References of "Linden, Annick"
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See detailEpidemiology of atypical myopathy: descriptive phase
Votion, Dominique ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg et al

in In Proceeding: First Scientific Symposium of the European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM) (2005, January)

Atypical myopathy (AM) in grazing horses is a frequently fatal condition that has been reported in several European countries. In Belgium, since autumn 2000, AM was confirmed in 39 equids based on ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy (AM) in grazing horses is a frequently fatal condition that has been reported in several European countries. In Belgium, since autumn 2000, AM was confirmed in 39 equids based on characteristic histological lesions in postural and respiratory muscles. This study describes the history, clinical signs and biochemical changes associated with AM in these confirmed cases. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification by two-dimensional electrophoresis of a new adhesin expressed by a low-passaged strain of Mycoplasma bovis
Thomas, Anne; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Research in Microbiology (2005), 156(5-6, Jun-Jul), 713-718

A significant decrease in adherence rates of Mycoplasma bovis to bovine bronchial epithelial (BBE) cells has been observed after passage of the organism in artificial medium. Analysis of the proteins ... [more ▼]

A significant decrease in adherence rates of Mycoplasma bovis to bovine bronchial epithelial (BBE) cells has been observed after passage of the organism in artificial medium. Analysis of the proteins expressed by M. bovis isolate 2610 by two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis demonstrated differences between the cells harvested after the 7th and 116th passage. Three silver-stained prominent spots observed in 2-D electrophoretic separation of protein extracts of the lower-passaged cells were considerably less strongly expressed in the sample from higher-passaged cells. These spots had a molecular mass of approximately 24 kDa and an isoelectric point of about 5. The mass spectrometry analysis of these trypsin-sensitive proteins led to their identification as a unique new member of the Vsps family of membrane-associated proteins. Serum from a mouse immunized with these proteins significantly reduced adherence of M. bovis to BBE cells. This result underlines the function of this new Vsp in adherence of M. bovis to host cells. (c) 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailSurveillance sanitaire du chevreuil en Région Wallonne : résultats 2003-2004
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2005)

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See detailL'état de santé de la faune sauvage en Belgique
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2005)

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See detailThe p40* adhesin pseudogene of Mycoplasma bovis
Thomas, Anne; Linden, Annick ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2004), 104(3-4), 213-217

An analogue of the adhesin gene p40 of Mycoplasma agalactiae was found in Mycoplasma bovis. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the p40* gene in M. bovis revealed the presence of a large deletion involving a ... [more ▼]

An analogue of the adhesin gene p40 of Mycoplasma agalactiae was found in Mycoplasma bovis. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the p40* gene in M. bovis revealed the presence of a large deletion involving a frameshift that causes premature truncation of the translated protein, indicating that p40* exists as a pseudogene in M. bovis. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailClues for Differential Diagnosis of atypical myopathy
Votion, Dominique ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Maastricht International Congress on Equine Medicine (MICEM) (2004, December)

Atypical myopathy (AM), also called “atypical myoglobinuria”, is a frequently and rapidly fatal myopathy of unknown origin occurring sporadically in grazing horses. As opposed to the exertional ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy (AM), also called “atypical myoglobinuria”, is a frequently and rapidly fatal myopathy of unknown origin occurring sporadically in grazing horses. As opposed to the exertional rhabdomyolysis syndrome (ERS), clinical signs of AM are not induced by exercise. The condition has been reported in several European countries including Belgium, France, Germany and Great Britain. Clinical signs of AM are characterised by muscular weakness, stiffness, recumbency, sweating and when urine is observed, myoglobinuria. These signs are characteristic but not pathognomonic of the disease; the differential diagnosis of sudden weakness, severe myopathy and/or unexpected death includes several neurogenic and myopathic disorders. The main pathologies that share clinical similarities with AM include the acute form of grass sickness (GS), acute piroplasmosis, botulism, ERS, the hyperkalemic periodic paresis (HPP), nutritional myopathy (NM; i.e. vitamin E and/or selenium deficiency), plants or drugs (i.e. ionophores intoxication) intoxication, tetanus and postanaesthesia myopathy. This report aims at reviewing key facts in history, clinical signs, clinical examination and laboratory findings that contribute towards the diagnosis of AM and/or invalidate the diagnosis of other pathologies. [less ▲]

