References of "Loicq, Jerôme"
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See detailOptical study of diffraction grating/Fresnel lens combinations applied to a spectral-splitting solar concentrator for space applications
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Thibert, Tanguy ULiege et al

in Applied Optics (2015), 54(22), 6666-6673

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator with spectral splitting of light for space applications. This concentrator spectrally splits the incident light into mainly two parts. Each ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator with spectral splitting of light for space applications. This concentrator spectrally splits the incident light into mainly two parts. Each part is then focused onto specific spatially separated photovoltaic cells, allowing for independent control of respective cells output power. These advantages of both spectral splitting and light focusing are here combined thanks to a specific diffraction grating superimposed on a Fresnel lens. The theoretical principle of the optical design is presented, with optimization of each element and improvement steps, including optimization of grating period evolution along the lens, and testing of two kinds of gratings (a blazed and a lamellar one). First numerical results are presented, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at about 10× or more for each cell, with an output power larger than that of a classical concentrator focusing on a GaAs SJ cell, and less than 10% of losses for tracking errors up to ±0.8°. Some experimental results are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical Study of a Spectrum Splitting Solar Concentrator based on a Combination of a Diffraction Grating and a Fresnel Lens
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Thibert, Tanguy ULiege et al

Poster (2015, April 14)

This poster presents recent improvements of our new solar concentrator design for space application. The concentrator is based on a combination of a diffraction grating (blazed or lamellar) coupled with a ... [more ▼]

This poster presents recent improvements of our new solar concentrator design for space application. The concentrator is based on a combination of a diffraction grating (blazed or lamellar) coupled with a Fresnel lens. Thanks to this diffractive/refractive combination, this optical element splits spatially and spectrally the light and focus approximately respectively visible light and IR light onto electrically independent specific cells. It avoid the use of MJs cells and then also their limitations like current matching and lattice matching conditions, leading theoretically to a more tolerant system. The concept is reminded, with recent optimizations, ideal and more realistic results, and the description of an experimental realization highlighting the feasibility of the concept, and the closeness of theoretical and experimental results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (10 ULiège)
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See detailCalibration and testing of wide-field UV instruments
Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege et al

Conference (2015, April)

As with all optical systems the calibration of wide-field ultraviolet systems includes three main areas: sensitivity, imaging quality, and imaging capability. The one thing that makes these calibrations ... [more ▼]

As with all optical systems the calibration of wide-field ultraviolet systems includes three main areas: sensitivity, imaging quality, and imaging capability. The one thing that makes these calibrations difficult is the need for working in vacuum substantially extending the required time and effort compared to visible systems. In theory a ray tracing and characterization of each individual component of the optical system (mirrors, windows, grating) should provide the transmission efficiency of the combined system but potential unknown effects (contamination, misalignment, measurement errors) will make the final error too large for most applications. Therefore it is desirable to test and measure the optical properties of the whole system in vacuum and compare the overall response to the response of a calibrated photon detector. Based on the experience with the IMAGE Spectrographic Imager (SI) and Wide-band Imaging Camera (WIC), and the ICON-FUV instrument we will discuss the steps and procedures for the proper radiometric sensitivity and pass-band calibration, spot size, imaging distortions, flat field and field of view determination. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (5 ULiège)
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See detailICON FUV Imager
Mende, Stephen; Chou, Cathy; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege et al

Conference (2015, April)

A novel design FUV spectrographic imager is currently under construction at UC Berkeley for the payload of the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). This instrument will image the limb-view atmosphere ... [more ▼]

A novel design FUV spectrographic imager is currently under construction at UC Berkeley for the payload of the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON). This instrument will image the limb-view atmosphere/ionosphere with a FOV of 24x18 degrees (vertical and horizontal) tilted down by 20⁰ and looking in a direction nominally perpendicular to the spacecraft velocity. From the spacecraft altitude (575 km) the view provides coverage from sub-limb up to ~500 km limb tangent height. There is a steering mirror assembly that allows steering the view ±30⁰ with respect to the nominal direction in order to observe the nightglow emissions along the local magnetic meridian. The instrument uses the spectrographic imager principle first used on the IMAGE spacecraft in which several full two-dimensional instantaneous images are formed in specific wavelength bands. One of the two bands on ICON contains the 135.6 nm atomic oxygen emission while the other band covers the N2 LBH emission region near 157 nm. When the imager is viewing the sunlit atmosphere the instrument provides the limb altitude profile of the atmospheric O/N2 ratio. On the night side the instrument observes the 135.6 nm emission that is produced by the recombination of O+ and therefore provides a good proxy for the nighttime ionospheric density. To minimize data downlink, 6 parallel vertical stripe segments will be transmitted to the ground from both channels every 12 seconds. In addition the nighttime 135.6 nm data will be integrated as two dimensional (spacecraft orbit latitude and longitude) maps. One map is projected on a sphere at 300 km altitude while the other map projects at a surface defined by the tangent height of observation from the ICON satellite. Both maps will be integrated with motion compensation to minimize blurring due to the satellite motion. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical Study of a Spectrum Splitting Solar Concentrator based on a Combination of a Diffraction Grating and a Fresnel Lens
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Thibert, Tanguy ULiege et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2015), 1679

