References of "Libois, Roland"
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See detailIs the woodmouse (Apodemus sylaticus) of Sicily a distinct species ?
Michaux, J.; Sara, Maurizio; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (1998), 128(2), 211-214

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See detailComparaison entre deux techniques d'étude de l'utilisation de l'habitat par la sérotine commune (Eptesicus serotinus): le radiopistage et la prospection avec une détecteur d'ultrasons hétérodyne.
Motte, Gregory; Kervyn, Thierry; Libois, Roland ULg

in Arvicola (1998), Arvicola

During the course of a study on the use of habitat by the common serotine bat in Belgium, we have had recourse to radiotracking and the prospecting with an ultrasonic detector. The results obtained with ... [more ▼]

During the course of a study on the use of habitat by the common serotine bat in Belgium, we have had recourse to radiotracking and the prospecting with an ultrasonic detector. The results obtained with the two techniques used have been compared. The preferred habitats of the bats were found identical with the two techniques, with a preferece for leafy environments. However, the interpretation of the results affords different information depending on the technique adopted. We have thus compared the limits of each of the two techniques. In conclusion, the results obtained by radiotracking and with the ultrasonic detector are at the same time virtually the same but also complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailMammals from the Azores islands (Portugal): an updated overview
Mathias, Maria da Luz; Ramalhinho, Maria Graça; Santos-Reis, Margarida et al

in Mammalia (1998), 62(3), 397-407

Nine species of mammals are recorded for the Azores islands: one insectivore (Erinaceus europaeus), two bats (Myotis myotis, Nyctalus azoreum), one lagomorph (Oryctolagus cuniculus), three rodents (Rattus ... [more ▼]

Nine species of mammals are recorded for the Azores islands: one insectivore (Erinaceus europaeus), two bats (Myotis myotis, Nyctalus azoreum), one lagomorph (Oryctolagus cuniculus), three rodents (Rattus norvegicus, R. rattus, Mus musculus domesticus) and two carnivores (Mustela nivalis, M. furo). Here, notes on the origin and known distribution are given for each species, together with taxonomical and ecological cmments. Except for bats all the remaining species seem to have been introduced under the influence of the man's exploratory and commercial activities [less ▲]

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See detailOn the mtDNA restriction patterns variation of the Iberian wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus). Comparison with other west Mediterranean populations.
Michaux, Johan ULg; Libois, Roland ULg; Ramalhinho, M. G. et al

in Hereditas (1998), 129(3), 187-94

In previous studies, the presence of three main lineages of wood mice mtDNA was described in western Europe: a first one distributed from the Pyrenees to Scandinavia. a Thyrrenian one occurring in ... [more ▼]

In previous studies, the presence of three main lineages of wood mice mtDNA was described in western Europe: a first one distributed from the Pyrenees to Scandinavia. a Thyrrenian one occurring in peninsular Italy, Elba, Corsica and Sardinia and a third one restricted to Sicily and Marettimo. Do the Iberian wood mice belong to one of these lineages? In order to answer this question, animals were trapped all over the Iberian peninsula (11 sites) as well as in three of the Balearic islands. Comparisons with specimens from the above mentioned lineages were made. From 158 animals trapped in 30 sites, 78 different mtDNA restriction patterns were obtained and compared using the NEI and LI index ((Nei M and Li WH, (1979). Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76: 5269-5273) of nucleotide divergence. A neighbour-joining tree, with a specimen of Apodemus flavicollis as outgroup, was then computed from the similarity matrix. Apodemus flavicollis is well separated from all the A. sylvaticus and all the Iberian restriction patterns are clustered with those of continental France, showing a great similarity level between the Iberian and north-west European animals. This group is well separated from the Sicilian and from the Tyrrhenian ones. These results suggest that the Pyrenees are not a biogeographic barrier for the wood mouse and that the postglacial recolonisation of western Europe by that species has its origin in populations which, during the latest Ice age, were living in refuges situated in southern France or in the Iberian peninsula. Because the Balearic restriction patterns are clustered in a lineage joining Iberian pattern at a low divergence level, we suggest that their origin is continental Spain or southern France. [less ▲]