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See detailConservation of the uvrC gene sequence in Mycoplasma bovis and its use in routine PCR diagnosis
Thomas, Anne; Dizier, Isabelle ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2004), 168(1), 100-102

Mycoplasma bovis is a major cause of pneumonia and arthritis in calves, and of mastitis and genital infections in adult cows. It is responsible for high economic loss in feedlot cattle although it is ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasma bovis is a major cause of pneumonia and arthritis in calves, and of mastitis and genital infections in adult cows. It is responsible for high economic loss in feedlot cattle although it is often underestimated and is widely spread within the bovine population in enzootically infected areas. [less ▲]

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See detailBiochemical findings associated with atypical myopathy in grazing horses
Votion, Dominique ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailAtypical Myopathy (Atypical Myoglobinuria)
Votion, Dominique ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Demoulin, Vincent ULg et al

in IVIS Reviews in Veterinary Medicine (2004)

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See detailLe réseau de surveillance sanitaire de la faune sauvage
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailMise en place d'un Réseau de Surveillance Sanitaire de la Faune Sauvage
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailLes mycoplasmes respiratoires bovins: prévalence et propriétés de cyto-adhésion
Thomas, A.; Dizier, Isabelle ULg; Sachse, K. et al

Report (2004)

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See detailAntibiotic susceptibilities of recent isolates of Mycoplasma bovis in Belgium
Thomas, Anne; Nicolas, C.; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Veterinary Record (2003), 153(14), 428-431

The susceptibilities of 40 recent Belgian field isolates of Mycoplasma bovis to 10 antimicrobial agents were assessed. Tiamulin was the most active antimicrobial agent against M bovis, with an initial ... [more ▼]

The susceptibilities of 40 recent Belgian field isolates of Mycoplasma bovis to 10 antimicrobial agents were assessed. Tiamulin was the most active antimicrobial agent against M bovis, with an initial inhibitory concentration (IIC50) of 0.06 microg/ml, but it is not licensed for the treatment of cattle. All three fluoroquinolones tested (danofloxacin, enrofloxacin and marbofloxacin) were effective against strains of M bovis, and had a minimum mycoplasmacidal concentration (MMC50) less than or equal to 1 microg/ml. Gentamicin was poorly effective, having an IIC50 of 8 microg/ml. Many strains of M bovis were resistant to tylosin, spectinomycin, lincomycin, tetracycline and oxytetracycline. [less ▲]

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See detailLa myopathie atypique des équidés: particularités cliniques, examens complémentaires et hypothèses étiologiques.
Votion, Dominique ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Journée AVEF (Association des Vétérinaires Equins Français) (2003, October)

La myopathie atypique (MA) des équidés, encore appelée myoglobinurie atypique des chevaux au pré, est un syndrome caractérisé par l’apparition soudaine de faiblesse musculaire, de raideur, de tremblements ... [more ▼]

La myopathie atypique (MA) des équidés, encore appelée myoglobinurie atypique des chevaux au pré, est un syndrome caractérisé par l’apparition soudaine de faiblesse musculaire, de raideur, de tremblements et de sudation profuse généralisée ou localisée. L’animal adopte rapidement une position en décubitus sternal ou latéral. Lorsque de l’urine est émise, celle-ci a une couleur brune « chocolatée ». L’examen clinique révèle fréquemment de la tachycardie, de l’hypothermie et de la dyspnée. Le dosage de l’activité sérique de la créatinine kinase contribue à la présomption de MA en démontrant une destruction musculaire massive mais le diagnostic définitif repose nécessairement sur l’examen histologique des muscles intervenant dans la posture et la respiration, muscles généralement atteints lors de cette maladie ainsi que sur l’examen du muscle cardiaque où des lésions de dégénérescence sont occasionnellement observées. Diverses hypothèses étiologiques sont en cours d’investigation et les plus probables incriminent l’action d’une mycotoxine ou d’une toxine d’origine bactérienne, ingérée ou produite dans le tractus digestif. Néanmoins, une carence nutritionnelle n’est pas exclue. Quelle que soit la cause, il semble que des conditions climatiques défavorables favorisent le déclenchement des symptômes. La récolte de données épidémiologiques permettra de mieux définir les moyens de prévention de cette maladie souvent fatale. [less ▲]