This paper presents recent improvements of our new solar concentrator design for space application. The concentrator is based on a combination of a diffraction grating (blazed or lamellar) coupled with a ... [more ▼]

This paper presents recent improvements of our new solar concentrator design for space application. The concentrator is based on a combination of a diffraction grating (blazed or lamellar) coupled with a Fresnel lens. Thanks to this diffractive/refractive combination, this optical element splits spatially and spectrally the light and focus approximately respectively visible light and IR light onto electrically independent specific cells. It avoid the use of MJs cells and then also their limitations like current matching and lattice matching conditions, leading theoretically to a more tolerant system. The concept is reminded, with recent optimizations, ideal and more realistic results, and the description of an experimental realization highlighting the feasibility of the concept and the closeness of theoretical and experimental results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULiège)
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See detailInvestigation of spectral impacts on the performance of a concentration device using a Fresnel lens combined with a double junction cell
Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Galante, Nicolas ULiege; Thibert, Tanguy ULiege et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 15)

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the ... [more ▼]

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the impacts of the chromatic effect on the performance of a double junction GaInP/GaAs solar cell. Chromatic effects are the result of material dispersion caused by the refractive optics component. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the spectral modification of the incident beam on the whole solar concentrator system performance. Such considerations are fundamental in producing a highly accurate design, with which to achieve the best possible system performance. Efficiency is evaluated within the vicinity of the focus of a Fresnel lens designed for concentration. On the optical axis, rays with different wavelengths are not focalized at the same points. The spectral content of the beam depends, therefore, upon the position of the cell along the optical axis. It is assumed that spectral content modification may have an impact on cell performance and, as a consequence, on system efficiency as a whole. Efficiency of the optical Fresnel lens and of the cell were evaluated in relation to spectral content modification. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (22 ULiège)
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See detailSpectral splitting planar solar concentrator : Design and Experimental testing Preliminary results
Blain, Pascal ULiege; Michel, Céline ULiege; Clermont, Lionel ULiege et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 15), 9140

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or ... [more ▼]

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or unmatched lattice solar cells. Those cells efficiencies are then enhanced. The aimed geometrical concentration factor is 5× and the theoretical optical efficiency of that concentrator concept reaches 82%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (45 ULiège)
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See detailComparison of off-axis TMA and FMA telescopes optimized over different fields of view: applications to Earth observation
Clermont, Lionel ULiege; Stockman, Yvan ULiege; Dierckx, Wouter et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 01), 9131

TMA, or three mirror anastigmats, have already been used successfully for various space missions. In the frame of earth observation, ProbaV satellite uses 3 TMAs to cover a total 102.4° field-of-view ... [more ▼]

TMA, or three mirror anastigmats, have already been used successfully for various space missions. In the frame of earth observation, ProbaV satellite uses 3 TMAs to cover a total 102.4° field-of-view; ground sampling distance is about 100m at the center of field-of view and 370m at the edge. For future earth observation missions, the goal would be to reach 100m spatial resolution all over the 102.4° FOV. This would require to up-scale optical specifications, thus increasing geometrical aberrations. FMA, or four mirror anastigmats, could thus be a good candidate for future missions, as a fourth mirror would allow better correction of optical aberrations. In this work, TMA and FMA have been optimized over different fields-of view. Performance limitations are then derived, which show that FMA seems promising for future missions. Radiometry aspects are discussed and preliminary tolerance analysis is carried out. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (25 ULiège)
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See detailStudy of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Thibert, Tanguy ULiege et al

Conference (2014, April 16)

The present work proposes a theoretical optical study of a new planar solar concentrator for space applications. The concentrator focuses light onto three spatially separated photovoltaic cells (three ... [more ▼]