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See detailSuivi satellitaire de la migration automnale de la cigogne noire. Aléas et perspectives d'avenir
Libois, Roland ULg; Jadoul, Gérard

in Aves (1997), 34(1), 20-22

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See detailUtilisation de l'habitat par la sérotine commune Eptesicus serotinus en Lorraine belge
Kervyn, Thierry; Brasseur, Jasmine; Libois, Roland ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles (1997), 120(2), 35-41

The radiotracking of 10 serotine bats during a period of 73 nights shows that the animals hunt mainly at forest edges and above meadows. The mean distance between the main diurnal roost and hunting ... [more ▼]

The radiotracking of 10 serotine bats during a period of 73 nights shows that the animals hunt mainly at forest edges and above meadows. The mean distance between the main diurnal roost and hunting grounds is 2.1 +/- 1.2 km (n = 24). Secondary diurnal roosts are used within a radius of 250 m of the main diurnal quarters. Nocturnal resting places are situated in beech forests (Fagus sylvatica) near feeding areas. The activity area (minumum area method) of radiotracked serotine bats, all originating from the same colony, stretches to 15.8 km². [less ▲]

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See detailFirst epidemiological data on pathogenic leptospires isolated on the Azorean islands
Collares-Pereira, Margarida; Korver, H.; Terpstra, W. J. et al

in European Journal of Epidemiology (1997), 13

Insectivores (Erinaceus europaeus) and rodents (Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus and Mus musculus) from different islands of the Azores archipelago were found to carry three distinct Leptospira interrogans s ... [more ▼]

Insectivores (Erinaceus europaeus) and rodents (Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus and Mus musculus) from different islands of the Azores archipelago were found to carry three distinct Leptospira interrogans s.l. serovars (copenhageni, icterohaemorrhagiae and ballum) which have never been previously investigated there. The house mouse and the black rat were the major Leptospira reservoir showing isolation rates ranging from 0% for both species (in Graciosa) to 88 % and 33 %, respectively (in São Miguel). This study also showed that the majority of the animals with positive kidney cultures exhibited specific agglutinins agaibst the isolated strains of Leptospira. The observed isalation rates in the different islands, with a very interesting island variation in prevalence, suggest that small mammals, serving as sylvatic reservoirs of pathogenic leptospires, may represent an important risk to the health of humans and the livestock, particularly in the islands of Terceira and São Miguel. [less ▲]

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See detailLa biodiversité animale en Région wallonne: état des lieux
Libois, Roland ULg

in Le réseau écologique, actes du colloque d'Arquennes (1997)

Etat général du statut des vertébrés. Banalisation de la faune et altération des écosystèmes. Trois points à discuter en fonction de la conservation de la biodiversité: i) introduction d'animaux de souche ... [more ▼]

Etat général du statut des vertébrés. Banalisation de la faune et altération des écosystèmes. Trois points à discuter en fonction de la conservation de la biodiversité: i) introduction d'animaux de souche étrangère (y compris pour le repeuplement des chasses et des rivières) ii) dissémination d'organismes transgéniques et iii) perte de la diversité dans la recherche : l'université connaît une dérive utilitariste ou marchande, souffre d'une tendance à l'uniformisation et perd son indépendance. [less ▲]

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See detailNotes of the flea fauna (Insecta, Siphonaptera) of the terrestrial azorean mammals
Libois, Roland ULg; Fons, Roger; Mathias, Maria da Luz et al

in Arquivos do Museu Bocage. Nova série (1997), 3(1), 1-11

During three successive years, field samplings of wild mammals were organised on different Azorean islands and the ectoparastes were collected. Among 340 murid rodents, 31 did bear at least one flea ... [more ▼]

During three successive years, field samplings of wild mammals were organised on different Azorean islands and the ectoparastes were collected. Among 340 murid rodents, 31 did bear at least one flea. Nosopsyllus l. londiniensis has been found on the mouse in São Miguel. Stenoponia t. tripectinata has been discovered in Terceira and in São Miguel, mainly on house mice and on one black rat out of 121. Nosopsyllus fasciatus was present on the mouse and on both the black and the Norway rats. Its presence has been evidenced in four islands: São Miguel, Terceira, Graciosa and Flores. Numerous rabbits were also examined in the visited islands (São Miguel, Terceira, Pico, São Jorge, Faial and Flores) and were found heavily parasited by their commonest flea, Spilopsyllus cuniculi. In Flores, however, that flea seems to be lacking. Though no systematic search has been done on domestic animals, the presence of Ctenocephalides f. felis is also reported from Flores, Terceira and Graciosa whereas C. canis has been found on a dog in Florès. The flea fauna of the Azorean archipelago is therefore characterized by a few species amongst the most cosmopolitan ones [less ▲]