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See detailAdherence of Mycoplasma bovis strains to bovine bronchial epithelial cells
Thomas, Anne; Sachse, K.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Microbial Pathogenesis (2003), 34(3), 141-148

Mycoplasma bovis is responsible for considerable economic losses in cattle due to pneumonia, arthritis and mastitis. As the agent was shown to be capable of adhering to neutrophils and embryonic bovine ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasma bovis is responsible for considerable economic losses in cattle due to pneumonia, arthritis and mastitis. As the agent was shown to be capable of adhering to neutrophils and embryonic bovine lung (EBL) cells and invading the respiratory epithelium it is highly desirable to improve our understanding of cytadherence processes. Although several surface proteins likely to be directly involved in this initial stage of interaction between pathogen and host cells have been identified, these findings mainly referred to type strain PG45 adhering to the continuous EBL cell line. The present study provides new and complementary data about cytadherence of M. bovis based on adherence of various radiolabeled strains to a primary culture of bovine bronchial epithelial (BBE) cells using a standardized adherence assay. M. bovis was shown to adhere specifically to the primary culture of BBE cells. Inhibition of adherence was observed upon addition of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), trypsin treatment of mycoplasmas, and competition with non-radiolabeled mycoplasma cells. Interestingly, three MAbs against proteins involved in adherence to EBL cells failed to inhibit significantly the adherence to BBE cells. On the other hand, significant reduction of adherence rates by MAbs 2A8 and 9F1 directed against epitopes of variable surface lipoproteins VspC and VspF, respectively, demonstrated the involvement of these proteins in adherence of M. bovis to primary culture of BBE cells. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAdherence to various host cell lines of Mycoplasma bovis strains differing in pathogenic and cultural features
Thomas, Anne; Sachse, Konrad; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2003), 91(2-3), 101-113

Mycoplasma bovis is known to be responsible for pneumonia and arthritis in calves, as well as mastitis in dairy cows. Despite clear evidence of its pathogenic potential, little is known about mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasma bovis is known to be responsible for pneumonia and arthritis in calves, as well as mastitis in dairy cows. Despite clear evidence of its pathogenic potential, little is known about mechanisms of cytadherence and the molecular factors involved. The purpose of this work was to compare adherence rates of M. bovis field strains to different host cell lines and study the effects of cloning and sub-culturing M. bovis strains on their adherence properties. Eighteen metabolically labeled M. bovis strains isolated from different pathological backgrounds were examined in adherence trials using four different host cell lines, i.e. embryonic bovine lung (EBL), embryonic bovine trachea (EBTr), Madin Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) and rabbit kidney (RK) cells. Although large interstrain variations in adherence rates (3.4-19.1%) were measured they could not be correlated to the pathological background (pneumonia, arthritis or mastitis). Adherence rates to the fibroblast cell line (EBTr) were significantly lower than those to the three epithelial cell lines (EBL, MDBK and RK). The only non-pathogenic strain (221/89) exhibited lower adherence rates than three isolates from clinical mastitis. Interestingly, adherence rates were significantly reduced after in vitro passaging. In contrast, no effect of single cloning of strains on adherence was observed. There was no general correlation between expression of variable surface proteins (Vsps) as monitored by immunoblotting and adherence rates, although alterations in Vsp expression profiles were seen as a consequence of passaging. As there is probably a large number of adhesins, variable and non-variable, on the surface of M. bovis cells the issue is very complex, and the most active components have yet to be identified. [less ▲]