The present work proposes a theoretical optical study of a new planar solar concentrator for space applications. The concentrator focuses light onto three spatially separated photovoltaic cells (three single-junctions, dedicated to two different light spectra), allowing for independent control of the output power of each cell. The design, based on a blazed diffraction grating superimposed on a Fresnel lens, combines advantages of both spectral splitting and light focusing. Theoretical model and optimization of the optical design are presented, including the variation of the grating period along the lens. Numerical results are detailed, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at more than 10× for each cell, with an optical efficiency of ~71% and less than 10% of losses for tracking errors < ±0.85°. A thermal study completes the work, as well as a first theoretical comparison with a planar Fresnel based solar concentrator focusing on a GaAs cell. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (18 ULiège)
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See detailOptical study of a solar concentrator for space applications based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Languy, Fabian ULiege et al

in Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells (2014), 120PA

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications. The concentrator focuses light onto two spatially separated photovoltaic cells, allowing for independent control of ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications. The concentrator focuses light onto two spatially separated photovoltaic cells, allowing for independent control of the output power of each cell. Thanks to a blazed diffraction grating superimposed on a Fresnel lens, advantages of both spectral splitting and light focusing can be combined. The theoretical model of the optical design is presented, with the optimization of either element. Moreover, configuration improvement is proposed: a symmetrical configuration composed of two lenses. First numerical results are presented, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at about 10× for each cell, with an optical efficiency of about 75% and less than 10% of losses for tracking errors lower than ±0.9°. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformances of Volume Phase Holographic grating for space applications: study of the radiation effect
Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Georges, Marc ULiege; Stockman, Yvan ULiege et al

in Applied Optics (2013), 52(34),

The special properties of volume phase holographic gratings make them promising candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low levels of straylight, and low polarization ... [more ▼]

The special properties of volume phase holographic gratings make them promising candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low levels of straylight, and low polarization sensitivity are required. Therefore it is of interest to assess the maturity and suitability of volume phase holographic gratings as enabling technologies for future space missions, with demanding requirements for spectrometry. One of the main areas of research is related to grating ageing under space radiation. In the present paper, two volume grating technologies are analyzed and compared under gamma irradiation. The performances of both technologies, the photo–thermo–refractive glass and the Dichromated Gelatin, are tested on samples and assessed in the and near-infrared bands. The diffraction efficiency degradation under gamma irradiation is assessed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (13 ULiège)
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See detailPROBA-V successor phase 0 Final Report
Dierckx, Wouter; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege

Report (2013)

The current PROBA-V system is a global land monitoring mission with the prime aim of achieving data continuity for the user of SPOT-VEGETATION data. PROBA-V has been launched on May 7th 2013, to continue ... [more ▼]

The current PROBA-V system is a global land monitoring mission with the prime aim of achieving data continuity for the user of SPOT-VEGETATION data. PROBA-V has been launched on May 7th 2013, to continue the observation timeline of SPOT-VEGETATION. PROBA-V has experienced a quasi-perfection injection and will thus be in an acceptable orbit for its extended mission lifetime of 5 years. The expected mission lifetime thus expires by mid of 2018. Since the interest for global land monitoring is only expected to continue in the future, this study wants to define the mission requirements and possible mission scenarios for a follow-on mission. The goal of such a new PROBA-V mission is clear: it should ensure the data continuity of global vegetation monitoring, while taking the opportunity to further improve the data quality - provided the added value can be motivated. Data continuity is essential for understanding long term trends of land use that may affect the global equilibrium of the planet (in the context of scarcity for land or food, natural disasters, climate change). As for added value, a fine example is the improvement of spatial resolution when comparing PROBA-V with the spatial resolution in SPOT-VEGETATION products. Indeed, as will be shown in chapter 2, an improvement in spatial resolution towards a full 100m product is considered by the user community as the main target for a PROBA-V follow-on mission. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULiege et al

Poster (2013, April 16)

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the advantages of both spectral splitting and solar concentration by the combination of a blaze transmission diffraction grating and a flat cylindrical Fresnel lens. An optical optimization has been realized and two variations of configuration have been developed to improve tracking tolerance: first, a design completed by secondary reflective concentrators and second, a symmetrical configuration composed of two lenses. First numerical results are presented, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at about 10×, with an electrical output power about 290W/m² lens and less than 10% losses for tracking errors lower than ±0.9°. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (15 ULiège)
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See detailStudy of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Languy, Fabian ULiege et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2013), (1556), 97-100