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See detailAlcedo atthis : Kingfisher
Libois, Roland ULg

in Hagemeijer, Ward J.M.; Blair, Michael J. (Eds.) The EECC Atlas of European breeding birds (1997)

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See detailRégime et tactique alimentaires de la loutre (Lutra lutra) dans le Massif Central
Libois, Roland ULg

in Vie et milieu (1997), 47(1), 33-45

Otter spaints were collected in 1991 on a seasonal basis in the river Chavanon catchment, a tributary of the river Dordogne, in central France. Small sized species (bullhead, three-spined stickleback ... [more ▼]

Otter spaints were collected in 1991 on a seasonal basis in the river Chavanon catchment, a tributary of the river Dordogne, in central France. Small sized species (bullhead, three-spined stickleback, gudgeon and minnow) are the most numerous items in the diet: they account for more than 50% of the 3,148 identified preys. However, when expressed in relative biomass, their importance falls down (8 %). In fact, the brown trout, large cyprinid fish, birds and mammals make up the bulk of the diet. We found strong differences linked to the general habitat types and also seasonal ones. Frogs are mainly preyed upon during the spring whereas the snakes are exclusively taken in the summer and autumn months. Gudgeon and insects are also mainly summer and autumn preys. Perch and large cyprinid fish remais are more frequent during winter and even spring. The present results confirm the opportunistic way of predation of the otter and the fact that its hunting takes place more on the bottom and along the river banks than in the open water. [less ▲]

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See detailConservation de la nature: un combat sns cesse renouvelé
Libois, Roland ULg

Learning material (1996)

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See detailExpérience unique: la cigogne noire
Jadoul, Gérard; Libois, Roland ULg

Learning material (1996)

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See detailPremigratory movements of a juvenile black stork in southern Belgium
Libois, Roland ULg; Jadoul, Gérard

in IInd International conferrence on the black stork (1996, March)

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See detailDéplacements prémigratoire et itinéraire de migration d'une cigogne noire (Cicinia nigra) juvénile suivie par télémétrie satellitaire
Libois, Roland ULg; Jadoul, Gérard

in Aves (1996), 33(1), 1-10

On 19th of July 1995, a juvenile black stork was caught in the vicinity of Bastogne (Province of Luxembourg, Belgium) and was fitted a PTT platform weighing about 75 grams. The locations obtained by the ... [more ▼]

On 19th of July 1995, a juvenile black stork was caught in the vicinity of Bastogne (Province of Luxembourg, Belgium) and was fitted a PTT platform weighing about 75 grams. The locations obtained by the Argos system were sorted according to their precision and the fixes of good quality (A,0,2 or 3 in the Argos classification) were mapped. From the 19th July to the first migration day (28 August at 09h GMT), more than fifty percent of the 109 obtained fixes are located inside a zone of 100 km² (5.65 km radius) centered near the capture point. Moreover, that zone bas been visited nearly every day by the bird. Twenty more percent of the fixes are situated in a wider area of 300 km² (9.77 km radius). That region is covered by spruce plantations, deciduous forests and cattle meadows with numerous small watercourses and several ponds including fish ponds. Some medium distance (10 to 110 km apart from the home range centre) movements were also recorded, mainly eastwards and westwards. No difference has been evidenced in the home range use during the 4 decades of monitoring. The migration travel was monitored till the 06th September, when the transmitter failed due to a technical misconception. At that time, the stork was located in the region of Fès (Morocco). Within 9 days, the bird has travelled a distance of ca 2,400 km (mean daily movement: 237 km). The Pyrenees were crossed in the high valley of the river Tech (Pyrénées Orientales, France) only 3 days after the departure and the bird has been seen by Spanish colleagues when flying across the strait of Gibraltar (Tarifa, 5 September, 07.55 h GMT). [less ▲]