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See detailMycoplasma bovis : summary of current knowledge
Thomas, Anne; Mainil, Jacques ULg; Linden, Annick ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(1, FEB-MAR), 23-39

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle. Amongst them, M. Bovis is the most pathogenic species in countries free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia because it is responsible for bronchopneumonia ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle. Amongst them, M. Bovis is the most pathogenic species in countries free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia because it is responsible for bronchopneumonia, arthritis and mastitis, and is thus associated with strong economic losses. Several studies have shown the frequency of M. bovis in Europe and the spread of antibiotic-resistant strains. Considering the absence of vaccine in Europe, it is essential to understand this bacteria in order to control the infection in cattle. In this context, this paper aims at summarizing the current knowledge about M. bovis. [less ▲]

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See detailMycoplasma bovis dans le complexe respiratoire bovin et propriétés de cyto-adhésion in vitro
Thomas, Anne; Dizier, Isabelle ULg; Sachse, K. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4, AUG-SEP), 267-272

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle, causing especially respiratory diseases. Mycoplasma bovis is the most important pathogenic species in countries free of bovine contagious pleuropneumonia. This ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle, causing especially respiratory diseases. Mycoplasma bovis is the most important pathogenic species in countries free of bovine contagious pleuropneumonia. This species was frequently isolated in Belgium from cattle with respiratory disease. Furthermore, associations were often observed with pasteurellas and bovine respiratory syncytial virus. Of these M. bovis isolates, many were resistant to several antimicrobial agents which are used in cattle practice, except to fluoroquinolones. Inasmuch the high frequency of M. bovis isolation and antibiotic resistances, it is very important to understand the pathogenicity of this bacteria in order to optimize prophylactic tools. Therefore, the study of the cytadherence of M. bovis is essential since it represents the first step of the bacterial infection. According to our experimental results, PG45 is not representative of field isolates because of its low adherence rates to various cell lines. This could be explained by the high number of subcultures of this pathogenic strain underwent since its first isolation, which sharply contrasts with other isolates. M. bovis adheres specifically to bovine bronchial epithelial cells in primary culture. Proteins such as variable surface proteins C and F are involved in this step as observed by decreased adherence rates after trypsinization of mycoplasma cells or addition of monoclonal antibodies. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic différentiel en cas de présomption de myopathie atypique des équidés : illustration au travers de cas référés à la Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire de l’Université de Liège au cours du printemps 2003
Votion, Dominique ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg; Baise, Etienne ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147

Atypical myopathy is a frequently fatal disease inducing extensive and severe muscular damage, occurring during autumn and spring in grazing horses. The main features of the syndrome are the sudden onset ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy is a frequently fatal disease inducing extensive and severe muscular damage, occurring during autumn and spring in grazing horses. The main features of the syndrome are the sudden onset of non pathognomonic symptoms such as weakness, stiffness, sudation, recumbency and when observed, emission of dark urine. Confirmation of the diagnosis is of paramount importance since the disease can be recurrent on limited geographic area. This paper discusses the methodology applied on 7 clinical cases referred with a symptomatology suggestive of atypical myopathy to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Liege University during the spring 2003. Two of those cases were confirmed for atypical myopathy. A presumption of atypical myopathy may be drawn on history and clinical signs. On living animals, the serum concentration of the creatinine phosphokinase enzyme is the most useful biochemical tests as an aid to diagnosis because it confirms the presence of muscle damage. Nevertheless, the definitive diagnosis requires the histological examination of specific muscular samples obtained post-mortem. [less ▲]

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See detailLes mycoplasmes respiratoires bovins: prévalence et propriétés de cyto-adhésion
Thomas, A.; Dizier, Isabelle ULg; SACHSE, K. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4), 267-272

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