monomer conversion, the poly(DHO) chains experience mainly intermolecular transesterification reactions at the same rate as poly(epsilon CL) under the same conditions. The livingness of the ROP of both DHO and epsilon-CL allows diblock copolymers to be synthesized with predicted composition and molecular weight. Homopoly(DHO) is semicrystalline with Tm at 35°C and Tg at -50°C. Tm and thermal stability can be modulated by copolymerization of DHO with epsilon-CL. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Functional Aliphatic Polyesters by Chemical Modification of Copolymers of ε-Caprolactone with γ-(2-Bromo-2-methylpropionate)- ε-caprolactone, γ-Bromo- ε-caprolactone, and a Mixture of β-and γ-Ene- ε-caprolactone
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Mazza, Michaël; Lou, Xudong et al

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(17), 7751-7760

New functional aliphatic polyesters were prepared by chemical modification of brominated copolyesters. Poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-co-poly(gamma-(2-bromo-2-methylpropionate)-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymer ... [more ▼]

New functional aliphatic polyesters were prepared by chemical modification of brominated copolyesters. Poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-co-poly(gamma-(2-bromo-2-methylpropionate)-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymer was prepared and successfully converted into copolyester bearing methacrylate double bonds by dehydrohalogenation of the pendant tertiary alkyl bromides, thus leading to cross-linkable polyester. The tertiary alkyl bromide groups of the original copolyester were also quaternized by reaction with pyridine, although some side reactions occurred which Limited the reaction yield. Nevertheless, quaternization of the bromide groups of the poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-co-poly(gamma-bromo-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymer proved to be quantitative and to occur without degradation of the polyester chains. This general strategy paves the way to either amphiphilic copolyesters or water-soluble polyesters. The poly(epsilon -caprolactone)-co-poly(gamma -bromo-epsilon-caprolactone) lactone) copolymer was also quantitatively converted into unsaturated copolyester by dehydrohalogenation with formation of double bonds including acrylic-type double bonds. As an alternative, gamma-bromo-epsilon-caprolactone was first dehydrohalogenated, and the unsaturated cyclic monomer was copolymerized with epsilon-caprolactone. Finally, the nonconjugated double bonds of the copolyesters were oxidized into epoxides, except for the acrylic-type unsaturations which remained unchanged. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel functionalization routes of poly(ε-caprolactone)
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lou, Xudong et al

in Macromolecular Symposia (2000), 157

The aluminum alkoxide mediated ring opening polymerization of functional lactones, such as γ-ethylene ketal-ε-caprolactone (TOSUO), γ-(triethylsilyloxy)-ε-caprolactone (SCL) and γ-bromo-ε-caprolactone ... [more ▼]

The aluminum alkoxide mediated ring opening polymerization of functional lactones, such as γ-ethylene ketal-ε-caprolactone (TOSUO), γ-(triethylsilyloxy)-ε-caprolactone (SCL) and γ-bromo-ε-caprolactone (γBrCL), is a versatile route to polyesters containing ketal, ketone, alcohol and bromide groups. As result of living polyaddition mechanism, random and block copolymerization of εCL and γBrCL has been successfully carried out. The reactivity ratios are quite similar (1.08 for ε-CL, and 1.12 for γBrCL). These random copolymers are semicrystalline when they contain less than 30 mol% of γBrCL, otherwise they are amorphous. No transesterification reaction occurs during the sequential polymerization of ε-CL and γBrCL leading to block copolymers. Reaction of poly(εCL-co-γBrCL) with pyridine provides quantitatively a polycationic polyester. Furthermore, the reaction of this random copolymer with l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0] undec-7-ene (DBU) is a route to unsaturated polyesters, whose the non conjugated double bonds can be quantitatively converted into epoxides by reaction with m-chloroperbenzoic acid (mCPBA). No chain degradation is detected during these derivatization reactions of poly (εCL-co-γBrCL). [less ▲]

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