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See detailBacteriogical evidence of leptospira infetion in wild mammals from Azores archipelago, Portugal (short report)
Collares Pereira, Margarida; Santos Reis, Margarida; Oom, Maria do Mar et al

in Vie et milieu (1996), 46(3-4), 380-381

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See detailFirst approach on the skull morphology of the black rat (Rattus rattus) from Terceira and São Miguel islands (Azores archipelago)
Ramalhinho, Maria da Graça; Mathias, Maria da Luz; Santos Reis, Margarita et al

in Vie et milieu (1996), 46(3-4), 245-251

The present paper deals with an analysis of metric (cranial measurements) and non metric (epigenetic cranial characters) variation in black rat populations from S. Miguel and Terceira islands compared to ... [more ▼]

The present paper deals with an analysis of metric (cranial measurements) and non metric (epigenetic cranial characters) variation in black rat populations from S. Miguel and Terceira islands compared to a continental sample. Assuming the Azorean rats originate from the European continent, we tested the similarity between the samples, considering only adult and subadult animals. Having verified that there was no sexual dimorphism in the characters studied, we computed discriminant functions and made a PCA with the most discriminant variables. The three samples are clearly separated by these functions, the Azorean rats showing a larger general skull size and differing between the two islands. The Mean Measure of Divergence (MMD), based on non metric cranial traits frequencies, was also used to express the interpopulational differences: the rats of Terceira differ significantly either from the continental ones or from those of S. Miguel. Finally, the possible origin of these differences is disussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDifférenciatio, génétique et morphologique du mulot, Apodemus sylvaticus, dans le bassin méditerranéen occidental
Michaux, J.R.; Libois, Roland ULg; Fons, Roger

in Vie et milieu (1996), 46(3-4), 192-203

Many questions are still unanswered about the biogeography and the origin of the wood mouse in the Mediterranean area, namely on the islands where some giant forms are described. In order to characterize ... [more ▼]

Many questions are still unanswered about the biogeography and the origin of the wood mouse in the Mediterranean area, namely on the islands where some giant forms are described. In order to characterize the genetic structure of these insular populations and the level of morphological differentiation, 232 animals originating from 30 localities situatid on several wester Mediterranean islands and on the continent, either along the sea coast or more inlabd, were trapped. Their skulls were measured and their mtDNA purified and analysed by RFLP techniques. The wood mice living on small islands are generally bigger than their relatives living on the continent whereas the size of those living on larger islands is quite the same. This kind of insular gigantism ought to be more an adaptive response to peculiar insular environmental conditions (particularly a lower predation pressure) than a consequence of a founder effect. The mtDNA of the wood mice from north eastern Spain belongs to the previously identified northwestern group. Consequently, the Pyrenees are not a biogeographic barrier to the wood mouse. The Sicilian mice, which are genetically different from all the other west European or north African animals, are morphologically similar to the Sardinia and Italian ones. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination of European otters (Lutra lutra) by PCB congeners and organochlorinated pesticides in the wetlands of western France
Tans, Michael; Hugla, Jean Louis; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Netherlands Journal of Zoology (1996), 46(3-4), 326-336

During the forty years, otter (Lutra lutra) populations have severely declined over much of Europe. One of the main regression factors appears to be pollution by organochlorine xenobiotics, especially ... [more ▼]

During the forty years, otter (Lutra lutra) populations have severely declined over much of Europe. One of the main regression factors appears to be pollution by organochlorine xenobiotics, especially PCBs. The present study took place in France, in the wetlands of the Atlantic border, where otter populations are considered to the stable. Muscle, pericaudal fat, and liver of 33 otters were analysed for 22 PCB congeners and organochlorine pesticides. The mean concentrations of organochlorinated pesticides in samples are relatively low (from 0 to 5.71 mg/kg lipid weight). The PCB concentrations are higher (mean in muscular tissue: 26.19 mg/kg lipid weight), but still remain low compared to similar samples from other countries. The relation between PCB concentration and physiological variables is discussed. Congener specific analysis shows an important contamination due to highly chlorinated congeners and a poor contaminatin due to low chlorinated congeners. Potential hazards due to organochlorinated compounds are also discussed. [less ▲]

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