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See detailConservation of the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros Bechstein, 1800) (Mammalia : Chiroptera) in Belgium. A case study of feeding habitat requirements
Motte, G.; Libois, Roland ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2002), 132(1), 49-54

The aim of this study was to determine the habitat use of the last important Belgian colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros, Bechstein, 1800, one of the most endangered bat species in Europe. During 71 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the habitat use of the last important Belgian colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros, Bechstein, 1800, one of the most endangered bat species in Europe. During 71 evenings from April to August 1998, ultrasound detection was performed and, in late August, a female horseshoe bat was caught and fitted with a radio transmitter. The results showed that hedgerows and woodlands with bushes and coppice are key foraging habitats. They also highlight the importance of the presence of a network of wooded elements connecting the maternity roost with the foraging areas. To assure long-term protection of this colony, strong habitat conservation measures should be taken in a radius of up to 1-2 km around the roost. [less ▲]

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See detailPhylogéographie mitochondriale du mulot sylvestre (Apodemus sylvaticus) dans la région paléarctique occidentale
Michaux, J. R.; Magnanou, Elodie; Nieberding, Caroline et al

in Biosystema, Systématique et biogéographie (2002), 20

We have sequenced 965 base pairs of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b from 102 woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) samples collected from 40 European localities. The aims of the study were to answer the ... [more ▼]

We have sequenced 965 base pairs of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b from 102 woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) samples collected from 40 European localities. The aims of the study were to answer the following questions: i) Did the Mediterranean peninsulas play a role as a refuge for small mammals? ii) Is the genetic variability of a small mammal like A. sylvaticus higher in the Mediterranean regions as compared with northern Europe? iii)Is it possible to find patterns of postglacial colonisation of Europe other than those presently recognised ? Sequence data were analysed using Distance and Maximum Parsimony phylogenetic reconstruction methods. A minimum spanning network was also calculated. Population genetic structure was determined by analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). A "mismatch distribution" analysis was also performed to estimate the patterns of expansion. The results provide a clear picture of the impact of Quaternary glaciations on the genetic and geographic structure of the woodmouse. Analyses indicate a higher genetic variability for the woodmouse in the Mediterranean peninsulas as compared to northern Europe and the role of these peninsulas as refuge regions for small mammals. A new pattern of postglacial colonisation is also proposed where the Iberian and southern France refuge populations colonised almost all the European regions. The Sicilian population appears to be highly differentiated and highly variable. This result emphasises the importance of this island as a "hot spot" for the intraspecific genetic diversity of the woodmouse. Finally, populations of this species in North Africa originated from south-western Europe and are probably the result of a recent anthropogenic introduction. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversité génétique: du diagnostic à la conservation. Le cas du vison d'Europe
Libois, Roland ULg; Michaux, J.; Rosoux, René et al

in Annales de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de la Charente-Maritime (2002), 9(2), 219-223

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See detailFirst report on the presence in France of a B-chromosome polymorphism in Apodemus flavicollis
Ramalhinho, M. G.; Libois, Roland ULg

in Mammalia (2002), 66(2), 300-303

Observation of B chromosomes in Apodemus flavicollis in France (Massif central)

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See detailImpact assessment of breeding European kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) on prey fish
Hallet, Catherine; Libois, Roland ULg

in Cowx, Ian (Ed.) Interaction between fish and birds: implications for management (abstracts) (2001, April)

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See detailLa fouine
Libois, Roland ULg

Learning material (2001)

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See detailDes escargots et des champignons à la rescousse du développement durable
Libois, Roland ULg; Codjia, J.T.C.

in Parcs & Réserves (2001), 56(4), 46-49

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See detailRecent biogeographic and ecological studies on otter (Lutra lutra) and European mink (Mustela lutreola) in France
de Bellefroid, Marie des Neiges; Libois, Roland ULg; Rosoux, René

in Säugetierkundliche informationen (2001), 25

Otter and European mink are two threatened species in France. The mink is even considered to be on the verge of extinction. Studies have been carried out for more than ten years to attempt to understand ... [more ▼]

