References of "Legrain, Xavier"
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See detailLa carte des sols et sa version numérisée : des outils précieux au service de la ruralité
Legrain, Xavier ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailProblématique des sols caillouteux
Legrain, Xavier ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailLes différentes fonctions du sol
Renneson, Malorie ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Lienard, Amandine ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailLa gestion des sols
Renneson, Malorie ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Lienard, Amandine ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (10 ULg)
See detailLes sols de la région de Soignies
Demarcin, Pierre ULg; Legrain, Xavier ULg; Desmet, Aude et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailUne équipe pour comprendre les sols de Wallonie (II)
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Demarcin, Pierre ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailLes sols wallons sous la loupe
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Demarcin, Pierre ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailUne équipe pour comprendre les sols de Wallonie (I)
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Demarcin, Pierre ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailRisk assessment of soil compaction in Walloon Region (Belgium)
Rosiere, Charlotte ULg; Delvoie, Simon ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 07)

The proposed Soil Framework Directive COM(2006)232 requires Member States to identify areas at risk of erosion, decline in organic matter, salinisation, compaction, sealing and landslides, as well as to ... [more ▼]

The proposed Soil Framework Directive COM(2006)232 requires Member States to identify areas at risk of erosion, decline in organic matter, salinisation, compaction, sealing and landslides, as well as to set up an inventory of contaminated sites. The present project aims to identify the susceptibility to compaction of soils of the Walloon Region (Belgium) and to recommend good farming practices avoiding soil compaction as far as possible. Within this scope, the concept of precompression stress (Pc) (Horn and Fleige, 2003) was used. Pc is defined as the maximum major principal stress that a soil horizon can withstand against any applied external vertical stress. If applied stress is higher than Pc, the soil enters in a plastic state, not easily reversible. For a given soil, the intensity of soil compaction is mainly due to the applied load which depends on vehicle characteristics (axle load, tyre dimensions, tyre inflation pressure, and vehicle velocity). To determine soil precompression stress, pedotransfert functions of Lebert and Horn (1991) defined at two water suctions (pF 1.8 and 2.5) were used. Parameters required by these functions were found within several databases (Aardewerk and Digital Map of Walloon Soils) and literature. The validation of Pc was performed by measuring stress-strain relationships using automatic oedometers. Stresses of 15.6, 31, 3, 62.5, 125, 250, 500 and 1000 kPa were applied for 10 min each. In this study, the compaction due to beet harvesters was considered because the axle load can exceed 10 tons and these machines are often used during wet conditions. The compaction at two depth levels was considered: 30 and 50 cm. Compaction of topsoil was not taken into account because, under conventional tillage, the plough depth is lower than 25 cm. Before and after the passage of the machines, following measurements were performed: granulometry, density, soil moisture, pF curve, Atterberg limits, ... The software Soilflex (Keller et al., 2007) was used to estimate the distribution of the vertical stresses sigma z in the soil. Comparison was performed between sigma z and Pc. The following data simulated the passage of a beet harvester machine (mass: 23 580 kg; load: 18 000 kg) in a silty soil located in Hesbaye and classified as Aba (Sirjacobs et al., 2000). The passage of the machine would create a Pc of around 100 kPa at 30 cm depth, while the stress induced by the machine would reach 240 kPa. In the field borders, where more vehicle traffic was usually observed and where the soil was over consolidated, Pc would reach 180 kPa, while sigma z would be 220 kPa. In both cases, the risk of compaction created by the passage of the machine would be high. [less ▲]

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See detailLa carte des sols et ses dérivés : meilleure connaissance de notre bien commun, le SOL
Demarcin, Pierre ULg; Legrain, Xavier ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

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See detailCarte Numérique des Sols de Wallonie - version 1.2
Bock, Laurent ULg; Legrain, Xavier ULg; Veron, Philippe et al

Cartographic material (2008)

Carte des sols issue de la numérisation des planchettes de la Carte des Sols de la Belgique couvrant le territoire wallon.

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (9 ULg)