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the advantages of both spectral splitting and solar concentration by the combination of a blaze transmission diffraction grating and a flat cylindrical Fresnel lens. An optical optimization has been realized and two variations of configuration have been developed to improve tracking tolerance: first, a design completed by secondary reflective concentrators and second, a symmetrical configuration composed of two lenses. First numerical results are presented, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at about 10×, with an electrical output power about 290W/m² lens and less than 10% losses for tracking errors lower than ±0.9°. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (16 ULiège)
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See detailStudy of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Languy, Fabian ULiege et al

Conference (2012, November 12)

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator at 10× with spectral splitting focusing on two separated PV cells, allowing independent control. Optical elements, blazed diffraction ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator at 10× with spectral splitting focusing on two separated PV cells, allowing independent control. Optical elements, blazed diffraction grating and Fresnel lens, are optimized. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (25 ULiège)
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See detailPerformance of Solmacs, a High PV Solar Concentrator With Efficient Optics
Thibert, Tanguy ULiege; Hellin, Marie-Laure ULiege; Loicq, Jerôme ULiege et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings, , Volume 1477 (2012, October 05)

A new solar panel with high concentration photovoltaic technology (x700) has been designed, prototyped and tested in the SOLMACS project. The quality of concentrating optics is a key factor for high ... [more ▼]

A new solar panel with high concentration photovoltaic technology (x700) has been designed, prototyped and tested in the SOLMACS project. The quality of concentrating optics is a key factor for high module efficiency. Therefore new dedicated PMMA Fresnel lenses were studied and produced by injection molding. Lens design, material and production process were optimized to achieve a high optical yield of 86%. Thorough lens performance assessment in optical laboratory was completed with lifetime UV aging tests. Another important aspect is the thermal control of the hot spot created under the solar cell that receives the concentrated flux of 700 Suns. A dedicated heat spreader was developed to achieve passive thermal control with minimum mass and cost. This was supported by thermal models and tests at both cell and module level. 35% triple junction cells were implemented in the module. Micro-assembly technologies were used for the cell packaging and electrical connections. In support to the research, a continuous solar simulator was designed and built to assess the system performance, both at component and module level. The concentrator developments were integrated in a prototype and tested both indoor with the simulator and outdoor on the CSL solar test platform. The overall efficiency of the PV concentrator module is 28.5%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (42 ULiège)
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See detailInvestigation on the High Efficiency Volume Bragg gratings performances for spectrometry in space environment: Preliminary results
Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Georges, Marc ULiege; Gaspar Venancio, Luis Miguel

in Telescope and systems (2012, July)

The special properties of Volume Bragg Gratings (VBGs) make them good candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low level of straylight and low polarisation sensitivity are ... [more ▼]

The special properties of Volume Bragg Gratings (VBGs) make them good candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low level of straylight and low polarisation sensitivity are required. Therefore it is of interest to assess the maturity and suitability of VBGs as enabling technology for future ESA missions with demanding requirements for spectrometry. The VBGs suitability for space application is being investigated in the frame of a project led by CSL and funded by the European Space Agency. The goal of this work is twofold: first the theoretical advantages and drawbacks of VBGs with respect to other technologies with identical functionalities are assessed, and second the performances of VBG samples in a representative space environment are experimentally evaluated. The performances of samples of two VBGs technologies, the Photo-Thermo-Refractive (PTR) glass and the DiChromated Gelatine (DCG), are assessed and compared in the H, O2-B and NIR bands. The tests are performed under vacuum condition combined with temperature cycling in the range of 200 K to 300K. A dedicated test bench experiment is designed to evaluate the impact of temperature on the spectral efficiency and to determine the optical wavefront error of the diffracted beam. Furthermore the diffraction efficiency degradation under gamma irradiation is assessed. Finally the straylight, the diffraction efficiency under conical incidence and the polarisation sensitivity is evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailMethod for manufacturing an improved optical layer of light emitting device with surface nano-micro texturation based on coherent electromagnetic radiation speckle lithography
Loicq, Jerôme ULiege; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULiege; Vandormael, Denis

Patent (2012)

An object of the present invention is to provide a cheap, rapid, controlled, reproducible and polyvalent method for manufacturing a light emitting device with an internal source of light capable of ... [more ▼]

An object of the present invention is to provide a cheap, rapid, controlled, reproducible and polyvalent method for manufacturing a light emitting device with an internal source of light capable of achieving an enhancement in extraction efficiency. The invention proposes a method for manufacturing an optical layer for a light emitting device having an internal source of light and an optical layer separating the internal source of light and an external medium of light diffusion, wherein the method comprises the use of coherent electromagnetic radiation speckle lithography, such as laser speckle lithography, to make a nano/micro texturation on at least one surface of the optical layer [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (11 ULiège)