Otter and European mink are two threatened species in France. The mink is even considered to be on the verge of extinction. Studies have been carried out for more than ten years to attempt to understand the changes in their distribution and the ecological needs of these two semi-aquatic mustelids. The results of the research programmes completed or still under way, are presented. The French Ministry of Environment has set up two specific restoration plans, with the contribution of Conversation societies for wild fauna and scientific institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe karyotype of the Formentera island garden dormouse, Eliomys quercinus ophiusae
Ramalhinho, Graça; Libois, Roland ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2001), 131(1), 83-85

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See detailRegime alimentaire du Grand-Duc du désert, Bubo ascalaphus, dans la réserve naturelle de Mergueb (M'Sila, Algérie)
Biche, Mohamed; Sellami, Medhi; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Alauda (2001), 69(4), 554-557

The diet of Bubo ascalaphus was studied in a steppe at the Mergueb nature reserve. The analysis of 141 pellets indicated that mammals were most abundant (89 %). The most frequent prey, on a numerical ... [more ▼]

The diet of Bubo ascalaphus was studied in a steppe at the Mergueb nature reserve. The analysis of 141 pellets indicated that mammals were most abundant (89 %). The most frequent prey, on a numerical basis (82 %) as well as in term of biomass (96 %) was Meriones shawi trouessarti (Gerbillidae). Other preys included Jaculus orientalis (Dipodidae), and two insectivores: Crocidura russula and Hemiechinus aethiopicus. Among the avifauna, only the Spanish sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis) was a significant part of the Eagle owl dietn especially in spring. Arthropods were represented by Scarabeidae in spring and Scorpionidae in summer but they played a minor role in the food of the Eagle owl. The originality of this diet lies in the absence of Brown hare (Lepus capensis) and the presence of only one specimen of the desert hedgehog. Although its food spectrum was very narrow in this site, the Eagle owl can be regarded as opportunistic as it concentrated on the most available prey: Meriones shawi. [less ▲]

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See detailLe martin-pêcheur (Alcedo atthis) va-t-il bientôt manquer de sites de nidification ?
Libois, Roland ULg

in Aves (2001), 38(4), 161-178

In south-west Belgium, the breeding of the kingfisher was monitored for more than 10 years. During this period, 158 banks were regularly surveyed. Alterations or potential threats were identified: natural ... [more ▼]

In south-west Belgium, the breeding of the kingfisher was monitored for more than 10 years. During this period, 158 banks were regularly surveyed. Alterations or potential threats were identified: natural erosion, cattle trampling, disturbance from kayak-riders or anglers and, last but not least, consolidation works. Only 56 banks (35.4 %) can de considered as "safe". However, since the recent (2001) legal restrictions about the navigation on small rivers, 12 more banks are now safe too. Cattle trampling appears as the main threat (55 sites). However, the enforcement of the law regulating the fences along the rivers could easily solve the problem. Nineteen banks were completely destroyed for different purposes: navigation, road retaining walls or simply anti-erosive measures. Most of these works were undertaken along the river Meuse, the best nidification habitat of the area. (11 photos) [less ▲]

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See detailAperçu du régime alimentaire du Grand Cormoran (Phalacrocorax carbo) dans les eaux intérieures du Pas-de-Calais (France)
Libois, Roland ULg

in Aves (2001), 38(2), 49-59

The stomach contents of 40 great cormorants shot during "regulation" operations in the Pas-de-Calais have been analysed. Eight stomachs were empty and 426 fishes belonging to 15 species were recovered in ... [more ▼]

The stomach contents of 40 great cormorants shot during "regulation" operations in the Pas-de-Calais have been analysed. Eight stomachs were empty and 426 fishes belonging to 15 species were recovered in the others. The dominant prey is the roach. Other regular prey are the common bream and the perch. Other fish (Salmonids, pike, pikeperch, ruffe, rudd, lamprey) appear in less than 5 stomachs. Most of the prey are small sized fish, less than 12 cm (total length). The biomass of 80% of the preys is less than 20g. However, the role of the greater fish in the diet must be emphasized: those weighing more than 200g (1% in numbers) reprensent 20% of the ingested biomass. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular identification of three sympatric species of wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus, A-flavicollis, A-alpicola) in western Europe (Muridae : Rodentia)
Michaux, Johan ULg; Kinet, Séverine ULg; Filippucci, M. G. et al

in Molecular Ecology Notes (2001), 1(4), 260-263

The woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and yellow-necked fieldmouse (Apodelnus flavicollis) are sympatric and even syntopic in many regions throughout their European range. Their field discrimination on the ... [more ▼]

The woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and yellow-necked fieldmouse (Apodelnus flavicollis) are sympatric and even syntopic in many regions throughout their European range. Their field discrimination on the basis of external characters is a real challenge for many fields of research. The problem is even more complicated in the Alpine chain where they live sympatrically with a third similar species: A. alpicola. A rapid and simple method is proposed to discriminate the three species in processing field-collected biopsies as well as ethanol-preserved museum samples. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the origin and systematics of the northern African wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) populations: a comparative study of mtDNA restriction patterns
Libois, Roland ULg; Michaux, Johan ULg; Ramalhinho, M. G. et al

in Canadian Journal of Zoology (2001), 79(8), 1503-1511

Conflicting hypotheses have been formulated regarding the origin of wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) populations in northern Africa. In this study, the mtDNA restriction patterns of mice (n = 28 ... [more ▼]

Conflicting hypotheses have been formulated regarding the origin of wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) populations in northern Africa. In this study, the mtDNA restriction patterns of mice (n = 28) collected in Tunisia and Morocco are compared with those of representatives from southern Europe (n = 102). The neighbour-joining tree confirms the existence of the three lineages previously found in the Mediterranean area: western, Tyrrhenian-Balkan, and Sicilian. The western group is isolated from the two others, with bootstrap values of 89 and 95%. Northern African patterns are included in the western group. Their variability is low, the same pattern being shared by five Tunisian and all Moroccan animals (n = 18), caught either in the north of the country (Cap Spartel) or in the south (Marrakech). This implies that northern African wood mouse populations have a southwestern European origin and that their presence in the region is probably recent, which corresponds to both paleontological data and the hypothesis of anthropogenic introduction. [less ▲]

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See detailLe vison d'Europe
Libois, Roland ULg; Rosoux, René; de Bellefroid, Marie des Neiges

in Rameau, J. C.; Gauberville, Christian; Drapier, N. (Eds.) Gestion forestière et diversité biologique. Identifiaction et gestion intégrée des habitats et espèces d'intérêt communautaire. France: domaine atlantique. (2000)

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See detailPlatypsyllus castoris Ritsema, 1869 (Coleoptera, Leptinidae), espèce nouvelle pour la faune de Belgique
Libois, Roland ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Entomologie = Bulletin van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (2000), 136(1), 30-31

This paper reports for the first time, the presence of Platypsyllus castoris Rits. in Belgium. The insects were collected on a road killed European beaver found in Anseremme (Dinant) in December 1999 ... [more ▼]

This paper reports for the first time, the presence of Platypsyllus castoris Rits. in Belgium. The insects were collected on a road killed European beaver found in Anseremme (Dinant) in December 1999. This beaver is one of those that were recently illegaly reintroduced in various parts of southern Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailPhylogeography and taxonomy of woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) populations from Western Palearctic: RFLP of the mtDNA variability
Michaux, JR; Libois, Roland ULg; Ramalhinho, Maria da Graça et al

in Ylönen, Hannu; Hentonnen, Heikki; Laajalahti, Päivi (Eds.) et al 3rd European congress of mammalogy (1999, May)

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See detailRecent evolution of the status of the European mink (Mustela lutreola) and of the otter (Lutra lutra) in France.
Libois, Roland ULg; de Bellefroid, Marie des Neiges; Rosoux, René

in III International Symposium "Semiaquatische Säugetiere und ihre Lebenräume (1999, May)

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See detailSuncus etruscus (Savi, 1822)
Libois, Roland ULg; Fons, Roger

in Mitchell-Jones, A.J.; Amori, A.; Bogdanowicz, B. (Eds.) et al The atlas of European mammals (1999)

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